Happy Black Friday & Cyber Monday! 60 Languages for 40% off!

200+ Basic Urdu Words And Phrases: An Easy Guide

basic urdu words and phrases

Urdu is the official language of Pakistan. It is the lingua franca of Pakistan. Although most communication is conducted in English, everyone in the country uses Urdu as the primary language of communication. Historically, Urdu is derived from Turkish, meaning army or tribe. It is a communication method used by the Mughal army from the 15th to the 18th century. So, in today’s article, we will learn about basic Urdu words and phrases!

A complex and poetic language, closely related to Hindi, Persian, and Arabic, is a member of the Indo-Indo language family of the Indo-European language family. Approximately 70 million people use it as a first language, and more than 100 million people use it as a second language, mainly in parts of Pakistan and India.

Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

What Are The Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

As in many languages, English words are used while speaking Urdu as well. Three common such words are hello, okay, and bye. To help you familiarize yourself with several other common Urdu terms, here is a simplified list to start with. 

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
HelloHelloہیلو
GoodbyeKhuda hafizخدا حافظ
Good morningSubha Ba Khair  or Assalam O Alaikumصبح بخیر
Good afternoonDo Pehar Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikumدوپہربخیر
Good eveningShaam Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikumشام بخیر
Good night!Shab Bakhair!   شب بخیر
YesJi Haanجی ہاں
NoNahinنہیں
PleaseBarae Meharbaniبرائے مہربانی
Thanksshukriyaشکریہ
Congratulationsmubarak hoمبارک ہو
My name is …….Mera Naam Hai…..میرا نام ہے …….
Nice to meet youAap se Mil Ke Khushi Huwiآپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی
Basic Urdu Words and Phrases

Other Urdu Vocabulary Used In Daily Conversations

In the Urdu language, respect is given to people by referring to them as “aap”. This is often the norm. Sometimes, people may refer to their peer or someone younger by saying “tum” but as Urdu is very sweet-spoken and gentle language, most people always use “aap” in daily conversations. Below are some examples:

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
How much does this cost?Is Ki Qeemat Kia Haiاس کی قیمت کیا ہے؟
Can you help me, please?Kya Aap Meri Madad Kar sakte hainکیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں؟
I am trying to learn Urdu (Male)Main Urdu Seekh Raha Hoonمیں اردو سیکھنے کی کوشش کر رہا ہوں (مرد)
Excuse me (to get information)Maaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے (معلومات حاصل کرنے کے لیے)
Take care of yourselfapna khayal rakhnaاپنا خيال رکھنا
Do you speak English?kya aap angrezi bolte hain?كيا آپ انگريزی بولتے ہیں؟
Where are you from? aap kahan sai hainآپ کہاں سے ہیں؟
How old are you?aap ki umr kya hai?آپ کی عمر کيا ہے؟
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
Nice to meet youAap se Mil Ke Khushi Huiآپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی
Do you like it?Kya Yeh Aap Ko Pasand Aya?   کیا یہ آپ کو پَسند آیا؟
I really like it!Mujhe Yeh Bahut Pasand Aya!!یہ مجھےبہت پَسند آیا
Vocabulary for Daily Conversations

Urdu Vocabulary Used In shopping

To immerse yourself in the daily life and culture of the Urdu-speaking people, it is suggested to try to go shopping to experience the hustle and bustle of the whole ordeal! If you are not a local, the sellers may try to sell items at a very high price or may convince you to purchase items that are absolutely worthless to your needs. Here is a list that can help you to avoid such situations.

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
How Much is this?Ye Kitne ka Haiیہ کتنا ہے
It is ExpensiveMehanga Haiاس کی توسیع
Please reduce the price a bitKuch Kam Karainبرائے مہربانی قیمت کو تھوڑا کم کریں۔
I will give you 100 RupeesMain 100 rupees doongaمیں تمہیں 100 روپے دوں گا۔
NoNahinنہیں
PleaseBarae Meharbaniبرائے مہربانی
Thanksshukriyaشکریہ
SorryMaaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے
Vocabulary Used in Shopping

The Urdu Vocabulary That Will Help You Survive In Restaurants

Though the eccentric cuisine of Urdu-speaking people can be a dream come true for many, others may have specific dietary needs and tastes. It is important to learn some essential phrases to order what you want. Do not hesitate to speak about your wishes at a restaurant! Simply follow the phrases below:

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
What is available to eat?Khane Main Kia Haiکھانے میں کیا ہے۔  
I’m hungry/ thirsty.Mujhe Bhuk/Piyas Lagrahi Haiمجھے بھوک/پیاس لَگ رہی ہے
What is less spicy?Kam Masale wala Kia Haiکم مسالہ دار کیا ہے۔
I am VegetarianMain Subzi khor honمیں سبزی خور ہوں۔
Please bring the billBill La Dainبراہ کرم بل لائیں۔
Food was greatKhana Bohat Achha Thaکھانا بہت اچھا تھا۔
I didn’t enjoy the foodKhane Main Maza Naheen Aayaمجھے کھانے سے لطف نہیں آیا۔
Is there anything else?Kuch Owr Haiکچھ اور ہے
Vocabulary for Restaurants

What Are The Name Of The Days In Urdu?

Booking appointments, transportation, interviews, setting deadlines, and ensuring that laundry arrives on time will require you to learn the name of the days in Urdu.

It may require a bit of diligence to master this list early on in your language-learning process. But it will be worth it for you not to miss an appointment or commitment, which is highly valued among Urdu-speaking people.

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
MondayPeerپیر
TuesdayMangalمنگل
WednesdayBudhبدھ
ThursdayJuma Raatجمعرات
FridayJumaجمعہ
SaturdayHaftaہفتہ
SundayItwarاتوار۔
TodayAajآج
YesterdayKalکل
TomorrowKalکل
MorningSubhaصبح۔
EveningShaamشام
AfternoonDo Peharدوپہر
NightRaatرات
What is the day today?Aaj Kia Din Haiآج کا دن کیا ہے۔
What day will you come?Tum kis Din Aao Geتم کس دن آؤ گے
Name of Days, References to Time

Vocabulary About Family In Urdu

Pakistanis are renowned for being family-oriented individuals. Members of the family are deeply committed to each other. The Urdu language is influenced highly by the Muslim religion. Therefore, several terms related to the family also descend from there. Perfect examples are Abbu for father and Ammi for mother. Not all Urdu-speaking families are Muslims, but this is useful to know. So, as a beginner, here are a few basic Urdu words related to a “family” that you must learn:

English WordsPronunciationUrdu
FatherBaapباپ
MotherMaaماں
BrotherBhaiبھائی
SisterBehanبہن
DaughterBetiبیٹی
SonBetaبیٹا
PartnerSaathiساتھی
SiblingsBehan bhaiبہن بھائی
ParentsWaldainوالدین
ChildrenBachayبچے
ChildBachaبچہ
StepmotherSoteli maaسوتیلی ماں
StepfatherSotela baapسوتیلا باپ
StepsisterSoteli behanسوتیلی بہن
StepbrotherSotela bhaiسوتیلا بھائی
Step sonSotela betaسوتیلا بیٹا
Step daughterSoteli betiسوتیلی بیٹی
Daughter-in-lawBahuبہو
Son-in-lawDamadداماد
Brother in lawSala Jaith Dewar Behnoiسالہ (Wife’s brother) جیٹھ (Husband’s elder brother) دیور (Husband’s younger brother) بہنوئی (Sister’s husband)
Sister in lawSaali Nandسالی (Wife’s sister) نند (Husband’s sister)
Mother in lawSaasساس
Father in lawSasurسسر
WifeBiwiبیوی
HusbandShauharشوہر
Elder brotherBara bhaiبڑا بھائی
Younger brotherChauta bhaiچھوٹا بھائی
Vocabulary about Family

Basic Words In Urdu Related To Time

This list below will support your sentences related to the days of the week and times of the day. A tricky but perhaps easy one to remember would be “kal” which means both yesterday and tomorrow! Here are some common and basic Urdu words that are associated with time.

English TranslationPronunciationUrdu
TodayAajآج
YesterdayKal (for past)کل
TomorrowKal (for future)کل
NowAbhiابھی
TimeWaqtوقت
More References to Time

 

I hope the content of this page was helpful to you and that you have learned some Urdu phrases, expressions, and words. Make sure to remember them so that you can use them in your daily conversations.

Master Yourself In The Urdu Language With Ling

Learn Urdu with Ling App

Learning a new language from Ling is like playing a game. It is simple and effective. With the support of language research, Ling can help you achieve fluency in record time. Here are the benefits of using Ling App to learn Urdu or any other language:

  • Fun mini-games and quizzes can help you quickly master a new language.
  • Practice hundreds of conversations anytime, anywhere. Discuss everyday topics with our chatbot.
  • Master the language with a lot of instructions and grammatical hints.

Ling aims to make language learning as simple, fun, and easy to understand as possible. Please visit Ling’s FAQ page if you have any questions.


Updated and edited by: Nausheen

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Why you’ll keep coming back to Ling

Interactive exercises

Improve your pronunciation by practicing your conversation skills with our app’s interactive chatbot!

Engaging activities

Practice your skills with mini-games or track your progress \with fun quizzes. You’ll never forget a grammar rule again

Mix of languages

Choose from over 60 languages, both big and small, and listen to audio from real native speakers.

Proven results

Backed by linguistic research, our learning methods can help you achieve fluency in record time.