200+ Basic Urdu Words And Phrases: An Easy Guide

basic urdu words and phrases

Did you know that Urdu is one of the two official languages of Pakistan? It is widely spoken throughout the country! In addition, this beautiful language is also spoken in parts of India and by many people in the United Kingdom and the United States.

If you plan a long wished visit to Pakistan, learning some basic words and phrases in Urdu can greatly enhance your experience and help you communicate more effectively with locals. Additionally, while traveling around the country, you will notice that many street signs or menus may be in Urdu, so a basic understanding of words in the language can make navigating the country much easier.

It is also a great way to show respect for the culture and demonstrate a willingness to learn and engage with the local community. Don’t rely on English alone! So, if you are ready for this new language learning experience, I bring you the most common words and phrases in Urdu that Ling believes you should learn before traveling to an Urdu-speaking location.

Let’s start!

Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

What Are The Most Basic Urdu Words And Phrases?

As in many languages, English words are used while speaking Urdu as well. Three common such words are hello, okay, and bye. To help you familiarize yourself with several other common Urdu terms, here is a simplified list to start with. 

1. Hello — ہیلو (Hello)

2. Yes — جی ہاں ( Ji Haan)

3. No — نہیں (Nahin)

4. Please — برائے مہربانی (Barae Meharbani)

5. Thanks — شکریہ (shukriya)

6. Goodbye — خدا حافظ (Khuda hafiz)

7. Good morning — صبح بخیر (Subha Ba Khair  or Assalam O Alaikum)

8. Good afternoon — دوپہربخیر (Do Pehar Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikum)

9. Good evening — شام بخیر (Shaam Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikum)

10. Good night! —   شب بخیر (Shab Bakhair!)

11. Congratulations — مبارک ہو (mubarak ho)

12. My name is ……. — میرا نام ہے ……. (Mera Naam Hai…..)

13. Nice to meet you — آپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی (Aap se Mil Ke Khushi Huwi)

Other Urdu Vocabulary Used In Daily Conversations

In the Urdu language, respect is given to people by referring to them as “aap”. This is often the norm. Sometimes, people may refer to their peer or someone younger by saying “tum,” but as Urdu is a very sweet-spoken and gentle language, most people always use “aap” in daily conversations. Below are some examples:

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
How much does this cost?Is Ki Qeemat Kia Haiاس کی قیمت کیا ہے؟
Can you help me, please?Kya Aap Meri Madad Kar sakte hainکیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں؟
I am trying to learn Urdu (Male)Main Urdu Seekh Raha Hoonمیں اردو سیکھنے کی کوشش کر رہا ہوں (مرد)
Excuse me (to get information)Maaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے (معلومات حاصل کرنے کے لیے)
Take care of yourselfapna khayal rakhnaاپنا خيال رکھنا
Do you speak English?kya aap angrezi bolte hain?كيا آپ انگريزی بولتے ہیں؟
Where are you from? aap kahan sai hainآپ کہاں سے ہیں؟
How old are you?aap ki umr kya hai?آپ کی عمر کيا ہے؟
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
Nice to meet youAap se Mil Ke Khushi Huiآپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی
Do you like it?Kya Yeh Aap Ko Pasand Aya?   کیا یہ آپ کو پَسند آیا؟
I really like it!Mujhe Yeh Bahut Pasand Aya!!یہ مجھےبہت پَسند آیا

How To Communicate In Urdu While Doing Shopping?

To immerse yourself in the daily life and culture of the Urdu-speaking people, it is suggested to try to go shopping to experience the hustle and bustle of the whole ordeal! If you are not a local, the sellers may try to sell items at a very high price or may convince you to purchase items that are absolutely worthless to your needs. Here is a list that can help you to avoid such situations.

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
How Much is this?Ye Kitne ka Haiیہ کتنا ہے
It is ExpensiveMehanga Haiاس کی توسیع
Please reduce the price a bitKuch Kam Karainبرائے مہربانی قیمت کو تھوڑا کم کریں۔
I will give you 100 RupeesMain 100 rupees doongaمیں تمہیں 100 روپے دوں گا۔
PleaseBarae Meharbaniبرائے مہربانی
SorryMaaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے

What Are The Urdu Words That Will Help You Survive In Restaurants

Though the eccentric cuisine of Urdu-speaking people can be a dream come true for many, others may have specific dietary needs and tastes. It is important to learn some essential phrases to order what you want. Do not hesitate to speak about your wishes at a restaurant! Simply follow the phrases below:

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
What is available to eat?Khane Main Kia Haiکھانے میں کیا ہے۔  
I’m hungry/ thirsty.Mujhe Bhuk/Piyas Lagrahi Haiمجھے بھوک/پیاس لَگ رہی ہے
What is less spicy?Kam Masale wala Kia Haiکم مسالہ دار کیا ہے۔
I am VegetarianMain Subzi khor honمیں سبزی خور ہوں۔
Please bring the billBill La Dainبراہ کرم بل لائیں۔
Food was greatKhana Bohat Achha Thaکھانا بہت اچھا تھا۔
I didn’t enjoy the foodKhane Main Maza Naheen Aayaمجھے کھانے سے لطف نہیں آیا۔
Is there anything else?Kuch Owr Haiکچھ اور ہے

What Are The Name Of The Days In Urdu?

Booking appointments, transportation, interviews, setting deadlines, and ensuring that laundry arrives on time will require you to learn the name of the days in Urdu.

It may require a bit of diligence to master this list early on in your language-learning process. But it will be worth it for you not to miss an appointment or commitment, which is highly valued among Urdu-speaking people.

EnglishPronunciationUrdu Phrases
ThursdayJuma Raatجمعرات
AfternoonDo Peharدوپہر
What is the day today?Aaj Kia Din Haiآج کا دن کیا ہے۔
What day will you come?Tum kis Din Aao Geتم کس دن آؤ گے

Vocabulary About Family In Urdu

Pakistanis are renowned for being family-oriented individuals. Members of the family are deeply committed to each other. The Urdu language is influenced highly by the Muslim religion. Therefore, several terms related to the family also descend from there. Perfect examples are Abbu for father and Ammi for mother. Not all Urdu-speaking families are Muslims, but this is useful to know. So, as a beginner, here are a few basic Urdu words related to a “family” that you must learn:

English WordsPronunciationUrdu
SiblingsBehan bhaiبہن بھائی
StepmotherSoteli maaسوتیلی ماں
StepfatherSotela baapسوتیلا باپ
StepsisterSoteli behanسوتیلی بہن
StepbrotherSotela bhaiسوتیلا بھائی
Step sonSotela betaسوتیلا بیٹا
Step daughterSoteli betiسوتیلی بیٹی
Brother in lawSala Jaith Dewar Behnoiسالہ (Wife’s brother) جیٹھ (Husband’s elder brother) دیور (Husband’s younger brother) بہنوئی (Sister’s husband)
Sister in lawSaali Nandسالی (Wife’s sister) نند (Husband’s sister)
Mother in lawSaasساس
Father in lawSasurسسر
Elder brotherBara bhaiبڑا بھائی
Younger brotherChauta bhaiچھوٹا بھائی
Vocabulary about Family

Basic Words In Urdu Related To Time

This list below will support your sentences related to the days of the week and times of the day. A tricky but perhaps easy one to remember would be “kal” which means both yesterday and tomorrow! Here are some common and basic Urdu words that are associated with time.

English TranslationPronunciationUrdu
YesterdayKal (for past)کل
TomorrowKal (for future)کل

Practice Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

Learn Urdu with Ling App

Master Yourself In The Urdu Language With Ling

I hope the content of this page was helpful to you and that you have learned some Urdu phrases, expressions, and words for your travel. Make sure to remember them so that you can use them in your daily conversations.

Learning a new language from Ling is like playing a game. It is simple and effective. With the support of language research, Ling can help you achieve fluency in record time. Here are the benefits of using the Ling app to learn Urdu or any other language:

  • Fun mini-games and quizzes can help you quickly master a new language.
  • Practice hundreds of conversations anytime, anywhere. Discuss everyday topics with our chatbot.
  • Master the language with a lot of instructions and grammatical hints.

Ling aims to make language learning as simple, fun, and easy to understand as possible. Please visit Ling‘s FAQ page if you have any questions.

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