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200+ Basic Urdu Words And Phrases: An Easy Guide

June 5, 2022

Urdu is the official language of Pakistan. It is the lingua franca of Pakistan. Although most communication is conducted in English, everyone in the country uses Urdu as the primary language of communication. Historically, Urdu is derived from Turkish, meaning army or tribe. It is a communication method used by the Mughal army from the 15th to the 18th century. So, in today's article, we will learn about basic Urdu words and phrases!

A complex and poetic language, closely related to Hindi, Persian, and Arabic, is a member of the Indo-Indo language family of the Indo-European language family. Approximately 70 million people use it as a first language, and more than 100 million people use it as a second language, mainly in parts of Pakistan and India.

Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

EnglishPronunciationUrdu phrases
GoodbyeKhuda hafizخدا حافظ
Good morningSubha Ba Khair  or Assalam O Alaikumصبح بخیر
Good afternoonDo Pehar Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikumدوپہربخیر
Good eveningShaam Ba Khair or Assalam O Alaikumشام بخیر
Good night!Shab Bakhair!   شب بخیر
YesJi Haanجی ہاں
PleaseBarae Meharbaniبرائے مہربانی
Congratulationsmubarak hoمبارک ہو
My name is .......Mera Naam Hai.....میرا نام ہے .......
Nice to meet youAap se Mil Ke Khushi Huwiآپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی

Other Vocabulary Used In Daily Conversation

EnglishPronunciationUrdu phrases
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
How much does this cost?Is Ki Qeemat Kia Haiاس کی قیمت کیا ہے؟
Can you help me, please?Kya Aap Meri Madad Kar sakte hainکیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں؟
I am trying to learn Urdu (Male)Main Urdu Seekh Raha Hoonمیں اردو سیکھنے کی کوشش کر رہا ہوں (مرد)
Excuse me (to get information)Maaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے (معلومات حاصل کرنے کے لیے)
Take care of yourselfapna khayal rakhnaاپنا خيال رکھنا
Do you speak English?kya aap angrezi bolte hain?كيا آپ انگريزی بولتے ہیں؟
Where are you from? aap kahan sai hainآپ کہاں سے ہیں؟
How old are you?aap ki umr kya hai?آپ کی عمر کيا ہے؟
What are you doing?aap kya kar rahe haiآپ کيا کررہے ہو؟
What is your name?Aap Ka naam Kya Haiآپ کا نام کیا ہے؟
See you laterphir milain-gaiپھر مليں گے
Nice to meet youAap se Mil Ke Khushi Huiآپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی
Do you like it?Kya Yeh Aap Ko Pasand Aya?   کیا یہ آپ کو پَسند آیا؟
I really like it!Mujhe Yeh Bahut Pasand Aya!!یہ مجھےبہت پَسند آیا
Basic Urdu Words And Phrases

Vocabulary Used In shopping

EnglishPronunciationUrdu phrases
How Much is this?Ye Kitne ka Haiیہ کتنا ہے
It is ExpansiveMehanga Haiاس کی توسیع
Please reduce the price a bitKuch Kam Karainبرائے مہربانی قیمت کو تھوڑا کم کریں۔
I will give you 100 RupeesMain 100 rupees doongaمیں تمہیں 100 روپے دوں گا۔
PleaseBarae Meharbaniبرائے مہربانی
SorryMaaf Kee ji yeمعاف کیجئے

Vocabulary Used In Restaurant

EnglishPronunciationUrdu phrases
What is available to eat?Khane Main Kia Haiکھانے میں کیا ہے۔  
I'm hungry/ thirsty.Mujhe Bhuk/Piyas Lagrahi Haiمجھے بھوک/پیاس لَگ رہی ہے
What is less spicy?Kam Masale wala Kia Haiکم مسالہ دار کیا ہے۔
I am VegetarianMain Subzi khor honمیں سبزی خور ہوں۔
Please bring the billBill La Dainبراہ کرم بل لائیں۔
Food was greatKhana Bohat Achha Thaکھانا بہت اچھا تھا۔
I didn't enjoy the foodKhane Main Maza Naheen Aayaمجھے کھانے سے لطف نہیں آیا۔
Is there anything else?Kuch Owr Haiکچھ اور ہے

Basic Urdu Words And Phrases – Name Of Days

EnglishPronunciationUrdu phrases
ThursdayJuma Raatجمعرات
AfternoonDo Peharدوپہر
What is the day today?Aaj Kia Din Haiآج کا دن کیا ہے۔
What day will you come?Tum kis Din Aao Geتم کس دن آؤ گے

I hope the content of this page is helpful to you and that you have learned some Urdu phrases, expressions, and words. Make sure to remember them so that you can use them in daily conversations.

Vocabulary About Family In Urdu

Pakistanis are renowned for being family-oriented individuals. Members of the family are deeply committed to each other. So, as a beginner, here are a few basic Urdu words related to a "family" that you must learn:

English WordsPronunciationUrdu
SiblingsBehan bhaiبہن بھائی
StepmotherSoteli maaسوتیلی ماں
StepfatherSotela baapسوتیلا باپ
StepsisterSoteli behanسوتیلی بہن
StepbrotherSotela bhaiسوتیلا بھائی
Step sonSotela betaسوتیلا بیٹا
Step daughterSoteli betiسوتیلی بیٹی
Brother in lawSala Jaith Dewar Behnoiسالہ (Wife’s brother) جیٹھ (Husband’s elder brother) دیور (Husband’s younger brother) بہنوئی (Sister’s husband)
Sister in lawSaali Nandسالی (Wife’s sister) نند (Husband’s sister)
Mother in lawSaasساس
Father in lawSasurسسر
Elder brotherBara bhaiبڑا بھائی
Younger brotherChauta bhaiچھوٹا بھائی

Basic Words in Urdu Related To Time

Here are some common and basic Urdu words that are associated with time.

English TranslationPronunciationUrdu
yesterdayKal (for past)کل
tomorrowKal (for future)کل


Master Yourself In The Urdu Language With Ling

Urdu Words And Phrases

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