Urdu Calendar: 9+ Key Dates To Remember

Urdu Calendar

If you’re looking for information that will provide you with the most up-to-date Urdu calendar linked to upcoming public events or holidays, then you’ve come to the right place! Better take your notes with you for the upcoming “Wow! That is an interesting” piece of information.

The Urdu calendar is an Islamic Calendar (اسلامی کیلنڈر). That is the first thing you should know about it. Within just a few scrolls, you can learn about all the upcoming important events on the Urdu Calendar and other calendars as well. For your ease, we have compared the Urdu Calendar with the Gregorian Calendar (گریگورین کیلنڈر). So, you can sync the Urdu Calendar dates with the regular calendar. Check out more about Urdu as we go along these calendar dates.

Urdu Calendar-Pakistani Calendar

The Urdu Calendar (اردو کیلنڈر) is the calendar used in Pakistan. Because Pakistan is a Muslim country, the calendar for religious purposes, such as religious festivals here, is based on the Islamic calendar (اسلامی کیلنڈر). Pakistan, on the other hand, uses the Gregorian calendar or English calendar for civil reasons to keep up with the rest of the world. 

The sighting of the moon in Pakistan is decided by the Ruet-e-Hilal Committee. The current Islamic year is 1443 Hijri, while the standard year is 2,024 according to the Gregorian date. Let us delve into more about the Urdu calendar. Let’s look at the intro of Islamic and Gregorian calendars to understand their value in an Urdu Calendar:

Urdu Calendar Intro To Islamic Calendar

A Brief Intro To Islamic Calendar

The Islamic Calendar(اسلامی کیلنڈر) is based on the Hijri Year (ہجری سال), and it is a lunar calendar (based on astronomical calculation) with time-keeping related to the phases of the moon. Each new month has a full lunation, which is the period of time between one new moon (نیا چاند) and the next. This new lunar cycle (چاند کا چکر) includes all of the moon’s phases.

The Hijri Year began in 639 CE when the Prophet (PBUH) moved from Makkah (مکہ) to Madinah. Hijrah (مدینہ) is also known as Hejira (ہجرت) or Hijra, and it refers to migration (نقل مکانی) or emigration. The Prophet (PBUH) made the Hijrah because Muslims were being oppressed in Mecca and had been subjected to the Kuffar(s) of Makka’s horrors for a long time.

Hijra Era

Umar I, the Second Caliph (خلیفہ ثانی), established the Hijrah era (year of Hijrah). He declared the month of Muharram (محرم) as the first Islamic month in 639 CE, which is July 16, 622, according to the English calendar (انگریزی کیلنڈر) and established a new Islamic calendar. So, the Islamic month begins with Muharram (1st month), and the last month is Dhu al Hijjah (the 12th month).

A Brief Intro To Gregorian Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (گریگورین کیلنڈر) is the current calendar in use in the Western world, both as a citizen and as a Christian ecclesiastical calendar (عیسائی کلیسائی کیلنڈر). Pope Gregory XIII established this calendar in 1582. It was basically a modification of the Julian Calendar (جولین کیلنڈر).

The intercalation of a “leap day (چھلانگ کا دن)” every four years was meant to keep the calendar and seasons in sync. The calendar dates of the seasons regressed almost one day per century due to a minor measurement error.

Urdu Calendar Lunar Or Solar Calendar

Is The Urdu Calendar A Lunar Or Solar Calendar?

Well, here comes the confusing part, according to many folks. The Urdu calendar uses both types of calendar, i.e., the Lunar Calendar (قمری کیلنڑر) as well as the Solar Calendar (شمسی کیلنڈر). 

The Urdu calendar uses the Gregorian calendar (گریگورین کیلنڈر) for official purposes and, side by side, uses the Hijri calendar (ہجری کیلنڈر) or Islamic calendar, to observe Islamic events. In the eighth century CE, Muslim scholars established the Tabular Islamic calendar (ٹیبلر اسلامی کیلنڈر) to make Islamic timekeeping more predictable and universal. To get in line with the previous month, the length of each new month is determined by arithmetic laws, and leap days are inserted on a regular basis.

Well, this was the basic overview of what this type of Urdu calendar is! Now without further ado, let us jump to the dates of the Urdu calendar.

The Name Of English Months In the Urdu Calendar

If you’re living among the pure-desi (خالص دیسی) community and are confused about the way they pronounce months’ names. Then, don’t worry, we’ve got your backs. Keep scrolling through the article. We will assist you in the best possible way and give you a quick briefing about the days and months ahead, along with the important national days to remember.

The Twelve Months Of The Gregorian CalendarUrdu NameRomanizationThe Permanent Important National Events In Each Month (Pakistan)
JanuaryجنوریJan-vary
FebruaryفروریFervery5 February- Kashmir Solidarity Day
MarchمارچMerch23 March -Pakistan Day
AprilاپریلEprail
MayمئیMaii1 May- Labour Day28 May- Day of Greatness
JuneجونJoon
JulyجولائیJulaii
AugustاگستAgast14 August- Independence Day
SeptemberستمبرSitamber6 september-Dfense Day7 September-Airforce Day9 Semptember- Iqbal Day8 Septmeber- Navy Day
OctoberاکتوبرAktoober24 October- Azad Kashmir Day
NovemberنومبرNovambar1 November- Gilgit Baltistan Day
DecemberدسمبرDecember25 December- Quaid-e-Azam Day

Perhaps you think these Urdu vocabulary are a bit hard to memorize. But, you’re in a good position because curiousity and eagerness to learn a language will be your driving point. Yet, you don’t have to be alone in learning the Urdu language. Download the Ling app from the Google Play Store and App Store and enhance your experience in mastering Urdu!

Well, this was the basic overview of what this type of Urdu calendar is! Now without further ado, let us jump to the dates of the Urdu calendar.

Urdu Calendar Public Holidays

6 Public Holidays In Pakistan

In Pakistan, many historic days are observed with full respect and zeal. However, there are some holidays that are announced as public holidays throughout the whole country. Most of these events are celebrated with full zeal and by playing Urdu music.

1. Pakistan Day (Youm-E-Pakistan: یوم پاکستان)

The Lahore Resolution, which formally requested the creation of an independent Muslim-majority state from British India, is commemorated in Pakistan. On March 23, 1956, the republic was also declared.

2. Independence Day (Youm-E-Istiqlal: یوم استقلال)

Pakistan’s Independence Day is observed as a national holiday in Pakistan on August 14, every year. It celebrates the end of the British Raj in 1947 when Pakistan gained independence and was recognized as a sovereign country.

3. Quaid-E-Azam Day (Youm-E-Viladat-E-Quaid-E-Azam: یوم ولادت قائداعظم)

Quaid-i-Azam Day is a Pakistani public holiday held every year on December 25 to commemorate the birth of Pakistan’s founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Their love for their leader is impeccable.

4. Labour Day (Youm-E-Mazdoor: یوم مزدور)

On May 1st in Pakistan, workers are honored with a holiday to commemorate their accomplishments. The basis of this day was the movement by labor in the West to fight for their rights to daily working hours, i.e., eight hours per day. It is also celebrated all around the world. However, the dates may differ.

5. Kashmir Solidarity Day (Youm-E-Yakjehti Kashmir: یوم یکجحتی کشمیر)

Kashmir Solidarity Day is a national holiday on February 5 each year in Pakistan. It is observed to show Pakistan’s support for Indian Kashmiris. And remember those Kashmiris who died in a conflict.

6. Defense Day (Youm-E-Difa: یومِ دفاع)

In Pakistan, this day is considered a public holiday, commemorating the sacrifices made by Pakistani soldiers in protecting the country’s frontiers on September 6, 1965.

You should learn the Urdu Proverbs and try using each for the days described here.

Name Of Islamic Months In The Urdu Calendar

You are aware of the English months. But what if your stay in Pakistan is during an important Islamic event? Rather than sticking to the formalities, why not earn the respect of people by knowing their religious customs as well? 

Below are the names of Islamic months along with their local names in Urdu, the dates they have fallen and will fall according to the Gregorian calendar, and the official dating (updated 2024) of religious events as well.

The Twelve Islamic Month NamesNo Of Days In A MonthUrdu NameStarting Dates According To English Calendar: 2024
Muharram29/30محرم 17 July 2024
Safar29/30صفر06 August 2024
Rabi’ al-awwal29/30ربیع الاول05 September 2024
Rabi’ ath-Thani29/30ربیع الثانی04 October 2024
Jumada al-Ula29/30جمادی الاول03 November 2024
Jumada al-Akhirah29/30جمعۃ الثانی03 December 2024
Rajab29/30رجب13 January 2024
Sha’ban29/30شعبان11 February 2024
Ramadan29/30رمضان12 March 2024
Shawwal29/30شوال10 April 2024
Dhul-Qa’dah29/30ذوالقعدہ09 May 2024
Dhul-Hijjah29/30ذی الحج08 June 2024

Does Urdu Calendar Marks 4 Sacred Islamic Months?

The four months of the Islamic calendar are known as the inviolable months and are considered sacred in Islam. During these months, fighting is prohibited except in the case of hostility. During the sacred months, Al-Shaafa’i and many other experts went to the deceased’s fatwa.

That custom served to ensure the safety of travelers, business people, and others as they traveled to markets or places of worship. Dhu al-Qadah, Dhu’l-Hijjah, Muharram, and Rajab are included in these four months. The Urdu Calendar also marks these Islamic months as sacred.

12 Key Islamic Dates To Remember

This calendar is updated for 2024. Check out the most important Islamic events with its English/Gregorian Calendar equivalent.

Important Islamic EventsHijri DateEnglish-Calendar Date
Shab Miraj27th Rajab-14438 February 2024
Shab-e-Barat15th Shaban-144325 February 2024
The beginning of Ramadan1st Ramadan-144312 March 2024
Laylatul Qadr + Day of Nuzul al Qur’an (contradiction among scholars)27th Ramadan-14436 April 2024
Eid al-Fitr1st Shawwal-144310 April 2024
The beginning of Dhul Hijjah 1st Dhul Hijjah-14437 June 2024
Beginning of Dhu al Hijjah8th Dhul al Hijjah-144314 June 2024
Day of Arafah9th Dhul Hijjah-144315 June 2024
Eid al Adha10th Dhul Hijjah-144317 June 2024
Islamic New Year1 Muharram-14447 July 2024
Day of Ashura10th Muharram-144416 July 2024
12 Rabi Al Awwal12th Rabi Al-Awwal-14445 September 2024

9+ Other Minority Religious Events To Remember In Urdu Calendar

Since minorities also exist in Pakistan. The majority of Hindu festivals and proper days of celebration are observed only in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Hindu dates of significance in the Urdu Calendar 2024 are mentioned below.  

  • Buddha Purnima (بدھ پورنیما) will be celebrated on May 15, 2024.
  • Holi (ہولی) will be on March 24, 2024.
  • Raksha Bandhan (رکشا بندھن) will be celebrated on Aug 19, 2024.
  • Janmashtami (جنم اشٹمی) will be celebrated on August 26, 2024.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi (گنیش چارتورتھی) will be celebrated on Sep 7, 2024.
  • Dussehra (دسہرہ) will be celebrated on Oct 12, 2024.
  • Diwali (دیوالی) will be celebrated on Nov 1, 2024.

Also, fixed Christian Dates of Significance each year in the Urdu Calendar are also mentioned below.

  • Easter (ایسٹر) is celebrated in the month of April, and the date varies each year. For 2024, it is on Mar 31, 2024.
  • Christmas Eve (کرسمس کے موقع) is celebrated on December 24.
  • Christmas Day (کرسمس کے دن) is celebrated on December 25.
  • The Day After Christmas (کرسمس کے بعد کا دن) is celebrated on December 26.

7 Days Of Week In The Urdu Calendar

Like in any other country, in Pakistan too, Monday is considered the first day of the week, while the last day of the week is Sunday. However, the names of weekdays are pronounced differences in the local language. The names of the weekdays in Urdu, as well as their romanization, are listed here. 

Names In EnglishLocal NameRomanization
MondayسوموارSomwaar
Tuesdayمنگل Mangal
WednesdayبدھBudh
ThursdayجمعراتJumeraat
FridayجمعہJummah
SaturdayہفتہHafta
SundayاتوارItwaar

Official Weekends In Urdu Calendar

Friday is considered a day of rest in most Muslim countries. On this day, Muslims gather to pray the Jumah prayer. In Muslim nations such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia, Friday and Saturday are regarded as official weekends. Some countries, such as Pakistan, have designated Saturday and Sunday as official weekends, with Friday remaining a working day.

Well, that was the quick guide to the Urdu calendar and the important dates to remember. Mark your calendars today for timely reminders of upcoming Pakistani events.

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