Imagine exiting an airport in the Urdu-speaking regions of the Indian subcontinent and being subjected to conversational Urdu phrases like Asalaam-Walaikum (hello), Aap Ka Naam Kya Hai (what’s your name), Aap Ka Saaman De Dein (let me take your luggage) by eager cab drivers. You would be baffled, right?
And at that moment, wouldn’t the thought of knowing some Urdu words beforehand appeal to you? Well, let’s not wait till that moment to arrive. With the help of this article, you can prepare in advance for an amazing local experience in the Urdu-speaking parts of the world. So, Kya Aap Urdu Zubaan Seekhna Chahenge (would you like to learn the Urdu language)? If yes, then keep reading below!
Basic Conversational Urdu Phrases
The most important point to remember when speaking Urdu or practicing daily conversation etiquette is the different use of the pronoun ‘you’ in different situations. As with Hindi, Punjabi, and other regional dialects of North India and Pakistan, a formal situation demands you to use the word ‘Aap’ (آپ). This basic Urdu word is also used when addressing a stranger or meeting someone for the first time.
In informal situations or amidst familial relations, the word ‘Tum’ (تُم) is used. However, elders are always addressed with an ‘Aap’ in the Urdu culture. Now, with that knowledge in mind, let’s start learning common Urdu words and phrases used in daily conversations.
#1 How Are You?
This is the most basic and helpful dialogue starter of all time. To ask someone how are they or how are they doing, ask Aap Kaise Hain? (آپ کیسے ہو).
To respond to this, you can say Main Theek Hoon, Shukriya (میں ٹھیک ہوں. شکریہ). You can also reply with a Main Behatareen Hoon (میں سب سے بہتر ہوں) if you are really feeling that spring in your steps! Other common Urdu phrases with a traditional bearing could be Aapki Dua Hai (آپ کی عنایات) or Allah Ka Reham Hai (اللہ رحم کرتا ہے۔) or Allah Meharbaan Hai (اللہ مہربان ہے). The first sentence means ‘I am good, thanks to your blessings’ while the latter means ‘by God’s grace’ and ‘God is kind’ respectively.
#2 What’s Your Name?
After asking about their well-being, you may take the conversation further by asking about the person, starting with their name. In Urdu, you ask Aap Ka Naam Kya Hai? It is written as آپ کا نام کیا ہے.
To tell someone your name, you say Mera Naam _____ Hai (میرا نام ہے). People sometimes also use this sentence structure: Mera Naam Hai _______. Also note that when introducing yourself to someone for the first time in the Indian subcontinent, you are expected to use your full name, not just the first name or given name.
#3 Where Are You From?
This is one of the most common questions for travelers and foreigners in the Indian subcontinent. People, especially those not residing in urban areas, are curious about meeting ‘westerners’- and knowing which country they come from. You will hear them ask you, Aap Kahan Se Hain? (آپ کہاں سے ہیں) .
To respond to the above question, you can say Main _______ Se Aaya Hoon. It is written as میں سے آتا ہوں۔. If you are a female, use Aayi instead of Aaya.
#4 I Don’t Know.
To express that you are clueless about something, say Mujhe Nahi Malum (میں نہیں جانتا). There is a more colloquial way to say the same thing in Urdu: Pata Nahi (نہیں معلوم), often accompanied by a sideways head nod or a shoulder shrug.
#5 What Time Is It Now?
To ask the current time, you can say Waqt Kya Hua Hai? It is written as کیا وقت ہوا ہے.
#6 What Is This?
If you wish to know the name of something, you can point at it and ask Yeh Kya Hai (یہ کیا ہے).
#7 How Much Does It Cost?
To know the price of something, ask Yeh Kitne Ka Hai (یہ کتنے کے لیے ہے۔).
#8 I Like It So Much!
To show your genuine appreciation or liking for something, say Mujhe Yeh Behad Pasand Aaya (مجھے یہ بہت پسند ہے). Similarly, to register your dislike, you can say Mujhe Yeh Pasand Nahi Aaya (مجھے یہ پسند نہیں).
#9 Do You Like It?
If you want to ask someone’s opinion about a food, a place, or an experience, you can say Kya Aap Ko Yeh Pasand Hai (کیا یہ تمھیں اچھا لگتا ہے).
#10 I Want To Go To…
You can say Mujhe ________ Jana Hai (مجھے جانا ہے) to tell your local acquaintances your next destination. Just insert the place name in the blank! To ask a local rickshaw or cab driver if they can take you to their destination, you say Kya Aap Mujhe ________ Le Chalenge? (Can you take me to _________?)
#11 I Am Hungry!
If you are hungry, say Mujhe Bhookh Lagi Hai (میں بھوکا ہوں). You can also ask for restaurant recommendations by saying Yahan Aas Paas Kaunsa Achchha Restaurant Hai (یہاں کے آس پاس کون سے اچھے ریستوراں ہیں۔).
#12 I Am Not Feeling Well.
Meri Tabiyat Theek Nahi Lag Rahi is a handy phrase to learn if you feel under the weather. In Urdu, it is written as میں اچھا محسوس نہیں کر رہا. Another way to express this is Meri Tabiyat Kharaab Hai or Mujhe Theek Mahsoos Nahi Ho Raha.
#13 I Need To See A Doctor.
Mujhe Doctor Ke Paas Jaana Hai (مجھے ڈاکٹر کے پاس جانا ہے۔) is a must-know phrase in case you find yourself in the middle of a medical emergency.
#14 Thank You Very Much!
Thank you in Urdu translates to Shukriya (شکریہ). To thank someone profusely, you can say Aap Ka Behad Shukriya (بہت بہت شکریہ).
#15 Sorry, I Made A Mistake!
To apologize for a mistake, you can politely say Maaf Kijiyega, Mujhse Galti Ho Gayi (معذرت میں نے غلطی کی ہے۔).
Other Basic Urdu Expressions
If the 15 expressions we covered above are still not enough, check out these other phrases that you can use when speaking with Urdu speakers.
|Good Morning||صبح بخیر/سلام||Subah Ba Khair/ Salaam|
|Good Night||شب بخیر||Shab Ba Khair|
|Good Bye||خدا حافظ||Khuda Hafiz|
|Congratulations||مبارک ہو||Mubarak Ho|
|May God Bless You||اللہ کا فضل ہو||Allah Ka Fazal Ho|
|Happy Birthday||سالگرہ مبارک ہو||Salgirah Mubarak Ho|
|Excuse Me||معاف کیجئے گا||Maaf Kijiyega|
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These phrases in Urdu weren’t that difficult, right? But wait! There’s more to Urdu than just the basics! By delving into the language’s extensive vocabulary, phrases, and expressions, you can rapidly improve your proficiency. Plus, as you progress in this Asian language, you’ll find that it’ll help you make connections and build relationships with the locals and native speakers in new and exciting ways. So don’t hesitate to explore the depths of this fascinating language and see where it takes you!
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