The Urdu language is the main language of Pakistan, but it is also spoken as a regional language in India. Spoken Urdu is almost 70 - 80% the same as Hindi translation as both languages share their vocabulary. For instance, when you tell the time in Urdu, it is the same in Hindi. Both languages originate from a dialect of the Delhi region, and they have the same grammatical structure. On the other hand, the script is in Arabic and is written from right to left. Want to learn more about it? Keep reading below!
If you are wondering how to speak like a local and have great ice-breaking topics to discuss with native speakers, try to involve yourself in their culture first. Basically, the culture in Urdu-speaking countries, like Pakistan, is particular in many aspects, such as in clothing with its unique and diverse looks. In addition, among locals, great conversation starters can be about sports, especially cricket, which is the most popular in those regions.
And of course, talking about the time will always be one of the most essential conversations you can have while visiting other countries. However, telling the time in Urdu is quite a tricky one. So keep reading to become a master of it!
To tell and ask the time in Urdu, you must be able to reference the times of the day correctly. Here is a list of the basics:
|Time Of Day In English||Time Of Day In Urdu
|Time Of Day In Urdu
|Noon||Qabal Dopeher||قبل دوپہر|
|Early Morning||Subah Saverey||صبح سویرے|
Referring to AM (before noon) can be only Subah. PM can be afternoon, evening, or night - that is, Dopeher, Shaam or Raat. Therefore, it is important to mention the time in reference to early or later in the day.
Although the Urdu translation for AM and PM in reference to the 12-hour clock can get a little bit tough, the Urdu language does not literally translate these. Rather the references mentioned above are more appropriate in spoken Urdu.
Here are some handy time references in Urdu.
|Time Reference (English)||Time Reference In Urdu (Transliterated)||Time Reference In Urdu (Arabic)|
Here are some examples of how the time is said with AM first and then PM later. Just take note that for 9 o/clock - AM you will need to use Subah nou baajey and Raat nou baajey for PM.
|Examples Of Time (English)||Examples Of Time In Urdu (Transliterated)||Examples Of Time In Urdu (Arabic)|
|Nine o'clock||Subah/Raat nou baajey||صبح/رات 9 بجے|
|Ten o'clock||Subah/Raat daas baajey||صبح/رات 10 بجے|
|Eleven o'clock||Subah/Raat gyara baajey||صبح/رات 11 بجے|
|Twelve o'clock||Dopeher/Raat bara baajey||وپہر/رات 12 بجے|
|One o'clock||Subah/Dopeher ek baajey||صبح / دوپہر 1 بجے|
|Two o'clock||Subah/Dopeher dou baajey||صبح / دوپہر 2 بجے|
|Three o'clock||Subah/Dopeher teen baajey||صبح / دوپہر 3 بجے|
|Four o'clock||Subah/Dopeher char baajey||صبح / دوپہر 4 بجے|
|Five o'clock||Subah/Shaam paach baajey||صبح/شام 5 بجے|
|Six o'clock||Subah/Shaam chey baajey||صبح/شام 6 بجے|
|Seven o'clock||Subah/Shaam saat baajey||صبح/شام 7 بجے|
|Eight o'clock||Subah/Raat aat baajey||صبح/رات 8 بجے|
Constructing a grammatically correct statement is a must. The correct and accurate way of telling time in Urdu in a sentence is to follow the SOV sequence to make complete sense. This would be the subject first, then the object, and then the verb. Commonly SVO is used. And this may be why Urdu translation may be a little complicated.
You may consider your sentences age-appropriate if relevant. For example, the word aap is used for "you" for those who are older. But for younger people, the word tum is sufficient. In comparison to Hindi language, Urdu is sometimes more formal, and you may find people often use aap for those who are younger and older in age.
Urdu phrases such as almost or about midnight takriban raat barabaje or takriban adhiraat ko are also often used. Other time related sentences would be raat sawa gyara baajey for 11:00PM; subah sarey nou baajey for 9:30AM.
Depending on your settings, many prefer to use the 24-hour clock, while others prefer the 12-hour clock. In the Urdu language, the 24-hour clock is not generally used. For example, people do not usually say: see you at 08:00HRS (Oh Eight Hundred hours). Rather it would be said in the same way as given above - Subah Aat bajey milte hai.
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Finally, a word of caution! To avoid awkward situations in Urdu-speaking communities' sensitive and conservative culture, visit our blog post on 20+ Easy Disaster Vocabulary In Urdu To Learn Now. Write and comment about your Urdu Language learning needs in the comments section!