Master Urdu Vocabulary: Your #1 Best Guide

Urdu writing on a wall for Urdu Vocabulary

You know how they say French is the ultimate romance language? Or Latin being the mother of all the global Western languages? In my mind, each language has a defining feature. So, the Urdu language, for me, is the language of tahazeeb (culture and refinery). That’s because it has such beautiful sounding Urdu vocabulary – sweet music to one’s ears.

In this blog post, we’re going to learn different Urdu words based on the situations you would need them. Whether navigating daily conversations, building rapport with locals, or immersing yourself in vibrant traditions – these beautiful Urdu words are going to be your dareecha (window) to the fascinating Urdu culture.

Urdu Vocabulary For Different Occasions

So, without further ado, let us look at Urdu words and phrases that can be used on various occasions.

What Are The Most Common Everyday Urdu Words?

Getting started with the most common words used in day-to-day conversations is the best way to begin your language-learning journey. Here’s a list that’s going to be handy for sure!

EnglishUrduRomanized Urdu
You (formal/respect)آپAap
You (informal)تمTum
Your (formal)آپ کاAapka
Your (informal)تمہاراTumhara
Tomorrow/ YesterdayکلKal
Vocabulary text for Urdu Vocabulary

Essential Urdu Vocabulary For Daily Conversations

Now that you’ve learned some daily used words, it’s time to weave them together to form sentences for a conversation.

Basic greetings like Assalamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) and Salam (Hello) to common courtesies like Shukriya (Thank you) and Kya haal hai? (What’s up?) will help you strike up a basic conversation with native-Urdu speakers or get by in Urdu-speaking regions of the Indian subcontinent.

Basic introductions, such as Aapka naam kya hai? (What is your name?), and personal information exchanges like Mera naam _____ hai (My name is _____) will help you establish connections effortlessly.

Let us look at some basic Urdu phrases for such occasions.

EnglishUrduRomanized Urdu
How are you?آپ کیسے ہو؟Aap kaise ho?
What’s up?کیا حال ہے؟Kya haal hai?
Thank youشکریہ۔Shukriya
Welcomeخوش آمدید۔Khush aamadeed
Can you help me?کیا آپ میری مدد کر سکتے ہیں؟Kya aap meri madad kar sakte hain?
Please forgive meمجھے معاف کر دیجیۓ۔Mujhe maaf kar dijiye
Very beautifulبہت خوبصورت۔Bohat khoobsurat
I don’t knowمجھ نہیں پتہMujhe nahi pata
Congratulationsمبارک ہو۔Mubaarak ho

Basic Urdu Vocabulary For Social Situations

Learning basic Urdu vocabulary gives you a confidence booster shot. Try ordering food at a local restaurant or bargaining at a bustling market with phrases like Yeh kitne ka hai? (How much is this for?) and Thora sasta kar do (Please reduce the price a little) and you’ll be greeted with awestruck faces and amazed locals.

EnglishUrduRomanized Urdu
I would like a cup of coffeeمجھے ایک کپ کوففے چاہیےMujhe ek cup coffee chaahiye
How much does a plate of Biryani cost?بریانی کی ایک پلیٹ کی قیمت کتنی ہے؟Biryani ki ek plate ki keemat kitni hai?
I want a tea without milkمجھے دودھ کے بغیر چائے چاہیے۔Mujhe doodh ke bagair chay chaahiye
I want less spicy foodمجھے کم مسالیدار کھانا چاہئےMujhe kam masaaledaar khana chaahiye
Please give me the billبراہ کرم مجھے بل دے دیں۔Barah karam mujhe bill de dein
This is very expensiveیہ بہت مہنگا ہے۔Yeh bohot mehnga hai
Can you lower its price?کیا آپ اسکی قیمت کم کرسکتے ہیں؟Kya aap iski keemat kam kar sakte hain?
I like itمجھے یہ پسند ہےMujhe yeh pasand hai
I don’t like itمجھے یہ پسند نہیںMujhe yeh pasand nahi
Can you pack this for me?کیا آپ یہ میرے لیے پیک کر سکتے ہیں؟Kya aap mere liye yeh pack kar sakte hain?

Urdu Vocabulary To Communicate With Locals And Staff Members

If you’re an expat or diplomat, effective communication with locals and staff members is essential. Learn common workplace and office vocabulary, such as kaam (work), daftar (office), and meeting (meeting), to express your needs and give instructions clearly.

Understanding local customs and etiquette will not only ensure smoother interactions but also demonstrate your respect for the culture.

EnglishUrduRomanized Urdu
Please, I need helpبراہ کرم، مجھے مدد چاہیے۔Barah e karam, mujhe madad chahiye
Do you speak English?کیا آپ انگریزی بولتے ہیں؟Kya aap angarezee bolte hain?
I want to go thereمیں وہاں جانا چاہتا / چاہتی ہوںMain wahan jaana chaahta/ chaahti hoon
How far is it from here?یہ یہاں سے کتنی دور ہے؟Yeh yahan se kitni door hai?
Do you know of any good restaurants nearby?کیا آپ کو معلوم ہے یہاں نزدیکی کوئی اچھا ریستوراں ہے؟Kya aapko maloom hai yahan nazdeeki koi acha restaurant hai?
Can you show me the map of this place?کیا آپ مجھے یہاں کا نقشہ دکھا سکتے ہیں؟Kya aap mujhe yahan ka naqsha dikha sakte hain?
Can you call a cab for me?کیا آپ میرے لیے ٹیکسی بلا سکتے ہیں؟Kya aap mere liye taxi bula sakte hain?

Urdu Vocabulary To Build Rapport

Connecting with people on a deeper level requires more than just functional language skills. Engage in small talk and casual conversations by learning phrases like Kya baat hai? (What’s up?) and Aap kahaan se hain? (Where are you from?).

You can also express your opinions and emotions with words like Khush (happy), Udaas (sad), and Gussa (angry). Appreciating local humor and cultural references will help you build lasting bonds and friendships.

EnglishUrduRomanized Urdu
I am very happy todayآج میں بہت خوش ہوںAaj main bohot khush hoon
I am feeling sadمیں اداس محسوس کر رہا ہوں۔Main udaas mahasoos kar raha hoon
I am getting angryمجھے غصہ آرہا ہے۔Mujhe gussa aa raha hai
Can we be friends?کیا ہم دوست بن سکتے ہیں؟Kya hum dost ban sakte hain?
You are awesomeآپ بہت اچھے ہیں۔Aap bohot achchhe hain

How Can I Improve My Urdu Vocabulary? 3 Effective Tips

  1. Practice pronunciation: Speaking like a pro might take you a while if your native language doesn’t have some of the same sounds, so practicing your Urdu pronunciation is key.
  2. Watch Urdu shows on Netflix: It could also be any other streaming platform. This practice helps you get a better grasp of how this beautiful language sounds.
  3. Download the Ling app: The Ling app is one of a handful of apps that help you learn the Urdu language without compromising on the quality of study material. Download it from the Play Store or the App Store and spend as little as 5 minutes per day to get started with your Urdu vocabulary journey.

In The End

Nothing could ever prepare you 100% to navigate life in a foreign land, far away from your home. However, a resource like the Ling app can be your dependable friend that pushes you to spare 5 minutes per day to improve your language skills.

Learning Urdu with Ling eases you into this beautiful language, and before you know it, you’ve immersed yourself in the culture of Urdu speakers. So, why wait? Start your language-learning adventure today!

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