Last updated on November 16th, 2022 at 10:00 am
Would you like to know about the Armenian calendar 2022? In this blog post, we will walk you through all the important terms present in the Armenian calendar. Learn about different Armenian events to get closer to the Armenian culture!
Armenian Calendar 2022
A calendar is defined as a tabular form of a chart, which shows the arrangements of dates, days, weeks, and months of a year. There is a new calendar for every year. A calendar also shows the highlighted forms of weekdays, OFF days, religious days and events, etc.
Now we are going to move toward our main topic which is the Armenian calendar.
As the name suggests, it is used in Armenia. The Armenian calendar is a solar calendar as it deals with the length of days in a year. The solar calendar is slightly different from other calendars in a way that the solar year has 365.25 days and The other years have 365 days. This slight difference makes the annual change in the Armenian calendar.
Armenian calendar was on the 1461 years and others started their 1460 year. This shows the correspondence between the Armenian calendar and other calendars. This small change added five extra days in the Armenian calendar every year which does not occupy any month.
Armenian calendar and Julian calendar meets after every 1460 years and then start on the same day but with different year, for example, after the completion of one Sothic cycle of both calendars, then starts a new year with a different year number, for example, Julian would start 1950 and Armenian would undergo 1951 year.
Seasons In The Armenian Calendar
There are four seasons in the Armenian calendar just like other calendars like
- Summer and
Armenian Month Names
Cultural traditions play a considerable role in Armenian months, a festival calendar and a lunar one. The first month and seventh month are festival months, as the first month is the new year month and the seventh month has a festival of Mithras. Religious feasts and ancient names of the days and weeks, Christian names make the expression of Armenian date.
There are 12 months in the Armenian calendar, having 30 days per month, plus 5 extra days due to that .25 difference. Those 5 days are known as superfluous, and in Armenian it is called Awcear. There are Zoroastrian and Kartvelian has an influence on the names of Armenian months. Kasvelain impact two cases are the second and third months.
Etymologies Of The Months
Names of the months are transliterated on the basis of different systems, Hubschmannmeillet-Benveniste system is one of them.
- Nawasard is the first month, which is also known as New Year’s month.
- Hori is the second month, derived from Georgian which means two
- Sahmi is another month, derived from Georgian words meaning three.
- Tre is the fourth month, Zoroastrian is its etymology.
- Kaloc is the fifth month, which is famous for crops and it is known as the month of crops. It is an Armenian word, meaning to gather.
- Arac is the sixth month, which means harvest time.
- Mehekan, it is the seventh month, which has the festival of Mithra. It falls back on the Iranian word.
- The eighth month is areg. Is derived from Armenian, meaning sun, and this month is called sun month.
- Ahekan is famous for the fire festival and it is an Iranian word.
- Meriri represents midyear and it is an Avestan word. Avestan can be understood by the Avesta calendar, which is well known in the history and today as well.
- Margac and hrotic are the last two months in Armenian oriental society and in countries that follow this calendar.
- Awelaoc is a very interesting day about this calendar as they do not include any month and they are Epagomenal days.
Days Of The Month In The Armenian Calendar
Here are some useful details found in some authentic journals. There are names of the months in the Armenian calendar rather than giving numbers. This fact is similar to the Avestan calendar.
- There are Armenian names of the days as well; here are some important ones;
- Areg is the first day of the month which means sun.
- Aran is the name of a legendary hero.
- Astlik was named on the name of a temple, located in Armenia called the house of Aramazed. Furthermore, it also means the morning stars.
- Sixteen days of parsig month is called Mithra.
- Ani is another name based on the Arsacid necropolis in Armenia.
- Aragac is the day named on the name of the mountain, located in Armenia.
- Korduik is another name of the day and it is basically the name of the district.
- Varagi is the name of a monastery and a mountain in the country.
- Vahagn is the 20th day found on a table and it is the name of the hero God.
As we all know the specialty of this calendar is those epagomenal days and those are linked with five wandering stars:
Names Of Weekdays In The Armenian Calendar
Armenian calendar has names of weekdays like we have Sunday, and Saturday. They grab the concept of seven days of the week from Christianity.
Each weekday is associated with planets, which means every name is the name of the planet like Lusin (is the Armenian moon) and it is Monday according to our calendar.
Lusntig is Jupiter and it is for Thursday, Aregak is sun and is for Sunday, Erewak is Saturn for Saturday, Paylazu for mercury, and for Wednesday, that means mars and it is for Tuesday, Lusaber is a morning star and it is for Friday.
Reckoning Days In The Armenian Calendar
There is a concept of reckoning of days in this calendar and it follows the sun, then days and nights are divided into four parts, 3 hours in each part.
Holidays In The Armenian Calendar
Armenian year has a number of holidays in which some are religious holidays while the others are normal holidays. Let’s now look at those.
dates back to Armenian history and independence, after Armenia joined the Soviet Union in the 20th century. Armenians started celebrating New Year on December 31st as we all do. New Year’s holiday is considered the favorite holiday in this country. There are lots of performances, events, visits to places like museums, etc at this event. Moreover, there is a concert arranged in Republic Square in Yerevan for adults and children as well.
Christmas In Armenia
Christmas is an important holiday for Armenians and it is celebrated on the 6th of January. Water blessing day is the title given to Christmas as people throw water on each other and they believe that this is a sign of purification.
This is another holiday and is also called Candlemas Day or Tyarndarach, celebrated on the 13th of February and it stands for coming to God. This is mostly celebrated by the families in which there are newly married couples. Celebration of this day involves playing songs and dancing, and mostly they make a fire in the back of their houses and they roam around it by holding hands.
Genocide Remembrance Day
It is celebrated on the 24th of April. This is the day of remembering people, who were killed in the Armenian genocide so it is dedicated to the victims.
Important Dates Of The Armenian Calendar:
Following are some important dates found in this calendar:
- New Year is celebrated on 1st January as any other country does.
- Christmas day is on 6th Jan.
- 28th Jan is known as national army day.
- Women’s day is on the 8th of March.
- 8th April is considered as Eastern Armenian genocide.
- Genocide Memorial Day is known to be celebrated on the 24th of April.
- Labor Day is on 1st May.
- 9th may is a victory day.
- 28th may have great importance in the Armenian calendar as it is a day of the first republic.
- Constitution was made on 5th July.
- 12 September is known for the exaltation of the holy class.
- 21st September is Armenian Independence Day.
- New Year’s Eve is on 31st December.
It is to be concluded that calendars have considerable importance in our daily lives, as it provides patterns of time. Calendars help us to organize our work and tasks according to a specific manner. Calendars provide scheduling. It helps us to prioritize tasks according to the dates and days so that we can have an idea about what should be completed first.
If you want to learn some more epic facts about the Armenian language then we urge you to start with the Armenian alphabet which provides a direct gateway to the language. For this, you can rely on the Ling App to get benefitted as much as possible! Also, check out the Colors In Armenian.