3 Types Of Malayalam Verbs And Inflection: Exclusive Guide

Do you know how to make a grammatically correct structure in Malayalam? Learn Malayalam verbs, nouns, and adjectives to build a proper sentence in the Malayalam language.

Malayalam is one of the Dravidian languages and the mother language of “Kerala,” an Indian state. Although Malayalam is a Dravidian language, it is also heavily influenced by Sanskrit, and Sanskrit words have crept into the language along with its grammatical rules.

Don’t forget the Ling app if you’re thinking about downloading a language learning course. It is the best on the market for learning Malayalam. If you want more information on that, scroll to the end.

Importance Of Learning Malayalam Verbs

It is essential to know the grammatical terms of the Malayalam language if you want to write or speak in Malayalam. Knowledge of Malayalam verbs, nouns, and adjectives plays a huge role in developing an understanding of the language.

Malayalam Verbs Behaves Differently

Malayalam Verb – Malayalam Behaves Differently

As we know, any word that shows any action is known as a verb. There are different forms of verbs in English grammar. However, if we talk about the Malayalam language, the Malayalam verb inflection happens in three forms (tenses, mood, and Aspect). 

Inflection Of Malayalam Verbs According To The Tense Phrase Level

In Malayalam tense, phrases are of three basic types (present, past, and future.) The past tense is indicated by adding “-I” to the root of the verb or derived stem. You can also represent the past tense by adding -u followed by one or more consonants or consonant sequences. 

Malayalam lacks perfect morphology and functional structure. You can see how inflectional suffixes change the type of tenses. The past tense suffix is determined by a mixture of morphological and phonological terms. 

The “-unnu” suffix is added to the verb root to express the present tense. “-uM” sometimes denotes the future tense. “-uu” is added to the verb root or derived stem as a suffix. The following table will show you the verb conjugation with some simple examples.

English phrasesPronunciationMalayalam phrases
I travel to Japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyunnuഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുന്നു
I travelled to Japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceytuഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്തു
I am travelling to Japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyukayāṇഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുകയാണ്
I have traveled to Japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceytiṭṭuṇṭഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്തിട്ടുണ്ട്
I was traveling to Japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyukayāyirunnuഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുകയായിരുന്നു
I will be traveling to japanñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyuṁഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യും
I will have to travel to Japanenikk jappānilēkk pēākēṇṭi varuṁഎനിക്ക് ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് പോകേണ്ടി വരും

Inflection Of Malayalam Verbs According To Mood

In conditional clauses, a verb form is molded by adding –al as a suffix to the stem of past tenses. It is also by joining –email at the end of the verb. It happens to all three forms of verbs. The extension -atte is attached to the root word to hope for something to happen or for any wish. 

Furthermore, responsibility is expressed by –anam, and to the basic verb, the negative -aa is attached at the end of the verb. Other types of different moods include –arut, infinitive+patilla, etc. The verb is linked to all of the forms.

Inflection Of Malayalam Verbs According To Aspect

There are two types of Malayalam verbs according to Aspect: 

  • Perfect morphology
  • Imperfect morphology

With the Malayalam verb, we have three other aspects in perfect. The verb will get considerably more complicated in the analysis of this section as a result of this.

This table will clearly show Malayalam verbs according to present, past, and future Aspect.

English phrasesPronunciationMalayalam phrases
He writesavan eḻutunnuഅവൻ എഴുതുന്നു
He is writingavan eḻutunnuഅവൻ എഴുതുന്നു
He has writtenavan eḻutiyirikkunnuഅവൻ എഴുതിയിരിക്കുന്നു
He has been writingavan eḻutikkeāṇṭirikkunnuഅവൻ എഴുതിക്കൊണ്ടിരിക്കുന്നു
He wroteavan eḻutiഅവന് എഴുതി
He was writingavan eḻutukayāyirunnuഅവൻ എഴുതുകയായിരുന്നു
He had writtenavan eḻutiyirunnuഅവൻ എഴുതിയിരുന്നു
He had been writingavan eḻutukayāyirunnuഅവൻ എഴുതുകയായിരുന്നു
He will writeavan eḻutuṁഅവൻ എഴുതും
He will be writingavan eḻutuṁഅവൻ എഴുതും

Learn To Speak Malayalam With The Ling 

The Malayalam verb concept is complex(as are Dravidian verbal systems generally), so you must deeply understand the concepts and their usage. A valuable resource is the Ling app which is available on the App Store or Play Store. Its objective is to teach people any target language of their choosing. You can learn Malayalam, Punjabi, and many other languages through the Ling app

With Ling, learning a new language is like playing a game. It is straightforward yet effective. Start conversing with one of the chatbots to learn the language efficiently. Immerse yourself in the Malayalam language from the comfort of your own home. 

All of our listening exercises are designed and recorded by native speakers, so you can get your accent spot on. We also have a tracking function that teaches you the difficult Malayalam writing system. Learning the alphabet is critical if you want to progress in the language. As soon as you can start reading and writing, then you begin to make massive advances.

In my opinion, the best thing about Ling is its leaderboard function, which allows you to compare yourself to other learners. When you see how other people are doing, it gives you a good sense of what things you should be working on.

You may also browse our posts on “Malayalam greetings” and “Malayalam words and phrases” to learn more about the Malayalam language.

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