Your #1 Easy Guide To Korean Currency

January 12, 2022

Did you experience traveling without money? Of course, it's hard to enjoy a place if you are on a tight budget. Today, we will learn about the Korean currency or 통화 tonghwa and discover related words. If you are ready for that, then let the learning begin!

South Korea is indeed one of the most in-demand countries to visit. Well, it makes sense because who wouldn't fall in love in a country that is rich in culture? They have the K-pop industry, Korean food, K-dramas, and more. But, we cannot deny the fact that traveling, not just in South Korea, will cost you money.

If you want to go to South Korea and splurge on good finds, you should familiarize yourself with the South Korean currency. So today, we will talk about Korean money, which is the Korean won, the official and only legal currency of the Korean republic. Remember that we will only talk about the currency of South Korea. We will not include North Korea, which has an entirely different concept for this topic. So, don't worry because this lesson is totally easy to remember.

 

Talking About Money In Korean

In learning about Korean currency, we should also learn how to talk about Korean money. If you can still recall our lesson about Korean numbers, there are two numerical systems. The first is the Sino-Korean system which is based on Chinese characters. Sino Korean is used for money, dates, phone numbers, minutes, seconds, and addresses. On the other hand, the Native Korean system is used for ages, counting, and hours.

It is essential to know this because we cannot talk about currency without using numbers in Korean. So, let's have a quick review.

Hangul (Korean)RomanizationEnglish Translation
ilone
itwo
samthree
sahfour
ohfive
tooksix
chilseven
pahleight
goonine
sipten
baekhundred
cheonthousand
mahnten thousand
십만sip-mahna hundred thousand
백만bake-mahna million
천만cheon-mahnten million
일억il-uka hundred million
십억sip-uka billion

Now that you have learned the Sino Korean numbers used for money, take a look at the example below:

Formula: Sino Korean Number + 천 + 원

Hangul (Korean)RomanizationAmount
천 원cheon won₩ 1,000
이천 원icheon won₩ 2,000
삼천 원samcheon won₩ 3,000

Remember, when you want to talk about ₩ 1,000, you can just say, 천 원 (cheon won) instead of 일천 원 (ilcheon won).

The second way to talk about money in Korean is:

Formula: Sino Korean Number + 만 + 원

Hangul (Korean)RomanizationAmount
만 원man won₩ 10,000
이만 원iman won₩ 20,000
삼만 원samman won₩ 30,000

Take note that if you want to say ₩ 10,000, you can make use of 만 원 (man won) instead of 일만 원 (ilman won).

 

Learning About South Korean Won

Korean Currency

원 - Won

Let's start with the official currency of South Korea, which is 원 (Won). The symbol that represents Korean won is ₩. For the currency code, KRW is used to refer to Korean won. In South Korea, a single won is divided into 100 jeon, the monetary subunit. But, take note that South Koreans no longer use this for everyday transactions. It is only used for the foreign exchange rates. In this country, the Bank of Korea, which is located in Seoul, issues the currency.

Just a short throwback, did you know that Korean won, Japanese Yen, and Chinese Yuan were all derived from the Spanish-American silver dollar? From the 16th to the 19th century, this coin was widely used for international trade between Asia and the Americas.

Fast forward to 1910-45, which is the Japanese invasion, the won was replaced by the Korean yen and is at par with the Japanese yen.

When World War II ended in 1945, Korea was divided into North and South Korea. This gave way for Korea to have two separate currencies, but these currencies are both called won - Northern won, and Southern won. The Northern won replaced the yen, and the first South Korean won was divided into 100 jeon.

Moving forward to 1946, the Bank of Joseon issued the first South Korean Won bills, which the Bank of Korea later replaced. The Bank of Korea, which is the new central bank, took over the functions of the Bank of Joseon, was created in 1950.

Korean Currency: Korean Bills (한국 지폐 Hangug Jipye)

In South Korea, you wouldn't have a hard time because there are only four Korean bills that the bank of Korea issues. They are 1,000 won, 5,000 won, 10,00 won, and 50,000 won. Fun fact, the Korean bills increase their size as the value goes up. So, below are the Korean bills and a short trivia about the things and people printed in the bills.

1. ₩1,000 (Won) - (천 원 Cheon Won)

Dollar Exchange Rate: Less than 1 US Dollar (Around $0.89)
₩1,000 (Won) - (천 원 Cheon won)

Front: 퇴계이황 Toegye Yi Hwang (1501 – 1570)

The ₩1,000 bill is blue in color. The famous personality that you'll see in front of this bill is Yi Hwang, who is known as a famous Confucian scholar way back from the Joseon Dynasty. Yi Hwang is known for his talent in calligraphy and poetry. Fun fact, the name Toegye is his pen name.

Today, South Koreans cannot talk about Yi Hwang without mentioning the Dosanseowon Confucian Academy(안동 도산서원 Andong dosanseowon), this academy was established six years after his death to give honor to him and is now lined up to be one of the UNESCO'S World Heritage Site.

Back: 계상정거도 Gyesangjeonggeodo

If you flip the ₩1,000 bill, you'll see the painting of Yi Hwang, which is located in Dosan Seowon. We talked about this earlier.

2. ₩5,000 (Won) - (오천원 Ocheon-won)

Dollar Exchange Rate: Around $4.47
₩5,000 (Won) - (오천원 Ocheon-won)

Front: 율곡이이 Yulgok Yi I (1536 – 1584)

Moving on to the orange-colored ₩5,000, you'll see the 율곡이이 Yulgok Yi I which is a Neo-Confucian thinker who has established the Kiho school in Korea. Fun fact, Yulgok Yi I is Yi Hwang's (in ₩1,000) student. Yulgok Yi, I is Shin Saimdang's son. But, he lost his mother and mourned for three years. After that, he went to the Buddhist temple to be a monk, but he changed his mind after a year.

But, that did not stop him from becoming a great person because with the knowledge he acquired from studying the scriptures, he got first place in preliminary and final civil service exams. Today, he is the Lord First Candidate of the Nine Examinations.

Back: 초충도 Chochungdo

At the back of 5,000 won note, there is Shin Saimdang's painting called the "Insects and Plants."

3. ₩10,000 (Won) - (만원 Man-won)

Dollar Exchange Rate: Around $8.93
 ₩10,000 (Won) - (만원 Man-won)

Front: 세종대왕 Sejong the Great (1397 – 1450)

The ₩10,000 is color green in color. The man featured in this Korean bill is Sejong the Great, the 4th king of the Joseon Dynasty. He is known for introducing Hangeul, the Korean writing system in Korean society. Sejong the Great is known for many other achievements, but introducing Hangeul is definitely one of the most important.

Back: 혼천시계 Honcheonsigye

The back of this bill is a picture of Hocheon Clock" or the 혼천시계 (honcheonsigye). It is an astronomical clock made in 1669.

4. ₩50,000 (Won) - (오만원 Oman-won)

Dollar Exchange Rate: Around $44.69
 ₩50,000 (Won) - (오만원 Oman-won)

Front: 신사임당 Shin Saimdang (1504 – 1551)

Does this name sound familiar to you? Yes, she is Yi I's mother, the person in the ₩5,000 bill. Shin Saimdang is a poet and a calligraphist whose artworks capture mostly beautiful and delicate images of flowers, fish, insects, and landscapes. She is a well-known historical figure, and she was considered as an icon of the "wise mother and good wife" (hyeonmoyangcheo,현모양처).

The ₩50,000 is in the color yellow, and it's the most significant denomination of the Korean bill.

Back: 월매도 Wolmaedo

The back of ₩50,000 is a 월매도 Wolmaedo or simply plum tree.

Korean Currency: Korean Coins (한국 동전 Hangug Dongjeon)

10 won - (십원 Sip-won)

10 won - (십원 Sip-Won)

Front: 다보탑 (Dabotap Pagoda)

Back: Value (digit), bank title, year of minting

Significance: The 10 won coin pays tribute to the famous temple in Gyeongju.

50 won (오십원 Osip-won)

50 won (오십원 Osip-Won)

Front: Stalk of rice

Back: Value (digit), bank title, year of minting

Significance: This simply means that the rice is tasty.

100 won (백원 Baek-won)

100 won (백원 Baek-Won)

Front: 이순신 (Yi Sun-sin)

Back: Value (digit), bank title, year of minting

Significance: Yi Sun-sin is Korea's favorite admiral

500 won (오백원 Obaek-won)

500 won (오백원 Obaek-Won)

Front: 두루미 (Red-crowned crane)

Back: Value (digit), bank title, year of minting

Significance: The red-crowned crane is a beautiful crane that you can find in Korea

 

Where Can I Exchange My Money In South Korea?

It is impossible to go to South Korea without shopping for different K-pop merch, Korean food, mobile phones, designer pieces, skincare products, makeup, and more. If you're a foreigner and you are holding a different currency such as the US dollar, you'll really have to exchange your US dollar for South Korean won. So, it is important to know places in Korea with the best exchange rates.

Take note of the list below so when you go to Korea, you know where to go:

Money Changers in Myeongdong

Best Rates For USD, HKD, CNY/RMB, AUD, GBP, EUR, SGD, TWD, JPY

  1. Money changer at 26 Myeongdong 2-gil
  2. Shinhan Bank
  3. Money changer at Chungmuro
  4. Woori Bank
  5. Money changer at Namdaemun-ro

Money Changers in Itaewon

Best Rates For USD, AUD, GBP, EUR, JPY

  1. KEB Hana Bank at Itaewon
  2. Woori Bank at Itaewon
  3. Industrial Bank of Korea at Itaewon
  4. Shinhan Bank at Itaewon
  5. Kookmin Bank @ Itaewon

Money Changers in Dongdaemun

Best Rates For USD, CNY/RBM, CAD, AUD, JPY

  1. KEB Hana Bank at Dongdaemun
  2. Woori Bank at Dongdaemun
  3. Kookmin Bank at Dongdaemun
  4. Shinhan Bank at Dongdaemun

Keb Hana Bank (Formerly known as Korean Exchange Bank)

Best Rates For: EUR, GBP, USD, JPY, AUD, SGD, MYR, CNY, CAD

  1. KEB Hana Bank at Sogong-dong
  2. KEB Hana Bank at Itaewon
  3. KEB Hana Bank at Gangnam-gu
  4. KEB Hana Bank at Toegye-ro

 

Korean Currency: Korean Words Related To Money

Hangul (Korean)RomanizationEnglish Translation
용돈yongdonallowance, spending money
--돈donmoney
--내다naedato pay (money)
돈을 지불하다doneul jibulhadapay money
많은 돈maneun donlots of money
환전hwanjeonmoney exchange
소비절약하기sobijeoryakhagiSave money.
나는 돈을 좀 저축해야 해naneun doneul jom jeochukhaeya hae.I need to save some money.
나는 현금이 없다naneun hyeongeumi eoptta.I do not have cash.
돈을 좀 빌릴 수 있을까요?doneul jom billil su isseulkkayo?Can I borrow some money?
돈이 있습니까?doni isseumnikka?Do you have any money?
나는 빈털털이야.naneun binteolteoriya.I am broke.

Learning Korean Is A Worthy Investment

Nowadays, earning money is getting tougher. That is why people are looking for opportunities both local and international. But, little did they know that knowing a foreign language is one edge to successfully land a job abroad. If you're into Korean culture and you want to work in South Korea, learning Korean is a worthy investment. To do that, you'll be needing tools and resources that will help you learn Korean effectively and conveniently, like Ling App.

Ling App is a language learning platform that aims to help language learners achieve success in language learning. Using well-structured lessons backed with linguistic research, a variety of topics and activities, dialogues, mini-games, and quizzes, this amazing platform by Simya Solutions provides learners with an innovative and meaningful language learning experience.

Learning a new language is a kind of treasure that nobody can ever take away from you. If you know how to speak Korean, you can start doing different Korean-related things like blogging, vlogging, tutoring, and more. So, don't waste any time and learn Korean with Ling App now!

Start learning Korean for free now

Say goodbye to school books

Fun mini-games and quizzes help you mastering a new language quickly.
Practice hundreds of dialogues on the go. Talk to our chatbot about daily life topics.
Master the language with extensive grammar tips and instructions.
Sheiwen Aglibot

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

More From The

© 2021 Simya Solutions. All Rights Reserved