55 Basic Words And Phrases In Korean: Useful List

May 9, 2021

Basic words and phrases in Korean language (한국어 / hangugeo) can be easily learned nowadays. It is one of the most popular languages among southeast Asian countries because of the prevalence of Korean culture through Korean popular posts, Korean drama/movies, Korean music, and even Korean food. Many people want to learn Korean to expand their vocabulary, and understand how their favorite actors and biases speak. Whatever the reason is, it is undeniable that the Korean language has taken a big step to know not just in Asia but all over the world.

Today, there are lots of people who speak English as their second language because it has been widely used all over the world but learning to speak Korean will definitely step up your game. It will widen your vocabulary and give you a deeper understanding of Koreans. So, are you ready to learn new Korean words and Korean phrases? Let's go! (가자!/ gaja!)

 

 

Brief Introduction About The Korean Language

Here is some useful information that you might want to take note of about the Korean language:

Korean is spoken in North and South Korea, China (mainly provinces bordering North Korea), Japan, and Russia.

Korean is also spoken in other large communities around the world such as the US (most from New York), Singapore, Thai, Guam, and Paraguay. The number of Korean speakers continues to increase because there are some countries like the Philippines, where the Korean language is taught as an elective course.

Affiliation

The most known origin of the Korean language is the Altaic language family of central Asia which includes Turkish, Mongolian, and the Tungusic languages of Siberia. Other linguists also argue that Korean belongs to the Austronesian language family. Because of the long history with Chinese and Japanese, determining its linguistic affiliation is really complicated. Some also considered the Korean language as isolated. Whatever its origin may be, it gave birth to an amazing language called Korean.

Dialects

We all know that the whole country of Korea is divided into two- The democratic People's Republic of Korea ( North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). The Ancient Korean language was divided into two dialects namely Puyo (spoken in Manchuria and North Korea) and Han (spoken in South Korea).

Modern Korean, which is based on the Han dialect, became dominant all over the Korean peninsula and is widely used nowadays. There are two standard varieties of Modern Korean. Both dialects are distinguished and regulated by the national language policy of the country. Most of these dialects are mutually intelligible.

  • Seoul Dialect - The standard dialect for South Korea. There are also regional dialects such as Kyonsang, Chungchong, Cholla, and Cheju Island.
  • P’yŏngyang- The standard dialect for North Korea. The regional dialect included are Hamkyong, Pyongan, Hwanghae.

 

Basic Korean Words And Phrases

  • 네 (ne) / 예 (ye) = yes
  • 아니오 (a-ni-yo) = no 

  • 괜찮아요 (gwaen-chan-a-yo)  = ok 

  • 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo) = hello

  • 주세요 (ju-se-yo) = please

  • 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) / 고마워요 (go-ma-woy-o) = thank you

  • 천만에요 (cheon-man-e-yo)  = you're welcome

  • 실례합니다 (sill-ye-ham-ni-da) = excuse me

  • 미안합니다 (mi-an-ham-ni-da) / 미안해 (mi-an-he) = sorry

  • 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeoung-hi-gye-se-yo) = goodbye

I will explain how to use them in the next step. 

There is a special reason why people want to learn Korean words and Korean phrases. People have different reasons why they want to learn this language. It can be because they are inspired by the Korean music and dramas they are listening to and watching. It may also be a requirement for an elective subject in school. Most of all, people want to start learning Korean because they want to travel to Korea and start conversations with the locals.

Whatever the reason is, it is really commendable for you to start learning Korean so here's a list of Basic Words and Phrases in Korean for you to start with:

1. 네 (ne) / 예 (ye)

English Translation: Yes

네 (ne) is used the same way it is used in the English language. As a traveler, this is really essential especially in airports, shopping, dining, and traveling around the country. You can also hear people say 예 (ye) which is a more casual way to say Yes in Korean.

2. 아니오 (a-ni-yo)

English Translation: No

No is also one of the basic but most important words to learn in Korean. It is as important as the word Yes because you will not say Yes all the time.

On the other hand, when you are in doubt or unsure about something, 아마도 / amado is the right word for you. Of course, there will be a lot of things that you won't be so sure about when you begin to learn Korean.

3. 괜찮아요 (gwaen-chan-a-yo) 

English Translation: Ok

The common way of agreeing is saying Ok (괜찮아요 / gwaenchanayo). This is just a word but it is really important and useful in many different situations.

4. 안녕하세요 (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo)

English Translation: Hello

안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) is one of the most common words in the Korean language you will hear anywhere. Koreans love to welcome people with a greeting This is the easiest Korean greeting that you can use in many situations. This is also a great conversation starter and ice breaker when communicating with the locals.

5. 주세요 (ju-se-yo)

English Translation: Please

Koreans really value respect and politeness. It is clearly reflected in Koreans when you go to their country or even just watch their movies and dramas that is why the word Please (주세요 / juseyo) is used often. As a traveler, this is important to show your politeness to the locals in different situations such as dining in a restaurant and shopping.

6. 감사합니다 (gam-sa-ham-ni-da) / 고마워요 (go-ma-woy-o)

English Translation: Thank you

Saying Thank you(감사합니다 / gamsahamnida) in Korean is really important especially when you visit Korea. 감사합니다 (gamsahamnida) is used in formal conversations and you could also hear 고마워요 (gomawoyo) which is used in casual conversations. This is also a common Korean phrase or expression that is really important in daily conversations.

We all know that saying Thank you is a sign of showing your appreciation and gratitude to another person which is a very important thing in Koreans. There are a lot more Korean phrases that you can use to say Thank you but this is the most common you can use in both speaking and writing.

7. 천만에요 (cheon-man-e-yo) 

English Translation: You're welcome

You should also know how to respond when somebody thanked you by simply just saying You're welcome (천만에요 / cheonmaneyo) in Korean. This is also a sign of politeness toward other people. Korean phrases like this are really important to keep the conversation going and also to be nice.

8. 실례합니다 (sill-ye-ham-ni-da

English Translation: Excuse me

There will also be times where you need to use the phrase Excuse me (실례합니다 / sillyehamnida) This phrase is used to apologize but there are different usages for this phrase. One example is 저기요 (jeogiyo) which is used to get attention. Another example is 잠시만요 (jamsimanyo) which is used to pass someone.

9. 미안합니다 (mi-an-ham-ni-da) / 미안해 (mi-an-he)

English Translation: Sorry

Both Korean phrases have the same meaning but they are used in different situations. 미안합니다 / (mianhamnida) is formal and you could also hear 미안해 (mianhe) which is more casual. Saying sorry is a sign of humility and also respect.

10. 안녕히 계세요 (an-nyeoung-hi-gye-se-yo)

English Translation: Goodbye

Knowing how to say Goodbye (안녕히 계세요 / annyeounghi gyeseyo) in Korean is also important especially if you are a tourist. It is one of the most common Korean greetings which is mostly used in daily conversations.

These 10 basic words and phrases in the Korean language are just the simplest and easiest that you can learn. As a person who doesn't know how to speak Korean, these phrases and words are a good starting point in your journey in language learning. For people who speak English, learning Korean may not be too easy especially in written form since it is really. But with a lot of practice and continuous reading of blogs like this, you will surely get learn little by little.

 

Other Basic Korean Phrases And Words To Learn

Speaking and Korean will require you to learn more vocabulary other than the 10 mentioned above. Now that you have learned the 10 basic words and phrases in the Korean language, let us learn more. Take note, we are only learning the basic words, phrases, and sentences, there are separate blog posts for other topics as well. Here is a list of additional Korean phrases and words to learn in different categories:

Everyday Life

Basic Words and Phrases in the Korean Language | Everyday Life

There are plenty of Korean phrases and vocabulary that are commonly used in everyday conversation. There are Koreans who speak English but there are also those who don't. Learning basic words and phrases in the Korean language as well as sentences will make it easier when you are talking to the locals. Here is a list of words and phrases that are used in everyday life:

Korean Pronunciation English Translation
좋아요 joayo Good 
안 좋아요 an joayo Bad 
괜찮아요 gwaenchanayo That’s ok
잠깐만요! jamkkanmanyo! Just a moment!
이해해요 ihaehaeyo I understand 
몰라요 mollayo I don’t know
알아요 arayo I know
걱정 하지 마세요! geokjeong haji maseyo! Don’t worry!
문제 없어요 munje eopseoyo No problem!
 이게 뭐예요 ige mwoyeyo What is this?
제 이름은 ... 입니다 je ireum-eun ... imnida My name is ...
만나서 반가워요 mannaseo bangawoyo. It is nice to meet you!
영국말 하실 줄 아세요? yeongukmal hasil jul aseyo? Do you speak English?
한국말 하실 줄 아세요? hangukmal hasil jul aseyo? Do you speak Korean?
한국말을 조금 할 수 있어요 hangungmareul jogeum hal su isseoyo - I can speak a little Korean 
 한국말을 못해요 hangungmareul motaeyo I can’t speak Korean

Shopping

Shopping is part of a great adventure in Korea. Even if you don't plan to go to Korea, there may be times when you want to buy something in a Korean store. One of the reasons why people admire Koreans is the products they use in everyday life. Here are some words that may help your shopping experience easier:

Korean Pronunciation English Translation
--쇼핑 syoping shopping
이거 얼마예요? igeo eolmayeyo? How much is this?
카드 돼요? kadeu dwaeyo? Can I pay with a credit card?
 몇시에 문 닫아요? myeotsie mun dadayo? What time do you close?
좀 깎아 주세요 jom kkakka juseyo Please give me a discount 
 영수증 주세요 yeongsujeung juseyo Please give me a receipt
환불해 주세요  hwanbulhae juseyo Please give me a refund
모두 얼마예요? modu eolmayeyo? How much is the total?

Food And Dining

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Basic Words and Phrases in the Korean Language | Food and Dining

Another reason why people love Korean culture is because of their food. If you want to eat in local restaurants or someone invited you for a meal, these are some phrases that you need to know as a beginner. Take note of the pronunciation of these Basic words and phrases in the Korean language because it is really important.

Korean Pronunciation English Translation
 맛있게 드세요 masitge deuseyo Bon appétit
많이 먹어요 mani meogeoyo Eat up!
맛있어요! masisseoyo! It’s delicious!
 목 말라요 mok mallayo I’m thirsty
마시고 싶어 masigo sipeo  I want to eat/drink.
맛없어요 maseopseoyo It doesn’t taste good 
 배고파요 baegopayo I’m hungry
메뉴판 주세요 menyupan juseyo Please give me a menu 
 채식주의자용 식사 있어요? chaesikjuuijayong siksa isseoyo? Do you have vegetarian dishes?

Travel And Directions

Basic Words and Phrases in Korean Language | Travel and Direction

Traveling is really hard if it is your first time and it is even harder when you don't know how to speak their native language. Even if you are with your friends and all of you only know how to speak English, traveling will be hard for all of you. If you decide to Korea, try learning the following phrases that the native speakers use:

Korean Pronunciation English Translation
 왼쪽 가세요 oenjjok gaseyo Go left
오른쪽에 가세요 oreunjjoge gaseyo Go right
쭉 가세요 jjuk gaseyo Go straight
 길을 잃어버렸어요 gireul ireobeoryeosseoyo I’m lost
여기에서 얼마나 걸리는지 아세요? yeogieseo eolmana geollineunji aseyo? How far is it from here?
 버스 요금 얼마예요? beoseu yogeum eolmayeyo? How much is the bus fare?
 이 버스는 어디로 가요? i beoseuneun eodiro gayo? Where does this bus go?
서울에 가는 버스 표가 얼마예요? seoure ganeun beoseu pyoga eolmayeyo? How much is a bus ticket to Seoul? 
 미안하지만 저는 이 근처 사람이 아니예 요 mianhajiman jeoneun i geuncheo sarami aniyeyo I’m sorry, I’m not from around here

Clarification

Basic Words and Phrases in Korean Language | Clarification
Korean Pronunciation English Translation
다시 한 번 말해 주세요 dasi han beon malhae juseyo Please say that one more time.
천천히 말해 주세요 cheoncheonhi malhae juseyo Please speak slowly.
이해 못해요 ihae mothaeyo I don’t understand

 

Start Learning Korean Now!

Learning basic words and phrases in the Korean Language will definitely help survive. You will hear a lot of phrases and words that you don't even understand and it will make it hard for you to have good communication with the locals. Of course, you won't always have the opportunity to check your dictionaries or some free pdf files saved on your cellphone to compose what you want to say. If you want to learn more Korean words, phrases, and sentences, Ling App will help you achieve your goals. Through the Ling app, you will be able to hear the pronunciation of each word. This will help you learn to speak the language and accurately.

Ling App will provide fun and engaging lessons that will surely make your language learning experience exciting and meaningful. These lessons will help you learn how to speak and write in Korean. Through Ling App, you don't have to attend any class at a given schedule because you can learn with just your phone or computer during your free time. Learning a language will be a lot more easier and fun. What are you waiting for? Start learning Korean now!

 

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    3 comments on “55 Basic Words And Phrases In Korean: Useful List”

    1. Maeu gamsahanida now I know the basics of the Korean language. The reason as to why I'm learning this language is because I've been watching a lot of Korean dramas recently and listening to kpop singers and I feel like learning the language and I see that it's not that hard to speak and write it cause I know how to write the words in Korean now and I'm so happy that I can do it. My wish is to step foot in Korea to do some exploration one day. Annyeonghasiminikka, kamsahaminda and goodbye.ill keep on learning!!!!

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