First List Of 60+ Vegetable Names In Serbian

February 11, 2021

Knowing vegetable names in Serbian can be helpful when shopping in a grocery store, green market, or even a restaurant. So, let's learn more about Serbian delicious vegetables and fruits and how to name them in the Serbian language. 

 

Where To Buy Vegetables In Serbia?

In Ancient Rome, everyday life revolved around the Forums. In Serbia, as it was and still is – around the green market, or as we call it “Pijaca”. The word itself is not actually Slavic but it's most commonly used by Serbians. However, in some parts of Serbia, the Slavic term “Tržnica” is still used, but most people call it Pijaca. It's different from the Italian “Piazza”, which means “square”, or “forum”, which makes it basically the same thing.

In the villages and smaller towns in Serbia, there is something called a “Pijačni dan” or a “Greenmarket day”, when all the vegetable and fruit growers sell their products. It's usually once a week. 

Globalization has brought convenience stores, shopping malls, mega-markets, but they haven’t been able to replace the significance that Pijaca has to Serbs. “Pijace” (Plural of Pijaca) are usually places where you can buy fresh “povrće” (vegetables) and “voće” (fruit), sir  (cheese), and other dairy products. Nowadays, the offer is so colorful that you can virtually find whatever you like on Serbian pijaca.

Vegetable Names In Serbian

 

Vegetable Names In Serbian

Serbin Phrase  
(Cyrillic / Latin)    
Pronunciation English Translation 
поврће / povrće  po-vr-tse vegetables
салата / salata saa-laa-tah salad [Sg]
салатe / salate    saa-laa-teh salads [Pl]
кромпир / krompir cr-om-peer potato [Sg]
кромпири / krompiri     cr-om-peer-ee   potatoes [Pl]
краставац / krastavac     cr-aa-st-aa-vaac  cucumber [Sg]
краставци/ krastavci    cr-aa-st-aa-vcee  cucumbers [Pl]
шаргарепа / šargarepa sh-aa-rg-aa-re-pah   carrot [Sg]
шаргарепе / šargarepe sh-aa-rg-aa-re-pe carrots [Pl]
парадајз /paradajz paa-raa-daa-yz tomatoe [Sg]
парадајзови / paradajzovi   paa-raa-daa-yz-ov-ee  tomatoes [Pl]
пасуљ / pasulj  paa-soo-ly  beans
бундева / bundeva boon-de-vah   pumpkin [Sg]
бундевe / bundeve  boon-de-veh  pumpkins [Pl]
главицa црног лука / glavica crnog luka gl-aa-vee-tsa cr-nog look-ah onion [Sg]
црни лук / crni luk   cr-nee look onions [Pl]
чен белог лука / čen belog luka ch-en be-log look-ah garlic [Sg]
бели лук / beli luk  be-lee look garlics [Pl]
praziluk / празилук  pr-aa-see-look  leek
прокељ / prokelj   pro-cely   brussels sprouts
броколи / brokoli   bro-co-ly broccoli
грашак / grašak  gr-aa-sh-aac peas
карфиол/karfiol car-fee-ol cauliflower [Sg]
kарфиоли / karfioli car-fee-ol-ee  cauliflowers [Pl]
љута папричица / ljuta papričica ly-oo-tah
pap-ree-chee-tsa
chili pepper [Sg
љутe папричицe / ljute papričice ly-oo-teh
pap-ree-chee-tse
chili peppers [Pl]
целер / celer ce-ler celery
тиквица / tikvicа tee-kvee-tsаh zucchini [Sg]
тиквице / tikvice tee-kvee-tse zucchini [Pl]
cпанаћ / spanać spa-naats spinach
боранија / boranija  bo-raa-nee-yah green beans
pотквица / rotkvica rot-cvee-tsah   radish
купус / kupus coo-poos cabbage
зелена салата / zelena salata   ze-le-nah sa-la-tah lettuce
печурке / pečurke pe-ch-oor-ce mushrooms

 

Fun Facts About How Serbians Eat Vegetables

 

Serbian elders say that when you eat five colors a day, it means you will have a healthy meal. So, in that spirit, we are now going to buy vegetables to make a salad (salata). The base is, of course, green (zelen-i/-a/-o). First, we chop the lettuce (Zelena Salata). A funny name, you will agree, since it translates directly into English as “Green Salad”, not lettuce, but those are the little tricks that you come to realize when you start learning Serbian. After we have chopped the lettuce, we can put some fresh cucumbers (krastavac), and we are done with the greens.

Serbs love onion, leek, and garlic, and they sometimes combine all three of them in one dish. Even though they don’t sound the same in English, in Serbian, they have a similar name: Onion – Crni Luk (black onion), Garlic – Beli luk (white onion), and Leek – Praziluk. So it’s all onions, no matter what you eat.

Peppers are next, we can find them in all shapes and sizes, but mostly they are red, green, and yellow. Tomato is next. Brought from America, it quickly became one of Europe’s, and Serbia’s in particular, most favorite vegetables. In Serbian, the tomato has a very peculiar name; it’s called Paradajz, which in Serbian doesn’t mean anything besides a transliteration of the English word “Paradise”. A fun fact is that in Croatian, which is a similar language to Serbian, tomato is “Rajčica”, where “Raj” (as in Serbian) stands for “Paradise”. So, as you can see, there are close connections between the two languages.

Cut slices of fresh white (bel/-i/a/-o)* cheese, add salt (so), black (crn-i/-a/-o) pepper (biber), and oil (ulje) and you are done. Bon Appetite or Prijatno! Enjoy your healthy colorful meal!

 

Fruits In Serbian

Vegetable Names In Serbian

Of course, when in a Pijaca, you will immerse yourself in its colorful world. Let’s go fruit shopping! There are two types of fruit of which Serbs are most proud: the first one is purple (ljubičast-i/-a/-o), which is, of course, a plum (šljiva) – the national Serbian drink of Šljivovica (anglicized as Slivovitz) is made of them. The second one is red (crven-i/-a/-o) – a raspberry (malina), the pride of Western Serbia.

Here is the table with the most common names for fruits in Serbian:

Serbin Phrase

(Cyrillic / Latin)

Pronunciation English Translation 
воћка / voćka vo-ts-ca fruit [Sg]
воћe / voće vo-tse fruit [Pl]
јабука / jabuka ya-boo-kah apple [Sg]
јабукe / jabuke ya-boo-keh apples [Pl]
крушка / kruška cr-oo-sh-cah pear [Sg]
крушкe / kruške cr-oo-sh-ceh pears [Pl]
кајсија / kajsija caay-see-yah apricot [Sg]
кајсијe / kajsije caay-see-yeh apricots [Pl]
бресква / breskva br-es-cvah peach [Sg]
бресквe / breskve br-es-cveh peaches [Pl]
малина / malina maa-ee-nah raspberry [Sg]
малинe / maline  maa-ee-neh  raspberries [Pl]
купина / kupina coo-pee-nah blackberry [Sg]
купинe / kupine coo-pee-neh blackberries [Pl]
јагода / jagoda ya-go-dah strawberry [Sg]
јагодe / jagode ya-go-deh strawberries [Pl]
трешња / trešnja tr-eh-sh-nyah cherry [Sg]
трешњe / trešnje tr-eh-sh-nyeh cherries [Pl]
вишњe / višnje vee-sh-nyeh sour cherries [Pl]
банана / banana baa-naa-nah banana [Sg]
бананe / banane baa-naa-neh bananas [Pl]
наранџa /narandža
поморанџa / pomorandža
naa-raan-jahpo-mo-raan-jah orange [Sg]
наранџе / narandže
поморанџе / pomorandže
naa-raan-jehpo-mo-raan-jeh oranges [Pl]
лимун / limun lee-moon  lemon [Sg]
лимуни / limuni lee-moo-ny lemons [Pl]
ананас / ananas aan-naa-naas pineapple [Sg]
ананаси / ananasi aan-naa-naasy pineapples [Pl]
лубеница / lubenica loo-ben-ee-tsa watermelon [Sg]
лубеницe / lubenice loo-ben-ee-tsey watermelons [Pl]
диња/dinja dee-nyah melon [Sg]
дињe/dinje dee-nyeh melons [Pl]
грожђе / grožđe gro-zjy-eh grapes
авокадо / avokado aw-oca-do avocado

If you want to learn why Serbian cuisine tastes so great, food vocabulary in Serbian, or just want to know what to buy in grocery stores in Serbia, the Ling app can help you with that. 

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