Would you like to learn Italian pronouns? Grammar can sometimes be boring, but it is necessary to learn how to correctly speak or write the language so that others can understand what you are saying.
Mastering Italian pronouns require only a bit of work to understand the difference between the various types and when they should be used. This article covers Italian pronouns in detail.
The pronoun is a speech particle that replaces an element of the sentence to avoid unnecessary repetition and make the text smoother. "Pronoun," in fact, comes from the Latin "pro-nomen" and is more or less translatable as "instead of the name."
This does not mean, however, that this particle replaces nouns only. The pronoun can also be used in place of another part of speech (an adjective, a verb, or even another pronoun) or even an entire sentence.
Pronouns are classified according to the context and the type of meaning they assume within the text.
Italian personal pronouns are the most recognizable ones because, keeping faith with their Latin derivation, they replace nouns. They are the subject pronouns in Italian:
Depending on the function, they differ between personal subject pronouns and personal complement pronouns.
A possessive pronoun tells us to whom the sentence's element belongs. They look like adjectives, but they have completely different functions. For example:
Here are possessive pronouns:
Remember that in Italian, you have to use the feminine or the masculine form depending on the object or name you are referring to.
Demonstrative pronouns indicate the position in space and time with respect to the person speaking or listening. For example:
Here are some common Italian demonstrative pronouns:
Relative pronouns in Italian relate two different propositions to each other.
Here the "che" replaces the name of Marco and joins the two sentences.
Examples of relative pronouns:
It replaces the subject or the object complement. It is invariable.
Another thing to remember is that "CHE," preceded by the definite article "IL," replaces an entire sentence.
It replaces any other complement. Therefore it is always introduced by a preposition based on the verb used.
In this case, it replaces "Thinking About Someone."
In this case, it replaces "Talk about something."
"CUI" preceded by a definite article expresses "possession": the definite article must be agreed in gender and number with the object or person possessed.
In this case, it means "His dog is a poodle.""
It plays the same role as CHE and CUI. Therefore it replaces subjects and complements. But it is a bit more formal and, therefore, typical of written language. It agrees in gender and number with the name it refers to.
There are 4 possible forms:
It combines two sentences and means "the person who / the people who," "the people who," and "all those who."
In this case, "who" means "The person who / The people who win today go to the final."
They introduce an exclamation sentence, which expresses a strong emotion of joy, amazement, fear, etc.
The exclamation pronouns in Italian are:
They refer to an element without specifying its quantity or quality. They are:
A specific category of personal pronouns is "the reflexive pronouns."
Italian reflexive pronouns are used with those verbs in which the action is reflected on the subject who performed the action,
In Italian, the reflexive pronouns are:
Direct pronouns have the role of object complement. They are used, therefore, when the verb is not followed by any preposition and answers the question "Who? What?".
Anna compra il libro (Anna buys the book) = Anna lo compra (Anna buys it)
In this case, the direct pronoun "lo" replaces the object complement: "the book".
Here are the Italian direct object pronouns:
Indirect pronouns perform the function of term complement. They are therefore used when the verb is followed by the preposition "a" and answer the question "To whom? To what?".
In this case, the indirect pronoun "gli" replaces the complement of the term: "a Luca."
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