Tagalog Conjunctions: 6 Unique But Easy Types

Tagalog Conjunctions - A photo of two pieces of a puzzle

Wanna level up your simple Tagalog sentences to compound or complex sentences? Why not learn these essential Tagalog conjunctions today?

When you start learning the Tagalog or Filipino language, you’ll begin with simple sentences. But, if you wanna improve your sentence and use more complicated words and phrases, then it’s better to learn the Tagalog conjunctions.

In this blog, I will walk you through a simple lesson about conjunctions in Tagalog. You will also see how the Tagalog or Filipino language is different from the English language. So, let’s start learning about conjunction.

What Are The Types Of Tagalog Conjunctions?

In the English language, conjunctions are words used to connect words, clauses, and sentences. There are different types of conjunctions – coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and subordinating conjunctions.

In the Tagalog or Filipino language, the word used to connect words, clauses, and sentences is called Pang-ugnay, but this is quite tricky because there are three types of pang-ugnay, and some of them do not have English counterparts. Here are the different conjunctions or pang-ugnay in the Tagalog or Filipino language:

Tagalog Conjunctions Pang-angkop - A photo of an adult female and a girl with globe

1. Pang-Angkop

Pang-angkop connects two words to make them sound more beautiful and easy to pronounce. The English language does not have an equivalent for this because this has something to do with the spelling of the words. The word angkop in Filipino can mean “adapt.” So, pang-angkop is used to let the word “adapt” to the other one. There are three types of pang-angkop:


The pang-angkop ‘na’ is used when the first word ends with a consonant. See examples below:

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
Delicious foodMasarap na pagkainWe ate delicious food in the Philippines.Kumain kami ng masarap na pagkain sa Pilipinas.
A fast trainMabilis na trenWe rode a fast train from Taft to Quezon.Sumakay kami sa mabilis na tren mula Taft papuntang Quezon Avenue.


The next pang-angkop is -ng. You might wonder what the dash in the beginning means. This dash means that there’s a word before it. But, when you’re going to put it in a word, you must remove the dash already. The pang-angkop -ng is used when the first word ends with a vowel.

Don’t forget that you can learn all these words easily by downloading a language-learning app. You can check the Ling app on the Play Store or the App Store and try your first free lessons!

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
A beautiful countryMaganda (-ng)/ Magandang bansaThe Philippines is a beautiful country.Ang Pilipinas ay isang magandang bansa.
Filipino languageWika (-ng)/ Wikang FilipinoThe Filipino language is easy to learn.Ang wikang Filipino ay madaling pag-aralan.


The last pang-angkop is -g. Again, the dash before the letter g indicates that there’s a word before it. This pang-angkop is used when the first word ends with the letter n. See examples below:

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
Expensive thingsMamahalin(-g)/ mamahaling gamitWe bought expensive things in the malls of the Philippines.Kami ay bumili ng mamahaling gamit sa mga mall ng Pilipinas.
Modest girlMahinhin(-g)/ mahinhing dalagaIn the traditional culture, women in the Philippines are raised to be modest girls.Sa tradisyunal na kultura, ang kababaihan sa Pilipinas ay pinalalaki para maging mahinhing dalaga.

2. Pang-Ukol (Preposition)

The next type of pang-ugnay is pang-ukol or preposition in Tagalog. A preposition is a word or set of words that come before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to indicate a direction, place, location, time, spatial relationships, or location or to introduce an object.

3. Pangatnig (Connecting Words)

After learning the first two pang-ugnay, let us learn pangatnig. Pangatnig is a term that connects two or more words. They link words, sentences, or clauses together. Like what was mentioned above, the English language has three (3) types of conjunctions – coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and subordinating conjunctions.

But, take note that Filipino conjunctions are categorized in a unique way. Filipino conjunctions are divided into groups based on how they are employed in sentences or the types of phrases or clauses to which they refer.

Let us discuss the different pangatnig, like how you learn it in English, so you won’t be too confused.

Tagalog Conjunctions Coordinating - A photo of two people studying

4. Pangatnig Na Panimbang (Coordinating Conjunctions)

A coordinating conjunction or pangatnig na panimbang is a word or group of words that connect elements that have equal weight or importance and are grammatically alike. The abbreviation FANBOYS stands for the seven most common English coordinating conjunctions: for, and, neither, nor, but, or, yet, and so.

For – Sapagkat

Example Sentence:

I love using Filipino products, for the quality of their products is good.Gustong-gusto kong gumamit ng mga produktong Pilipino, sapagkat maganda ang kalidad ng kanilang mga produkto.

Note: The Filipino words sapagkat and dahil can also be translated as because in English.

And At, At Saka

Example Sentence:

We went to many beautiful places, and we watched the concert by Regine Velasquez.Pumunta kami sa magagandang lugar at nanoood kami ng konsyerto ni Regine Velasquez.

Note: The word at saka adds more formality to speech. This conjunction can also be translated as “moreoverand “in addition to thatin English.

Nor – Ni, At Hindi, Ni hindi

Example Sentence:

I don’t wanna hurt the feelings of the locals, nor disrespect them.Hindi ko gustong makasakit ng damdamin ng mga lokal ni ang magpakita ng kawalang respeto.

Note: Filipinos do not frequently speak like this. You’ll seldom hear this in casual conversation. For beginners, there are lots of ways that you can express yourself without using this conjunction.

Many people get confused about this, especially for a child beginning to learn Tagalog. In the Philippines, the word ni is also one of the pronouns. Because of this, you really have to understand the context before determining if the word ni is to be used as a conjunction or a pronoun.

But – Pero, Datapwat, Ngunit, Subalit

Example Sentence:

We are about to book an expensive hotel, but our money is not enough.Kukuha na sana kami ng mamahaling hotel, ngunit kulang ang gaming pera.

Note: These words have the same meaning. The only difference is where and how they are used. Filipinos commonly use pero in daily conversation, while the rest are usually used in formal situations, books, and written formal essays. You’ll seldom hear Filipinos use datapwat in casual conversations.

Or – O, O kaya

Example Sentence:

Are we going to eat in Jollibee, or will we try a new fast food?Kakain ba tayo sa Jollibee o susubok tayo ng bagong fastfood?

Note: This coordinating conjunction is used the same way in English. It’s not hard to remember because it sounds and is spelled almost like the English word. This is also commonly used when choosing something.

Yet/Nevertheless/ Nonetheless- Gayon Pa Man, Gayunman

Example Sentence:

He struggled when studying the Filipino language, yet, he still became an expert in speaking this language.Nahirapan siyang pag-aaralan ang wikang Filipino, ganon pa man, nagawa niya pa ring maging bihasa sa pagsasalita ng wikang ito.

Note: This is also not common among native speakers to use every day. In daily conversations, they simply use the word pero because it is easier to use and also has the same meaning.

Tagalog Conjunctions Kaya So Kaya't - A photo of a man pointing the direction to a woman

So – Kaya, Kung kaya’t

Example Sentence:

I didn’t know how to get to Maynila, so I asked the people around.Hindi ko alam kung paano pumunta ng Maynila, kaya nagtanong ako sa mga tao sa paligid.

Note: The word kaya is the most frequently used form, while kung kaya’t means “so that” or “that’s why” in English.

Here is the summary of the coordinating conjunctions you have learned above:

5. Pangatnig Na Magkatugma (Correlative Conjunction)

Correlative Conjunctions or mga pangatnig na magkatugma are used in pairs. They’re utilized to link two grammatically similar but equally important or weighted parts.

Either…Or – Man… O

Either book or app can help you learn the Filipino language.Libro man o app, makatutulong pa rin ito sa pagaaral mo ng wikang Filipino.

Whether…Or/Neither…Or – Maging… O

Neither saving up nor taking a diet can stop you from tasting Filipino food.Maging ang pagtitipid o pagdidiyeta ay hindi makapipigil sa iyong tumikim ng mga pagkaing Pilipino.

Neither..Nor – Hindi…Ni, Ni…Ni

He didn’t call nor ask about how I was doing.Ni tumawag ni mangumusta ay di man lang nya ginawa.

Both…And – Kapwa…At, Parehong…At

In the Filipino culture, both government and citizen have responsibilities to their nation.Sa kulturang Pilipino, kapwa gobyerno at mamamayan ay may tungkulin sa bayan.

Not Only…But Also – Hindi Lamang…Kundi (Pati, Din)

Speaking the Filipino language not only makes your travel experience easy but also helps to build connections among people.Ang pagsasalita ng wikang Filipino ay hindi lamang nakapagpapadali ng iyong paglalakbay kundi nakatutulong din itong bumuo ng koneksyon sa mga tao.

Here is the summary of the correlative conjunctions you have learned above:

6. Pangatnig Na Panubali (Subordinating Conjunctions)

Subordinating conjunctions or mga pangatnig na panubali are used to connect a dependent clause (sugnay na hindi makapag-iisa) to an independent clause (sugnay na makapag-iisa). The subordinating conjunction precedes the dependent clause.

Subordinating conjunction transforms a clause into an element whose context determines meaning. Subordinate clauses can be found at the start or middle of a sentence. Here is a list of subordinating conjunctions in Filipino.

Although – Bagaman / Bagamat

Although we support different candidates, we should still respect each other. Bagaman magkakaiba ang mga sinusoportahan nating kandidato, kailangan pa rin nating irespeto ang isa’t isa.

Note: The dependent clause is Bagaman magkakaiba ang mga sinusoportahan nating kandidato. The word bagaman is not commonly used in normal conversations. You can usually hear this in the news, from teachers, and other formal platforms.

Even Though – Kahit

Even though it’s hard to enter a university in the Philippines, Filipinos still try their best to get in.Kahit na mahirap makapasok sa isang unibersidad sa Pilipinas, ginagawa pa rin ng mga Pilipino ang lahat ng kanilang makakaya para makapasok.

When, At The Time That – Nang

The concert had just finished when he/she arrived.Tapos na ang concert nang siya ay dumating.

Note: You might be confused about the other Filipino words, ng and nang, because these two words are pronounced the same way, but they have different meanings and usage. The word ng is a preposition, while nang is in conjunction.

Because – Dahil

The Philippines is considered the “Texting Capital of the World” because of the volume of messages they send every day.Ang Pilipinas ay tinaguriang Texting Capital of the World” dahil sa malaking bilang ng kanilang ipinadadalang text message sa bawat araw.

Than – Kaysa

It’s better to have a little knowledge of the Filipino language than to have a hard time speaking with the locals.Mabuti na ang may kaunting kaalaman sa pagsasalita ng wikang Filipino kaysa mahirapang makipag-usap sa mga lokal.

Here is the summary of the subordinating conjunctions you have learned above:

How Do Filipinos Learn Conjunctions?

The one you have learned above is how conjunctions are taught in English, but in terms of Tagalog grammar, they have different types of conjunctions. In fact, they have more than three (3) types of conjunctions. Here are the more types of Filipino or Tagalog conjunctions and how Filipinos use them.

How Do Filipinos Learn Tagalog Conjunctions - A photo of a tutor teaching a girl

Paninsay – These are used to connect two contrasting ideas.


Pananhi – The word pananhi came from the word sanhi, which means “cause” in English. This conjunction connects words, phrases, or clauses that indicate the causes and effects of events.


EnglishTagalog ConjnctionsEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
becausedahilBecause of the talented Filipinos and beautiful sites in the country, the Filipino culture has slowly been recognized.Dahil sa mga talentadong Pilipino at magagandang tanawin ng bansa unti-unting nakilala ang kulturang Pilipino.
becausesapagkatThe Philippines celebrated because Hidilyn Diaz won a gold medal in the Olympics.Ang Pilipinas ay nagdiwang sapagkat nanalo si Hidilyn Diaz ng gintong medalya sa Olympics.
that’s whykaya namanThe Westerns have a huge influence on the beauty standards among Filipinos, that’s why lots of people are undergoing surgeries.Malaki ang impluwensiya ng mga bansang kanluranin sa kagandahan sa mga Pilipino, kaya naman marami ang sumasailalim sa mga operasyon.

Pamukod – The word pamukod came from the word bukod, which means “separate” in English. This pangatnig is used if you have something to separate.


Panlinaw – This conjunction is used to clarify a statement. The word linaw means “clear”.


EnglishTagalog ConjnctionsEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
thereforesamakatuwidThe guy studied the Filipino words related to interviews before going to the office. Therefore, he didn’t have a hard time when he was being asked.Ang lalaki ay nag-aral ng mga salitang Tagalog na may kinalaman sa pakikipagpanayam bago pumunta sa opisina. Samakatuwid, hindi siya nahirapan noong siya’y tinatanong na.

if that’s the casekung gayonI’ve noticed that everyone is ready. If that’s the case, we may now leave.Napansin kong handa na ang lahat. Kung gayon, maaari na tayong umalis.

so, that’s whykayaI heard that balut is really delicious, so I tried it.Narinig kong masarap ang balut, kaya sinubukan ko ito.

this means thatibig sabihinThere are lots of SB19 fans in different parts of the world. This means that lots of people already heard their songs.Maraming tagahanga ang SB19 sa iba’t ibang panig ng mundo. Ibig sabihin, maraning tao na ang nakarinig ng kanilang mga awitin.

Panubali – Panubali is used in stating probability or doubt. The word panubali came from pasubali, which means dissent or reservation.


Panapos – The word panapos came from the word tapos, which means “finish” or “end”. From this, you can imply that this type of conjunction is used to indicate the end of a sentence or speech.


EnglishTagalog ConjnctionsEnglish ExampleTagalog Example
finallysa wakasFinally, I’m here in the Philippines!Sa wakas, andito na ako sa Pilipinas!
in total / in generalsa kabuoanMy Philippines journey was full of adventure. In general, it was fun.Ang karanasan ko sa Pilipinas ay puno ng iba’t ibang karanasan. Sa kabuoan, naging masaya ito.

in the endsa bandang huliWe are looking for affordable accommodation. In the end, we stayed in a hotel in Makati.Naghanap kami ng murang matutuluyan. Sa bandang huli, nanatili kami sa isang hotel sa Makati.

Panimbang – This type of conjunction is used to connect words, phrases, or clauses that have the same meaning or weight.


I know that learning these Tagalog conjunctions is quite a challenge, but if you have comments, questions, or clarifications, feel free to comment below this post. We at Ling are more than willing to answer. Good luck on your journey to learning the Tagalog language!

Updated By: Jefbeck

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