#1 Easy Guide To Basic Tagalog Grammar

Basic Tagalog Grammar Ling App

Have you ever wanted to learn Tagalog but need help knowing where to start? Well, you’re in luck because this article is the best guide to basic Tagalog grammar.

Don’t worry. We won’t bore you with complex grammar rules! Everything you need to know to get started with Tagalog is right here. By the time you’re done, you’ll be speaking Tagalog like a pro! So, let’s get started, and have some fun while we’re at it!

Tagalog Nouns And Pronouns

Are you ready to start your Filipino grammar journey? Let’s get started with the basics of Tagalog nouns! Don’t be intimidated. This will be a breeze!

Nouns are the building blocks of language, so it’s essential to grasp them well. In Tagalog, nouns are like the main characters of sentences – they’re the words that represent people, places, things, and ideas.

One cool thing about the Tagalog language is that it’s a gender-neutral language. So, you won’t find equivalents for “he” or “she.” Instead, the Tagalog word “siya” refers to both male and female subjects.

For example:

  • English: He/She took the book yesterday.
  • Tagalog: Siya ang kumuha ng libro kahapon.

Here’s a table to help you understand Tagalog gender-neutral pronouns:


Plural Forms

When it comes to making nouns plural, things are a bit different from English. Instead of adding an “s” at the end of the word, we use the marker “mga” or “sina” before the noun. “Sina” is used for plural personal names, while “ang mga” is for all other plural forms of nouns. These markers are like the key to unlocking the world of plural nouns in Tagalog.

For example:

Alfred and companySina Alfred
DogsMga Aso
CatsMga Pusa
HorsesMga Kabayo
AnimalsMga Hayop

Noun Markers

In Tagalog, noun markers are words that help us identify and specify nouns in a sentence. They add meaning and provide context to the nouns they modify. Let’s dive into the world of noun markers, or as I like to call them, “Tagalog superheroes”!


First up, we have our trusty sidekick, “si.” This little marker is used for personal names. So, when you want to mention someone’s name, just put “si” in front of it. For example, “si Alfred” means “Alfred.”


Next, we have the superstar “ang.” This marker is for all other nouns that are not personal names. It’s like the “the” in English. So, when you want to say “the woman,” you can simply say “ang babae.”

Grammar in Tagalog - Filipina girl

Tagalog Verbs And Verb Tenses

Verbs may be one of the trickiest aspects of basic Tagalog grammar, especially for those who are not well-versed in the language. However, with a bit of effort, anyone can master verb tenses, which work pretty much the same way as in English.

Verb Groups

Basically, Tagalog verbs consist of a root word and an affix. To change the tense or meaning of the verb, an affix should be added to the beginning, middle, or end of the verb root. In some cases, the first syllable of the word is repeated. To make things easier, Tagalog verbs are grouped according to how they are conjugated. They can either be mag-, ma-, -um, -in, or -i verbs.

Below are examples of how words are conjugated in each group:

Verb GroupRoot VerbFuture TensePresent TensePast TenseImperative
Mag-Lakad (walk)Maglalakad (will walk)Naglalakad (walking) Naglakad (walked)Maglakad (to walk)
Ma-Tulog (sleep)Matutulog (will sleep)Natutulog (sleeping)Natulog (slept)Matulog (go to sleep)
-UmTakbo (run)Tatakbo (will run)Tumatakbo (running)Tumakbo (ran)Tumakbo (to run)
-InKain (eat)Kakainin (will eat)Kinakain (eating)Kinain (ate)Kainin (to eat)
-ISulat (write)Isusulat (will write)Isinusulat (writing)Isinulat (wrote)Isulat (to write)

Verb Repetition

Aside from learning how to conjugate verbs, it is also essential to know how to repeat verbs when expressing a prolonged action. This is a unique characteristic of basic Tagalog grammar. When two verbs are repeated this way, they are connected by the word “nang.”

For example:

  • English: Anna keeps on crying. 
  • Tagalog: Iyak nang iyak si Anna.
Basic Tagalog Grammar Ling App verbs

Tagalog Adjectives

Adjectives are like paintbrushes that help us paint vivid pictures with words. They describe nouns and give them life. Want to talk about a beautiful sunset or a delicious meal? You’re going to need some adjectives!

Adjective-Noun Identicals

Some Tagalog adjectives are identical to nouns in both spelling and meaning, but their pronunciation may differ. Just imagine adding a long vowel sound to the noun, and voilà! You have the corresponding adjective.

For example:

  • Adjective: buhay – alive
  • Noun: buhay – life

Adjective Gender

In Tagalog, there are adjectives specifically used to describe female individuals. These words usually end in /a/. So, when you want to compliment a woman, you can use these adjectives to make her feel extra special.

For example, the word nervous would be:

  • Male – nerbyoso
  • Female – nerbyosa

Degrees Of Adjectives

Adjectives in Tagalog can have different degrees to show intensity. Let’s explore two of these degrees: the intensive and superlative degrees.

In the intensive degree, you can emphasize the level of quality by using the preceding word, “napaká.” This will intensify the meaning of the adjective. Also, be mindful of the word order. Napaká should always come before the adjective.

For example:

  • Very beautiful – Napakagandá

In the superlative degree, you can use the word “pinaká” before the adjective to express that something is the most or the best.

For example:

  • The most beautiful – Pinakamagandá

To add even more emphasis, you can simply repeat the adjective or use variations of it. This adds a playful touch to your sentence.

For example:

  • Extremely beautiful – Magandáng-magandá
Basic Tagalog Grammar Ling App adjectives

Unlock The Secrets Of Basic Tagalog Grammar With Ease!

Hey there, language enthusiasts! We hope you found our guide to basic Tagalog grammar super helpful. With these grammar rules under your belt, you’ll have the power to express yourself and connect with native speakers on a whole new level. Whether you’re planning a trip to the Philippines or simply want to impress your Filipino friends, mastering the basics is the first step to this beautiful language.

Remember, learning a language is an adventure, so don’t be afraid to make mistakes and keep practicing. The more you engage with Tagalog grammar, the more confident and fluent you’ll become.

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