Who can resist the delicious Korean street food like tteokbokki? Well, Korean rice cakes 떡 (tteok) is one of the famous K-food so let’s learn more about them!
When it comes to Korean street food like fish cakes and Korean dumplings, you can’t miss out on Korean rice cakes. There’s a wide variety of Korean dishes that use Korean rice cakes. It is usually eaten together with fish cake and other Korean street food. Since it can be easily bought in the streets of South Korea, Korean markets, and other local Asian markets, the popularity 0f this popular Korean street food is undeniable. It is also a popular Korean food that you can usually see in Korean dramas; that’s why today, we will talk about Korean rice cakes.
History Of Korean Rice Cakes
Korean rice cake is an extremely popular Korean street food with a rich history. It is said that the history of Korean rice cakes can be traced back to a primitive agricultural society. Rice cakes date back to prehistoric periods when the coarse powder obtained from the primitive threshing of multigrain was baked without the use of cooking equipment or used to make earthquake dishes.
Today, Rice cakes are used in different kinds of Korean dishes. There are rice cakes that can usually be seen in streets like tteokbokki rice cakes, and there are those that are served in special ceremonies. Whenever you wanna try Korean food, Korean rice cakes should never leave your list.
Top 3 Famous Korean Rice Cake Dishes
With their chewy texture and varieties, rice cakes are surely crave-worthy. This is one of the favorite recipes of every Korean wave fan. Here is a list of the Top 3 famous Korean dishes with rice cakes. These dishes are made with a type of rice cake called garaetteok, which is a rice cake that is cylindrical in shape and made with short-grain rice. Almost the same ingredients but different ways to enjoy!
떡볶이 (Tteokbokki)[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]떡볶이[/Speechword]
English Translation: Spicy Korean Rice Cakes
With chewy rice cakes and flavorful sauce, who can resist this OG Korean food? For spicy food lovers, tteokbokki will surely suit your taste. One of Korea’s most popular street food and Korean food is tteokbokki (Korean Spicy Rice Cake). The word tteokbokki translates to a stir-fried rice cake. Korean rice cakes are stir-fried with a sweet and spicy sauce made with spicy Gochujang sauce (fermented Korean chili paste).
Tteokbokki can be served in a variety of ways, and these are great restaurants known for delivering innovative yet delicious tteokbokki. There is also vegan tteokbokki that is perfect for vegans—a healthy and absolutely delicious food.
If you wanna try making your own spicy Korean rice cakes, there’s an easy tteokbokki recipe that you can follow:
Tteokbokki Main Ingredients
- Korean rice cakes – garae-tteok, a long cylinder-shaped rice cakes
- fish cakes
- anchovy stock packet
- green cabbage
- toasted sesame oil
- sesame seeds.
For the Tteokbokki Sauce
- gochujang (Korean red chili pepper paste)
- soy sauce
- gochugaru (Korean chili flakes) – to put extra spiciness to your spicy rice cakes
Korean Cooking Tips And Procedure For Tteokbokki
Now that you have learned the important ingredients to make spicy tteokbokki let us now learn the step-by-step procedure on how to make tteokbokki.
- The first step is soaking the cakes for 20 minutes unless you’re using fresh rice cakes.
- The second step is cutting other ingredients like fish cake, scallions, and cabbage. It should be cut into about 2-inch long pieces.
- The next step involves a cooking technique – to stir fry. Toss the sauce ingredients into the anchovy broth in a large pan (or water), then add rice cakes, and bring the water to a boil.
- Add the rice cakes and cook. Stir it occasionally until the rice cakes are very soft and the sauce thickens about 8–10 minutes.
- Combine the veggies and fish cakes in a large mixing bowl.
- Continue to boil for another 4–6 minutes, stirring regularly. Depending on the rice cakes, extra time may be required to get the ideal amount of softness.
- Feel free to adjust the amount of broth or water as needed.
- To level up your tteokbokki, you can also add fish cakes, ramen noodles, hard-boiled eggs, or cheese.
- If there are leftover tteokbokki, you can make regular Tteokbokki, Gungung Tteokbokki, or Dakgalbi! This is a way of conserving food. You can also reheat leftover tteokbokki if you want to.
English Translation: Sliced rice cake soup
For all the soup lovers, here’s a Korean dish that is made of rice cakes that you might like. The broth/soup (guk) is served with thinly sliced rice cakes (tteok). Tteokguk or sliced rice cake soup is a traditional Korean meal served at the Korean New Year’s celebration or Seollal.
This is a really important rice cake dish for Koreans. You might have seen this on K-dramas, especially when the scene is on New Year’s Day. Seolleal is one of the most important celebrations in Korea. Everyone ages one year during this day, and the whole process won’t be completed if you do not eat tteokguk. It is customary to eat tteokguk on New Year’s Day because it is thought to bring good fortune and a year of age to those who consume it.
Here is an easy recipe to make your own tteokguk at home:
Tteokguk Main Ingredients:
- Sliced rice cakes (It can be store-bought or homemade)
- Water (7 cups)
- Pound beef (1/2; preferably brisket or flank steak)
- Garlic cloves (3-4 pcs; minced)
- Dae-pa large green onion (3 pcs)
- Vegetable oil (2 tsp)
- Egg (2 pcs)
- Fish sauce/soup soy sauce (1 tbsp)
- Toasted sesame oil (1 tsp)
- Ground black pepper (1/2 tsp)
- Dried seaweed paper (1 sheet)
- Red pepper
Korean Cooking Tips And Procedure For Tteokguk
- Firstly, if the rice cake is frozen, soak them in cold water for about 30 minutes.
- Chop beef into small pieces.
- Wash and slice green onions thinly and diagonally.
- Next is, in a heavy saucepan over high heat, bring the water to a boil, then add the beef and garlic and cook for 5 minutes.
- Use medium-high heat, cover, and simmer for 20 to 25 minutes, or until the beef is soft and the water has infused with flavor.
- Roast a sheet of gim on both sides until it’s bright green and crispy. It should be placed in a plastic bag and crushed by hand. Set aside.
- Separate the yolks and whites of two eggs, placing yolks and whites in different basins. Toss each with a touch of salt and a fork to combine. The stringy chalaza should be removed from the yolks.
- In a heated non-stick pan, pour in the cooking oil. Swirl the oil about until it completely covers the pan, then wipe away the excess with a kitchen towel, leaving a thin oily coating.
- Turn the heat off, then pour the egg yolk mixture into the pan and tilt it to ensure even and thin distribution. Allow it to fry for 1 minute on a hot pan. Remove it from the pan, flip it over, and let it sit for another minute before slicing it into thin strips and setting it aside.
- Add the rice cake slices, fish sauce, and kosher salt to the boiling soup. Using a ladle, stir it together. Cover and cook for 7–8 minutes, or until all of the rice cakes have floated and softened evenly. Cook for 30 seconds after slowly pouring the egg whites into the broth.
- This dish is meant to be served right away. So, serve immediately with kimchi and additional side dishes if desired. The rice cakes will become soggy if you wait too long.
English Translation: Rice Cakes Skewer
The next Korean rice cake dish is also one of the most popular and definitely mouthwatering street food. By just its name, you’ll get an idea of what kind of Korean rice cake this is. When it comes to convenience of eating, price, and of course tastiness, rice cake skewer is one to consider. It came from the word tteok (떡 ), which means rice cakes, and kkochi (꼬치), which means for on skewers. This dish is flavorful and easy to prepare.
Tteok-kkochi Main Ingredients:
- Rice cakes
- Gochujang (Korean red pepper paste)
- Gochugaru (Korean red pepper flakes)
- Tomato sauce
- Soy Sauce
- Sesame oil.
Korean Cooking Tips And Procedure For Tteok-kkochi
- For Tteok skewers: First, if the rice cake is frozen, soak it in warm water for a few minutes until you can easily separate them.
- After that, thread four rice cakes onto each wooden skewer.
- For the Sauce: In a small bowl, mix the following
- 1 tablespoon gochujang
- 1 tablespoon tomato sauce
- 1/2 tablespoon soy sauce
- 1/2 tablespoon sugar
- 1 tablespoon garlic
- 1 tablespoon gochugaru
- 1 tablespoon sesame oil
- Get a frying pan, put oil and melt the butter over a medium heat. Add the rice cake skewers. Put as many as you can fit in the pan.
- Fry the rice cakes in batches for 1-2 minutes on each side, or until lightly golden and crispy. Place on a platter and set aside to coat in sauce.
- Slather each skewer with the sweet gochujang sauce using a basting brush. Serve and eat right away.
- You can also fry it again for extra crispiness, but it’s only optional.
Types Of Korean Rice Cakes
Now that you have learned different rice cake dishes, let us now learn the different types of Korean rice cakes:
|tteok (Korean rice cakes) coated with adzuki bean powder or roasted soybean powder||인절미||injeolmi||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]인절미[/Speechword]|
|cylinder-shaped white tteok||가래떡||garaetteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]가래떡[/Speechword]|
|glutinous tteok ball coated with bean paste||단자||danja||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]단자[/Speechword]|
|patterned tteok||절편||jeolpyeon||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]절편[/Speechword]|
|a type of steamed tteok (rice cakes) consisting of dough made of glutinous rice flour. It is also has a sweet filling and coated in gomul or powdered beans||부편||Bupyeon||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]부편[/Speechword]|
|named after dalgal or egg||닭알떡||Dalgal tteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]닭알떡[/Speechword]|
|“tteok with honey” but the tteok is stuffed with Korean syrup||꿀떡||Ggul tteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]꿀떡[/Speechword]|
|tteok (Korean rice cakes) used for ssam or food wrapped in a leaf||쌈떡||Ssamtteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]쌈떡[/Speechword]|
|eaten during the Chuseok||송편||Songpyeon||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]송편[/Speechword]|
|a variety of siru tteok made of white rice and whole raisins||백설기||Baekseolgi||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]백설기[/Speechword]|
|a variety of royal court tteok (Korean rice cakes); covered with three layers (duteop powder for the outside, sweet rice in the middle, and a variety of nuts and fruits inside.||두텁떡||Duteop tteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]두텁떡[/Speechword]|
|tteok (Korean rice cakes) made with unfiltered rice wine or makgeolli||증편||Jeungpyeon||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]증편[/Speechword]|
|tteok (Korean rice cakes) made with various kinds of beans||콩떡||Kongtteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]콩떡[/Speechword]|
|literally means “rainbow tteok” used especially for a Korean banquet or janchi (잔치)||무지개떡||Mujigae tteok||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]무지개떡[/Speechword]|
|a crescent-shaped, pan-fried sweet tteok (Korean rice cakes) with various fillings in a crescent shape||부꾸미||Bukkumi||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]부꾸미[/Speechword]|
|also known as flower cake is a small Korean rice cake that is pan-fried||화전||Hwajeon||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]화전[/Speechword]|
|a tteok (Korean rice cakes) made of glutinous rice flour and stuffed with fillings. The fillings can be chestnuts, mushrooms, and jujubes||주악||Juak||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]주악[/Speechword]|
Utensils Used For Korean Rice Cakes
Here are the utensils used for Korean rice cakes:
|A wooden pounding board and mallet||안반 and 떡메||Anban and Tteokme||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]안반[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]떡메[/Speechword]
|A gourd-like dipper||바가지||Bagaji||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]바가지[/Speechword]|
|A thick frying pan||번철||Beoncheol||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]번철[/Speechword]|
|A wicker tray||채반||Chaeban||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]채반[/Speechword]|
|A sieve and sieve-frame legs||체 and 쳇다리||Che and Chetdari||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]체[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]쳇다리[/Speechword]
|A rice-washing bowl||이남박||Inambak||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]이남박[/Speechword]|
|A mortar and pestle||절구 and 절굿공이||Jeolgu and Jeolgutgongi||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]절구[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]절굿공이[/Speechword]
|A winnowing bamboo basket||키||Ki||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]키[/Speechword]|
|A grinding stone||맷돌||Maetdol||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]맷돌[/Speechword]|
|A large and round pottery bowls||옹배기 and 자배기||Ongbaegi and Jabaegi||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]옹배기[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]자배기[/Speechword]
|An earthenware steamer and a mat placed under it||시루 and 시루밑||Siru and Sirumit||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]시루[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]시루밑[/Speechword]
|A cauldron and a steaming rack||솥 and 겅그레||Sot and Geonggeure||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]솥[/Speechword]|
[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]겅그레[/Speechword]
|A wooden tteok pattern stamp||떡살||Tteoksal||[Speechword voice=”Korean Female” isinline]떡살[/Speechword]|
Best Place To Eat Tteokbokki (Spicy Korean Rice Cakes)
Now that we have learned the different types of rice cakes and dishes, let us now find out where to eat delicious tteokbokki when you’re in South Korea.
Hongdae Jopok Tteokbokki (The gangster’s spicy rice cake)
Hongdae’s famed 20-year-old rice cake shop. This tteokbokki haven has an exciting rumor. According to rumors, an ex-gangster created a tteokbokki truck, which became so popular that he turned it into a restaurant.
This market has been serving tteokbokki for 30 years. This is the one and the only outlet for original “fried tteokbokki,” located inside the “Tongin grocery market.”
This restaurant has something unique to offer. Who would have imagined that black bean sauce suits Korean rice cakes? This is a prominent rice cake restaurant that provides tteokbokki seasoned with Jajang (black bean sauce). Many Korean celebrities have visited this location in Garosugil.
For students near the Apple House, you have surely satisfied your tteokbokki cravings because of this store. Apple House, which is located in front of a high school, is more of a snack hangout spot popular with young students. It’s known for its fresh tteokbokki with vegetables and ramyeon noodles, as well as fried dumplings in a sweet-spicy sauce.
What’s the best town for tteokbokki lovers? – Sindangdong Tteokboki Town. It is a community specializing in tteokbokki is located in Dongdaemun, near Sindang station. A tteokbokki lane with a variety of tteokbokki restaurants.
Learning Korean Is One Step Away!
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