#1 Best Guide: Adjectives In Armenian Language

adjectives in armenian

Ever wondered about how to use and the role of “հայկական բնութագիրը” (haykakan bnutagiry) or adjectives in Armenian? For a Pinoy like me who has taught myself this language despite not having any background about it, I often wondered if I’ll ever get to master this grammar point. I mean, it’s pretty difficult if you think really hard about it, right? Fortunately, I managed to do so by starting with the common adjectives used by the locals. Want to learn more about it? If yes, read on below!

What Are Adjectives In Armenian?

Much like their counterparts in various languages, adjectives are those intricate words that lend shades and contours to nouns and pronouns. They breathe life into a subject, painting it with rich details and vivid strokes, molding a tangible image.

But here’s where it gets fascinating – these adjectives harmonize with the gender, number, and case of the nouns they modify. The form of the adjective shifts, twists, and turns, dancing to match the noun it portrays. This dynamic creates a complex and beautifully layered linguistic tapestry that’s both engaging and enlightening. How’s that for a glimpse into the vibrant world of language? Let’s dig deeper!

Let’s explore some sentence examples to get a better understanding:

English Armenian Adjective Armenian
I have a big bookshelf. Ես ունեմ մեծ գրքապահարան: (Yes unem mets grqapaharan) big մեծ (mets)
He has a beautiful daughter. Նա էլ գեղեցիկ դուստր ունի: (Na el gegetsik dustr uni) beautiful գեղեցիկ (gegetsik)
We want to buy a few new books. Մենք ուզում ենք գնել մի քանի նոր գրքեր: (Menk uzum enk gnel mi kani nor grqer) new նոր (nor)
Are you afraid of the dark? Իսկ դուք՝ համալիրվածքից եք վախենում՞: (Isk duk hamalirvatskikts ek vaxenum?) dark համալիրվածքից (hamalirvatskikts)
This is our first meeting. Սա մեր առաջին հանդիպումն է: (Sa mer arajin handipumn e) first առաջին (arajin)
Types Of Adjectives In Armenian

Types Of Adjectives In Armenian

Armenian, as a vivid and expressive language, has an array of adjectives that serve various functions. Understanding its types can help in enhancing communication skills and appreciating the richness of the language. Ready to learn more about it? Let’s take a closer look at the different types in the sections below!

Descriptive Adjectives (Նկարագրող Բնութագիրը / Nkaragrogh Bnutagiry)

In the Armenian language, a special category of adjectives known as Նկարագրող Բնութագիրը (Nkaragrogh Bnutagiry) functions as more than just a descriptive tool. They’re akin to the artists of the language, providing intricate details that imbue a sentence with life and dynamism. These descriptive adjectives are meticulously connected to attributes such as size, color, shape, emotion, sound, and an array of other specific characteristics.

Example 1:

  • English: The big tree is in the garden.
  • Armenian: Մեծ ծառը այստեղ է բակում:
  • Pronunciation: Mets tsarə aystegh e bakum.

Example 2:

  • English: She has beautiful eyes.
  • Armenian: Նա գեղեցիկ աչքեր ունի:
  • Pronunciation: Na gegetsik achqer uni.

Example 3:

  • English: The cake is sweet.
  • Armenian: Թխվածքը քաղցր է:
  • Pronunciation: T’xvatsk’ə k’aghtsr e.

Possessive Adjectives (Սեփական Բնութագիրը / Sepakan Bnutagiry)

Possessive adjectives are utilized to describe ownership or a close relationship to something or someone. These adjectives give a personal touch to sentences, signifying a connection between the subject and the object. Let’s explore these through some examples:

Example 1:

  • English: This is my book.
  • Armenian: Սա իմ գիրքն է:
  • Pronunciation: Sa im girkn e.

Example 2:

  • English: Where is your phone?
  • Armenian: Որտե՞ղ է քո հեռախոսը:
  • Pronunciation: Vortegh e ko heraxosə.

Example 3:

  • English: They are our buddies.
  • Armenian: Նրանք մեր բարեկամներն են:
  • Pronunciation: Nrank mer barekamnər en.

Demonstrative Adjectives (Ցուցական Բնութագիրը / Tsutsakan Bnutagiry)

Demonstrative adjectives point to specific nouns. These adjectives are used to indicate particular objects or people, whether they are near or far. They can be likened to “this,” “that,” “these,” and “those” in English, and they help to clarify what is being referred to in a conversation or text. Here are some examples to demonstrate their usage:

Example 1:

  • English: This chair is comfy.
  • Armenian: Այս աթոռը հարմարավետ է:
  • Pronunciation: Ays atorə harmaravet e.

Example 2:

  • English: Those apples are delish.
  • Armenian: Այն խնձորները համեղ են:
  • Pronunciation: Ayn xndzornər haməgh en.

Example 3:

  • English: These pencils are sharp/pointy.
  • Armenian: Այս մատիտները սուր են:
  • Pronunciation: Ays matitnər sur en.

Interrogative Adjectives (Հարցական Բնութագիրը / Hartzakan Bnutagiry)

Interrogative adjectives are utilized to form questions. These adjectives are used in conjunction with nouns to ask questions about specific attributes such as quantity, quality, identity, and more. They correspond to words like “which,” “what,” and “whose” in English. Let’s explore these through some examples:

Example 1:

  • English: Which book do you prefer?
  • Armenian: Որ գիրքը ես ուզում ես:
  • Pronunciation: Vor girkə es uzum es?

Example 2:

  • English: What‘s the car’s color?
  • Armenian: Ի՞՞՞նչ գույնի է մեքենան:
  • Pronunciation: Inch guyni e meqenan?

Example 3:

  • English: Whose jacket is this?
  • Armenian: Ո՞վի դուրսն է այս:
  • Pronunciation: Ovi dursn e ays?
person learning adjectives in armenian

Learn Armenian With Ling

And there we have our complete 101 about the adjectives in Armenian! I know that it may look super overwhelming right now, but that doesn’t mean that mastering Armenian is impossible. My advice? Practice and utilize new apps to make your language-learning journey easier!

If this glimpse into the fascinating world of adjectives in Armenian has sparked your curiosity, then we’ve got something special for you: Ling! Ling is a language resource designed to help you master Armenian and 60+ other languages all in one app! Yep, you read that right! 60+ special courses for your target languages! Try it out today by downloading it from the App Store or Play Store for FREE!

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