Lithuanian Numbers: 1 2 3 Made Easy

September 4, 2021

Are you ready for your trip and to speak the language of Lithuania? But before you go, you have to know the basics of Lithuanian numbers and counting first. Everything evolves around numbers so it definitely would be handly, trust me. Let me give you a little refresher about Lithuania. Previously, we have learned that Lithuania is a country with many ethnicities and they these ethnicities speak their own languages as their mother tongue. And if you want to communicate better, knowing these basic numbers can seriously help you out!

Lithuanian Numbers

Number in Lithuanian is called skaičius, while 'numbers' is called skaičių. In this lesson, I would introduce the basics of cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers and the rules to help you along your journey.

 

Cardinal Numbers

In the Lithuanian language, the concept of cardinal numbers (Skaitvardžiai) is almost similar to English. You just have to memorize the basic numbers from 1-10 and later on, you can add the proper suffixes (or declensions) for numbers more than 10 accordingly.

However, just like how I mentioned in my previous posts, there is a gender rule. Digits from zero to 9 have to follow the gender rule; if the number is followed by a masculine noun, the numbers should be masculine and vice versa. Despite that, this rule does not apply to 10 and above as there is only one gender after 10. The table below shows the differentiation between the feminine and masculine numbers. As you can observe, the numbers below three all use the declension 'ios' for the female counterpart.

NumberMasculineFeminine
1vienas (vienn - as)viena
2du (doh)dvi
3trys (trees)trys
4keturi (ket-u-reh)keturios
5penki (penkay)penkios
6šeši (shey-shey)šešios
7septyni (sept-teen-knee)septynios
8aštuoni (ash-tony)aštuonios
9devyni (dev-E-neh)devynios
0nulisnulis

Example Of How It Works

Two books = dvi knygos

Two Cars = Du automobiliai

Four Cats = keturios katės

Four pens = keturi rašikliai

The numbers from 11 to 19 use the same basic numbers but change the ending to 'lika'. For example, the number one is vienas, hence the number 11 would be vienuolika; and 12 would be dvylika, 15 would be penkiolika, and so on. For all the other numbers, simply multiply by ten, like 20, 30, 40, and 50, it should end with '-dešimt' (except for 10).

NumberLithuanian Numbers
20dvidešimt
30trisdešimt
40keturiasdešimt
50penkiasdešimt
60šešiasdešimt
70septyniasdešimt
80aštuoniasdešimt
90devyniasdešimt

In the Lithuanian language for "hundreds", you can simply add the word 'šimtas' (oršimtai, in plural form)that translates directly into 'hundred' after the number. So, when using the word 'hundred', all of them should use the plural form, except for the number '100'. For example, šimtasfor 100; du šimtaifor 200; trys šimtaifor 300, devyni šimtaifor 900and so on.

The same concept should be applied to thousands. The word that should be added to thousands is 'tūkstantis' or tūkstančiai, in plural form. Again the singular form is only for 1000, and the rest should use the plural form. Some examples are 'du tūkstančiai' for 2,000; 'trys tūkstančiai' for 3,000; 'keturi tūkstančiai' 4,000, and etc.

To read or spell out compound numbers, you can just use direct translation from English (just omit the word 'and' out). Just like other languages, you have to put the ten before the unit, hundred before the ten, thousand before the hundred, and so on. For example,

forty-five = keturiasdešimt penki 

Three hundred and seventy six = trys šimtai septyniasdešimt šeši 

One thousand five hundred = tūkstantis penki šimtai 

Two thousand one hundred and ten = du tūkstančiai šimtas dešimt 

More Lithuanian Numbers

NumberLithuanian Number
0nulis
1vienas
2du
3trys
4keturi
5penki
6šeši
7septyni
8aštuoni
9devyni
10dešimt
11vienuolika
12dvylika
13trylika
14keturiolika
15penkiolika
16šešiolika
17septyniolika
18aštuoniolika
19devyniolika
20dvidešimt
30trisdešimt
40keturiasdešimt
50penkiasdešimt
60šešiasdešimt
70septyniasdešimt
80aštuoniasdešimt
90devyniasdešimt
100šimtas
1 000tūkstantis
one millionmilijonas
one billionmilijardas
one trilliontrilijonas

Ordinal Numbers

Lithuanian Numbers 1 2 3 Made Easy

Just as in other languages, Ordinal numbers (Kelintiniai skaitvardžiai) in the Lithuanian language is to tell the order of things, rank, or position. Here are some Ordinal numbers that can be useful for you and your grammar training. As you can observe, adding '-as' at the end of the basic words can change it to ordinal numbers.

EnglishLithuanian
firstpirmas
secondantras
thirdtrečias
fourthketvirtas
fifthpenktas
sixthšeštas
seventhseptintas
eighthaštuntas
ninthdevintas
tenthdešimtas
eleventhvienuoliktas
twelfthdvyliktas
thirteenthtryliktas
fourteenthketurioliktas
fifteenthpenkioliktas
sixteenthšešioliktas
seventeenthseptynioliktas
eighteenthaštuonioliktas
nineteenthdevynioliktas
twentiethdvidešimtas

Once you understand Lithuanian numbers, especially ordinal numbers, you can also easily learn the seven days of the week. It is quite easy as you can just add the word 'day' after the number.

LithuanianEnglishLiteral translation
pirmadienisMondayfirst day
antradienisTuesdaysecond day
trečiadienisWednesdaythird day
ketvirtadienisThursdayfourth day
penktadienisFridayfifth day
šeštadienisSaturdaysixth day
sekmadienisSundayseventh day 

Other Number-Related Words

Lithuanian Numbers

Now that you already have an idea about the basics, let us now expand your vocabulary further with these other words which can help you out express better when speaking or dealing with the locals.

EnglishLithuanian
oncekartą
twicedvigubai
eachkiekvienas
allvisi
everythingviskas
none (not one)nė vienas
nothingniekas
nobodyniekas
quarterketvirtis
halfpusė
metermetras
kilometerkilometras
millimetermilimetras
gramgramas
kilogramkilogramas
blockkvartalas
euroeuras
dollardoleris
litas (Lithuanian currency)litas

What Happens After You Can Count?

Memorizing what I have shared with you can help you add useful and important words to your Lithuanian vocabulary, thus making your Lithuanian very colorful. After mastering the numbers and counting, you can easily grasp time reading, price-reading, and also map-reading. As we reach this part of the post, we hope that you are able to find the confidence in using all the above words so that you can get around the country easily.

If you need more information regarding the Lithuanian language or Lithuania as a country, please check out our previous posts like the common languages existing in the country, words related to family, and a painless guide on how to introduce yourself like a Lithuanian.

If you wish to add more, go straight to Ling App! Ling App is a very practical application that helps you learn a language at your own pace and time. It offers more than 60+ languages including exercises, quizzes, and other activities that can help you on your journey to study a new language. Dive more into words, phrases, sounds, pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar in this simple and user-friendly app. Don't be shy, give it a try! It's free to download!

 

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