Complete Lists Of 70 Basic Words And Phrases In Slovak

These basic words and phrases in Slovak should give you a decent start into this exciting language and help you on your trip to Slovakia. This beautiful country has a lot to offer to travelers, but unfortunately, they may see the Slovak language as very hard to learn. But no worries! In this blog post, I will do my best to teach you a collection of useful phrases in Slovak.

 

Why Should You Learn The Slovak Language?

Most young people in Slovakia now learn English in schools which is a great thing. However, many older Slovaks speak only their native language and know essential words in German or Russian.

Tourists do not yet overrun Slovakia, so people are usually very motivated to offer help to visitors, even if their foreign language skills are modest or non-existent, for that matter. Like in many other countries globally, if you learn even a few basic words of Slovak locals will appreciate it very much and be great hosts.

Bars and restaurants in tourist areas offer menus in English or German, but menus are only available in Slovak in many smaller towns.

 

 

Basic Words And Phrases In Slovak

Pozdravy (Greetings)

Slovenčina (Slovak Language) English Translation
Vitaj (sg/inf)Vitajte (pl/frm) Welcome
Dobrý deň Ahoj (sg/inf) Ahojte (pl/inf) NazdarServus Hello (General greeting)
Dobré ráno (used until 8am)Dobrý deň (used from 8am until dark) Good morning (Morning greeting)
Dobré popoludnie (rarely used) Good afternoon (Afternoon greeting)
Dovidenia (frm)Zbohom (frm)Čau (inf)Ahoj (inf)Ahojček (inf)Ahojko (inf)Čauko (inf)Dovi (inf)Pá (inf)Pápá (inf)Servus (inf) Goodbye (Parting phrases)
Dobry vecer  Good evening
Dobru noc Goodnight
Prepacte  Sorry
Prosim  Please / You are welcome
Niet za co  Not at all
Potrebujem pomoc I need help
Ako sa máte? (frm)Ako sa máš? (inf)Ako sa máte? (pl) How are you?
Ďakujem, dobre. A Vy? (frm)Ďakujem, dobre. A ty? (inf)Ďakujem, dobre. A vy? (pl) Reply to 'How are you?'
Ako sa voláš? (inf)Ako sa voláte? (frm) What is your name?
Volám sa ... My name is ...
Odkiaľ si? (inf)Odkiaľ ste? (frm) Where are you from?
Som z ... I'm from ...
Teší ma Pleased to meet you
Veľa šťastia! Good luck!
Na zdravie! Cheers! Good Health!(Toasts used when drinking)
Pekný deň!Pekný deň prajem! Have a nice day!
Dobrú chuť! Bon appetit / Have a nice meal
Šťastnú cestu! Bon voyage /Have a good journey
Rozumieš? (sg)Rozumiete? (pl) Do you understand?
Rozumiem I understand

Konverzácia (Conversation)

Slovenčina (Slovak Language) English Translation
Ano  Yes
Nie  No
Možno Maybe
Neviem I don't know
Vitaj (sg/inf)Vitajte (pl/frm) Welcome
PrepactePardón Sorry
Prosim  Please / You are welcome
Niet za co  Not at all
Potrebujem pomoc I need help
Ako sa máte? (frm)Ako sa máš? (inf)Ako sa máte? (pl) How are you?
Ďakujem, dobre. A Vy? (frm)Ďakujem, dobre. A ty? (inf)Ďakujem, dobre. A vy? (pl) Reply to 'How are you?'
Ako sa voláš? (inf)Ako sa voláte? (frm) What is your name?
Volám sa ... My name is ...
Odkiaľ si? (inf)Odkiaľ ste? (frm) Where are you from?
Som z ... I'm from ...
Teší ma Pleased to meet you
Veľa šťastia! Good luck!
Na zdravie! Cheers! Good Health!(Toasts used when drinking)
Pekný deň!Pekný deň prajem! Have a nice day!
Dobrú chuť! Bon appetit / Have a nice meal
Šťastnú cestu! Bon voyage /Have a good journey
Rozumieš? (sg)Rozumiete? (pl) Do you understand?
Rozumiem I understand
Nerozumiem I don't understand
Hovorte prosím pomalšie Please speak more slowly
Môžeš to zopakovať? (inf)Môžete to zopakovať? (frm)Ako prosím? (in hurry) Please say that again
Napíšte mi to prosím Please write it down
Vieš po anglicky? (inf)Hovoríš po anglicky? (inf)Hovoríte po anglicky? (frm)Viete po anglicky? (frm) Do you speak English?
Hovoríte po slovensky? (frm)Viete po slovensky? (frm)Hovoríš po slovensky? (inf)Vieš po slovensky? (inf) Do you speak Slovak?
Áno, trochu Yes, a little(reply to 'Do you speak ...?')
Hovoríte aj iným jazykom okrem svojho materinského jazyka?Hovoríte aj iným jazykom okrem slovensky?Hovoríš aj iným jazykom okrem slovensky? Do you speak a language other than Slovak?
Ako sa po slovensky povie ...? How do you say ... in Slovak?
Prepáčte! Excuse me
 Koľko to stojí? How much is this?
ĎakujemĎakujem vámĎakujem pekneĎakujem velʼmi pekne Thank you
ProsímNiet za čo Reply to thank you
Kde je záchod?Kde je WC? Where's the toilet / bathroom?
Tento pán všetko zaplatí This gentleman will pay for everything
Táto pani všetko zaplatí This lady will pay for everything
Smiem prosiť?Zatancovali by ste si so mnou?Zatancujete si? Would you like to dance with me?
Chodievaš sem často? (inf)Chodievate sem často? (frm) Do you come here often?
Je tu niekde telefonna budka?  Is there a phone booth nearby?
Kolko je hodin?  What is the time?

 

About The Slovak Language 

Words And Phrases In Slovak

The Slovak language belongs to the group of Western Slavic languages. However, it contains some elements of the Southern Slavic languages. As a codified language, Slovak did not exist until the end of the 18th century, when Anton Bernolák, a Roman Catholic priest, set about to create a Slovak literary language. He based his creation on the Western Slovakian dialect and produced a phonetic spelling (written as it is pronounced).

Slovak uses the Latin alphabet plus the four diacritics: the softener: the length mark: ´, the two dots ¨ and the circumflex ^. This beautiful language is sometimes called "Slavic Esperanto" because it is regarded as the most comprehensible language for the speakers of other Slavic languages.

Like Czech, the Slovak language is distinct from many other Slavic languages in the fact that the accent, or stress, is usually placed on the first syllable of a word.

In addition to Czech, several other languages have exerted influence on the development of the Slovak language, notably Polish, Hungarian, Latin, and German. For example, the German word for coins, “münzen,” became the basis for the Slovak word for coins, “mince.” In more recent years, Slovak has also borrowed many loan words from other languages such as English and Italian. In most cases, these words are immediately adapted to a Slovak spelling conducive to the Slovak language pronunciation. For example, the English word “weekend” became "víkend", while the Latin word for quality, “qualita”, became “kvalita.”

 

Final Thoughts

Slovak is such an interesting language to learn. So, if you are planning to visit Slovakia, you can use the Ling App and master it in an easy, fast, and fun way. Just keep in mind, if you master the pronunciation, it might fool the person you are talking to, and you will get the response in Slovak, and you will be in trouble :).

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2 comments on “Complete Lists Of 70 Basic Words And Phrases In Slovak”

  1. Why is there a map of Slovenia instead os Slovakia?
    These are two different countries and languages...
    it needs fixing, it can confuse people.

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