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4 Easy Types Of Conjunctions In Urdu

August 5, 2022
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Learners of Urdu should pay close attention to conjunctions in Urdu. You should be able to employ these if you wish to understand the language and communicate with locals.

Conjunctions are crucial for learners to master because grammar is the most crucial aspect of language for everyone.

We can construct complex sentences that communicate engaging and persuasive messages because conjunctions enable us to connect many words and even bigger thoughts and ideas.

This website provides learners with the Urdu meaning of conjunctions and conjunction rules so that you may start your learning process and work your way up to the highest grade.

Conjunction Meaning In Urdu

Before examining the four different conjunctions in Urdu, let's first discuss what conjunction means in that language.

The meaning of conjunction in Urdu is "حرفِ عطف" and "وصل." You can write them in romanized versions of Urdu as "Harf-e-Atf" and "Wasal."

Now that you know the meaning of conjunction in Urdu let's move on to its definition. "A conjunction is a term that joins sentences together. It can join together words, sentences, or even clauses."

For example, Fatima and Bushra are friends.

In this sentence, Fatima and Bushra are two separate words, but the word "and" joins them.

فاطمہ اور بشریٔ دوست ہیں۔ (Fatima aur Bushra dost hain)

And in Urdu, "اور" (aur) is joining the two words.

Types Of Conjunctions In Urdu

Conjunctions In Urdu

In the Urdu language, there are four types of conjunctions (حرفِ عطف), just like in English. Here we will discuss them one by one. 

In EnglishIn UrduRomanized Version
Compound Conjunctionحرف عطف مرکبHarf ataf markaab
Coordinate Conjunctionحرف عطف ذي أماثلHarf ataf zee amasil
Correlative Conjunctionحرف عطف لازم وملزومHarf ataf lazim.o.malzoom
Subordinate Conjunctionحرف عطف تابعHarf ataf tabbi

Subordinate Conjunctions

A conjunction that joins a sentence with another sentence that is the original and the whole meaning of the first depends on it, such as:

  • She can't pay bills because she is financially weak.
  • مالی طور پر کمزور ہونے کی وجہ سے وہ بل ادا نہیں کر سکتی۔

"Because" is a Subordinating Conjunction in this sentence because she can't pay bills and does not understand the whole meaning of why she can't pay bills. It is connected with the following sentence because she is financially weak. So she can't pay bills.

Following are the example sentences;

English PhrasesUrdu PhrasesRomanized Version
If your zodiac sign is cancer, then you are hyper emotional.اگر آپ کی رقم کا نشان کینسر ہے، تو آپ انتہائی جذباتی ہیں۔Agr aap ki raqqam ka nishan cancer hai to bahut jazbati hai.
You can call whenever you need help.جب بھی آپ کو مدد کی ضرورت ہو آپ کال کر سکتے ہیں۔Jb bhi apki madad ki zaroort ho aap call kar sakte hain.

The bold words like whenever in the first sentence and if in the second sentence are the subordinating Conjunctions. 

Coordinate Conjunctions

Those conjunctions that connect grammatically similar Urdu words, phrases, or sentences that have whole meaning, and are not dependent on others, are called Coordinating Conjunctions. Such as:

English PhrasesUrdu PhrasesRomanized Version
He bought a house and now lives there. .اس نے ایک گھر خریدا اور اب وہیں رہتا ہےIss ny aik ghar khareeda or aab wohi rehta hai.
I forgot to bring my purse and car keys.میں اپنا پرس اور کار کی چابیاں لانا بھول گیا۔Main apna purse or car ki chabiyan lana bhool gaya.
I waited for her but she didn't arrive on time.میں اس کا انتظار کرتا رہا لیکن وہ وقت پر نہیں پہنچی۔Main uska intizaar karta raha lekin wo waqt pr nahi pohnchi.
She is always in her home or in her office.وہ ہمیشہ اپنے گھر یا دفتر میں رہتی ہے۔Wo hmesha apny ghar ya daftar main rhti hai.
You may meet me at University or at my home.آپ مجھ سے یونیورسٹی یا میرے گھر پر مل سکتے ہیں۔Aap muj sy University ya mery ghar par mil skty hain.

Note. The bold words like "and, or and but'' are subordinate Conjunctions.

Compound Conjunctions

Conjunctions with compound words, for example, words made up of a few letters together, such as:

English PhrasesUrdu PhrasesRomanized Version
I will accept your apology on condition that you don't repeat that mistake again.میں آپ کی معافی اس شرط پر قبول کروں گا کہ آپ دوبارہ اس غلطی کو نہیں دہرائیں گے۔Main aap ki maafi iss shart par qabool krunga k aap dobara iss ghalti ko nahi duhrayen gy.
She is a teacher as well as a housewife.وہ ایک ٹیچر ہونے کے ساتھ ساتھ گھریلو خاتون بھی ہیں۔Wo aik teacher hony k sath sath gharelo khaatoon bhi hain.
We eat healthy food so that we are strong.ہم صحت مند کھانا کھاتے ہیں تاکہ ہم مضبوط ہوں۔Ham sehatmand khana khaty hain ta k ham mazboot houn.

In the first example so that, in the second and the third on the condition that; All of these are compound conjunctions because they are all combined with two or three words.

Note:

Some people do not define Compound Conjunctions separately but count them as subordinating conjunctions.

Correlative Conjunctions

Conjunctions are not used alone; Rather, they are used in pairs. That is why they are called Correlative Conjunctions because they are related. For example:

English PhrasesUrdu PhrasesRomanized Version
Either pick the phone or leave it.یا تو فون اٹھاؤ یا چھوڑ دو۔Ya to phone uthao ya choor do.
I don't care whether you leave or stay with me.مجھے پرواہ نہیں کہ تم میرے ساتھ رہو یا چلے جاؤ.Mujhe parwah nahi k tum mere sath raho ya chaly jao.
She is interested not only in cooking but also in singing.اسے نہ صرف کھانا پکانے میں دلچسپی ہے بلکہ گانے میں بھی یے۔Ussy na srf khana pakane main dilchaspi hai balki gany main bhi hai.

Either_or in these example sentences, whether_or in the second and not only_but in the third are all Correlative Conjunctions because they are all used in pairs.

List Of Conjunctions In Urdu

Conjunctions In Urdu
Subordinate ConjunctionsCoordinate ConjunctionsCompound ConjunctionsCorrelative Conjunctions
After (کے بعد) -key baadAnd (اور) -aurAlthough_Yet (اگرچه ابھی تک) -agarchay abhi takAs if (کے طور پر اگر) -kay taur par
Although (اگرچہ) -agarchayBoth (دونوں) donoBoth_And (دونوں اور) -dono aurAs much as (جتنا) -jitna
kay taur pey (کے طور پر) -asBut (لیکن) -lekinEither_Or ( ہاں یا) -haan yaAs soon as (جتنا جلدی ہو سکے) -jitna jaldi ho sakay
Because (کیونکہ) -kiunkayFor (کے لیے) -kay liyeHardly_When (مشکل سے_جب) -mushkil sey jabAs though (اگرچہ کے طور پر) -agarchay kay taur par
Before (پہلے) -pehlayNor (نہ ہی) -na hiNo sonner_Than (جلد از جلد) -jald az jaldAs well as (اس کے ساتھ ساتھ) -is key sath sath
Else (اور) -aurOnly (صرف) -sirf Not only_But also (نہ صرف بلکہ) -na sirf balkayEven if (یہاں تک کہ اگر) -yahan tak key agar
How (کیسے) -kesayOr (یا) -yaThough_Yet (اگرچه ابھی تک) -agarchay abhi takIn order that (اس کے لیے) -is liye key
If (اگر) -agarSo (تو) -touWhether_Or (چاہے_یا) -chachay-yaOn condition that (اس شرط پر) -is shart par
Since (جب سے) -jab seyStill (اب بھی) -ab bhiProvided that (فراہم کی ہے کہ) -faraham ki hai
That (کہ) -kayToo (بھی) -bhi
Though (اگرچہ) -agarchayWell ( ساتھ) -sath
Till (تک) -takWhile (جبکہ) -jabkay
Unless (جب تک) -jab takYet (ابھی تک) -abhi tak
When (کب) -kab
Where (کہاں) -kahan
Why (کیوں) -kiun

Why Is Learning Urdu Important?

We are constantly fascinated by language, and kids can readily acquire it at a young age. We shall introduce you to the benefits of the Urdu language on our website.

  • You will become more gracious and polite as a result of it which is appreciated every time in Pakistan. It's regarded as one of the world's most courteous languages.
  • Urdu language videos are available. You'll be able to understand most of the Urdu song and dialogue lyrics.

Wrapping Up

Conjunctions In Urdu

I hope the article was well-written and easy to grasp. If you enjoy the information, please spread the word to your friends who are interested in learning Urdu grammar.

Your speech will improve with every lesson. Learning Urdu will also help you speak the Hindi language, which is almost identical to the Urdu language.

Most lessons from Ling come with videos with several examples for you to watch and learn from. You can learn the meanings of various English words and structures for several sentences. 

Also, check out telling date and time in Urdu and Daily Life Vocabulary if you enjoyed this blog.

What are you waiting for? Download the Ling App now from Google Playstore or App Store and start learning the Urdu language.

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