Punjabi Adjectives 101: An Exclusive Guide

Punjabi Adjectives_ling app_learn punjabi_dictionary adjective

Punjabi adjectives are super important to learn in your journey towards acing the Punjabi language. Why? well, have you ever wanted to give details about something and kept searching in your mind for the right words but couldn’t find one? About 99% of the time, you are looking for an adjective, which refers to words that modify, define, describe, and detail a noun.

In this blog post, we have a bunch of Punjabi adjectives to help make your search much more straightforward. Wondering what are the types of adjectives in the Punjabi language? We will look at a special list to help you master precisely that!

A dice with abbreviated form of adjective written on it

What Are Punjabi Adjectives?

Punjabi adjectives are words used to describe a noun or a pronoun in Punjabi. These are used in everyday conversations. Let’s look at an example:

Tom and Bob eat at the (adjective) old (noun) restaurant. Here we can see the adjective before the noun.

The (noun) flower is (adjective) beautiful. The noun comes first, and the adjective comes later in the sentence.

In this sentence, we see how the adjective helps paint a clear picture of the nouns. You can give great details about what you are talking about with the help of adjectives. In terms of Punjabi sentence structure, the Punjabi language follows a sentence’s SOV or Subject Object Verb structure.

Here’s one example: He will run in a race.

Punjabi: ਉਹ (subject) ਦੌੜ (object) ਵਿੱਚ (preposition) ਦੌੜੇਗਾ (verb)।

Transliteration: Uha (subject) dauṛa (object) vica (preposition) dauṛēgā (verb).

Did you see the Punjabi sentence structure? It is like this “He race will run in,” which can sound quite funny in English but makes perfect sense in Punjabi.

Now let’s place adjectives in sentences:

Example: I live near the old red (adjectives) house (noun).

Punjabi: ਮੈਂ ਪੁਰਾਣੇ ਲਾਲ (adjectives) ਘਰ (noun) ਦੇ ਕੋਲ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹਾਂ।

Transliteration: Maiṁ purāṇē lāla (adjectives) ghara (noun) dē kōla rahidā hāṁ.

The adjectives in Punjabi also fall in front of Punjabi nouns, and it makes it much more accessible to start forming sentences or phrases with details.

A List Of Punjabi Adjectives

It’s time to try some Punjabi adjectives and then some phrases or sentences as examples. Spending about 10 – 15 minutes practicing these will be worth your time. Research tells us that with just 3 hours, you can learn up to 1000 Punjabi words – good enough to carry out a simple conversation, right? Here are the words that can help you out!

EnglishPunjabiTransliteration
ColorsਰੰਗRaga
RedਲਾਲLala
YellowਪੀਲਾPila
GreenਹਰਾHara
BlueਨੀਲਾNila
SizesਆਕਾਰAkara
BigਵੱਡਾVada
SmallਛੋਟਾChota
LongਲੰਬੇLabe
ShortਛੋਟਾChota
TastesਸੁਆਦSuada
SpicyਮਸਾਲੇਦਾਰMasaledara
SweetਮਿੱਠਾMitha
SourਖੱਟਾKhata
BitterਕੌੜਾKaura
NoisyਰੌਲਾRaula
ExpensiveਮਹਿੰਗਾMahiga
CheapਸਸਤੇSasate
SlowਹੌਲੀHauli
Fastਤੇਜ਼Teza
OldਪੁਰਾਣਾPurana
NewਨਵਾਂNavam
Young ਨੌਜਵਾਨNaujavana
RoughਰੁੱਖੀRukhi
SmoothਨਿਰਵਿਘਨNiravighana

Punjabi Adjectives In Sentences

Some examples of Punjabi adjectives that can be used as everyday words and phrases used in sentences are below:

EnglishPunjabiTransliteration
The new temple looks beautiful.ਨਵਾਂ ਮੰਦਰ ਬਹੁਤ ਸੋਹਣਾ ਲੱਗਦਾ ਹੈ।Navāṁ madara bahuta sōhaṇā lagadā hai.
I enjoyed the spicy food.ਮੈਂ ਮਸਾਲੇਦਾਰ ਭੋਜਨ ਦਾ ਆਨੰਦ ਮਾਣਿਆ।Maiṁ masālēdāra bhōjana dā ānada māṇi’ā.
We made it to the party despite slow traffic.ਧੀਮੀ ਆਵਾਜਾਈ ਦੇ ਬਾਵਜੂਦ ਅਸੀਂ ਪਾਰਟੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਸ਼ਾਮਲ ਹੋਏ।Dhīmī āvājā’ī dē bāvajūda asīṁ pāraṭī vica śāmala hō’ē.
The expensive bracelet was stolen last week.ਮਹਿੰਗਾ ਬਰੇਸਲੇਟ ਪਿਛਲੇ ਹਫ਼ਤੇ ਚੋਰੀ ਹੋ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ।Mahigā barēsalēṭa pichalē hafatē cōrī hō gi’ā sī.
His long beard is turning gray.ਉਸਦੀ ਲੰਬੀ ਦਾੜ੍ਹੀ ਸਲੇਟੀ ਹੋ ​​ਰਹੀ ਹੈ।Usadī labī dāṛhī salēṭī hō ​​rahī hai.
I need a fast route to the airport. ਮੈਨੂੰ ਹਵਾਈ ਅੱਡੇ ਲਈ ਇੱਕ ਤੇਜ਼ ਰਸਤਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ।Mainū havā’ī aḍē la’ī ika tēza rasatā cāhīdā hai.

How Do You Say Adjective In Punjabi?

Adjectives in Punjabi are called Visesana (ਵਿਸ਼ੇਸ਼ਣ) and the term is pronounced as vi-se-san.

Frequently Asked Questions About Punjabi Adjectives

What Are 10 Descriptive Adjectives?

Here are 10 descriptive adjectives in Punjabi grammar:

  • Beautiful – Sundar (ਸੁੰਦਰ)
  • Good – Changa (ਚੰਗਾ)
  • Sweet (food) – Mittha (ਮਿੱਠਾ)
  • Fragrant – Khushboodaar (ਖੁਸ਼ਬੂਦਾਰ)
  • Famous – Mashoor (ਮਸ਼ਹੂਰ)
  • Happy – Khush (ਖੁਸ਼)
  • Special – Khaas (ਖ਼ਾਸ)
  • Bad – Kharaab (ਖ਼ਰਾਬ)
  • Broad – Vishaal (ਵਿਸ਼ਾਲ)
  • Intelligent – Samajhdaar (ਸਮਝਦਾਰ)

Is Beautiful A Descriptive Adjective?

Yes, beautiful is a descriptive adjective. In Punjabi, the words used for “beautiful” are sundar (ਸੁੰਦਰ), khoobsurat (ਖੂਬਸੂਰਤ) and so on.

What Are 6 Adjectives?

The six types of adjectives are:

  • Descriptive Adjectives: These adjectives describe the qualities or characteristics of a noun, such as color, size, shape, or appearance. For example: lamba (ਲੰਬਾ – tall), neela (ਨੀਲਾ – blue), gol (ਗੋਲ -round).
  • Quantitative Adjectives: These adjectives indicate the quantity or amount of a noun. They answer questions like “how much” or “how many”. For example: kujh (ਕੁੱਝ – some), bahut saare (ਬਹੁਤ ਸਾਰੇ – many).
  • Demonstrative Adjectives: These adjectives point out or specify which noun is being referred to. They include words like this, that, these, those. For example: iha kitaab (ਇਹ ਕਿਤਾਬ – this book), uha jutti (ਉਹ ਜੁੱਤੀ – those shoes).
  • Possessive Adjectives: These adjectives show ownership or possession of a noun. They include words like my, your, his, her, our, their. For example: meri kalam (ਮੇਰੀ ਕਲਮ – my pen), usda ghar (ਉਸਦਾ ਘਰ – his house).
  • Interrogative Adjectives: These adjectives are used to ask questions about nouns. Common examples include which, what, whose. For example: kihari kitaab (ਕਿਹੜੀ ਕਿਤਾਬ – which book), kine vaje (ਕਿੰਨੇ ਵਜੇ – what time).
  • Proper Adjectives: These adjectives are derived from proper nouns (names of specific people, places, or things) and are used to describe characteristics associated with those nouns. For example, amareeki (ਅਮਰੀਕੀ – American – derived from America), shekaspeara (ਸ਼ੇਕਸਪੀਅਰ – Shakespearean – derived from Shakespeare).
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Why Is Punjabi Important?

Punjabi, also known as Panjabi, is a vibrant language spoken by millions worldwide. Learning it can allow you to communicate with a wider range of people and give you a deeper understanding and appreciation of Punjabi culture.

Given that Punjabi might be hard to learn for some people, learning it has been shown to have numerous cognitive benefits. It can improve memory and problem-solving skills, as well as increase creativity and flexibility of the mind. So not only will learning Punjabi allows you to connect with others and expand your cultural horizons, but it can also positively impact your overall cognitive development.

The best place to start learning? Master the basics of Punjabi adjectives! Consider this article a mini-Punjabi lesson, but as we all know it, the Punjabi language is much more than just phrases, words, pronunciation, and examples. Learning Punjabi requires a deeper dive into the language, culture, and Punjab. And if you want to know just that, then there’s nothing more that I can recommend than trying out the Ling app!

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