Planning to learn the Punjabi language but do not know where to start? Memorizing words can only take you far but learning Punjabi sentence structure can definitely boost your chances of getting understood by the locals. If you are up for that, then you’ve come to the right place as this post will focus on how we can start learning the basics of a grammatically correct Punjabi sentence. Read on below to find out more!
The need to learn a second language always comes out when you have to travel or handle an international business meeting. Fortunately, there are tons of available languages out there that you can focus on, and choosing the right one depends on certain factors: your likes, motivations, and professional goals. If you are on the lookout to master one which is totally unique yet very useful, then the Punjabi language is what you should try out.
The Punjabi Language
The origin and literal meanings of Punjabi are broad and interesting. Basically, this language evolved from Prakrit and afterward Apabhramsa (Sanskrit) languages. And as far as the origin is concerned, Punjabi is the native language of Punjab in India and Pakistan. It is also the 11th most generally spoken language in India, while it is the 2nd highly preferred language in Pakistan. With such a huge number of speakers, having mastery of this can seriously help you develop a competitive advantage.
Punjabi Sentence Structure Based On Tenses
No matter what language you speak, we can all agree that a dramatically correct sentence can help you prevent communication breakdown and improve your chances of starting a good relationship with the locals. So if you have a colleague who speaks this language, then be sure to review the common tenses in Punjabi.
A present tense expresses a currently occurring or frequently occurring action or a state. As we know, this type of sentence shows progressions includes the continuous happening tense. To make the sentence structure of preset tense, you have to write simple Punjabi sentences like the examples below.
Let’s look at the simple sentence “I play cricket” “ਮੈਂ ਕ੍ਰਿਕਟ ਖੇਡਦਾ ਹਾਂ.” This present sentence is the combination of the imperfective participle (root + ਦਾ, ਦੀ, ਦੇ, or ਦੀਆਂ) with the conjugated form of ਹੋਣਾ. Similarly, you can check out these examples:
- He eats (ਉਹ ਖਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ) (Uha khāndā hai).
- She goes (ਉਹ ਜਾਂਦੀ ਹੈ) (Uha jāndī hai).
- We play (ਅਸੀਂ ਖੇਡਦੇ ਹਾਂ) (Asīṁ khēḍadē hāṁ).
In the Past tense, we talk about the previous situation. So, by changing the form of the verb in the simple present tense, you can get the simple past tense. For Example;
- He ate (ਉਸਨੇ ਖਾਧਾ) (Usanē khādhā).
- She went (ਉਹ ਗਈ) (Uha ga’ī).
- We drank (ਅਸੀਂ ਪੀਤਾ) (Asīṁ pītā).
Simple future tense discusses the situation which is going to happen. We will write the simple future tenses as:
- I will go (ਮੈਂ ਜਾਵਾਂਗਾ) (Maiṁ jāvāṅgā).
- He will run (ਉਹ ਦੌੜ ਜਾਵੇਗਾ) (Uha dauṛa jāvēgā).
After learning the basic Punjabi sentence structure, you should also know the use of (SOV) subject-object verb rule.
Simple Sentence Structure – (S-O-V)
Three key components make up a simple sentence:
- Subject (noun or pronoun)
- Object (noun, pronoun, or adjective)
Consider the following examples to understand the concept of SOV:
Typical word order in English: (Subject) We, (Verb) are, (Object) kids.
Standard word order in Punjabi: (Subject) ਅਸੀਂ, (Object)ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ, (Verb) ਬੱਚੇ.
Other Grammatical Concepts In Punjabi
Words alone do not form a language. A sentence can have several different parts, such as a noun, verb, auxiliary verb, and adjective. Read on below to find out more about these.
Nouns are those English words that refer to the name, place, or thing like the following words: Love (ਪਿਆਰ), Pakistan (ਪਾਕਿਸਤਾਨ), Phone (ਫ਼ੋਨ), Apple (ਸੇਬ), Dog (ਕੁੱਤਾ). On the other hand, we should also not forget about adjectives that deal with the description of a noun. For example, beautiful girl (ਸੋਹਣੀ ਕੁੜੀ), Nice watch (ਵਧੀਆ ਘੜੀ), Green tress (ਹਰਾ ਰੁੱਖ). The Punjabi language also has auxiliary verbs or helping verbs like ਹੋ (be), ਕਰ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ (can), ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ (could), ਕਰਨਾ (do), ਕੋਲ ਹੈ (have) and so on.
As we reach this part of the post, we hope that you were able to master the basics of Punjabi sentences. If there are certain points by which you need clarifications, feel free to send a comment down below and we’d love to get back to you and help out. Also, don’t forget to check out our recently completed lessons on the Punjabi language like the Basic Punjabi Words and Phrases and Greetings in Punjabi.
Now if you are more interested in starting to learn Punjabi and speak it like a real pro, we’ve got a language learning platform that will surely excite you! Get to know more about this in the section below.
Start Speaking Punjabi With Ling App
When it comes to learning a new language, using innovative tools is a must. Not only do apps help keep the cost down as compared to buying lots of expensive language books, but they are also great at motivating and reminding you to start learning every single day. One example of such an app with great features is the Ling App by Simya Solutions.
With the Ling App, you can learn the entire course related to the Punjabi Language-from grammatical points, words, phrases, to cultural meanings, this application got your back! Instead of just bombarding you with walls of texts, it has fun mini-games, AI-based chatbots, and enjoyable quizzes that do not let the learner get bored of learning.
So, what are you waiting for? do not miss out on the chance to start learning a new foreign language the right way with Ling App.