60+ Tamil Prepositions: Best Way To Learn Them

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In the Tamil language, Tamil prepositions link nouns, pronouns, and phrases to the rest of the sentence to make a complete sentence. Tamil sentences can include several prepositions in a single sentence. Therefore, it would be great to get a grip on Tamil prepositions and the words often used in sentences.

A preposition is used in day-to-day conversation like My room is up the stairs, near the bathroom. These conversations need prepositions. In Tamil, prepositions are called முன்மொழிவுகள் “munmolivukal”. Besides pronouns, you will find demonstrative pronouns such as this, that, and these in a sentence often followed by prepositions. We will look at these later.

Now, here is a sentence with an example of the Tamil sentence structure. Sit on that chair beside him. அவன் பக்கத்தில் அந்த நாற்காலியில் அமர Avan pakkattil anta narkaliyil amara. Did you notice? The sentence structure in Tamil is subject-object-verb. The prepositions often come before the object.

With this introduction to Tamil prepositions, let’s get a glimpse of the language itself.

Uniqueness Of Tamil Language

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Tamil Prepositions – Tamil Teacher

Tamil is a highly inflected language, with verbs conjugated for tense, mood, and person, and nouns declined for case and number. It has a complex system of verbal agreement. Verbs agree with their subjects in person, number, and gender. Tamil uses compound verb forms which are used to express complex ideas.

It is an agglutinative language, meaning that prefixes and suffixes are added to words to form new words or to change the meaning of existing words. It has a unique system of honorifics, which are used to show respect for certain people. Tamil uses special honorific forms for addressing people of higher status, such as members of the royal family or the clergy.

Heading back now to Tamil prepositions.

List Of Tamil Prepositions

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Tamil Prepositions – List Of Prepositions

The best way to learn prepositions is to practice using them in context. Start by reading a lot of books and articles to become familiar with the different prepositions used in the language. Then, practice using the prepositions on your own for writing and speaking.

But what do we do for Tamil prepositions? Here is a list of words that give a good idea of prepositions in the Tamil language.

English TamilPronunciation
AboveமேலேMele
Acrossமுழுவதும்Muluvatum
AgainstஎதிராகEtiraka
Forக்கானKkana
Alongசேர்த்துCerttu
Amongமத்தியில்Mattiyil
Aroundசுற்றிCurri
Atமணிக்குManikku
Beforeமுன்Mun
Behindபின்னால்Pinnal
BelowகீழேKile
Beneathபெனெத்Penet
Besideபேசும்Pecum
Betweenஇடையில்Itaiyil
Byபயம் Ayam
Downகீழ்Kil
Fromஇருந்துIruntu
Inஉள்ளேUlle
Intoஉள்ளேUlle
Insideஉள்ளேUlle
Nearஅருகில்Arukil
Ofஇன்In
Offஆஃப்In
Onஅன்றுAhp
OutsideவெளியேVeliye
Sinceஇருந்துIruntu
Toசெய்யAnru
Toward நோக்கி Ceyya
Under கீழ் Nokki
Upon மீதுMitu
With உடன் Uttan
Within உள்ளேUlle
Withoutஇல்லாமல்Illamal

Demonstrative pronouns

English TamilPronunciation
ThisஇதுItu
Thatஅந்தAnta
Thoseஅந்தAnta
These இவைIvai

Examples Of Phrases With A Preposition

EnglishTamil Pronunciation
According to படிPati
Because of ஏனெனில் Enenil
Close to அருகில்Arukil
Far from தொலைவில் இருந்து Tolaivil iruntu
Inside of உட்பக்கத்தில் Utpakkattil
Instead of அதற்கு பதிலாக Atarku patilaka
As far as வரை Varai
On behalf of சார்பில் Carpil
On top of மேல்Mel
In regards toசார்ந்துள்ளCarntulla
Similar toஇதற்கு ஒத்தItarku otta

Sentences With Tamil Prepositions

EnglishTamilPronunciation
I’m from America. நான் அமெரிக்காவிலிருந்து வருகிறேன். Nan Amerikkaviliruntu varukiren.
The book is under the desk. புத்தகம் மேசையின் கீழ் உள்ளது. Puttakam mecaiyin kil ullatu.
The market is close to my house. சந்தை என் வீட்டிற்கு அருகில் உள்ளது. Cantai en vittirku arukil ullatu.
You have to go across the river. ஆற்றின் குறுக்கே செல்ல வேண்டும். Arrin kurukke cella ventum.
Can you come near the light? வெளிச்சத்தின் அருகில் வர முடியுமா? Veliccattin arukil vara mutiyuma?

Learn Tamil With Ling

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Learn Tamil With The Ling App

To learn Tamil, as mentioned earlier – practice is the only way! Remember that a preposition is a word or words that support a noun, noun phrases, and pronouns often placed before it. For an in-depth idea about the Tamil language, more parts of speech, and the culture in Tamil Nadu, you can check out the blog Ling.

A day in Tamil Nadu is typically filled with lots of activity. The day begins with morning prayers and then people go to work or school. During the day, many people take part in sports or go to the beach. After work or school, people usually have dinner with their family and then spend the evening engaging in cultural activities such as attending a performance or visiting a temple. The night is usually spent interacting with family and friends.

The Ling App

If we have piqued your interest in this beautiful and culturally rich Indian state, you will need to learn more of the language. The Ling App can be used to learn Tamil. This app offers an interactive and comprehensive Tamil language course, which includes lessons on grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and conversation.

The user interface is quite amazing. One of the best parts of the app is its voice recognition technology which helps you practice speaking, listening, and pronunciation. Those who struggle with the Tamil accent will have the best support with Ling on their side.

We know that each learning and each individual’s interests are different. Choose what you want to learn about and select your pace yourself with the fascinating features of Ling. You will find that language learning with this gamified app has never been more easier or fun!

Enlighten yourself. Choose Ling today! You can find the app on the Apple Store or on Google Play Store. The Tamil world awaits!

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