#1 Easiest Guide For Directions In Japanese

What would you do if you were lost in Japan? The best choice is to ask for guidance from locals, but do you know the directions in Japanese? No? Then you must read this article!

First time in Japan? I’m sure you have a long list of to-dos in the fantastic cities of Japan, including Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka… but try not to get lost while walking around the mesmerizing streets of Japan. However, if you happen to find yourself lost in the middle of a chaotic crowd and you aren’t the most fluent Japanese speaker on Earth. What will you do?

Will you call your mom and dad? Absolutely NO! It’s the worst thing to do unless you want your parents to question your adultness by letting them know you got lost overseas.

So, the most accurate thing to do is not to freak out and ask for help from local Japanese people. It would be beneficial if you asked for directions in Japanese, even though you can’t speak Japanese well.

No worries, because you’ll find all the needed Japanese vocabulary in this guide to directions in Japanese! Hopefully, you’ll understand the importance of learning Japanese before you set off to Japan because there are no subtitles in real life!

Page Contents:


Why Should I Learn How To Ask For Directions In Japanese?

Honestly, I’m terrible at finding any location on my own, so I usually travel with my friends to ensure that I won’t be lost. If I’m alone, Google Maps becomes my best fellow traveler.

However, as a traveler, you are likely to find yourself in a situation where you can’t reach out to your phone; you may run out of battery, or you may not have access to the internet. These are the times that you’ll thank God for knowing compass directions.

But since you’re in Japan, you’ll also need to know directions in Japanese in addition to compass directions because you need to understand the Japanese language when local people guide you with directions.

You’re lucky to read this article right now because we’ll help you master directions in Japanese! Let’s spend no more time and learn how to approach someone in the best way to ask for help and find your route.


Tips For Approaching A Japanese Person To Ask Directions

Shibuya, Japan

Japanese people are known to be reserved, meaning they may hesitate to have a conversation with foreigners at first. So here are some tips for looking more approachable and speeding up the process.

Be Approachable

People make a first impression about you before you even open your mouth to talk to them. It’s body language and appearance. Nobody wants to come and talk to a sulky person, so all you have to do is straighten your spine, relax your hands, and smile.

Use Basic Words And Phrases

If it is obvious that the person in front of you doesn’t speak English, it is your turn to speak Japanese. However, make sure to use basic words to indicate that your Japanese level is a beginner so that the other person will try to simplify their speaking in return.

Watch Out For The Keywords

You probably won’t be able to understand everything they say in Japanese. So you should try to catch the words you know or pick out the crucial keywords that will help you find your route.

Don’t Hesitate To Ask The Speaker To Repeat

Asking someone to repeat what they said is totally okay, but we usually hesitate to do that since we’re afraid to look ridiculous. If you pretend to understand, it will help no one, right?


Must-Know Direction Words In Japanese

Here is the list of directions in Japanese.

frontまえmae[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]まえ[/Speechword]
back後ろうしろushiro[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]うしろ[/Speechword]
leftひだりhidari[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ひだり[/Speechword]
rightみぎmigi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]みぎ[/Speechword]
far遠いとおいtōi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]とおい[/Speechword]
close近いちかいchikai[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ちかい[/Speechword]
here ここkoko[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ここ[/Speechword]
there あそこasoko[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]あそこ[/Speechword]
straight まっすぐmassugu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]まっすぐ[/Speechword]
nextとなりtonari[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]となり[/Speechword]
across渡ったわたったwatatta[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]わたった[/Speechword]
intersection交差点こうさてんkōsaten[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]こうさてん[/Speechword]
turn the corner角を曲がるかどをまがるkado o magaru[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]かどをまがる[/Speechword]


Cardinal Directions In Japanese

compass directions in Japanese

Here is the list of cardinal directions in Japanese, also known as compass directions. If you’re a traveler or adventurer, you should always have your compass.

northきたkita[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]きた[/Speechword]
southみなみminami[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]みなみ[/Speechword]
west西にしnishi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]にし[/Speechword]
eastひがしhigashi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ひがし[/Speechword]
northwest北西ほくせいhokusei[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ほくせい[/Speechword]
northwest北東ほくとうhokutō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ほくとう[/Speechword]
southeast南東なんとうnantō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]なんとう[/Speechword]
southwest南西なんせいnansei[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]なんせい[/Speechword]
map地図ちずchizu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ちず[/Speechword]
current location現在地げんざいちgenzaichi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]げんざいち[/Speechword]


Landmarks In A Typical Japanese Town

Local people usually give directions based on the landmarks in neighboring, so it would be beneficial to add these essential landmarks to your Japanese vocabulary.

airport空港くうこうkūkō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]くうこう[/Speechword]
subway station地下鉄の駅ちかてつのえきchikatetsu no ek[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ちかてつのえき[/Speechword]
center of the city街の中心地まちのちゅうしんちmachi no chūshinchi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]まちのちゅうしんち[/Speechword]
park公園こうえんkōen[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]こうえん[/Speechword]
hotel ホテルhoteru[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ホテル[/Speechword]
hospital病院びょういんbyōin[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]びょういん[/Speechword]
bank銀行ぎんこうginkō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ぎんこう[/Speechword]
convenience store コンビニkonbini[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]コンビニ[/Speechword]
supermarket スーパーsūpā[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]スーパー[/Speechword]
post office郵便局ゆうびんきょくyūbinkyoku[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ゆうびんきょく[/Speechword]
library図書館としょかんtoshokan[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]としょかん[/Speechword]
City Hall市役所しやくしょshiyakusho[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]しやくしょ[/Speechword]
Tourist Information Center観光案内所かんこうあんないじょkankōan’naijo[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]かんこうあんないじょ[/Speechword]
traffic lights信号しんごうshingō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]しんごう[/Speechword]
crosswalk横断歩道おうだんほどうōdanhodō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]おうだんほどう[/Speechword]
cornerかどkado[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]かど[/Speechword]
building建物ビル たてもtatemono[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ビル たても[/Speechword]
police station交番こうばんkōban[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]こうばん[/Speechword]
train stationえきeki[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]えき[/Speechword]
bus stopバス停バスていbasutei[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]バスてい[/Speechword]
bridgeはしhashi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]はし[/Speechword]


Asking For Directions Inside A Building

Don’t think only about getting lost in the streets. Japan is home to many huge buildings where it’s easy to lose your way when you only try to go to the restroom. So here is a list of useful words to ask for directions inside a building.

entrance入口いりぐちiriguchi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]いりぐち[/Speechword]
exit出口でぐちdeguchi[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]でぐち[/Speechword]
restroom トイレtoire[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]トイレ[/Speechword]
stairs階段かいだんkaidan[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]かいだん[/Speechword]
elevator エレベーターerebētā[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]エレベーター[/Speechword]
gateもんmon[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]もん[/Speechword]
parking lot駐車場ちゅうしゃじょうchūshajō[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ちゅうしゃじょう[/Speechword]


Must-Know Phrases To Ask & Receive Directions In Japanese

tourist holding a map

Here are some basic phrases to start a conversation with a local person to ask for help. You’ll also need these phrases to clearly understand someone while receiving directions.

すみません (sumimasen)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]すみません[/Speechword]

Meaning: Excuse me.

The best way to approach someone is to offer an excuse for interrupting since you can’t get right down to it. This way, you will get the person’s attention before talking. You can clarify your intent after saying すみません (sumimasen).

ちょっといいですか (Chotto ii desu ka)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ちょっといいですか[/Speechword]

Meaning: Can I talk to you a bit?

Asking permission before taking up someone’s time by talking is a very polite thing to do, and it indicates that you want to talk to them about something, which may take some time.

助けてもらえますか (Tasukete moraemasu ka)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]助けてもらえますか[/Speechword]

Meaning: Will you help me?

You can let someone know that you need a helping hand by saying 助けてもらえますか (tasukete moraemasu ka). So you’re basically asking for help from someone with this phrase.

__はどこですか (__ wa doko desu ka)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]はどこですか[/Speechword]

Meaning: Where is __?

This is the most common phrase to ask where something is in Japanese. You should add the object or location that you’re looking for before the particle は (wa).

__にはどうやって行けばいいですか (__ ni wa dō yatte ikeba ii desu ka)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]にはどうやって行けばいいですか[/Speechword]

Meaning: How do I get to __?

If you want to get somewhere but don’t know how, you can use this phrase to ask someone. You should add the location before the particle に (ni).

__はどの位遠いですか (__ wa dono kurai tōi desu ka)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]はどの位遠いですか[/Speechword]

Meaning: How far is __?

When you don’t know how far somewhere is to your current location and hence can’t decide whether to walk or take a taxi, you can use this phrase to ask someone and decide accordingly.

分かりました、ありがとうございます (wakarimashita, arigatō gozaimasu)[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]分かりました、ありがとうございます[/Speechword]

Meaning: I see, thank you.

When the conversation is over, you should thank them for their help. 分かりました (wakarimashita) means that you understood everything clearly and ありがとうございます (arigatō gozaimasu) is the most common way to say thank you in Japanese.

The following phrases in the list below are must-know phrases when receiving directions in Japanese.

go straightまっすぐ進みますまっすぐ すすみますmassugu susumi masu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]まっすぐ すすみます[/Speechword]
go back戻りますもどりますmodorimasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]もどります[/Speechword]
turn left左 に 曲がるひだり に まがるhidari ni magaru[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]ひだり に まがる[/Speechword]
turn right右 に 曲がるみぎ に まがるmigi ni magaru[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]みぎ に まがる[/Speechword]
on the __ floor__階__かい__kai[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]__かい[/Speechword]
go upstairs階段を上がりますかいだん を あがりますkaidan o agarimasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]かいだん を あがります[/Speechword]
go downstairs下がりますさがりますkaidan o sagarimasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]さがります[/Speechword]
You won’t miss itすぐに分かりますすぐ に わかりますsugu ni wakarimasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]すぐ に わかります[/Speechword]
You will see __ on the right side__は右に見えます__は みぎ に みえます__wa migi ni miemasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]__は みぎ に みえます[/Speechword]
You will see __ on the left side__は左に見えます__は ひだり に みえます__wa hidari ni miemasu[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]__は ひだり に みえます[/Speechword]


Asking For Directions In Japanese With Your Phone

google maps on phone

It makes things easier if you’re lucky enough to have your phone. Perhaps you know where you want to go but don’t know its original Japanese name. In that case, you can still get help from the local Japanese people.

Please type the name of __ on my phone.

Japanese: 私の電話に__の名前を打ってください。[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]私の電話に__の名前を打ってください[/Speechword]

Romaji: watashi no denwa ni __ no namae o utte kudasai.

You’ve seen a beautiful photo spot in Tokyo but don’t remember where it is. If you’re in this situation, you can describe that spot to a local person, and they can find where it is located for you.

Can you find __ on Google Maps, please?

Japanese: __をグーグルマップで探してくれませんか。[Speechword voice=”Japanese Female” isinline]をグーグルマップで探してくれませんか[/Speechword]

Romaji: __ o Gūguru Mappu de sagashite kuremasen ka.

Or similar to the situation above, you can ask them to enter the Japanese name of a particular location on Google Maps then all you have to do is follow that route.

After reading this article, you may have decided to learn more Japanese vocabulary for your next trip to Japan, so why don’t you download the Ling App right away?


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If you want to learn the Japanese language or any other 60+ languages offered in the app, then you should try the Ling App!

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Until next time, じゃあまたね!

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