Are you interested in knowing about the clothes in Armenian? In this blog post, we will tell you everything about the clothes in Armenian. Without further ado, let’s get started!
Clothes In Armenian
If you ever find yourself in Armenia, a country known for its magnificent landscapes, cuisine, culture, and history, make sure to try on some of the Armenian traditional clothing.
Historical Overview Of Clothes In Armenia
Traditional Armenian clothing dates back to the Urartu period. In their fertile valleys, Armenians farmed wool, fur, and cotton.
The royals wore silk (especially red silk) imported from China. Armenian women’s clothing begins in the 9th century BCE. Dresses were made of creamy white silk and gold threads with rich embroidery. Costumes were merely medallion replicas.
Later, Armenians cultivated silkworms and created their own silk. The Armenian traditional attire is worn for generations in everyday life and at celebratory events demonstrating the preservation of Armenian culture, which not only adapts but also influences other nearby countries.
Let us dwell more on the clothes of Armenians.
Colors Of Traditional Clothing
Color is an important aspect of this clothing. Various dark tones and light shades represent various meanings.
- Black, which is also Armenian tradition, represents the Earth element. (This color of clothing is more commonly seen on the streets. After the loss of a family member, it is customary to wear black.)
- White symbolizes purity and the element of water.
- Fire and air, as well as bravery, are all represented by the color red.
- Purple represents knowledge.
- Green represents nature.
- Blue symbolizes divine justice.
- A color combination with no special connotation is sometimes used.
2 Regions And Armenian Traditional Clothes
The Armenian national costume differs by historical and ethnographic regions, with different styles of clothes and features based on the person’s age, gender, and social standing, as well as the event. Rich, vibrant textiles were commonly worn. However, there are two main regions in which Armenia’s clothing may be found:
- Armenians in the West
- Armenians from the east
Traditional Men’s Clothing In Armenia
Men’s attire, particularly the head of the home, was given considerable attention in an Armenian family, as the entire family was judged by their appearance.
Eastern Armenian men’s clothes are,
Eastern Armenian men’s costumes were a bottom shirt and pants which were woven from homemade fabric.
- The blouse-shaped shirt of men called Shabig was the most popular. Body pants were usually tucked into knitted pattern socks and windings by people of all ages (men).
- Ballovars were clothes to wear over the worn-over body pants, the rough-shaft fabric also in black paint, dark or royal blue, and sometimes brown in the same fabric as that of Vartic.
- A cap was worn to complement the rest of the outfit.
- They also have a velvet coat with a rich decorative design and matching knitted patterned socks. The knitted socks often had blue velvet work.
Arkhalig and Chukha were the most common outer shoulder garments in Eastern Armenia.
- Depending on the owner’s social standing, Arkhalig is a tight, long, and waist jacket composed of textiles such as satin, silk, velvet, cashmere, and cotton fabric. It was tied with a silver belt with false silver buttons most of the time.
- Chukha was layered clothing made of cloth, homespun, and tirma textiles that was detachable at the waist. This was worn by men between the ages of 15-20. The Chukhas wore a Mushtak or burka and eventually became known for their urban influence.
- Armenians had two types of burqas for Cape:
- The fur is crafted of goat fur or wool with long-pile fur on the outside.
- The felt was worn by shepherds.
The hat as headgear was a symbol of dignity and honor for any Armenian man.
- The common headgear of the Armenian men was called Papakha. It was a fur hat sewen from the skin of the sheep.
- It also had a specialty to make the girl’s braided hair look beautiful. Such a sight would totally lift up your mood.
Western Armenian men’s clothes are,
Traditional Armenian attire from Western Armenians was brightly colored festive clothes, with a lot of embroideries.
- Vartic, ballovars were made of multicolored wool fabric or silvered threads which is why they were generally almost equal in length.
- Ishlik, The upper shirt’s gate, and long sleeves were sewed with geometric patterns of the red-colored thread, and Jalahiki fabric piece at the end of the sleeve completed the look.
- The top of a Bachcon was a woolen jacket worn primarily by wealthier villagers, adorned with numerous braids at the ends and fur piles on the shoulders. The wealthy villagers wore it the most.
- The colorful patterned, long and wide belt was folded in multiple layers and wrapped around the waist twice or more.
- Caps of various shapes, made of wool cloth, were worn by Western Armenian males.
- Truncated skull cap (Arakhchi) is also worn by women, which is knitted from wool with multicolored woolen thread with a red predominance.
Traditional Women’s Clothing In Armenia
Armenian women have kept their traditional elegant colorful complex alive in historical and ethnographic places. Eastern and Western Armenian women’s clothes were more uniform than men’s clothes, but the prime and the only difference was the profusion of patterned embroidery and jewelry worn by eastern Armenian women with their attire as contrasted to Western Armenian women.
Eastern Armenian women’s costume was their folk costume.
- Young women wore Halav which is a long red cotton shirt having long straight sleeves and edges on the sides.
- The ballovars were made from the same fabric as Halav for the top, with a white lining, and the waist was kept in place with Honjang. The holiday suit was made from silk red fabric having a white fabric lining on it. Since pants were to be visible from underneath the outerwear, they were stitched from more expensive and exquisite fabric and embellished with gold embroidery or a piece of black cloth or velvet with a gold-plated braid.
- Upper shirt – Virvi Khalav – was an important element of the women’s dress. It was constructed of calico, black velvet, or satin incision on the chest, as well as little sewed silver jewelry.
Cotton is used for everyday clothing, while silk is used for special occasions.
- Eastern Armenian women wore Arkhalig, which were long swing dresses. An attractive and elegant long neckline on the area of the chest that was simply secured at the waist. They were usually green, purple, or dark blue cloth made of sitz, satin, or silk.
- A belt was an essential component of traditional women’s suits. There were two kinds of belts:
- A belt of silk and gold embroidered threads
- Leather belt with silver buckle
Their headdress reflects the social rank of an Armenian woman. Before marriage, the hair was wrapped back in multiple pony-tails and attached to the cloth.
After the marriage, the Armenian women knotted their hair and wore a unique “Towagon” called Palti on their heads. On both sides of the face, a ribbon containing money such as silver balls and gold coins was attached with a large silver buckle.
Western Armenian women’s costumes begin with;
- Armenian women wore Ant’ari. It is a swinging one-piece dress, during the summer season. In the winter, they wore Juppa, a celebratory dress composed of burgundy or purple/blue silk fabric, velvet, or colored woolen fabric.
- The apron was a required piece of clothing, and it is considered disgraceful to be seen without one. The classic version is a red fabric apron connected to the “Antari” with exquisite sewing and a beautiful braid.
- The dress’s open front was embroidered with a bib called “Krckal.” It was formed of velvet, silk, or woolen cloth and was rectangular in shape.
- Juppa was occasionally replaced by Salta, a jacket that is braided with gold and silk threads with white cotton fabric.
Western Armenian women’s complex headwear was notable for its exceptional luxury and beauty along with its bright color scheme.
- The unmarried young women decorated a variety of numerous braided hairstyles. The front braids with their own favorite pattern were placed on the chest, and silver chains were attached to the back of the shirt.
- In the southern regions, a married woman wore a crimson hat.
Armenian women wore a lot of ornaments, including pendants, necklaces, rings, bracelets likewise expensive silk fabric. The majority of them belonged to wealthy Armenian women who were involved in the trade.
Footwear Of Armenians
Both men and women wore unique handcrafted shoes. “Threkh” leather shoes were constructed from rough animal skin and were worn with woolen knitted pattern socks.
Armenian folk costumes began to go out of favor in the 1920s and had been nearly totally supplanted by modern attires by the 1960s.
Now, Armenian traditional costumes can only be seen for cultural dance performances nowadays, where girls wear similar to Taraz and boys wear loose pants in dark shaded and a fitting upper. Women’s shoes are now boots with high heels and curled toes. City fashionistas also wear leather boots with plush soles these days.
This was a quick introduction to Clothes in Armenia. If you are a traveler then do check out the amazing clothing culture of Armenia for a never-forgetting experience and better keep the Armenian dictionary for a safe side and guidance for a better understanding of Armenian culture and legacy.
Words For Clothes In Armenian
It is important to learn Armenian in order to learn the Armenian culture and you can check out four best apps for learning Armenian but we assure you that you will find Ling App the best. Here are some of the best words in Armenian that you should know about clothing:
|Armenian Words||Romanized Armenian||English Translation|
|Ալոհա վերնաշապիկ||Aloha vernashapik||Aloha shirt|
|Աղեղնավոր բլուզներ||Agheghnavor bluzner||Sleeveless blouses|
|Ամբողջական սայթաքումներ.||Amboghjakan sayt’ak’umner.||Complete slips.|
|Անձրևի վերարկու||Andzrevi verarku||Rain coat|
|Ապաչի փողկապ||Apach’i p’voghkap||Apache tie|
|Առանձնացնում է||Arrandznats’num e||Highlights:|
|Ավտոլվացման կիսաշրջազգեստ||Avtolvats’man kisashrjazgest||Car wash skirts|
|Բարձր իրան||Bardzr iran||High waist|
|Բերմուդայի շորտեր||Bermudayi shorter||Bermuda shorts|
|Բրոդելի սողացող կոշիկներ||Brodeli soghats’vogh koshikner||Brodel crawling shoes|
|Գարկոն տեսք||Garkon tesk’||Garco look|
|Գյուղացիական գագաթ||Gyughats’iakan gagat’||Peasant peak|
|Գնդիկավոր զգեստ||Gndikavor zgest||Ball gown|
|Գորեդ կիսաշրջազգեստ||Gored kisashrjazgest||Gored skirt|
|Դատական գնացք||Datakan gnats’k’||Judicial train|
|Դոլմանի թեւ||Dolmani t’ev||Dolman sleeve|
|Երեկոյան զգեստ||Yerekoyan zgest||Evening dress|
|Զինվորական գոտի||Zinvorakan goti||Military zone|
|Ընթրիքի բաճկոն||Ynt’rik’i bachkon||Dinner jacket|
|Լուսանկարչական շապիկներ||Lusankarch’akan shapikner||Photo covers|
|Ծածկված վերարկու||Tsatskvats verarku||Covered coat|
|Կես սայթաքում||Kes sayt’ak’um||Half slip|
|Կեսօրվա զգեստ||Kesorva zgest||Lunch dress|
|Կիմոնո բաճկոն||Kimono bachkon||Kimono jacket|
|Կոճ երկարությամբ տաբատ||Koch yerkarut’yamb tabat||Ankle length pants|
|Հարդարված հագուստ (կոստյումներ)||Hardarvats hagust (kostyumner)||Decorated clothes (suits)|
|Հենլիի շապիկ||Henlii shapik||Henley T-shirt|
|Հղիության հագուստ||Hghiut’yan hagust||Maternity clothes|
|Մարզադաշտի վերարկու||Marzadashti verarku||Stadium coat|
|Շապիկով զգեստ||Shapikov zgest||Dress with a shirt|
|Ոտքի գուլպաներ||Votk’i gulpaner||Foot Socks / Footsies / Footies:|
|Ուրախ այրի||Urakh ayri||Happy widow|
|Պարկի զգեստ||Parki zgest||Park dress|
|Ջերմային վերնաշապիկներ||Jermayin vernashapikner||Thermal shirts|
|Սգո հագուստ||Sgo hagust||Funeral clothes|
|Տաբատի երեսպատում||Tabati yerespatum||Trouser lining|
|Տղայի շորտեր||Tghayi shorter||Boy’s shorts|
|Քաշեք հագուստը||K’ashek’ hagusty||Pull the clothes|
|Քնի հագուստ||K’ni hagust||Sleepwear|
|Ֆլանելային վերնաշապիկ||Flanelayin vernashapik||Flannel shirt|
|Ֆրանսիական շալվար||Fransiakan shalvar||French pants|
Different Dresses in Armenian
And finally, let’s look at some words for dresses in Armenian:
|Armenian Words||Romanized Armenian||English Translation|
|Ասիմետրիկ զգեստ||Asimetrik zgest||Asymmetrical dress|
|Արքայադստեր զգեստ||Ark’ayadster zgest||Princess dress|
|Բլեյզեր զգեստ||Bleyzer zgest||Blazer dress|
|Բլուզոն զգեստ||Bluzon zgest||Blouse dress|
|Բոհո զգեստ||Boho zgest||Boho dress|
|Գյուղացիական զգեստ||Gyughats’iakan zgest||Rustic dress|
|Գնդիկավոր զգեստ||Gndikavor zgest||Ball gown|
|Գոգնոց զգեստ||Gognots’ zgest||Apron dress|
|Դեղնուց զգեստ||Deghnuts’ zgest||Yellow dress|
|Երկար թեւ զգեստ||Yerkar t’ev zgest||Long sleeve dress|
|Զգեստ առանց ժապավենի||Zgest arrants’ zhapaveni||Dress without ribbon|
|Թաշկինակ զգեստ||T’ashkinak zgest||Handkerchief dress|
|Թեյի երկարության զգեստ||T’eyi yerkarut’yan zgest||Tea length dress|
|Ժանյակավոր զգեստ||Zhanyakavor zgest||Lace dress|
|Ծաղկային զգեստ||Tsaghkayin zgest||Floral dress|
|Ծնկներին հասնող կարված զգեստ||Tsnknerin hasnogh karvats zgest||Knee-length dress|
|Կամիզոլե զգեստ||Kamizole zgest||Kamizole dress|
|Կաֆտան զգեստ||Kaftan zgest||Kaftan dress|
|Կիմոնո զգեստ||Kimono zgest||Kimono dress|
|Կոկտեյլ զգեստ||Kokteyl zgest||Cocktail dress|
|Կորսետ զգեստ||Korset zgest||Corset dress|
|Կուսակցության զգեստ||Kusakts’ut’yan||Party dress|
|Հալտեր պարանոցի զգեստ||Halter paranots’i zgest||Halter neck dress|
|Հատակի երկարությամբ զգեստ||Hataki yerkarut’yamb zgest||Floor length dress|
|Մանկական տիկնիկային զգեստ||Mankakan tiknikayin zgest||Baby doll dress|
|Մատիտ զգեստ||Matit zgest||Pencil dress|
|Մեկ ուսի զգեստ||Mek usi zgest||One shoulder dress|
|Միդի զգեստ||Midi zgest||Midi dress|
|Մինի զգեստ||Mini zgest||Mini dress|
|Մինի, Միդի և Մաքսի զգեստներ||Mini, Midi yev Mak’si zgestner||Mini, Midi և Max dresses|
|Շապիկի զգեստ||Shapiki zgest||Cover dress|
|Չմշկորդի զգեստ||Ch’mshkordi zgest||Skater dress|
|Պատյան զգեստ||Patyan zgest||Casual dress|
|Պուֆե թեւ զգեստ||Pufe t’ev zgest||Buffet sleeve dress|
|Ջինսե զգեստ||Jinse zgest||Jeans dress|
|Սայթաքուն զգեստ||Sayt’ak’un zgest||Slippery dress|
|Սարի (Սարի)||Sari (Sari)||Sari (Sari)|
|Սվիտեր զգեստ||Sviter zgest||Sweater dress|
|Վառ զգեստ||Varr zgest||Bright dress|
|Վրանային զգեստ||Vranayin zgest||Tent dress|
|Տուտուի զգեստ||Tutui zgest||Tutu dress|
|Ցածր կամ գոտկատեղի զգեստ||Ts’atsr kam gotkateghi zgest||Low or waist dress|
|Փաթաթել զգեստ||P’at’at’el zgest||Wrap the dress|
|Փուչիկի զգեստ||P’uch’iki zgest||Balloon dress|
|Փոքրիկ սեւ զգեստ||P’vok’rik sev zgest||Little black dress|
That’s it for this blog post. Hopefully, you had a lot to learn and now you can decide on the perfect clothes to buy in Armenia for your colleague’s gift exchange ceremony. Wearing a long dress with silver threads might be a plus point. If you wish to continue learning this amazing language and stay connected with the Ling App since we aim to provide you with the best knowledge of the entire world. The tips and tricks that you would find on this app will catalyze your learning with impeccable speed. Once you start using this app, you would want to throw your Armenian dictionary outside. Also check out the Armenian slang words and business vocabulary.