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200+ Cantonese Nouns: A Comprehensive List

A noun is an important part of speech. It’s one of the essential things to learn as a language learner, so are you ready to learn Cantonese nouns 名詞 or ming4 ci4? If you are, keep reading below!

The Cantonese word for “noun” is 名詞 (ming4 ci4). A noun is a word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any member of a group of persons, places, or things. It is one of the parts of speech you must learn with pronouns, adjectives, and verbs. In learning a language, nouns are essential. Without nouns, it would be difficult to express your thoughts. Nouns are also crucial in understanding the basic sentence structure of a language. It also helps a learner in sentence construction, especially when at the advanced level of learning a language.

Cantonese is an analytical language, meaning that the way words are put together in a sentence is important to understand. A basic sentence has the form SVO, which means that the subject comes first, then the verb, and then the object. However, this order is often broken because Cantonese is a language that emphasizes the subject.

Today, we will learn about Cantonese nouns. You can start memorizing them so that you can easily recall them when you are put in a situation where you want to use them.

Learn Cantonese Nouns

Learning Cantonese nouns is essential in developing your language skills, especially constructing a sentence. So in this part of the blog, you will learn some Cantonese nouns and their meanings. You will also see example sentences and phrases for the vocabulary words you’ll learn. For the correct pronunciation of the words, there is romanization that will guide you. This will help you improve your spoken Cantonese skills.

Here is a list of some nouns that you may run into or use a lot. This includes some singular and plural forms and feminine and masculine forms.

食物 (Sik6 Mat6) – Food

Example Sentence: 啲嘢好好食。 (di1 je5 hou2 hou2 sik6) – The food is delicious.

食物 (Sik6 Mat6)-Food-Cantonese-Nouns-Ling

One of the most common Cantonese nouns you’ll usually hear is food (食物 sik6 mat6). Cantonese cuisine is known to have mild, fresh, natural, and slightly sweet flavors. When it comes to food, Cantonese food is no stranger for lots of us. It is known all over the world, and Cantonese food like chow mein, Cantonese-style fried rice, and sweet and sour pork are still one of the people’s favorite Chinese food.

衣服 (Ji1 Fuk6)/ 衫 (Saam1) – Clothes

Example Sentence: 你嘅衫好好。(nei5 ge3 saam1 hou2 hou2.) – Your clothes are nice.

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is “clothes.” Clothes are also one of the basic needs of a human. One of the most important clothes in the Cantonese culture is Qipao (旗袍 kei4 pou4). It is used on different special occasions such as weddings and celebrations. There are lots of things to talk about clothes; If you wanna learn more about clothes in Cantonese, you can check this blog out.

人 (Jan4) – Person/ People

Example Sentence: 當地人好友善。(dong1 dei6 jan4 hou2 jau5 sin6) – The local people are very friendly.

Cantonese Nouns

Aside from the beautiful tourist attractions, Hong Kong people or Hong Kongers can also be considered a treasure. Hong Kongers have different unique characteristics, one of which is an unparalleled love for their nation. Even though it is a specific administrative region of China, many Hong Kongers do not consider themselves Chinese. They refer to themselves as Hong Kongers or people of Hong Kong. So, it’s essential to learn to say “people (人 Jan4)” in Cantonese.

時間 (Si4 Gaan3) – Time

Example Sentence: 時間係黃金 (si4 gaan1 hai6 wong4 gam1) – Time is Gold

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun to learn is “time.” For a city as busy as Hong Kong, time is really important. It is one of the busiest cities in the world, so if you’re interested in going to Hong Kong for a long time, you must learn how to cope with the time. To begin with, you should start learning how to tell the time in Cantonese.

日 (Jat6) – Day

Example Sentence: 切順利 (jat1 cai3 seon6 lei6) – Have a good day.

Cantonese Nouns

Another noun to learn is “day (日 Jat6)”. Learning the days is important, especially when you’re traveling or doing business in Hong Kong. It’s also important to learn because it’s part of daily conversations.

年 (Nin4) – Year

Example Sentence: 新年快樂! (san1 nin4 faai3 lok6!) – Have a happy New Year!

Cantonese Nouns

One of the grandest celebrations in Chinese culture is the Chinese New Year. So, it’s essential to learn how to say the word “year (年 nin4)” in Cantonese. Years are important in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The 12 years of the zodiac cycle are symbolized by a different zodiac animal, each with its own unique set of supposed virtues.

工 (Gung1) – Work

Example Sentence: 你喺邊度返工? (nei 5 hai2 bin1 dou6 faan1 gung1?) – Where do you work?

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun to learn is (工 Gung1), which means “work.” Many people go to Hong Kong to find work, and when it comes to career opportunities, it is a perfect place. Finding work in Hong Kong is a really serious thing. There is a lot of competition in finding work in Hong Kong, so you better bring your best foot forward.

公司 (Gung1 Si1) – Company

Example Sentence: 你對我哋公司有咩認識? (nei5 deoi3 ngo5 dei6 gung1 si1 jau5 me1 jing6 sik1?) – What do you know about this company?

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is company (公司 gung1 si1). Hong Kong is home to many billionaires and huge companies such as AIA 11299.HK, AMTD Digital 2HKD, and Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing 30388. HK.

政府 (Zing3 Fu2) – Government

Example Sentence: 瞭解香港政府。(liu4 gaai2 hoeng1 gong2 zing3 fu2.)- Get to know the Hong Kong government.

Cantonese Nouns

Another important basic noun that you’ll need to know is “government 政府 (zing3 fu2)”. The Hong Kong government is commonly known as HKSAR Government. For those who don’t know, Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China. They are under a constitutional principle of China which is the “One country, two systems” together with Macau. The history of Hong Kong and China can be traced down to the British colonization. There are many things to know about the Hong Kong government, which can be discussed in another blog.

錢 (Cin2) Money

Example Sentence: 你有冇錢? (nei5 jau5 mou5 cin2?) – Do you have any money?

Cantonese Nouns

Money is also the one you shouldn’t miss. In Hong Kong, money is a real deal. Did you know that Hong Kong has the most number of billionaires in the world? If you’re in Hong Kong to earn money, there are lots of things to learn and to get you started, learn about Hong Kong’s currency.

語言 (Jyu5 Jin4) – Language

Example Sentence: 我同講呢個語言嘅人做朋友。 (ngo5 tung4 gong2 ni1 go3 jyu5 jin4 ge3 jan4 zou6 pang4 jau5.) – I make friends with people who speak that language.

Cantonese Nouns

Cantonese is the official language of Hong Kong. Even though it’s under the “One country, two systems” of China, Hong Kong does not use Mandarin as its official language. Of course, there are Mandarin speakers, but the locals usually use Cantonese and English as communication mediums. So, if you’re going to Hong Kong, you might as well start learning Cantonese.

文化 (Man4 Faa3) – Culture

Example Sentence: 呢個國家有好豐富嘅文化。(ni1 go3 gwok3 gaa1 jau5 hou2 fung1 fu3 ge3 man4 faa3) – This country has a rich culture.

Cantonese Nouns

One of the most exciting things about Hong Kong is its culture. Its rich history and colorful traditions are worthy of discovering. The culture of Hong Kong is a fusion of the traditional Han Cantonese ethnic culture of southeastern China, British culture, and Western culture in general. Hong Kong is located in southern China. The culture of China’s mainland is having an increasingly significant impact on Hong Kong’s population.

名勝 (Ming4 Sing3) – Tourist Attraction

Example Sentence: 香港有好多旅遊景點。(hoeng1 gong2 jau5 hou2 do1 leoi5 jau4 ging2 dim2) – There are many tourist attractions in Hong Kong.

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is a tourist attraction (名勝 ming4 sing3). Hong Kong Skyline, Star Ferry, Victoria Peak (The Peak), and Hong Kong Disneyland. If you have already been to one of these famous tourist attractions in Hong Kong, then consider yourself lucky. Aside from these, there are lots of other tourist sites in Hong Kong that you can visit.

朋友 (Pang4 Jau5) – Friends

Example Sentence: 我同講呢個語言嘅人做朋友。(ngo5 tung4 gong2 ni1 go3 jyu5 jin4 ge3 jan4 zou6 pang4 jau5.) – I make friends with people who speak that language.

Cantonese Nouns

Finally, one of the important Cantonese nouns that you should learn is friends 朋友 (pang4 jau5). Meeting friends can be a handful in a city as busy as Hong Kong. This will make you feel at home. By meeting new local friends in Hong Kong, you’ll get a chance to discover more about their culture and the people.

More Cantonese Nouns

Are you planning to learn Cantonese extensively? Here are more examples of nouns in Cantonese that you can start learning.

Relationships

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
爸爸 baa4 baa1 father
媽媽 maa4 maa1 mother
家長 gaa1 zoeng2 parent
細路 sai3 lou6 child
zai2 son
neoi5 daughter
老婆 lou5 po4 wife
老公 lou5 gung1 husband
叔叔 suk1 suk1 uncle
syun1 grandchild
女朋友 neoi5 pang4 jau5 girlfriend
男朋友 naam4 pang4 jau5 boyfriend
表姐妹 biu2 ze2 mui6 cousin
鄰居 leon4 geoi1 neighbor

People And Occupation

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
男人 naam4 jan2 man
女人 neoi5 jan2 woman
背包客 bui3 baau1 haak3 backpacker
商人 soeng1 jan4 businessman
公務員 gung1 mou6 jyun4 civil servant
醫生 ji1 sang1 doctor
工程師 gung1 cing4 si1 engineer
消防員 siu1 fong4 jyun4 firefighter
律師 leot6 si1 lawyer
經理 ging1 lei5 manager
報館 bou3 gun2 newspaper publisher
護士 wu6 si6 nurse
警察 ging2 caat3 police
遊客 jau4 haak3 tourist
作家 zok3 gaa1 writer

Body Parts

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
手臂 sau2 bei3 arm
背脊 bui3 zek3 back
身體 san1 tai2 body
hung1 chest
手指 sau2 zi2 finger
goek3 foot
sau2 hand
tau4 head
teoi2 leg
tou5 stomach

Hobbies

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
烘焙 hong3 bui6 baking
背包自助旅行 bui3 baau1 zi6 zo6 leoi5 hang4 backpacking
書法 syu1 faat3 calligraphy
烹飪 paang1 jam6 cooking
釣魚 diu3 jyu4 fishing
行山 haang4 saan1 hiking
玩樂器 waan2 ngok6 hei3 play musical instrument
陶藝 tou4 ngai6 pottery
行街 haang4 gaai1 shopping
游水 jau4 seoi2 swimming
睇戲 tai2 hei3 watch movies

Places

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
銀行 ngan4 hong4 bank
教堂 gaau3 tong2 church
咖啡室 gaa3 fe1 sat1 coffee shop
藥房 joek6 fong4 drug store, pharmacy
醫院 ji1 jyun2 hospital
fong4 zi2 house
圖書館 tou4 syu1 gun2 library
警察局 ging2 caat3 guk2 police station
餐廳 caan1 teng1 restaurant
學校 hok6 haau6 school
廁所 ci3 so2 toilet
洗手間 sai2 sau2 gaan1 washroom/bathroom

School

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
背包 bui3 baau1 backpack
書本 syu1 bun2 book
計數機 gai3 sou3 gei1 calculator
同學 tung4 hok6 classmate
考試 haau2 si3 exam
膠水 gaau1 seoi2 glue
作業 zok3 jip6 homework
借書卡 ze3 syu1 kaat1 library card
筆記簿 bat1 gei3 bou2 notebook
原子筆 jyun4 zi2 bat1 pen
鉛筆 jyun4 bat1 pencil
學生 hok6 sang1 student
主旨 zyu2 zi2 subject
大學 daai6 hok6 university

House

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
沖涼 cung1 loeng4 bath
mou4 zin1 blanket
衣櫃 ji1 gwai6 closet
椅子 ji2 zi2 chair
飯枱 faan6 toi2 dining table
caa1 fork
報紙 bou3 zi2 newspaper
枕頭 zam2 tau pillow
梳化 so1 faa2 sofa
匙羹 ci4 gang1 spoon
洗頭 sai2 tau4 shampoo
番梘 faan1 gaan2 soap
洗手間 sai2 sau2 gaan1 toilet
廁紙 ci3 zi2 toilet paper
牙刷 ngaa4 caat2 toothbrush
牙膏 ngaa4 gou1 toothpaste
電視 din6 si6 television
toi2 table

Travel

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
酒店式公寓 zau2 dim3 sik1 gung1 jyu6 apartment hotel
登機證 dang1 gei1 jing3 boarding pass
班機 baan1 gei1 flight
酒店 zau2 dim3 hotel
行李 hang4 lei5 luggage
護照 wu6 jiu3 passport
個人身份證 go3 yan4 san1 fan6 jing3 personal ID card
piu3 ticket
簽證 chim1 jing3 visa

Transportation

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
飛機 fei1 gei1 airplane
機場 gei1 ceong4 airport
巴士 baa1 si2 bus
巴士站 baa1 si2 zaam6 bus stop
ce1 car
車費 ce1 fai3 fare (transportation with wheels)
渡輪 dou6 leon4 ferry
小巴 siu2 baa1 minibus
地鐵 dei6 tit3 subway
的士 dik1 si2 taxi
電車 din6 ce1 tram

Food And Dining

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
牛肉 ngau4 juk6 beef
帳單 zoeng3 daan1 bill
中菜 zung1 coi3 Chinese food
廚師 cyu4 si1 chef
雞肉 gai1 juk6 chicken (meat)
筷子 faai3 zi2 chopsticks
咖啡 gaa3 fe1 coffee
信用卡 seon3 jung6 kaat1 credit card
晚餐 maan5 caan1 dinner
炒飯 cau2 faan6 fried rice
即溶咖啡 zik1 jung4 gaa3 fe1 instant coffee
餐單 caan1 daan1 menu
豬肉 zyu1 juk6 pork
faan6 rice (cooked)
貼士 tip1 si2 tip
侍應 si6 jing3 waitress/waiter
seoi2 water

Appliances

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
冷氣 laang5 hei3 air conditioner
風扇 fung1 sin3 electric fan
電飯煲 din6 faan6 bou1 electric rice cooker
微波爐 mei4 bo1 lou4 microwave oven
焗爐 guk6 lou4 oven
雪櫃 syut3 gwai6 refrigerator
lou4 stove
吸塵 kap1 can4 vacuum
洗衣機 sai2 ji1 gei1 washing machine

Technology

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
電子郵件 din6 zi2 jau4 gin2 email
手機 sau2 gei1 cellphone
電腦 din6 nou5 computer
座枱電腦 zo6 toi2 din6 nou5 desktop computer
下載 haa6 zoi3 download
筆記型電腦 bat1 gei3 jing4 din6 nou5 laptop computer
互聯網 wu6 lyun4 mong5 Internet
鍵盤 gin6 pun2 keyboard (computer)
顯示屏 hin2 si6 ping4 monitor (computer)
滑鼠 waat6 syu2 mouse (computer)
搜尋 sau2 cam4 search
社交媒體 se5 gaau1 mui4 tai2 social media
上載 soeng6 zoi3 upload
網頁 mong5 jip6 webpage
網站 mong5 zaam6 website

Nature

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
hei3 air
wan4 cloud
tin4 field
fo2 fire
faa1 flower
森林 sam1 lam4 forest
dei6 ground
bing1 ice
wu4 lake
din6 lightning
jyut6 moon
saan1 mountain
jyu5 rain
ho4 river
saa1 sand
hoi2 sea
tin1 sky/heaven
tou2 soil
sing1 star
sek6 stone
cyun1 stream
jat6 sun
seoi2 water
muk6 wood

Abstract Ideas

Cantonese Jyutping Romanization English Translation
仁愛 jan4 ngoi3 charity
友誼 jau5 ji4 friendship
歡樂 fun1 lok6 happiness
希望 hei1 mong6 hope
傷心 soeng1 sam1 sadness
oi3 love
運氣 wan6 hei3 luck
耐性 noi6 sing patience
毅力 ngai6 lik6 persistence
功率 gung1 leot6 power
成功 sing4 gung1 success
信任 seon3 jam6 trust
智慧 zi3 wai3 wisdom
     

Start Your Cantonese Lesson With Ling

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After learning about nouns in Cantonese, what do you want to know for your next lesson? Learn more than just Cantonese nouns. Master all your language skills with Ling App. With Ling App’s features, learning Cantonese can be fun yet practical.

With Ling App, you’ll have an opportunity to learn a wide range of topics about your target language. It will develop both your spoken and written language skills. You’ll be able to understand the meaning of the words you are learning through translations and romanization. It has audio recordings to practice the words you are hearing.

Learning a language with Ling App is convenient. You won’t need to carry your dictionary everywhere. All you need is the internet and gadget, and you can start learning. You can go directly to the site or download the app. Just click the links in this blog, which will direct you to the site. So, start your language journey and learn the Cantonese language with Ling App now!

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