200+ Cantonese Nouns: A Comprehensive List

A noun is an important part of speech. It’s one of the essential things to learn as a language learner, so are you ready to learn Cantonese nouns 名詞 or ming4 ci4? If you are, keep reading below!

The Cantonese word for “noun” is 名詞 (ming4 ci4). A noun is a word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any member of a group of persons, places, or things. It is one of the parts of speech you must learn with Cantonese pronouns, adjectives, and verbs. In learning a language, nouns are essential. Without nouns, it would be difficult to express your thoughts. Nouns are also crucial in understanding the basic sentence structure of a language. It also helps a learner in sentence construction, especially when at the advanced level of learning a language.

Cantonese is an analytical language, meaning that the way words are put together in a sentence is important to understand. A basic sentence has the form SVO, which means that the subject comes first, then the verb, and then the object. However, this order is often broken because Cantonese is a language that emphasizes the subject.

Today, we will learn about Cantonese nouns. You can start memorizing them so that you can easily recall them when you are put in a situation where you want to use them.

Learn Cantonese Nouns

Learning Cantonese nouns is essential in developing your language skills, especially constructing a sentence. So in this part of the blog, you will learn some Cantonese nouns and their meanings. You will also see example sentences and phrases for the vocabulary words you’ll learn. For the correct Cantonese pronunciation of the words, there is romanization that will guide you. This will help you improve your spoken Cantonese skills.

Here is a list of some nouns that you may run into or use a lot. This includes some singular and plural forms and feminine and masculine forms.

食物 (Sik6 Mat6) – Food

Example Sentence: 啲嘢好好食。 (di1 je5 hou2 hou2 sik6) – The food is delicious.

食物 (Sik6 Mat6)-Food-Cantonese-Nouns-Ling

One of the most common Cantonese nouns you’ll usually hear is food (食物 sik6 mat6). Cantonese cuisine is known to have mild, fresh, natural, and slightly sweet flavors. When it comes to food, Cantonese food is no stranger for lots of us.

It is known all over the world, and Cantonese food like chow mein, Cantonese-style fried rice, and sweet and sour pork are still one of the people’s favorite Chinese food. And of course, when describing nouns like food, Cantonese adjectives are always included.

衣服 (Ji1 Fuk6)/ 衫 (Saam1) – Clothes

Example Sentence: 你嘅衫好好。(nei5 ge3 saam1 hou2 hou2.) – Your clothes are nice.

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is “clothes.” Clothes are also one of the basic needs of a human. One of the most important clothes in the Cantonese culture is Qipao (旗袍 kei4 pou4). It is used on different special occasions such as weddings and celebrations. There are lots of things to talk about clothes; If you wanna learn more about clothes in Cantonese, you can check this blog out.

人 (Jan4) – Person/ People

Example Sentence: 當地人好友善。(dong1 dei6 jan4 hou2 jau5 sin6) – The local people are very friendly.

Cantonese Nouns

Aside from the beautiful tourist attractions, Hong Kong people or Hong Kongers can also be considered a treasure. Hong Kongers have different unique characteristics, one of which is an unparalleled love for their nation. Even though it is a specific administrative region of China, many Hong Kongers do not consider themselves Chinese. They refer to themselves as Hong Kongers or people of Hong Kong. So, it’s essential to learn to say “people (人 Jan4)” in Cantonese.

時間 (Si4 Gaan3) – Time

Example Sentence: 時間係黃金 (si4 gaan1 hai6 wong4 gam1) – Time is Gold

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun to learn is “time.” For a city as busy as Hong Kong, time is really important. It is one of the busiest cities in the world, so if you’re interested in going to Hong Kong for a long time, you must learn how to cope with the time. To begin with, you should start learning how to tell the time in Cantonese.

日 (Jat6) – Day

Example Sentence: 切順利 (jat1 cai3 seon6 lei6) – Have a good day.

Cantonese Nouns

Another noun to learn is “day (日 Jat6)”. Learning the days is important, especially when you’re traveling or doing business in Hong Kong. It’s also important to learn because it’s part of daily conversations.

年 (Nin4) – Year

Example Sentence: 新年快樂! (san1 nin4 faai3 lok6!) – Have a happy New Year!

Cantonese Nouns

One of the grandest celebrations in Chinese culture is the Chinese New Year. So, it’s essential to learn how to say the word “year (年 nin4)” in Cantonese. Years are important in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The 12 years of the zodiac cycle are symbolized by a different zodiac animal, each with its own unique set of supposed virtues.

工 (Gung1) – Work

Example Sentence: 你喺邊度返工? (nei 5 hai2 bin1 dou6 faan1 gung1?) – Where do you work?

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun to learn is (工 Gung1), which means “work.” Many people go to Hong Kong to find work, and when it comes to career opportunities, it is a perfect place. Finding work in Hong Kong is a really serious thing. There is a lot of competition in finding work in Hong Kong, so you better bring your best foot forward.

公司 (Gung1 Si1) – Company

Example Sentence: 你對我哋公司有咩認識? (nei5 deoi3 ngo5 dei6 gung1 si1 jau5 me1 jing6 sik1?) – What do you know about this company?

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is company (公司 gung1 si1). Hong Kong is home to many billionaires and huge companies such as AIA 11299.HK, AMTD Digital 2HKD, and Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing 30388. HK.

政府 (Zing3 Fu2) – Government

Example Sentence: 瞭解香港政府。(liu4 gaai2 hoeng1 gong2 zing3 fu2.)- Get to know the Hong Kong government.

Cantonese Nouns

Another important basic noun that you’ll need to know is “government 政府 (zing3 fu2)”. The Hong Kong government is commonly known as HKSAR Government. For those who don’t know, Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China. They are under a constitutional principle of China which is the “One country, two systems” together with Macau. The history of Hong Kong and China can be traced down to the British colonization.

錢 (Cin2) Money

Example Sentence: 你有冇錢? (nei5 jau5 mou5 cin2?) – Do you have any money?

Cantonese Nouns

Money is also the one you shouldn’t miss. In Hong Kong, money is a real deal. Did you know that Hong Kong has the most number of billionaires in the world? If you’re in Hong Kong to earn money, there are lots of things to learn and to get you started, learn about Hong Kong’s currency.

語言 (Jyu5 Jin4) – Language

Example Sentence: 我同講呢個語言嘅人做朋友。 (ngo5 tung4 gong2 ni1 go3 jyu5 jin4 ge3 jan4 zou6 pang4 jau5.) – I make friends with people who speak that language.

Cantonese Nouns

Cantonese is the official language of Hong Kong. Even though it’s under the “One country, two systems” of China, Hong Kong does not use Mandarin as its official language. Of course, there are Mandarin speakers, but the locals usually use Cantonese and English as communication mediums.

So, if you’re going to Hong Kong, you might as well start learning Cantonese. Why not check out some of the best apps to learn Cantonese on your own?

文化 (Man4 Faa3) – Culture

Example Sentence: 呢個國家有好豐富嘅文化。(ni1 go3 gwok3 gaa1 jau5 hou2 fung1 fu3 ge3 man4 faa3) – This country has a rich culture.

Cantonese Nouns

One of the most exciting things about Hong Kong is its culture. Its rich history and colorful traditions are worthy of discovering. The culture of Hong Kong is a fusion of the traditional Han Cantonese ethnic culture of southeastern China, British culture, and Western culture in general. Hong Kong is located in southern China. The culture of China’s mainland is having an increasingly significant impact on Hong Kong’s population.

名勝 (Ming4 Sing3) – Tourist Attraction

Example Sentence: 香港有好多旅遊景點。(hoeng1 gong2 jau5 hou2 do1 leoi5 jau4 ging2 dim2) – There are many tourist attractions in Hong Kong.

Cantonese Nouns

The next noun is a tourist attraction (名勝 ming4 sing3). Hong Kong Skyline, Star Ferry, Victoria Peak (The Peak), and Hong Kong Disneyland. If you have already been to one of these famous tourist attractions in Hong Kong, then consider yourself lucky.

Aside from these, there are lots of other tourist sites in Hong Kong that you can visit. Before traveling to Hong Kong, get to know the availability of accomodations using Cantonese language. This can be a good practice for speaking and reading too!

朋友 (Pang4 Jau5) – Friends

Example Sentence: 我同講呢個語言嘅人做朋友。(ngo5 tung4 gong2 ni1 go3 jyu5 jin4 ge3 jan4 zou6 pang4 jau5.) – I make friends with people who speak that language.

Finally, one of the important Cantonese nouns that you should learn is friends 朋友 (pang4 jau5). Meeting friends can be a handful in a city as busy as Hong Kong. This will make you feel at home. By meeting new local friends in Hong Kong, you’ll get a chance to discover more about their culture and the people.

More Cantonese Nouns

Are you planning to learn Cantonese extensively? Here are more examples of nouns in Cantonese that you can start learning.


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
爸爸baa4 baa1father
媽媽maa4 maa1mother
家長gaa1 zoeng2parent
細路sai3 lou6child
老婆lou5 po4wife
老公lou5 gung1husband
叔叔suk1 suk1uncle
女朋友neoi5 pang4 jau5girlfriend
男朋友naam4 pang4 jau5boyfriend
表姐妹biu2 ze2 mui6cousin
鄰居leon4 geoi1neighbor

People And Occupation

CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
男人naam4 jan2man
女人neoi5 jan2woman
背包客bui3 baau1 haak3backpacker
商人soeng1 jan4businessman
公務員gung1 mou6 jyun4civil servant
醫生ji1 sang1doctor
工程師gung1 cing4 si1engineer
消防員siu1 fong4 jyun4firefighter
律師leot6 si1lawyer
經理ging1 lei5manager
報館bou3 gun2newspaper publisher
護士wu6 si6nurse
警察ging2 caat3police
遊客jau4 haak3tourist
作家zok3 gaa1writer

Body Parts

CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
手臂sau2 bei3arm
背脊bui3 zek3back
身體san1 tai2body
手指sau2 zi2finger


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
烘焙hong3 bui6baking
背包自助旅行bui3 baau1 zi6 zo6 leoi5 hang4backpacking
書法syu1 faat3calligraphy
烹飪paang1 jam6cooking
釣魚diu3 jyu4fishing
行山haang4 saan1hiking
玩樂器waan2 ngok6 hei3play musical instrument
陶藝tou4 ngai6pottery
行街haang4 gaai1shopping
游水jau4 seoi2swimming
睇戲tai2 hei3watch movies


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
銀行ngan4 hong4bank
教堂gaau3 tong2church
咖啡室gaa3 fe1 sat1coffee shop
藥房joek6 fong4drug store, pharmacy
醫院ji1 jyun2hospital
fong4 zi2house
圖書館tou4 syu1 gun2library
警察局ging2 caat3 guk2police station
餐廳caan1 teng1restaurant
學校hok6 haau6school
廁所ci3 so2toilet
洗手間sai2 sau2 gaan1washroom/bathroom


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
背包bui3 baau1backpack
書本syu1 bun2book
計數機gai3 sou3 gei1calculator
同學tung4 hok6classmate
考試haau2 si3exam
膠水gaau1 seoi2glue
作業zok3 jip6homework
借書卡ze3 syu1 kaat1library card
筆記簿bat1 gei3 bou2notebook
原子筆jyun4 zi2 bat1pen
鉛筆jyun4 bat1pencil
學生hok6 sang1student
主旨zyu2 zi2subject
大學daai6 hok6university


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
沖涼cung1 loeng4bath
mou4 zin1blanket
衣櫃ji1 gwai6closet
椅子ji2 zi2chair
飯枱faan6 toi2dining table
報紙bou3 zi2newspaper
枕頭zam2 taupillow
梳化so1 faa2sofa
匙羹ci4 gang1spoon
洗頭sai2 tau4shampoo
番梘faan1 gaan2soap
洗手間sai2 sau2 gaan1toilet
廁紙ci3 zi2toilet paper
牙刷ngaa4 caat2toothbrush
牙膏ngaa4 gou1toothpaste
電視din6 si6television


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
酒店式公寓zau2 dim3 sik1 gung1 jyu6apartment hotel
登機證dang1 gei1 jing3boarding pass
班機baan1 gei1flight
酒店zau2 dim3hotel
行李hang4 lei5luggage
護照wu6 jiu3passport
個人身份證go3 yan4 san1 fan6 jing3personal ID card
簽證chim1 jing3visa


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
飛機fei1 gei1airplane
機場gei1 ceong4airport
巴士baa1 si2bus
巴士站baa1 si2 zaam6bus stop
車費ce1 fai3fare (transportation with wheels)
渡輪dou6 leon4ferry
小巴siu2 baa1minibus
地鐵dei6 tit3subway
的士dik1 si2taxi
電車din6 ce1tram

Food And Dining

CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
牛肉ngau4 juk6beef
帳單zoeng3 daan1bill
中菜zung1 coi3Chinese food
廚師cyu4 si1chef
雞肉gai1 juk6chicken (meat)
筷子faai3 zi2chopsticks
咖啡gaa3 fe1coffee
信用卡seon3 jung6 kaat1credit card
晚餐maan5 caan1dinner
炒飯cau2 faan6fried rice
即溶咖啡zik1 jung4 gaa3 fe1instant coffee
餐單caan1 daan1menu
豬肉zyu1 juk6pork
faan6rice (cooked)
貼士tip1 si2tip
侍應si6 jing3waitress/waiter


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
冷氣laang5 hei3air conditioner
風扇fung1 sin3electric fan
電飯煲din6 faan6 bou1electric rice cooker
微波爐mei4 bo1 lou4microwave oven
焗爐guk6 lou4oven
雪櫃syut3 gwai6refrigerator
吸塵kap1 can4vacuum
洗衣機sai2 ji1 gei1washing machine


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
電子郵件din6 zi2 jau4 gin2email
手機sau2 gei1cellphone
電腦din6 nou5computer
座枱電腦zo6 toi2 din6 nou5desktop computer
下載haa6 zoi3download
筆記型電腦bat1 gei3 jing4 din6 nou5laptop computer
互聯網wu6 lyun4 mong5Internet
鍵盤gin6 pun2keyboard (computer)
顯示屏hin2 si6 ping4monitor (computer)
滑鼠waat6 syu2mouse (computer)
搜尋sau2 cam4search
社交媒體se5 gaau1 mui4 tai2social media
上載soeng6 zoi3upload
網頁mong5 jip6webpage
網站mong5 zaam6website


CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
森林sam1 lam4forest

Abstract Ideas

CantoneseJyutping RomanizationEnglish Translation
仁愛jan4 ngoi3charity
友誼jau5 ji4friendship
歡樂fun1 lok6happiness
希望hei1 mong6hope
傷心soeng1 sam1sadness
運氣wan6 hei3luck
耐性noi6 singpatience
毅力ngai6 lik6persistence
功率gung1 leot6power
成功sing4 gung1success
信任seon3 jam6trust
智慧zi3 wai3wisdom

Start Your Cantonese Lesson With Ling

After learning about nouns in Cantonese, what do you want to know for your next lesson? Learn more than just Cantonese nouns. Master all your language skills with Ling app. With the app’s features, learning Cantonese can be fun yet practical.

With Ling app, you’ll have an opportunity to learn a wide range of topics about your target language. It will develop both your spoken and written language skills. You’ll be able to understand the meaning of the words you are learning through translations and romanization. It has audio recordings to practice the words you are hearing.

Learning a language with Ling app is convenient. You won’t need to carry your dictionary everywhere. All you need is the internet and gadget, and you can start learning. You can go directly to the site or download the app. Just click the links in this blog, which will direct you to the site. So, start your language journey and learn the Cantonese language with Ling app now!

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