Date and time are part of our daily life. When you’re happy, you will wish the date 日期 (jat6 kei4) and time 時間 (si4 gaan3) to stop. In Hong Kong, knowing the date and time in Cantonese will be helpful in different situations. It can be used to book flights, restaurant reservations, observe shops, malls, and museum hours.
Telling date and time in the Cantonese language is similar to how it’s done in the English Language. So, all you have to do is learn Cantonese vocabulary about date and time. However, it would be best if you also considered learning the right pronunciation of each word and Chinese character. With the pronunciation, I’m pretty sure the Ling app can make it happen.
Traditional Chinese Calendar Vs Modern Calendar
In Hong Kong, they make use of two types of calendars. The first one is the 農曆 (nung4 lik6), 舊曆 (gau6 lik6), or 陰曆 (jam1 lik6), which is known as the Traditional Chinese Calendar. This calendar is lunisolar, and it is based on its months and days according to astronomical phenomena. Hong Kongers also use this calendar as a basis for conducting funerals, weddings, or starting a business.
Hong Kong also uses the Gregorian calendar, which is the calendar that is also used in most countries in the world.
What Is The Date Format In Cantonese?
Knowing how to write the date in Cantonese is important. Of course, you can do it in English. But, it is still nice to learn how to write and say it in Cantonese. This will help you take note of important dates to remember, like your flight, important celebrations and holidays, and even the birthdays of your friends and family. Here is how times are written in Cantonese.
[year]年 [month]月 [day]日 (nin4 / jyut6 / jat6).
This format is also used in different parts of the world, so it would not be hard for you to understand. What you need to do is to learn how to state months, days, and years in Cantonese. You will learn this as you go further on this blog.
Years In Cantonese – 年 (nin4)
Another important thing to learn about dates and times in Cantonese is the years. Giving the year in Cantonese is very interesting because, unlike in other languages, Cantonese reads each digit individually. For example, in the year 2021, when read in English, we would say (Two thousand twenty-one / Twenty twenty-one). But, for Cantonese, you would say (Two, Zero, Two, One).
Here are some examples of years in Cantonese.
|The year 2019
|ji6 ling4 jat1 gau2 nin4
|The year 2020
|ji6 ling4 ji6 ling4
|The year 2021
|ji6 ling4 ji6 jat1 nin4
|The year 2022
|ji6 cin1 ling4 ji6 sap6 ji6
|The year 2023
|ji6 cin1 ling4 ji6 sap6 saam1
What Are Months Of The Year In Cantonese? 月 (yut6)
In Cantonese, the character 月 (yut6) is used for the word “month.” To state the month in Cantonese, add the number order of the month before 月 (yut6). For example, January is the 1st month in a year so, you would say jat1 (1st) yut6 (month). Check out the examples below for the Cantonese term for other months.
|sap6 jat1 yut6
|sap6 ji6 yut6
Days in Cantonese – 日 (jat6)
Writing day of the month in Cantonese is almost the same as what other countries do. 日 (jat6) is the Chinese character for “day.” So if you want to express day in Cantonese, add the number in front of the Chinese character 日 (jat6).
Example: baat3 jat6 (8th of the month)
- Written and spoken form of stating dates is different.
- Use the Chinese character 日 (jat6) for writing. Use the Chinese character 號 (hou6) for spoken.
- Replace 二十 (ji6 sap6) with 廿 (jaa6) when speaking.
|sap6 jat1 jat6
|sap6 ji6 jat6
|sap6 saam1 jat6
|sap6 sei3 jat6
|sap6 ng5 jat6
|sap6 luk6 jat6
|sap6 cat1 jat6
|sap6 baat3 jat6
|sap6 gau2 jat6
|ji6 sap6 jat6
|ji6 sap6 jat1 jat6
|ji6 sap6 ji6 jat6
|ji6 sap6 saam1 jat6
|ji6 sap6 sei3 jat6
|ji6 sap6 ng5 jat6
|ji6 sap6 luk6 jat6
|ji6 sap6 cat1 jat6
|ji6 sap6 baat3 jat6
|ji6 sap6 gau2 jat6
|saam1 sap6 jat6
|saam1 sap6 jat1 jat6
What Are Days Of The Week In Cantonese?
After learning the months of the year, you should also learn the days of the week. Here is the list of Cantonese days of the week.
|sing1 kei4 jat6
|sing1 kei4 jat1
|sing1 kei4 ji6
|sing1 kei4 saam1
|sing1 kei4 sei3
|sing1 kei4 ng5
|sing1 kei4 luk6
What Is Time In Cantonese? 時間 (si4 gaan1)
Telling time in Cantonese is pretty similar to how it is done in English. Start reading the hour, and the minute, then the time of the day.
Let us first talk about hours. Here are ways on how to tell the time in Cantonese:
Number of Hours (1 – 12) + 點 (dim2)
|sap6 jat1 dim2
|sap6 ji6 dim2
Minutes – 分鐘 (fan1 zung1).
After learning the hour, let us learn how to tell the time in Cantonese, including the minutes. To express hours and minutes, say the hour, then add the number (1-59) to the Chinese character 分 (fan1).
Take note! For numbers 1-9, we’ll add “0” in front, just like in English.
hour + 點 (dim2) + number of minutes past the hour
Here are some examples:
|jat1 dim2 ling4 ng5 fan1
|sei3 dim2 ji6 sap6 baat3 fan1
|baat3 dim2 sei3 sap6 sei3 fan1
|sap6 jat1 dim2 ng5 sap6 jat1 fan1
|sap6 ji6 dim2 ng5 sap6 gau2 fan1
Quarters – 十五分鐘 (sap6 ng5 fan1 zung1)
For quarters, use the following:
|When To Use?
|十五分 sap6 ng5 fan1
|三十分 saam1 sap6 fan1
|四十五分 sei3 sap6 ng5 fan1
Times Of The Day In Cantonese
|a.m. / morning (spoken language)
|p.m. / afternoon (spoken language)
Other Vocabulary Related To Time And Date In Cantonese
Part of learning the date and time in Cantonese is expanding your vocabulary. Here is some vocabulary that you can add to your list.
|Week (both formal and casual)
|The day before yesterday
|The day after tomorrow
|ha6 go3 yut6
|Leap year day
|jeon6 nin4 jat6
|yat1 fan1 zung1
|yat1 go3 zung1
|jaa6 sei3 siu2 si4
Let’s Practice Your Vocabulary About Date And Time In Cantonese
Have fun learning date and Time in Cantonese? Learning Cantonese and other languages will be easier when you practice a lot and use it in conversations. Below is some vocabulary about dates and times in Cantonese that will help you master your skills in written and spoken form.
|May 31st is World No Smoking Day.
|ng5 jyut6 saam1 sap6 jat1 jat6 si6 sai3 gaai3 mou4 jin1 jat6
|I swim every Monday.
|我 逢 星 期 一 去 游 水。
|ngo5 fung4 sing1 kei4 yat1 heui3 yau4 seui2。
|We learn to sing every weekend.
|我 哋 逢 周 末 去 學 唱 歌。
|ngo5 dei6 fung4 jau1 mut6 heui3 hok6 cheung3 go1。
|She goes shopping at the market every month.
|佢 每 個 月 都 去 街 市 買 嘢。
|keui5 mui5 go3 yut6 dou1 heui3 gaai1 si5 maai5 ye5。
|I walk to school every day.
|我 每 日 都 行 返 學。
|ngo5 mui5 yat6 dou1 haang4 faan1 hok6。
|Today is a holiday.
|今 日 係 假 期。
|gam1 yat6 hai6 ga3 kei4。
|New Year’s Day is on January 1st.
|元 旦 喺 一 月 一 日。
|yun4 daan3 hai2 yat1 yut6 yat1 yat6。
|December 31st is New Year’s Eve.
|sap6 ji6 jyut6 saam1 sap6 jat1 jat6 si6 ceoi4 zik6
|Valentine’s Day is on February 14th.
|情 人 節 喺 二 月 十 四 日。
|ching4 yan4 jit3 hai2 yi6 yut6 sap6 sei3 yat6。-
|Christmas is on December 25th.
|聖 誕 節 喺 十 二 月 二 十 五 日。
|sing3 daan3 jit3 hai2 sap6 yi6 yut6 yi6 sap6 ng5 yat6。
|We are getting married in June.
|ngo5 mun4 zoi6 luk6 jyut6 git3 fan1
|See you next year!
|haa6 nin2 gin3!
|What time is it?
|gei2 dim2 zung1
|It is 7 a.m.
|而 家 朝 早 七 點。
|yi4 ga1 jiu1 jou2 chat1 dim2。
|It’s now 12 o’clock.
|ji4 gaa1 sap6 ji6 dim2
It’s Time To Learn Cantonese With The Ling App!
Life is too short to limit yourself to learning another language. Your love for your own native language is irreplaceable. But, would it hurt you to expand your horizons, connect to more people, and discover different cultures? You have just learned about the date and time in Cantonese.
With that, you’re up to a good start. Do not waste any year, month, or day. Make it worth it! Learn Cantonese using the Ling app now!