Counting And Numbers In Turkish: #1 Easy Guide

If you’ve just started learning Turkish, make sure to add numbers in Turkish to your vocabulary before it’s too late!

When you start learning a new language, one of the basics you must cover is numbers. Counting and numbers can be a confusing topics in some languages. However, I assure you that Turkish numbers are super easy!

What makes learning numbers in Turkish easy is that they are logical and systematic. Once you start reading this blog post, you’ll see how simple counting in Turkish is.

This blog post will cover counting to hundred, digit numbers, and ordinal numbers in Turkish.

Page Contents:

How To Count To 10 In Turkish?

numbers from 1 to 10

Learning cardinal numbers in Turkish is not difficult for learners because there is a simple pattern you should follow to create double, or more, digit numbers.

The good news is that once you have these first ten numbers down, you will be very well prepared to learn to count in Turkish as high as you want.

But first, let’s learn how to count to ten in Turkish .

  • 0 – sıfır
  • 1 – bir
  • 2 – iki
  • 3 – üç
  • 4 – dört
  • 5 – beş
  • 6 – altı
  • 7 – yedi
  • 8 – sekiz
  • 9 – dokuz
  • 10 – on

After Ten..

Unlike English, Turkish numbers follow a numerical pattern. The formula for saying a double-digit number is saying the ten place first followed by the one place.

For example, if you want to say eleven, it is on bir [10 + 1 (on + bir) = on bir]. It’s like saying “ten one” instead of eleven in English. You can clearly see the pattern here:

  • 10 – on (ten)
  • 11- on bir (ten one)
  • 12 – on iki (ten two)
  • 13 – on üç (ten three)
  • 14 – on dört (ten four)
  • 15 – on beş (ten five)
  • 16 – on altı (ten six)
  • 17 – on yedi (ten seven)
  • 18 – on sekiz (ten eight)
  • 19 – on dokuz (ten nine)
  • 20 – yirmi (twenty)

Multiples Of Ten In Turkish

As you know; sixty, seventy, eighty, and ninety contain the numeral words exactly in English. In that case, Turkish is actually a bit more challenging than English because you have to memorize a new numeral word for the multiples of ten.

Ten and above:

  • 10 – on
  • 20 – yirmi
  • 30 – otuz
  • 40 – kırk
  • 50 – elli
  • 60 – altmış
  • 70 – yetmiş
  • 80 – seksen
  • 90 – doksan
  • 100 – yüz

Ordinal Numbers In Turkish

The reason for this is that all ordinal numbers in Turkish contain the word of the number itself. The only thing you do to make a number ordinal in Turkish is add an appropriate suffix -inci, -ıncı, -uncu, -üncü.

  • Bir – birinci
  • İki – ikinci
  • Üç – üçüncü
  • Dört – dördüncü
  • Beş – beşinci
  • Altı – altıncı
  • Yedi – yedinci
  • Sekiz – sekizinci
  • Dokuz – dokuzuncu
  • On – onuncu


In Turkish, there is the word “birinci” which refers to the number 1st; but then there is also the word “ilk” which refers to the beginning of something, the first. They both mean first in English, that’s why learners can mistake them for each other.

So while you can say “birinci sınıf” meaning first grade, you should say “ilk gün” meaning the first day, when talking about the first day of school. Don’t worry, with some practice, it starts to feel natural.

How To Abbreviate Ordinal Numbers In Turkish?

random numbers

As there are abbreviations for ordinal numbers in English, there are also abbreviations for ordinal numbers in Turkish. And once again the Turkish language is easier than other languages at this point. Why? Because you just put a period after the number and that’s it!

  • 1st – 1.
  • 2nd – 2.
  • 3th – 3.
  • 4th – 4.
  • 5th – 5.
  • 6th – 6.
  • 7th – 7.
  • 8th – 8.
  • 9th – 9.
  • 10th – 10.

How To Spell Out Numbers In Turkish?

While spelling out a number, you should say it in packs of two or three, not one by one. Let’s see how to spell out a phone number in Turkish.

  • 527 442 57 63 – beş yüz yirmi yedi – dört yüz kırk iki – elli yedi – altmış üç

Years are read as they are, not in packs or anything. See the examples below:

  • 1984 – bin dokuz yüz seksen dört
  • 2022 – iki bin yirmi iki

Cheatsheet For Turkish Numbers

NumberTurkish Reading
11on bir
12on iki
13on üç
14on dört
15on beş
16on altı
17on yedi
18on sekiz
19on dokuz
200iki yüz
300üç yüz
400dört yüz
500beş yüz
600altı yüz
700yedi yüz
800sekiz yüz
900dokuz yüz
10 000on bin
100 000yüz bin
1 000 000bir milyon

Learn Turkish With Ling App!

If you are thinking about learning Turkish or any other language, waste no more time and check out the Ling App to start learning a new language at home today!

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Also, don’t forget to check out our Turkish blog for weekly articles about the Turkish language and culture!

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Untill next time! Görüşmek üzere!

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