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Easy Slovenian Pronouns: A Guide To 3+ Categories

January 14, 2022

Do you know the most frequently used Slovenian pronouns? In today's post, we will dive deep into this grammar point so that you will find the confidence to use these in your sentences like a real native speaker. Before we move forward, allow me to shed light on one thing: Pronouns in the Slovenian language are slightly complicated. It might be overwhelming at first, but we will walk you through each in an easy way. So let's start learning!

Slovenian Pronouns: An Overview

Slovene pronouns are way more complex than what you think. It is far from what you are used to if you are an English speaker. In addition to having the singular pronouns in Slovene, there are also dual pronouns. The pronouns might even change depending upon the number of objects/ people that the pronouns are used for. One more thing to add is that there are different words for each gender that are not specific to the plural case only (like in English). Different pronouns are used for both male and female plural forms in Slovene, just like in many romance languages.

Personal Pronouns In Slovene

Here is a table of all the Personal Pronouns. Memorizing them is crucial. Let's look at the explanations below to learn how to use each differently.

Slovene PronounsEnglish Explanations
JazI (Neuter)
TiYou (Neuter)
ViYou (Masculine Plural)
VeYou (Feminine Plural)
VidvaYou (Masculine Dual)
VidveYou (Feminine Dual)
OnHe (Masculine Singular)
OnaShe (Feminine Singular)
OnoIt (Neuter)
MiWe (Masculine)
MeWe Feminine)
MidvaWe (Masculine Dual)
MidveWe (Feminine Dual)
OneThey (Masculine)
OniThey (Feminine)
OnadvaThey (Masculine Dual)
OnidveThey(Feminine Dual)

The personal pronouns in Slovene are majorly divided into three categories: singular, plural, and dual. Let's learn about each of them.

Singular Personal Pronouns

The singular pronouns category in Slovenian is the same as in English. There are different words for the first, second, and third person in Slovenian if they are singular. Singular in Slovenian is Ednina.

Jaz

The word Jaz in Slovenian is used to address the first person singular pronoun. It is a neuter term, like in English. This is probably the most simple pronoun in Slovene, which does not require a lot of specific conjugations etc.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into a present tense (verb), you can add -m to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is "je," and adding "-m" to that will make it "jem," which is "I eat." Below are the practical examples for conjugating the personal pronoun "jaz."

ExamplesTranslations
Jaz jemI eat
jaz tečemI jog
Jaz tečemI run
jaz igramI play
Jaz spimI sleep
Jaz jočemI cry
Jaz imamI have
Jaz bomI will
Jaz ne moremI can't
Jaz mislimI think
Jaz planiramI plan
jaz padamI fall
jaz se učimI study
Jaz rabimI need
Jaz gledamI watch
Jaz letimI fly

Ti

The word "ti" in Slovenian is used to address the second person singular pronoun.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into the present tense, you can add -š to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is "je," and adding "-š" to that will make it "ješ," which is "you eat." Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate "ti."

ExamplesTranslations
Ti ješYou eat
Ti TečešYou jog
Ti tečešYou run
Ti igrašYou play
Ti SpišYou sleep
Ti jokašYou cry
Ti ImašYou have
Ti bošYou will
Ti ne morešYou can't
Ti MislišYou think
Ti načrtiYou plans
Ti PadešYou fall
Ti študirašYou studies
Ti PotrebujeteYou need
Ti GlejYou watch
Ti letišYou fly

On/Ona

The pronouns "On/Ona" in Slovenian are used to address the third person singular pronoun. "On" is a masculine term, like "he" in English. "Ona" is a feminine Slovenian term, like "she" in English.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into the present tense, you don't have to add anything to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is "je" will stay the same to refer to "he eats." Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate "on."

ExamplesTranslations
On JéHe eats
On tekaHe jogs
On tečeHe runs
On igraHe plays
On SpiHe sleeps
On jokaHe cries
On ImaHe has
On BoHe will
On Ne moreHe can't
On MisliHe thinks
On načrtujeHe plans
On PadeHe falls
On študiraHe studies
On PotrebujeHe needs
On gledaHe watches
On letiHe flies
Ona jeShe eats
Ona tečeShe jogs
Ona tečeShe runs
Ona igraShe plays
Ona spiShe sleeps
Ona jokaShe cries
Ona ImaShe has
Ona BoShe will
Ona Ne moreShe can't
Ona misliShe thinks
Ona načrtujeShe plans
Ona padeShe falls
Ona študiraShe studies
Ona potrebujeShe needs
Ona opazujeShe watches
Ona letiShe flies

Plural Personal Pronouns

Mi/Me

The pronouns "mi/me" in Slovenian are used to refer to the first-person plural pronoun.

To conjugate this Slovenian pronoun into a present tense form, you can add -mo to the root word. For instance, the root word for eating is "je," and adding "-mo" to that will make it "jemo," which is "we eat." Given below are the practical examples for how to conjugate "mi."

ExamplesTranslations
Mi jemoWe eat
Mi tečemoWe jog
Mi tečemoWe run
Mi IgramoWe play
Mi SpimoWe sleep
Mi jokamoWe cry
Mi ImamoWe have
Mi BomoWe will
Mi ne moremoWe can't
Mi MislimoWe think
Mi NačrtujemoWe plan
Mi PademoWe fall
Mi ŠtudiramoWe study
Mi potrebujemoWe need
Mi GledamoWe watch
Mi letimoWe fly

Some more conjugations for plural Slovene pronouns:

Vi/Ve

To conjugate Vi/ve, you can add "-te" at the end of the root word. "je+te" will make "Vi/ Ve jete."

Oni/One

To conjugate oni/one, you can add "-jo" at the end of the root word. "je+jo" will make "Oni/ One jejo."

Dual Personal Pronouns

Here are some of the conjugations for dual-Slovene pronouns:

Vidva/Vidve

To conjugate Vidva/Vidve, you can add "-ta" at the end of the root word. "je+ta" will make "Vidva/ Vidve jeta.

Midva/Midve

To conjugate Midva/Midve, you can add "-va" at the end of the rootword. "je+va" will make Midva/ Midve jeve.

Tip

On many occasions, when the people in Slovenia speak, they tend to omit the words for pronouns. The people who listen are good at getting the idea from the context.

Wrapping Up

Slovenian Pronouns

If you liked this blog, then you should also check out Slovenian Sentence Structure and different ways to wish Christmas in Slovenian. For more Slovene Lessons, we suggest you look into other blogs of Ling App.

If you want to learn more about this language, you better check out the Ling App by Simya Solutions. The Ling App makes learning the Slovenian language fun and easy for you. You can learn about the people in Slovenia and their culture and much more. There are also countless other languages which you can look into. Download it today to start learning!

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