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Thai Adverbs: 20+ Useful Adverbs You Need To Learn

March 7, 2022

Imagine how exciting it would be to tell the good-looking Thai man that has been giving you the eye that he looks handsome. 

You cannot do any of that without learning adverbs. To tell a woman that she is beautiful or a handsome man in Thai, you need to learn how to use Thai adverbs. This is what today's post is about, learning how to use Adverbs in the Thai language. 

Adverbs are useful for conveying a detailed message via speech or writing. Let us learn about the proper use of adverbs and covet a comprehensive list of Thai adverbs. 

There are many different kinds of Thai adverbs. Find listed some of the types of adverbs below:

  • Thai adverbs of time 
  • Thai adverbs of frequency
  • Thai adverbs of manner 
  • Thai adverbs of place

Let's learn the basics. The word คำวิเศษณ์ (kham-ví-sèet) means adverb in Thai. It is a grammatical term most similar to adverbs in English and is not specific.

 

 

How Do You Use Adverbs In The Thai Sentences?

There is no clear structure of where you should put adverbs when making a sentence. So, where you place adverbs is different for each group. 

Thai is unlike English in that you cannot identify adverbs in sentences. This is not a set of rules but an exercise in building a Thai vocabulary.

1. THAI ADVERBS OF TIME

Thai Adverbs

Today 

Thai adverb: วันนี้ (wan-níi)

In this case, it is placed at the beginning or end of a sentence.

For example: พ่อเดินทางไปทำงานที่ชลบุรีวันนี้ (phâaw-dooen-thaang-bpai-tham-ngaan-thîi-chon-bù-rii-wan-níi) - “Dad goes to work at Chonburi today.”

Tomorrow

Thai adverbs: วันพรุ่งนี้ (wan-phrûng-níi); พรุ่งนี้ (phrûng-níi)

You can place the adverb at the beginning or the end of a sentence. 

The day after tomorrow

Thai adverb: วันมะรืน (wan-má-ruuen)

The advert is placed at the beginning or the end of a sentence.

2. THAI ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY

Thai Adverbs

Some of the more essential verbs in us in the Thai language are:

Never

Thai adverb: ไม่เคย (mâi-khooei)

It is often placed between the subject and the verb.

For example: ฉันไม่เคยสูบบุหรี่ (chǎn-mâi-khooei-sùup-bù-rìi) - “I have never smoked before.”

Rarely/Seldom

Thai adverbs: แทบจะไม่ (thâaep-jà-mâi), นาน ๆ ครั้ง (naan-naan-khráng), ไม่ค่อยได้ (mâi-khâauy-dâi)

แทบจะไม่เคย (thâaep-jà-mâi) and ไม่ค่อยได้ (mâi-khâauy-dâi) are put between the subject and the verb.

นาน ๆ ครั้ง (naan-naan-khráng) is put either at the beginning of the end of a sentence.

For example: นาน ๆ ครั้ง รัตนาจะทำความสะอาดบ้าน (naan-naan-khráng rát-thà-naa-jà-tham-khwaam-sà-àat-bâan) - “Rattana seldom cleans the house.”

Sometimes

Thai adverb: บางครั้ง (baang-khráng)

It is placed at the beginning or end of the sentence.

For example: ฉ้นดื่มไวน์เป็นบางครั้ง (chǎn-dùuem-waai-bpen-baang-khráng) - “I sometimes drink wine.”

Usually/Normally

Thai adverbs: ตามปกติ (dtaam-bpòk-gà-thì), โดยปกติ (dooi-bpòk-gà-thì)

ตามปกติ (dtaam-bpòk-gà-thì) can be put either at the beginning of the end of a sentence, while โดยปกติ (dooi-bpòk-gà-thì) is put at the beginning.

3. THAI ADVERBS OF PLACE

Thai Adverbs

Here

Thai adverbs: ที่นี่ (thîi-nîi), ตรงนี้ (dtrong-níi)

The adverb ‘here’ is placed at the end of a sentence or after อยู่ (yùu). 

อยู่ (yùu) is the verb “to be” in Thai.

For example: เธอมาทำอะไรที่นี่ (thooe-maa-tham-à-rai-thîi-nîi) - “What are you doing here?”

There

Thai adverbs: ที่นั่น (thîi-nân), ตรงนั้น (dtrong-nán)

It is placed at the end of the sentence or after อยู่ (yùu). Meanwhile, อยู่ (yùu) is the verb “to be” in Thai.

For example: กระเป๋าของเธออยู่ตรงนั้น (grà-bpǎo-khǎawng-thooe-yùu-dtrong-nán) - “Your bag is there.”

Over there

Thai adverbs: ที่นู่น (thîi-nûun), ตรงนู้น (dtrong-núun)

In a sentence like the one below, you place the adverb at the end of the sentence. 

For example: อย่าไปตรงนู้น คนเยอะมากเกินไป (yàa-bpai-dtrong-núun khon-yóe-mâak-gooen-bpai) - “Don’t go over there. It is too crowded.”

Everywhere 

Thai adverb: ทุกที่ (thúk-thîi)

Where do you place adverbs?

There is no certain placement.

For example: คุณไม่สามารถเดินทางไปทุกที่ได้ด้วยการเดิน (khun-mâi-sǎa-mâat-dooen-thaang-bpai-thúk-thîi-dâi-dûuai-gaan-dooen) - “You can’t travel everywhere by walking.”

Inside 

Thai adverbs: ข้างใน (khâang-nai), ด้านใน (dâan-nai)

It is placed after the word อยู่ (yùu). Meanwhile, อยู่ (yùu) is the verb “to be” in Thai.

For example: นักเรียน 5 คนอยู่ข้างในห้องสมุด (nák-riian-hâa-khon-yùu-khâang-nai-hâawng-sà-mùt) - “There are 5 students inside the library.”

4. THAI ADVERBS OF MANNER

Thai Adverbs

Slowly 

Thai adverb: ช้า (cháa)

The advert is many times placed after the verb

For example: เขาเดินช้าเพราะเจ็บขา (khǎo-dooen-cháa phráw-jèb-khǎa) - “He walks slowly because his leg hurts.”

Quickly 

Thai adverb: เร็ว (reo)

It is placed after the verb.

For example: ลลิตาหั่นผักได้เร็วมาก (lá-lí-dtaa-hàn-phàk-dâi-reo-mâak) - “Lalita chops vegetables very quickly.”

Intentionally

Thai adverb: ตั้งใจ (dtâng-jai)

It’s often put before the verb.

For example: แม่ตั้งใจทำน้ำแกงให้ฉัน (mâae-dtâng-jai-tham-nám-gaaeng-hâi-chǎn) - “Mom makes this soup for me intentionally.”

Diligently 

Thai adverb: อย่างขยันขันแข็ง (yàang-khà-yǎn-khǎn-khǎaeng)

The adverbs are placed after the verbs.

For example: จรณได้เป็นพนักงานดีเด่นประจำปีเพราะทำงานอย่างขยันขันแข็ง (jà-ron-dâi-bpen-phá-nák-ngaan-dii-dèn-bprà-jam-bpii-phráw-tham-ngaan-yàang-khà-yǎn-khǎn-khǎaeng) - “Jaron is the employee of the year because he works diligently."

 

List Of 20 Adverbs You Need To Know

Thai Adverbs
No.EnglishThaiPronunciation
1Todayวันนี้wan-níi
2Tomorrowวันพรุ่งนี้, พรุ่งนี้wan-phrûng-níi, phrûng-níi
3The day after tomorrowวันมะรืน, มะรืนwan-má-ruuen, má-ruuen
4Yesterdayเมื่อวานนี้, เมื่อวานmûuea-waan-nii, mûuea-waan
5Last (day/week/month/year)…ที่แล้ว…thîi-láaeo
6This (day/week/month/year)…นี้…níi
7Next (day/week/month/year)…หน้า…nâa
8In the morningตอนเช้า, ช่วงเช้าdtaawn-cháo, chûuang-cháo
9In late morningตอนสาย, ช่วงสายdtaawn-sǎai, chûuang-sǎai
10At noonตอนเที่ยง, ช่วงเที่ยงdtaawn-thîiang, chûuang-thîiang
11In the afternoonตอนบ่าย, ช่วงบ่ายdtaawn-bàai, chûuang-bàai
12In the eveningตอนเย็น, ช่วงเย็นdtaawn-yen, chûuang-yen
13During the dayตอนกลางวันdtaawn-glaang-wan
14At nightตอนกลางคืนdtaawn-glaang-khuuen
15Soonเร็วๆ นี้reo-reo-níi
16At firstตอนแรกdtaawn-râaek
17Lastสุดท้ายsùt-tháai
18Before / Priorก่อน…gàawn…
19Afterหลัง…lǎng…
20Nowตอนนี้dtaawn-nii

Great conclusion to a lesson about Thai adverbs. Can you remember everything you have learned?

This lesson takes a lot of commitment on your part. We recommend that you use these Thai verbs in practice. This will help you get used to them and remember them. 

With Ling app from Simyasolutions, it can help you learn the Thai language faster.

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