Easy Slovak Question Words: A 2021 Guide With Examples

July 27, 2021

Going on a trip or planning to move for good? Questions, also known as Otázky in the Slovak language, are important in the sense that it helps in learning a new language and gives you a chance to clarify information directly with the locals. In today's post, we will walk you through the easiest Slovak question words and give you examples of how they can be used in real-life conversations.

Máte otázku? (Got a question?) Contrary to common belief, learning about how to construct questions and using interrogative pronouns in a foreign language is critical for seeking new information, clarifying details, starting a conversation, or simply introducing yourself. While it is true that English is also a common language in Slovakia, trying to speak with the locals using their native language will give you a better chance of being understood. Luckily, mastering it is easy since making one is similar to English!

In terms of grammar, it is important to note that there are three usual main orders: (1) the verb before the pronoun, (2) predicate before the subject, and (3) pronoun followed by the verb and subject. See the examples below:

  • Máte dvadsaťjeden rokov?(Are you twenty-one years old?)
  • Ako sa voláš? (What is your name?)
  • Máš sa dobre? (Are you okay?)
  • Máš dnes čas? (Do you have time today?)
  • Má Mark dvadsaťdeväť rokov? (Is Mark twenty-nine years old?)

In order to start constructing your questions, it's time that you memorize by heart and start learning Slovak using the basic question words first. Then, continue reading below to find out how it works.

 

Basic Slovak Question Words

Basic Slovak Question Words

Whether you are just planning to travel or going on a business trip, asking questions can be inevitable. The basic WH words below are used to construct questions and are used as they are in English. Listed in the table below are the Slovak translations, word functions, and example sentences.

Slovak WordEnglish TranslationFunctionExample SentenceEnglish Translation
KtoWhoAsking about the subjectKto to urobil lepšie?Who did it better?
ČoWhatFor information and repetitionČo tu robíš?What are you doing here?
KdeWhereFor place or positionKde je policajná stanica?Where is the police station?
KedyWhenAbout time or dateKedy máš narodeniny?When is your birthday?
PrečoWhyFor reasonKedy máš narodeniny?Why are you sad?
KtorýWhichFor choiceKtoré z nich vás najlepšie vystihujú?Which of these best describes you?
AkoHowFor condition or mannerAko si sa sem dostal?How did you get here?
KomuWhomAsking what or which objectKoho ste videli?Whom did you see?
ČíWhoseAsking about ownershipČí je to peňaženka?Whose wallet is this?

Which of those words are you going to try including in your basic sentences? Now that we know how easy it is to use and learn Slovak questions let's move forward and start learning about the other common question-based expressions that will make you sound like a total pro.

 

Slovak Questions When Ordering/Buying Items

Slovak Questions When Ordering / Buying Items

In this part, we will guide you on learning basic Slovak sentences, words, and phrases commonly used when you are shopping or dining at a restaurant. As a rule of thumb, please do note that there are two Slovak magic words you just never forget: Prosím (please) and Ďakujem (thank you). Read on below to find out more.

Slovak QuestionEnglish Translation
Môžem vás poprosiť o menu?Can I ask for the menu?
​Chceli by ste si objednať?Would you like to order?
Čo by ste chceli jesť?What would you like to eat?
Čo ste si vybrali?What did you choose?
Čo by ste chceli piť?What would you like to drink?
Môžem mať ... prosím?May I have... please?
Čo by ste mi odporučili?What would you recommend?
Je tunajšia špecialita?What is the house specialty?
Aké je denné menu?What is the daily offer?
Môžem zaplatiť?Can I pay, please?
Môžem mať pohár ...?May I have a glass of...
Môžem mať fľašu ...?May I have a bottle of...
Môžete mi dať ...May I have some...
Prepáčte, čašník/čašníčka?Excuse me, waiter/ waitress?
Chceli by ste...Would you take...
Môžem mať tašku?Can I have a bag?
Posielate do zahraničia?Do you ship overseas?

 

Slovak Questions For Emergencies

In as much as we want to make our travel go according to plan, there are still instances that we may face situations that may test us. And, of course, there is nothing more terrifying than having emergencies in a country far from home. So, to help you get started, below are some of the most important questions you have to memorize so that you can ask and seek help from the locals.

Slovak QuestionEnglish Translation
Kam ma berieš?Where are you taking me?
Som zatknutý?Am I under arrest?
Prečo ste ma zatkli?Why are you arresting me?
Môžem hovoriť s právnikom?Can I talk to a lawyer?
Kde je policajná stanica?Where is the police station?
Kde je veľvyslanectvo?Where is the Embassy?
Kde je nemocnica?Where is the hospital?
Kde je lekáreň?Where is the pharmacy?

 

Example Of Other Slovak Questions

Slovak QuestionEnglish Translation
Mȏžem ti (Vám) pomȏcť?Can I help you?
Mȏžeš (Môžete) mi pomȏcť?Can you help me?
Ako sa to volá?What is this called?
Čo to je?What is this?
Prečo je to drahé?Why is it expensive?
Koľko to stojí? / koľko?How much is this? / How many?
Kde bývaš?Where do you live?
Kde je toaleta?Where is the toilet?
Miluješ ma?Do you love me?
Môžem prísť?Can I come by?
Viete, ma?Do you know me?
Hovoríte anglicky?Do you speak English?
Koľko je hodín?What time is it?
Ako ďaleko je to?How far is this?
Kde je toto miesto?Where is this place?

 

Wrapping Up

Si pripravený rozprávať ako domorodec? (are you ready to speak like a native?)

As we reach this part of the post, we hope you learned all there is to know about formulating essential Slovak question words. We understand that the lesson today may appear daunting at first, especially for beginners, but we are confident that you will be able to master it with enough practice.

If you enjoyed this post, please check out our previous posts, like the colors in the Slovak languagethe alphabet, and the useful words related to transportation. On the other hand, if you seriously would like to level up your learning in the Slovak language, then read on below to know more about our most recommended learning resource that is worth your time.

 

Discover The Slovak Language Today!



Interested to understand better how to structure/form a sentence, expand your Slovak vocabulary, and master the grammar? With the Ling App by Simya Solutions, you can get your language learning on the go by simply downloading it to your mobile devices for free today! In addition, with the app itself, you'll get to discover a new and motivating way to learn Slovak and about 60+ other languages! Below are some of the benefits of the app:

  • It makes use of gamified content to get you energized and motivated to learn every day for at least 10 minutes.
  • It focuses on words, phrases, and expressions that can be used in real-life conversations!
  • The content of the app is developed and validated by real native speakers and language professionals.
  • It does not just make you memorize, but it helps you understand every expression's dictionary meaning and cultural meaning.

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