Have you recently moved to Slovakia or made a new Slovak friend and want to learn how to speak or write Slovak pronouns? Continue reading to discover some of the most essential and simple Slovak pronouns like ich (ne),mne (mi),jeho, and jej, used for addressing people, things, and animals, whether the noun is singular or plural.
Classification Of Personal Pronouns
You can classify Slovak Personal Pronouns into two categories. Let’s have a look at the tables below to learn some common singular and plural Slovak pronouns so you can have a clear idea of how they work.
Singular Personal Pronouns
Plural Personal Pronouns
Personal Pronouns In Slovak
We usually get our lesson on pronouns in a school language book. They are a vital part of communication since they help avoid repetition. However, many people never take that lesson seriously. But to learn the Slovak language, Slovak pronouns can’t be ignored!
Slovak pronouns are highly important to learn because they are utilized in everyday life. In fact, you probably aren’t even aware of how often you’re using pronouns in your everyday conversations.
The personal pronouns in Slovak, such as jeho, jej, ich, oni, or ona, relate to specific people, animals, and things. A personal pronoun is a way to replace a person’s name, and it refers to the pronouns used for a person.
So, just like in English and other languages, instead of saying the person’s name all the time, you can choose to use a pronoun. This might assist you in establishing a comfortable conversation in which you can communicate clearly without feeling uneasy.
Basic Personal Pronouns In Slovak
Short and long forms are used differently in Slovak, and these Slovak pronouns like ja, ty, on, ona, ono, oni, and ony, get declined. These pronouns are not usually used at the beginning of sentences. However, you can use them with prepositions on the go!!
Slovak pronouns slightly change when they are used in different cases. You can find six major cases in Slovak grammar:
- Genitive case (G) – subject
- Nominative case (N)
- Dative case ( D) object- after prepositions
- Accusative case(A) – the direct object
- Locative case
- Instrumental case
Declension Of Personal Pronouns
Let’s deep dive to get the declensions of Slovak Personal Pronouns in some of the sentences.
- I like you. (mám ťa rád)
- I call you. (volám ťa)
- She met her neighbors in the club. (V klube sa zoznámila so svojimi susedmi.)
- He invited me into the party. (Pozval ma na párty.)
- We went into the clinic. (Išli sme do kliniky.)
- It is sitting on the mat. (Sedí na podložke.)
- They turned the page of their book. (Otočili stránku svojej knihy.)
You can only use these forms like neho, nemu, nej, u, nim, and ne with prepositions.
Slovak Possessive Pronouns
If you want to change these possessive pronouns of English in Slovak, look at the given sentences. I started taking the lesson of using these short sentences. Believe me, it works!! These possessive Slovak pronouns will come in handy when you talk about possessions.
You can use masculine personal pronouns for people and living nouns, while feminine, neutral and non-living can go in other forms.
Slovak Possessive Pronouns
- I like my table. (Páči sa mi môj stôl.)
- This is your pen. (Toto je vaše pero.)
- It’s her box. (Je to jej krabica.)
- This is his shop. (Toto je jeho obchod.)
- this is our plan. (toto je náš plán.)
- It’s their idea. (Je to ich nápad.)
However, if you are someone like me who finds it challenging to learn new languages, try the most efficient Ling App that will ease your life by providing you with the most effective way of learning different languages. You can even learn the Slovak language entirely by using this smart application.
Studies suggest that learning a new language gives a social boost to your life. You can have access to a lot of benefits such as:
- More job opportunities
- Deeper connections
- More friends
- An expansive vision of different perspectives
- Increased cultural awareness and understanding
- Improved confidence and self-awareness
Are you ready to learn the Slovak language?
Declension Of Reflexive Pronouns
You can also see this reflexive pronoun (which) – se. This gets changed when written in different forms quite similar to possessive pronouns. Let’s learn about some of them.
- G – seba
- D – sebe/si
- A – seba/sa
- L – (o) sebe
- I – sebou
Let’s check these words in some of the other sentences too.
- I am doing it myself. (Robím to sám)
- What have you bought yourself? (Čo si si sám kúpil?)
- They will complete their lesson by themselves. (Svoju lekciu dokončia sami)
- We will publish our book by ourselves. (Knihu si vydáme sami.)
- He will practice his language himself. ( Sám si precvičí jazyk.)
- She will recall her lesson herself. (Sama si spomenie na svoju lekciu.)
Declension Of Demonstrative Pronouns
Are you willing to use Slovak demonstrative pronouns in sentences where you get to point out the specific nouns or objects? We understand how significant it becomes when we need to point at something using these Slovak demonstrative pronouns. Do not worry!! We got you covered.
Are you ready to check out some exemplary sentences to learn Slovak Demonstrative pronouns? Here we go!
- This is my lesson what I learnt yesterday. (Toto je moja lekcia, ktorú som sa naučil včera.)
- That sounds like my language. (To znie ako môj jazyk.)
- These are my bags that I was talking about. (Toto sú moj tašky, o ktorých som hovoril.)
- Those are beautiful birds that I got out from the cage.(Sú to krásne vtáky, ktoré som vytiahol z klietky.)
From the given sentences, you can see that ‘this’ and ‘that’ are used for singular pronouns in the Slovak language too. At the same time, you can use ‘these’ and ‘those’ for plural pronouns in a sentence.
Declension Of Interrogative Pronouns
Have you asked a lot of questions in Slovak? If yes, then you must have used these Slovak Interrogative pronouns. Or if you are willing to ask questions in the Slovak language.
Wondering, what are those Slovak Interrogative Pronouns? Let’s check some questions to get a better understanding.
- Who is your brother? (kto je tvoj brat?)
- Which pen is yours? (ake pero je tvoje?)
- What language do you like the most? (Aký jazyk máš najradšej?)
- When is your birthday? (kedy máš narodeniny?)
- Where is your book? (Kde je tvoja kniha?)
- How difficult is this lesson? (Aká náročná je táto lekcia?)
If you have to learn all these Slovak possessive pronouns or masculine forms of other pronouns with the correct accent, you can watch this video. Repeat the words to get familiar with the correct accent and pronunciation. Develop a habit of practicing one lesson of pronouns every day. I am sure you are gonna love it!!
Let’s Sum It Up!
Have you considered giving yourself a daily lesson in Slovak pronouns? If yes, you are on the right track. If you want to address Slovaks, you must use Slovak pronouns! The pronouns allow you to have a friendly tone while referring to people’s names and nicknames. Therefore, you can build deep connections, get good job offers, and have a broad perspective of the language itself.
Learning a new language packs an abundance of benefits. All your effort in learning these pronouns won’t go to waste!
Practice makes perfect! Whether it’s possessive pronouns like moj and jej, or personal single pronouns like oni and ony, you should start practicing them all today. The sentences provided above on this page will help you replace the noun of your choice easily.
Get a daily lesson with Ling App to help you become more proficient in the language. It takes only 15 minutes of your day to improve your ability to speak with a native. So what are you waiting for? Download Ling App today!
Good luck and happy learning!!