Punjabi Music-Related Vocabulary: 35+ Amazing Words

Punjabi Music-Related Vocab_Ling App

Hey there, folks! Are you ready to delve into the vibrant world of Punjabi music? Because I certainly am! Get ready to tap your feet, sing along, and explore Punjabi music-related vocab like never before! From traditional instruments to famous singers, this comprehensive guide will enable you to master everything you need about this musical concept. Let’s begin!

Punjabi music, also known as ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸੰਗੀਤ (pronounced as pajābī sagīta), is a genre of music that has captured the hearts of people all over the world. With its distinctive blend of traditional and modern styles, the Punjabi language music has become one of India’s most beloved musical genres and beyond. Its popularity has soared in recent years thanks to the infectious beats, soulful vocals, and vibrant energy that characterize this unique musical tradition.

Punjab is also home to diverse musical styles. These genres offer a fascinating glimpse into the rich cultural fabric of Punjab, from traditional melodies to high-energy dance beats that have become popular throughout the centuries. Let’s get to know each musical style in the section below.

Basic Punjabi Music-Related Vocab

If you’re just getting started with Punjabi music, you may find the sheer volume of new vocabulary overwhelming. From different styles and genres to the names of instruments and famous musicians, there’s a lot to take in. But fear not – in this section, we’ll break down some basic Punjabi music-related vocabulary perfect for beginners.

EnglishPunjabiTransliteration
SongਗੀਤGīta
MusicਸੰਗੀਤSagīta
LyricsਬੋਲBōla
PoetryਕਵਿਤਾKavitā
BeatਥਾਪThāpa
Sound/ Voiceਆਵਾਜ਼Āvāza
Musical NotesਸਰਗਮSaragama
MelodyਧੁਨDhuna
MelodiousਸੁਰੀਲਾSurīlā
ToneਸੁਰSur
BassਬਾਸBāsa
PitchਪਿੱਚPica
VerseਆਇਤĀ’ita

Punjabi Instrument-Related Vocab

If you’re a fan of Punjabi music, then you know that the traditional instruments used in this genre are an integral part of its unique sound and style. In this section, we’ll explore some key instrument-related vocabularies in Punjabi music, giving you a deeper understanding of the instruments themselves and their importance in this iconic musical tradition.

EnglishPunjabiTransliteration
Algoze (a paired woodwind instrument)ਅਲਗੋਜ਼Alagōza
Bugchu (a wooden hourglass-shaped string instrument)ਬੁਗਚੂBugacū
Chimta (a pair of tongs with small brass jingles)ਚਿਮਟਾCimaṭā
Dilruba (a bowed instrument)ਦਿਲਰੁਬਾDilarubā
Dhadd (a wooden hourglass-shaped drum)ਢੱਡḌhāḍa
Dhol (a double-headed drum)ਢੋਲḌhōla
Gagar (a metal pitcher)ਗਾਗਰGāgara
Gharha (a clay pot)ਘਰਾGharā
Harmonium (a keyboard instrument)ਹਾਰਮੋਨੀਅਮHāramōnī’ama
Ektara (a one-stringed instrument)ਏਕਤਾਰਾĒkatārā
Khartal (a handheld wooded instrument with metal cymbals)ਖਰਟਲKharaṭala
Sarangi (a bowed, short-necked string instrument)ਸਾਰੰਗੀSāragī
Tabla (a pair of twin-hand drums)ਤਬਲਾTabalā
Tumbi (a single-string pluck instrument)ਤੁੰਬੀTubī

Punjabi Musical Styles

Punjabi folk songs, known as ਲੋਕ ਗੀਤ (pronounced as Lōka gīta), are a cherished and integral part of Punjabi culture. These songs have been passed down through generations and are often sung at weddings, festivals, and other social gatherings, reflecting Punjabi people’s daily lives and experiences. With their simple yet catchy melodies, Punjabi folk songs are often accompanied by traditional instruments such as the Dhol, Tumbi, and Algoza, which lend a distinct and authentic sound to the music.

And when it comes to famous Punjabi folk singers and musicians, there are countless names to choose from – from the legendary Surinder Kaur to the iconic Amar Singh Chamkila and Gurdas Maan, whose contributions to the genre have made them true legends of Punjabi music.

Sufi or ਸੂਫੀ (pronounced as Sūphī) music is one of the oldest and most prominent genres of Punjabi music, with roots that can be traced back to 11th-century Persia. Sufi music has a deeply spiritual (Adhi’ātamikaਅਧਿਆਤਮਿਕ) and religious (Dhāramikaਧਾਰਮਿਕ) significance and is often accompanied by poetry that speaks of love (Pi’āraਪਿਆਰ), devotion (Śaradhāਸ਼ਰਧਾ), and longing (Tāṅghaਤਾਂਘ) for the Divine (Brahamaਬ੍ਰਹਮ). Some of the most famous Punjabi Sufi poets include Bulleh Shah, Sultan Bahu, and Shah Hussain.

Sufi music has a unique blend of classical and folk music and is often performed with traditional instruments such as the Dhol, Tabla, and Harmonium. Some of Punjab’s most famous Sufi singers include Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Abida Parveen, and Reshma.

Bhangra or ਭੰਗੜਾ is another popular genre of Punjabi music and is heavily influenced by Punjabi folk. Bhangra is characterized by its upbeat tempo, fast-paced rhythms, and catchy beats, and it quickly gained popularity in India and around the world. Bhangra music is often accompanied by dance, and it has become a popular form of dance music in nightclubs and at weddings. Some famous Bhangra artists include Malkit Singh, Bally Sagoo, and Panjabi MC.

music vocabulary in Punjabi

Musical Genres in Punjabi

Below are some musical genres in the Punjabi language and their English translation:

EnglishPunjabi TranslationsTransliteration
A capellaਇੱਕ ਕੈਪੇਲਾIka kaipēlā
Afrobeatsਅਫਰੋਬੀਟਸapharōbīṭasa
American folkਅਮਰੀਕੀ ਲੋਕamarīkī lōka
Bachataਬਚਤਾbacatā
Bailaਬੇਲਾbēlā
Baladaਬਲਦਾbaladā
Bengaਬੇਂਗਾbēṅgā
Bluegrassਬਲੂਗ੍ਰਾਸbalūgrāsa
Bluesਬਲੂਜ਼balūza
Bollywoodਬਾਲੀਵੁੱਡbālīvuḍa
Bossa novaਬੋਸਾ ਨੋਵਾbōsā nōvā
Calypsoਕੈਲਿਪਸੋkailipasō
Canadian folkਕੈਨੇਡੀਅਨ ਲੋਕkainēḍī’ana lōka
Carnaticਕਾਰਨਾਟਿਕkāranāṭika
Celtic chantਸੇਲਟਿਕ ਜਾਪsēlaṭika jāpa
Chimurengaਚਿਮੁਰੇੰਗਾcimurēgā
Chinese folkਚੀਨੀ ਲੋਕcīnī lōka
Classicalਕਲਾਸੀਕਲkalāsīkala
Compasਕੰਪਾਸkapāsa
Countryਦੇਸ਼dēśa
Cumbiaਕੁੰਬੀਆkubī’ā
C-popਸੀ-ਪੌਪsī-paupa
Dancehallਡਾਂਸਹਾਲḍānsahāla
Dangdutਡਾਂਗਡੂਟḍāṅgaḍūṭa
Drum & bassਢੋਲ ਅਤੇ ਬਾਸḍhōla atē bāsa
Ethio-jazzਈਥਿਓ-ਜਾਜ਼īthi’ō-jāza
Euro-discoਯੂਰੋ-ਡਿਸਕੋyūrō-ḍisakō
Flamencoਫਲੈਮੇਂਕੋphalaimēṅkō
Gagaku court musicਗਗਾਕੂ ਕੋਰਟ ਸੰਗੀਤgagākū kōraṭa sagīta
Glitch popਗਲਿਚ ਪੌਪgalica paupa
Goa tranceਗੋਆ ਟ੍ਰਾਂਸgō’ā ṭrānsa
Gospelਇੰਜੀਲijīla
Grimeਗ੍ਰੀਮgrīma
Highlifeਹਾਈਲਾਈਫhā’īlā’īpha
Indie rockਇੰਡੀ ਰੌਕiḍī rauka
Industrialਉਦਯੋਗਿਕudayōgika
Inkiranyaਇਨਕਿਰਣਿਆinakiraṇi’ā
Japanese folkਜਾਪਾਨੀ ਲੋਕjāpānī lōka
Jazzਜੈਜ਼jaiza
K-popਕੇ-ਪੌਪkē-paupa
Majikaਮਜੀਕਾmajīkā
MamboMamboMambo
Mariachiਮਾਰੀਚੀmārīcī
Mentoਮੈਂਟੋmaiṇṭō
Oldiesਪੁਰਾਣੇpurāṇē
Operaਓਪੇਰਾōpērā
Palm wineਪਾਮ ਵਾਈਨpāma vā’īna
Polkaਪੋਲਕਾpōlakā
Popਪੌਪpaupa
Punjabiਪੰਜਾਬੀpajābī
Rababahਰਬਾਬਾਹrabābāha
Rafiਰਫੀraphī
Raga rockਰਾਗ ਰਾਕrāga rāka
Rancheraਰੰਚਰਾracarā
Rapਰੈਪraipa
Reggaeਰੇਗੇrēgē
Reggaetonਰੇਗੇਟਨrēgēṭana
Rhythm & bluesਰਿਦਮ ਅਤੇ ਬਲੂਜ਼ridama atē balūza
Rockਰੌਕrauka
Rocksteadyਰੌਕਸਟੇਡੀraukasaṭēḍī
Salsaਸਾਲਸਾsālasā
Sambaਸਾਂਬਾsāmbā
Shaabiਸ਼ਾਬੀśābī
Swingਸਵਿੰਗsaviga
Tangoਟੈਂਗੋṭaiṅgō
Technoਟੈਕਨੋṭaikanō
Tejanoਤੇਜਾਨੋtējānō
Tranceਟ੍ਰਾਂਸṭrānsa
Ubongoਉਬੋਂਗੋubōṅgō
Vallenattoਵੈਲੇਨਾਟੋvailēnāṭō
V-popਵੀ-ਪੌਪvī-paupa
Zilinਜ਼ਿਲਿਨzilina
Zouglouਜ਼ੁਗਲੋzugalō
Zoukਜ਼ੌਕzauka

Punjabi Music At The Global Charts

In recent years, there has been a rise in the popularity of modern Punjabi pop music. This genre of music is characterized by its fusion of traditional Punjabi music with modern Western music styles such as hip-hop, R&B, and electronic dance music. Modern Punjabi music has gained immense popularity in India and worldwide, especially in the UK and North America. Diljit Dosanjh, Jazzy B, and Honey Singh are some of the most famous Punjabi artists worldwide.

In fact, Punjabi songs have over 90 million monthly listeners on Spotify alone, making them one of the most streamed genres globally. And not just that, Punjabi music has also been making its mark in the international music industry, with collaborations with artists like Pitbull, Justin Bieber, and even Beyonce!

Punjabi Music-Related Vocab_Ling App

How Punjabi Songs Help In Learning Punjabi

Now, if you’re wondering what’s so special about Punjabi music, let me tell you that it’s not just about the beats and melody. Punjabi songs can be an excellent tool for learning the Punjabi language. Learning a new language can be challenging, but immersing yourself in the culture and music becomes easier.

Punjabi music is a great way to learn Punjabi vocabulary, especially for those struggling to learn it through textbooks. When you listen to native Punjabi singers and their pronunciation of Punjabi words, you get a much better hang of the tone and stress when speaking the language. Not only that, music can help you remember words and phrases much better as they stick in your mind more quickly.

Plus, with catchy tunes and upbeat rhythm, learning Punjabi words through music can be a fun and exciting experience. So, make a playlist of your favorite songs and get on with learning this vibrant language using the steps below.

Step 1: Determine The Timeframe

A timetable may not constrain your learning objectives. So, when it comes to learning a language, make sure you plan ahead of time.

Step 2: Select A Strategy

Consider your particular preferences in mind while you plan. If you know you enjoy rap or pop music, make sure to find resources related to that. It will make it easier for you to digest the lyrics and have fun while learning.

Step 3: Find A Native Speaker

Do you want to clarify some of the translations from the lyrics? No one can help you better than a native speaker. Connecting with a native speaker will help you in making sense of the figurative meaning of words and expressions. They may also help you with the slang if ever there are some in your chosen tracks.

Step 4: Use Language-learning Apps As A Backup

Can’t connect with a native speaker? Use language-learning resources like the Ling app so you can move forward on your language-learning journey quickly.

Other Punjabi Music-Related Vocab

Still need some help? Here are some of the music-related words in the Punjabi language that might assist you in your travel or when conversing with the locals.

EnglishPunjabi TranslationsTransliteration
SteelpanਸਟੀਲਪੈਨSaṭīlapaina
Fiddleਫਿੱਡਲphiḍala
Sopranino tromboneਸੋਪ੍ਰਾਨਿਨੋ ਟ੍ਰੋਂਬੋਨsōprāninō ṭrōmbōna
Sopranino saxophoneਸੋਪ੍ਰਾਨੀਨੋ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨsōprānīnō saikasōphōna
A clarinetਇੱਕ ਸ਼ਰਨika śarana
Kalimbaਕਲਿੰਬਾkalibā
Contrabass fluteਕੰਟਰਾਬਾਸ ਬੰਸਰੀkaṭarābāsa basarī
Thereminਥੈਰੇਮਿਨthairēmina
Saxophoneਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨsaikasōphōna
Contrabassoon/double bassoonਕੰਟਰਾਬਾਸੂਨ/ਡਬਲ ਬਾਸੂਨkaṭarābāsūna/ḍabala bāsūna
Berimbauਬੇਰਿੰਬਾਊbēribā’ū
Lap steel guitarsਲੈਪ ਸਟੀਲ ਗਿਟਾਰlaipa saṭīla giṭāra
Resophonic guitarਰੈਸੋਫੋਨਿਕ ਗਿਟਾਰraisōphōnika giṭāra
Contra-alto fluteਉਲਟ-ਆਲਟੋ ਬੰਸਰੀulaṭa-ālaṭō basarī
Pedal steel guitarਪੈਡਲ ਸਟੀਲ ਗਿਟਾਰpaiḍala saṭīla giṭāra
Nylon-string guitarsਨਾਈਲੋਨ-ਸਤਰ ਗਿਟਾਰnā’īlōna-satara giṭāra
Bass guitarਬਾਸ ਗਿਟਾਰbāsa giṭāra
Suonaਸੁਨਾsunā
Bass clarinetਬਾਸ ਕਲੈਰੀਨੇਟbāsa kalairīnēṭa
Bass tromboneਬਾਸ ਟ੍ਰੋਂਬੋਨbāsa ṭrōmbōna
Bass ukuleleਬਾਸ ukulelebāsa ukulele
Pianoਪਿਆਨੋpi’ānō
Garkleinਗਾਰਕਲੀਨgārakalīna
Double-neck guitarਡਬਲ-ਨੇਕ ਗਿਟਾਰḍabala-nēka giṭāra
Electric violinਇਲੈਕਟ੍ਰਿਕ ਵਾਇਲਨilaikaṭrika vā’ilana
Bass tubaਬਾਸ ਟੂਬਾbāsa ṭūbā
Guqinਗੁਕਿਨgukina
Harmonicaਹਾਰਮੋਨਿਕਾhāramōnikā
Timpaniਟਿੰਪਨੀṭipanī
Synthesizerਸਿੰਥੇਸਾਈਜ਼ਰsithēsā’īzara
Box drumਬਾਕਸ ਡਰੱਮbākasa ḍarama
Bass trumpetਬਾਸ ਤੁਰ੍ਹੀbāsa tur’hī
National Steelਨੈਸ਼ਨਲ ਸਟੀਲnaiśanala saṭīla
Seven-string guitarਸੱਤ-ਸਤਰ ਗਿਟਾਰsata-satara giṭāra
Gongਗੋਂਗgōṅga
Five-stringed banjoਪੰਜ-ਤਾਰ ਵਾਲਾ ਬੈਂਜੋpaja-tāra vālā bain̄jō
Euphoniumਯੂਫੋਨਿਅਮyūphōni’ama
Six-string tenorਛੇ-ਸਤਰ ਟੈਨਰchē-satara ṭainara
Esrajਐਸਰਾਜaisarāja
Pendant ocarinaਪੈਂਡੈਂਟ ਓਕਾਰਿਨਾpaiṇḍaiṇṭa ōkārinā
Mando-bassਮੰਡੋ—ਬਾਸmaḍō—bāsa
Bass saxophoneਬਾਸ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨbāsa saikasōphōna
Sarodਸਰੋਦsarōda
Alto tromboneਆਲਟੋ ਟ੍ਰੋਂਬੋਨālaṭō ṭrōmbōna
Great bassਸ਼ਾਨਦਾਰ ਬਾਸśānadāra bāsa
Harpਹਰਪharapa
Piccolo clarinetਪਿਕੋਲੋ ਕਲੈਰੀਨੇਟpikōlō kalairīnēṭa
Eight-string guitarਅੱਠ-ਸਤਰ ਗਿਟਾਰaṭha-satara giṭāra
Bass fluteਬਾਸ ਬੰਸਰੀbāsa basarī
Tubaxਟਿਊਬੈਕਸṭi’ūbaikasa
Violaਵਿਓਲਾvi’ōlā
Sitarਸਿਤਾਰsitāra
Eight-string tenorਅੱਠ-ਸਤਰ ਟੈਨਰaṭha-satara ṭainara
Yotarਯੋਟਰyōṭara
Subcontrabass saxophoneਸਬਕੰਟਰਾਬਾਸ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨsabakaṭarābāsa saikasōphōna
Pan Pipesਪੈਨ ਪਾਈਪpaina pā’īpa
Veenaਵੀਨਾvīnā
Florguitarਫਲੋਰਗਿਟਾਰphalōragiṭāra
Alto clarinetਆਲਟੋ ਕਲੈਰੀਨੇਟālaṭō kalairīnēṭa
Cor anglaisਕੋਰ ਐਂਗਲਿਸkōra aiṅgalisa
Slide ocarinaਸਲਾਈਡ ocarinasalā’īḍa ocarina
Cornetਕੋਰਨੇਟkōranēṭa
Four-stringed banjoਚਾਰ-ਤਾਰ ਵਾਲਾ ਬੈਂਜੋcāra-tāra vālā bain̄jō
Tenorਟੈਨੋਰṭainōra
Diatonic harmonicaਡਾਇਟੋਨਿਕ ਹਾਰਮੋਨਿਕਾḍā’iṭōnika hāramōnikā
D clarinetਡੀ ਕਲੈਰੀਨੇਟḍī kalairīnēṭa
Baritone guitarਬੈਰੀਟੋਨ ਗਿਟਾਰbairīṭōna giṭāra
Cor anglais/English hornਕੋਰ ਐਂਗਲਿਸ/ਇੰਗਲਿਸ਼ ਹੌਰਨkōra aiṅgalisa/igaliśa haurana
Tremolo harmonicaਟ੍ਰੇਮੋਲੋ ਹਾਰਮੋਨਿਕਾṭrēmōlō hāramōnikā
Soprano trumpetਸੋਪ੍ਰਾਨੋ ਤੁਰ੍ਹੀsōprānō tur’hī
Venovaਵੇਨੋਵਾvēnōvā
Baritone ukuleleਬੈਰੀਟੋਨ ਯੂਕੁਲੇਲbairīṭōna yūkulēla
Alto saxophoneਆਲਟੋ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨālaṭō saikasōphōna
Subcontra bassਉਪ-ਕੰਟਰਾ ਬਾਸupa-kaṭarā bāsa
Double contrabass fluteਡਬਲ ਕੰਟਰਾਬਾਸ ਬੰਸਰੀḍabala kaṭarābāsa basarī
Bongoਬੋਂਗੋbōṅgō
Tenor violinਟੈਨੋਰ ਵਾਇਲਨṭainōra vā’ilana
Keyed ocarinaਕੀਡ ਓਕਾਰਿਨਾkīḍa ōkārinā
Recorderਰਿਕਾਰਡਰrikāraḍara
Quadruple-neck guitarਚੌਗੁਣਾ-ਗਰਦਨ ਗਿਟਾਰcauguṇā-garadana giṭāra
Surozਸਰੋਜ਼sarōza
Treble or altoਟ੍ਰਬਲ ਜਾਂ ਆਲਟੋṭrabala jāṁ ālaṭō
Organਅੰਗaga
Octobassਅਕਤੂਬਰakatūbara
Soprano tromboneਸੋਪ੍ਰਾਨੋ ਟ੍ਰੋਂਬੋਨsōprānō ṭrōmbōna
Xylophoneਜ਼ਾਈਲੋਫੋਨzā’īlōphōna
Contrabassਕੰਟਰਾਬਾਸkaṭarābāsa
ChenGong harmonicaਚੇਨਗੌਂਗ ਹਾਰਮੋਨਿਕਾcēnagauṅga hāramōnikā
Tenoroonਟੇਨੋਰੂਨṭēnōrūna
Renaissance tromboneਪੁਨਰਜਾਗਰਣ trombonepunarajāgaraṇa trombone
Soprano saxophoneਸੋਪ੍ਰਾਨੋ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨsōprānō saikasōphōna
Orchestral harmonicaਆਰਕੈਸਟਰਾ ਹਰਮੋਨਿਕਾārakaisaṭarā haramōnikā
Bass banjoਬਾਸ ਬੈਂਜੋbāsa bain̄jō
Soprilloਸੋਪ੍ਰੀਲੋsōprīlō
Nine-string guitarਨੌ-ਤਾਰ ਗਿਟਾਰnau-tāra giṭāra
Hammered dulcimerਹੈਮਰਡ ਡੁਲਸੀਮਰhaimaraḍa ḍulasīmara
Bassਬਾਸbāsa
Zither banjoਜਿਥਰ ਬੈਂਜੋjithara bain̄jō
Indian Banjoਭਾਰਤੀ ਬੈਂਜੋbhāratī bain̄jō
Alto guitarਆਲਟੋ ਗਿਟਾਰālaṭō giṭāra
Alghozaਅਲਘੋਜ਼ਾalaghōzā
Erhuਇਰਹੁirahu
Six-neck guitarਛੇ-ਗਰਦਨ ਗਿਟਾਰchē-garadana giṭāra
Tubaਟੁਬਾṭubā
C melody saxophoneਸੀ ਮੈਲੋਡੀ ਸੈਕਸੋਫੋਨsī mailōḍī saikasōphōna
Piccolo celloਪਿਕੋਲੋ ਸੈਲੋpikōlō sailō
Harmoniumਹਾਰਮੋਨੀਅਮhāramōnī’ama
Electric bass guitarਇਲੈਕਟ੍ਰਿਕ ਬਾਸ ਗਿਟਾਰilaikaṭrika bāsa giṭāra
Violaਵਿਓਲਾvi’ōlā

Want To Learn Some More Punjabi?

Punjabi music has a rich history and diverse genres that have evolved over time. It has become an integral part of Punjabi culture, and its popularity continues to soar worldwide. Whether we are dancing to Bhangra beats or singing along to Sufi poetry, Punjabi music will always have a special place in our hearts.

So, without wasting much time, get ready to immerse yourself in the vibrant and soulful world of the Punjabi language and music. Not only will you learn new Punjabi words and phrases, but you’ll also get a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of Punjab. And who wouldn’t want to emulate such a fun language learning style?

And if you want to learn beyond music vocabulary, then say hello to the Ling app the ultimate online learning platform! With gamified lessons, interactive exercises, and quizzes that are actually fun, you’ll be speaking a new language in no time. Our advanced linguistic techniques and modern features will provide a unique and fulfilling learning experience you won’t find in other resources. So what are you waiting for? Go to your Google Play Store or Apple App Store and download the Ling app for free now!

Updated by Punya

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