10+ Malaysian Street Food Vocabulary For Your Next Trip

A trip to Malaysia that doesn’t include Nasi Lemak is like visiting a foreign country and never experiencing the native meal. This blog will provide an overview of Malaysian street food to help you plan your trip to the country like a true insider!

Do you like to try the local dishes? If so, you’ll be glad you stumbled onto our site since we’ve compiled a list of the best 10 dishes from Malaysia’s street food tour. Rice, noodles, and desserts are just a few options. If you’re the type of person who enjoys eating dishes flavored with Asian herbs, you’ll love the food in Malaysia. Let’s take a look, but before we do, get a bite to eat since reading through all the suggested menus will make you hungry!

17 Must-Try Malaysian Street Food

The Malaysian dishes everyone praises and asserts you can’t miss are proudly featured here!

Malaysian Street Food - Roti Canai

1. Roti Canai (Flatbread)

If you need to eat something fast and plentiful in Kuala Lumpur, you have to go for some roti canai. The two words have their origins in Tamil, with the word roti meaning “bread” and canai meaning “to knead.” This flatbread has a chewy texture and a rich taste and is a staple in hawkers’ stalls, food trucks, and restaurants in Malaysia.

Roti canai is simple enough to make – all you need is some flour, water, eggs, and some ghee, a type of clarified butter. Once the dough is formed, it is folded over and over until it develops a layered texture. Upon cooking – which is done on a large metal pan – the roti canai has a very soft, savory interior hiding inside its crispy, crackly exterior.

This flatbread is usually served along with a spicy curry, where you use the roti to dip into the curry with your hands – acting as a shovel for all that yummy curry goodness. You’ll find these all around Malaysia and even in many parts of Southeast Asia!

2. Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake Wrapped With Banana Leaf)

Most commonly associated with Indonesia and Malaysia, otak-otak is a delicious Southeast Asian snack. The dish relies on a package of groundfish seasoned with herbs and spices. Typically, otak-otak is served steaming or to grill.

3. Chee Cheong Fun (Rice Noodle Rolls)

Basically, Chee Cheong Fun is Chinese rice noodle rolls. It’s a staple of every yum cha or dim sum meal. Steamed thin pancakes made from rice flour and eaten with a soy sauce dipping sauce and, sometimes, adding chili oil.

4. Char Kway Teow (Stir-Fried Rice Noodles)

A popular meal in Southeast Asia, Char kway teow (or 炒粿条, chǎo guǒ tiáo in Chinese Mandarin) consists of flat rice noodles and tubular yellow noodles, along with other ingredients, including fried egg, Chinese sausage, fishcake, beansprouts, cockles, roasted garlic, chili pastes, spring onions, and fish balls.

Malaysian Street Food - Nasi Lemak

5. Nasi Lemak (Fatty Rice)

As we’ve mentioned before, nasi lemak is Malaysia’s national dish and one of the most popular Malaysian street foods you’ll find! The term nasi lemak comes from two words: nasi, which means “rice”, and lemak, which means “fat.” And boy, the taste is truly heavenly!

Nasi lemak is fragrant rice cooked in coconut milk and pandan leaf and served with peanuts, deep-fried anchovies, sambal (a chili sauce unique to Malay regions), cucumbers, and a protein such as fried fish or fried chicken. It is prepared with long or medium-grain rice and flavored with ginger, onion, plus good ol’ S&P.

Being the country’s national dish, there are many ways nasi lemak can be eaten. Malaysian street vendors may sometimes serve their nasi lemak with Chinese sausage, a hard-boiled egg instead of a fried egg, deep-fried fish, and more. But most of the time, if you’re having this at a random Malaysian street, chances are you’ll be eating from a banana leaf!

Most people see nasi lemak as a breakfast dish, but there’s no one to stop you if you choose to eat this every single meal for a week – it’s just that good! This Malaysian version of chicken rice is something you’ll be eating again and again.

6. Chicken Rice

Rice with chicken is a Malaysian classic, and for a good reason: the aromatic spices and juicy chicken make it a national treasure. Although the recipe’s specifics may change in some regions, the basic ingredients are the same throughout the country.

7. Bihun Goreng (Fried Rice Noodles)

Bihun Goreng is also known as fried bee hoon. Moreover, bee hoon, mee hoon, and thin rice noodles are all names for rice vermicelli. As you may experience, rice noodles are a common food item in East and Southeast Asia. One of its defining characteristics is its ability to take on the flavor of whatever you cook.

Malaysian Street Food - Assam Laksa

8. Assam Laksa (Sour And Spicy Fish Noodle Soup)

It has coconut milk and shrimp paste to flavor the spicy broth, and seafood, including cockles, prawns, and fishcakes, are sprinkled on top. The noodles are the dish’s distinctive element; they are thin vermicelli that has been chopped into smaller bits.

9. Kway Chap (Teochew Noodle Soup)

There’s a kiosk in Penang selling Kway Chap (or duck and noodle soup), which contains braised duck meat, pigs’ innards, and various types of tofu served over rolled rice noodles in a rich and dark broth. It’s also popular in the Malaysian states of Sarawak and Johor.

10. Cendol (Iced Sweet Dessert)

When you feel tired of walking around the city under the sun for a long time, getting a bowl of cendol is the quickest way to cool yourself from the Malaysian heat. This refreshing dessert is one of the best ways to beat the hot and humid days in Malaysia! While cendol is made from just a few simple ingredients they form a unique combination of flavors and textures, making it a truly delightful treat.

The word is believed to have originated from the Indonesian word jendol, which means “bump” – referring to the appearance of the cendol jelly, which resemble small green bumps or worms. Rice flour is jellied and flavored with pandan leaves, and pushed through a sieve to achieve a stringy texture.

Cendol is served in a bowl of shaved ice, topped with red beans, grass jelly, sweet corn, or glutinous rice, with some condensed milk for extra sweetness. It has a sweet, creamy, and slightly nutty flavor, with the shaved ice melting over time to balance out the sweetness and keep you cool!

11. Char Kuey Teow (Rice Noodles And Bean Sprouts Galore)

While Chinese in origin, char kuey teow (sometimes char kway teow) is a stir-fried noodle dish, and one of the most popular Malaysian street foods worldwide! The name is derived from Hokkien, where char means “stir-fried” and kuey teow means “flat rice noodles.”

This Malaysian street food is made with these flat rice noodles, pork, shrimp, fish balls, seafood chives, fish sauce, and soy sauce. It is usually served with a variety of condiments, such as sambal, chili paste, sauce, dark soy sauce, and limes. Finally, a heaping pile of bean sprouts is added to the top for a nice crunch!

Char kuey teow is usually cooked in a cast-iron wok and on a large flame, which lends the dish a smoky, savory taste! It is traditionally served hot, but some people might choose to pack up their noodles to eat later at home. It’s still plenty good when lukewarm!

12. Satay

One of the most delicious dishes in Southeast Asia also happens to be one of the hottest Malaysian street food items ever! The word satay is believed to have originated from the Indonesian word sate, which means “skewered meat.” It is sold pretty much anywhere in Malaysia, and it is one of the best things you’ll ever taste.

Made typically with chicken, beef, and lamb, satay is made by first marinating the meat in a special blend of spices. Everyone who makes satay has their own recipe, but the most common are turmeric, coriander, lemongrass, or even palm sugar. Once done, they are skewered and grilled over an open flame, the smoke wafting across the street, inviting hungry passers-by to bite in.

And what a bite it will be. It has a sweet and savory flavor, with a hint of spiciness from the marinade. It is served with a spicy peanut sauce that adds a creamy, nutty flavor to the dish, complementing the smoky flavor of the grilled meat beautifully.

In Malaysia, this street food is commonly sold in hawker stalls and outdoor markets. It may come served on a plate or on a cup, with ketupat – a compressed rice cake found only in Malaysia.

Apam balik is best eaten as a dessert - after you eat all the other Malaysian street food on offer!

13. Apam Balik (Peanut Pancakes)

This Malaysian street food is one that keeps locals and tourists coming back for more! Apam balik translates to “flipped cake”, and is Malaysia’s very own version of a pancake. And as you’d expect, this sweet treat is an absolute joy to have!

Traditionally, apam balik is made with flour, eggs, sugar, baking powder, salt, butter, peanuts coconut milk, and sweet corn. You may find that some street vendors would add chocolate chips or grated coconut to theirs for a unique twist. Once the batter is all set, everything is poured onto a hot griddle.

But we’re not done – you’ll find that the uncle running the apam balik stall is sprinkling even more sugar, peanuts, and sweet corn on top of the already-packed batter. And then he flips it over until it is brown, crispy, and smelling like something you can’t wait to get your hands on.

Its taste is sweet and nutty, with a crispy texture on the outside and a soft, fluffy, and creamy interior, mixed with the sweetness of the corn. Altogether, this gift from Malaysia to the world can be found in almost any local market or street corner. Have it as a dessert or as a snack to help you power through the day!

14. Rojak

Feeling fruity? When it comes to Malaysian street foods, fruit takes on a brand new twist with rojak! Simply translated, rojak means “mixed” – just like the flavors you’ll get when you first dive into this unique Malaysian snack.

The ingredients change depending on the region, but rojak is generally made with mango, cucumber, jicama, fried tofu, and cuttlefish. To make it, slice the fruits and veggies into thin pieces and mix them with some petis – a sticky shrimp paste. Fried shallots, salt, palm sugar, bananas, lime juice, and crushed peanuts are added.

Rojak is hard to describe – but it definitely is a unique taste. It mixes sweet, savory, spicy, salty, and sour flavors together in a way that people in the west might not be familiar with, but it’s still worth trying. The combination of different vegetables and fruit gives the dish a crunchy and creamy texture, complemented by sambal and other sauces.

This Malaysian street food is best enjoyed with a tall glass of beer!

15. Hokkien Mee (Stir-fried Noodles)

Hokkien mee is one of the most popular street food in Malaysia. It originated in the Fujian province in China, and Chinese immigrants to Malaysia brought this dish to the country. It is one of the most iconic stir-fried noodle dishes in the country, and with good reason!

This noodle is made with egg noodles as a base, rice noodles, prawns, fish cakes, vegetables such as bell peppers and scallions, herbs, and a soy sauce marinade. It is usually served with a side of crispy pork lard, and a special sauce made with dark soy sauce, oyster sauce, sugar, and pepper.

What makes this dish special is how the noodles are cooked. They are made al dente by boiling them in fresh pork or chicken stock, before being stir-fried with some shrimp paste and the rest of the ingredients. This gives hokkien mee a very deep, incredibly meaty flavor!

People describe hokkien mee as savory, slightly sweet, with hints of spice in the pepper. The combination of noodles, vegetables, and seafood creates a unique, fresh dish that is flavorful and comforting.

Wash down all that Malaysian street food with some teh tarik!

16. Teh Tarik

After all that eating, you might want to wash it down with some pulled tea: teh tarik! The name was taken from how it’s made: by pouring hot milk tea between two containers over and over to achieve a frothy and creamy beverage.

It is traditionally made by mixing brewed black tea with condensed milk, and then by pouring the beverage back and forth between containers, passing through a special sieve. It has a frothy and velvety texture, with lots of creaminess and a slight sweetness that compliments the bitterness of the tea.

In Malaysia, you may find this served in many hawker stalls, as a drink to go with roti canai or nasi lemak. They’re often made fresh to order, giving tea masters the opportunity to wow their customers with the tea-pulling process.

17. Orh Luak

One of the most popular dishes you may find when prowling the hawker markets of Kuala Lumpur would be orh luak – a type of oyster omelet. The word comes from Hokkien origin, and the taste absolutely mind-blowing!

The dish is made with fresh small oysters, in a dough of eggs, cornflour, and scallions. It is seasoned with salt and pepper and is deep-fried in a pan with a neutral-tasting oil, such as olive oil or canola oil. Once golden brown, it is garnished with more chopped scallions and served with a carb, typically ketupat or rice noodle rolls.

The omelet has a savory and slightly sweet taste, with a crunchy texture from the dough. The oysters lend a seafood-y aftertaste to the whole affair. Most people, especially people from Kuala Lumpur, prefer to add a bit of chili sauce for a spicier twist. This street food is great as a snack, or as an appetizer for a larger meal!

Let’s Practice How To Order Food In Malay

The best way to ensure you obtain the appropriate order and impress the locals while enjoying all the delicious foods we recommended above is to learn how to order in Malay.

MalayEnglish Definitions
Tolong bagi sayaPlease give me…
Bagi saya Nasi LemakGive me “Nasi Lemak”
Tolong bagi saya Roti Canai Please give me “Roti Canai”

Is Reading This Making You Hungry?

Now might be a good time to make a list, as international travel is nearly back to pre-recession levels. Students of Malay should plan a trip to Malaysia as soon as possible. You may maximize the pleasure of your vacation to Malaysia by preparing a complete list of all the local cuisine you intend to taste. As an added bonus, trying some regional specialties can inspire you to immerse yourself in the language and culture. So write it down and bring the entire list with you!

Learn Malay With Ling Now!

Learn Malay with Ling

In addition to compiling a list of recommended dishes, you should familiarize yourself with Malay. Whether taking a solo trip or taking a journey with friends and family, learning the basics of conversational Malay can make your trip go more smoothly. In light of this, we advise that you immediately download the Ling app on your device!

Ling offers a ton of Malay vocabulary that helps you feel confident anytime you talk to the locals! We’ve gathered all essential Malay words for you to practice and use immediately. But, if you’re afraid that using our app will make you bored, you know what? Ling is the most fun language-learning app so far! We provide you with many fun tools, such as puzzles, mini-games, and an intelligent chatbot.

Most Malay learners chose Ling to help them succeed, so why not join them? Download the Ling App from Google Play Store and Apple App Store now, and prepare to be fluent in Malay soon!

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