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8 Extremely Easy Seafood Vocabulary In Korean

Hometown Cha-cha-cha is an amazing K-drama. It’s because of the love story and seafood 산물 or haesanmul. Today, let’s learn about seafood vocabulary in Korean. Keep reading below!

Korea is a peninsula bordered on three sides by the sea. Because of this, it’s not surprising that Korean cuisine is rich in seafood. Their fondness for seafood can also be seen in their K-dramas like Hometown Cha-cha-cha Koreans eat seafood raw, dried, salted and dried, fermented, and prepared in various ways.

Today’s lesson will focus on learning different seafood vocabulary in Korean. You will see the complete list of common seafood vocabulary that will give you a headstart learning about Korean seafood. There are also sample sentences related for you to practice to make everything even more fun. So, let’s start!

Korean Word For Seafood

해산물 (haesanmul)-Seafood-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

The first vocabulary that we will learn is the Korean word for seafood. Koreans use the word 해산물 haesanmul to refer to seafood. Seafood refers to any type of sea life that humans consider edible, most notably fish and shellfish. South Korea has one of the highest seafood intake rates in the world. Given that it is a peninsula, this is hardly surprising.

Consumer views and behavior toward fish are shifting in South Korea and Asia. According to research, these customers are becoming increasingly concerned about pollution and climate change in our oceans. According to the same poll, 61% of consumers feel that to rescue the seas, we should only eat fish and shellfish from sustainable sources.

Given this information, we can imply that Koreans are not simply consuming seafood; they are also consuming them wisely. They are thinking about nature to conserve their resources for the near future. This is amazing about South Koreans.

Common Seafood Vocabulary In Korean

Seafood Ramen-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

After learning about the Korean word for seafood (산물 haesanmul) , let us now learn some common seafood vocabulary.

Fish – 물고기 (Mulggogi)

Fish - 물고기 (Mulggogi)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Korea is a peninsula; they are surrounded by water. Therefore, they are rich in water, meat, and fish resources. Fish is essential in Korean cuisine. It is used to make different delicious fish dishes like the following:

  • 홍어찜 Hongeojjim – Steamed Skate Fish
  • 고등어 구아 Godeungeo gui – Grilled Mackerel
  • 홍어회 Hongeo-hoe – A Fermented Fish Dish
  • 대구전 Daegujeon – Cod Jeon
  • 생선전 Saengseonjeon – White Fish Jeon
  • 회덮밥 Hoe-Deopbap – Raw Fish Bibimbap
  • 매운탕 Maeun-tang – Spicy Korean Fish Stew

In Korean, there are two fundamental words for “fish.” The first is 물고기 (mulgogi), whereas the second is 어류 (eoryu). Both are equally correct when talking about fish, but you’ll hear the word a lot more because it’s mostly used in academic and scientific situations.

However, the more appropriate word to use when talking about ‘fish’ in terms of food you’ve eaten, wish to eat, or consume is 생선 (saengseon). If you want to talk about “fishing,” you can choose from a few basic conjugations of the same word – the verb base 낚다 (nakkda) and 낚시하다 (nakkshihada). All of which fundamentally mean the same thing.

Squid – 오징어 (Ojingeo)

Squid - 오징어 (Ojingeo)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Do you remember the scene in the first episode of Hometown Cha-cha-cha when Hye-jin cleaned squid to earn money? Look how the locals enjoy doing that. This particular scene proves that squid is essential seafood in South Korea.

Squid 오징어 (Ojingeo) is one of the main ingredients in making Korean dishes such as Haemuljeon and Ojingeo Bokkeum. Squid is the economy’s lifeblood for people living in Gangwon Province and North Gyeongsang Province. But in 2018, Because catches have decreased dramatically in recent years, squid has become much more expensive in South Korea than before.

But hey, when we hear the word squid in relation to South Korea, one thing will come into our mind – Squid Game, the hit Korean show. The squid game got its name from the numerous squid-body part shapes drawn on the playing ground in which the finalists are required to play the titular children’s playground game.

Crab – 게 (Ge)

Crab - 게 (Ge)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Crab 게 (Ge) is the next vocabulary that we will learn. It is one food that you often see in a mukbang video. In Seoul, South Korea, the spring season is also called “King Crab Season.” During this tie=me of the year, King crab restaurants adorn the streets of Uljin and Yeongdeok in Gyeongsangbuk-do. At the same time, more eateries providing this delectable seafood can be found in Seoul and Incheon’s busy business districts. Although it’s pretty expensive in South Korea, it’s definitely worth it.

If you can’t go to South Korea, you may start watching episode 5 of the Korean series called “Let’s Eat” (season 2). You can also go to the nearest Korean restaurant and try crab dishes like 게장 Gejang, a traditional Korean dish made with marinated crabs. The classic marinade is usually made with soy sauce called gejang gejang, while the spicier version is called yangnyeomgejang.

Lobster – 바닷가재 (Badaggajae)

Lobster - 바닷가재 (Badaggajae)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Lobster 바닷가재 (Badaggajae) is pretty expensive seafood, especially if you live in a place far from the sea. But, if you go to South Korea, there are seafood buffet restaurants that offer lobster, so you can eat lobster all you want, like the Flavors Buffet Marriott Hotel.

Octopus – 문어 (Muneo)

Octopus - 문어 (Muneo)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

When OG K-drama see a cute octopus plush toy, the series Legend of the Blue Sea comes into their mind. But aside from this cute blue sea octopus plush toy, octopus is also one of the well-loved seafood by South Koreans.

In Korean cuisine, they have Sannakji, a popular South Korean dish made with a raw baby octopus that has been diced and drizzled with sesame oil. Because the dish is served immediately after cutting, some pieces are still moving about on the plate, twitching.

South Korea is also known for its Japanese-inspired octopus on a stick. It is a BBQ char-grilled octopus coated in umami-rich bonito flakes and sprinkled with slightly sweet okonomiyaki sauce. They also have the Stir-fried octopus, a side dish, or banchan 반찬.

Oyster – 굴 (Gul)

Oyster - 굴 (Gul)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Oyster 굴 (Gul) is one of the favorite seafood not just by South Koreans but also worldwide. In an episode of Let’s Eat two, a series about a food blogger named Dae Young, Im Taesu was led to this oyster restaurant by Dae young, and they enjoyed mouthwatering oyster dishes. If you’re craving Korean oyster dishes, you can try Guljeon (굴전), a South Korean dish with a long history. Oysters are used in this form of jeon or pan-fried battered cuisine.

Salmon – 연어 (Yeoneo)

Salmon - 연어 (Yeoneo)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

The next seafood vocabulary is salmon 연어. After a farm in Gangwon Province harvested 500 metric tons of the world’s most consumed fish, South Korea has created Asia’s first farmed salmon. It is the main ingredient of popular Korean dishes like Salmon Bulgogi, Grilled Salmon In Spicy Korean Marinade, and Spicy Broiled Korean Salmon.

Prawn/Shrimp – 새우 (Saeu)

Prawn/Shrimp - 새우 (Saeu)-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling

Another favorite seafood that mukbangers eat is the prawn or shrimp 새우 (Saeu). It is the star of the Korean dishes like Gochujang Honey Shrimp, Spicy Grilled Shrimp, Sweet & Sticky Korean Shrimp, Spicy Grilled Shrimp Skewers, and Sweet and Spicy Shrimp.

Seafood And Sea Creatures In Korean

Seafood And Sea Creatures In Korean-Seafood-Vocabulary-In-Korean-Ling
English TranslationKoreanRomanization
abalone전복 jeonbok
bass농어 nongeo
carp잉어 ingeo
catfish메기 megi
clam조개 jogae
cod대구 daegu
edible seaweed gim
eel장어 jangeo
filefish말쥐치 maljwichi
flatfish광어 gwangeo
hake남방대구 nambangdaegu
hermit crab소라게 sorage
herring청어 cheongeo
jellyfish해파리 haepari
langoustine바닷가재 badatgajae
mackerel고등어 godeungeo
mussel홍합 honghap
perch퍼치 peochi
plaice가자미 gajami
ray가오리 gaori
red mullet숭어 sungeo
shark상어 sang-eo
scampi가시발새우 gasibalsaeu
skate홍어 hongeo
snails달팽이 dalpaengi
sole서대기 seodaegi
swordfish황새치 hwangsaechi
tilapia틸라피아 tillapia
tuna참치 chamchi
gorae고래 whale
whelk골뱅이 golbaengi
white fish흰살 생선 huinsal saengseon
winkles바닷고둥 badatgodung

More Korean Phrases And Words Related To Seafood

English TranslationKoreanRomanization
fishing낚시하다
낚다
nakkshihada
nakkda
fishing boat낚시배 naksibae
fishing line낚싯줄 naksitjul
fishing lure낚시용 루어 naksiyong rueo
fishing net어망 eomang
fishing plier낚시 플라이어 naksi peullaieo
fishing rod낚싯대 naksitdae
fish species물고기 종 mulgogi jong
seafood restaurant해산물 레스토랑 haesanmul leseutolang
seafood platter해산물 모듬 요리 haesanmul modeum yori
My hobby is fishing.제 취미는 낚시를 하는것이에요. je chwimineun nakkshireul haneungeosieyo.
I want to have fish for dinner today.오늘 저녁으로 생선을 먹고 싶어요. oneul jeonyeokeuro saengseoneul meoggo sipheoyo.
I want to fish낚시하고싶네 nakkshihagosiphne
Is it possible to fish in this lake?이 호수에서 낚을 수 있으세요? i hosueseoneun nakkeul su isseuseyo?
How many fish species are there in the world?세계에서는 어류 종 몇개 있어요? segyeeseoneun eoryu jong myeotgae isseoyo?
Yesterday I caught several fish.어제 물고기를 몇 마리 잡았어. eoje mulgogireul myeot mari jabasseo.
Do you want to go fishing this weekend?이번주말에 낚시하러 갈래? ibeonjumare nakkshihareo gallae?

Put Your Sails Up. Learn Korean Now!

Learning Korean is like fishing in the sea. It would help if you had time, patience, and passion for succeeding and achieving what you want. Like fishing, learning Korean also needs tools to help you achieve your goals quickly. Luckily, there’s Ling App.

With Ling App, you’ll have lots of activities that will help you familiarize yourself with the Korean alphabet to read Hangeul effectively. You can practice using the dialogue feature, and you can also have fun while learning with the fun mini-games and quizzes. If you want more lessons, you can always choose without any hassle.

Learning Korean can easily be achieved with the right tool, patience, and passion. So, don’t waste any time. Learn Korean with Ling App now!

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