How To Ask Questions In Korean: 3 Easy Ways

Do you want to learn Korean? Are you interested in asking questions in Korean? Are you aware of all the Korean question words? If not, then don’t worry because, in this blog, we will walk you through all the ways that we can ask questions.

Here, you will learn Korean question words so that you can ask questions and hold a Korean conversation. So let the learning begin. 시작 (sijak!)

What Is The Korean Language?

The Korean language is the official language of South Korea and North Korea. The Korean language of South and North has minor differences which are sometimes extremely difficult for a non-native speaker. However, the native Korean speakers understand each other easily. If you are learning Korean in South Korea, then the accent and words of North Korean might not be understandable for you, but once you master this one, the other one will be easy for you as well.

Before Korean, Chinese was spoken widely in Korea, and the Korean language had to face some resistance. But eventually, the language succeeded, and the Korean people tend to speak Korean now. The elements of the Chinese language have not been eliminated completely, and there are many words in Korean that are either Chinese or derived from the Chinese language. An example of this is the Sino-Korean numbers.

Questions In Korean

There are two main ways to form questions generally. The first one is by asking questions that can have yes, no, I don’t know as answers. The second type is asking for something other than yes or no. Those questions use the question words and need specific answers.

The sentence order in a Korean question for a simple question has the same subject-object-verb order. SOV is the shortened form of that and can help you remember the sentence order. You can also add adjectives and other adverbs to make complex sentences.

Examples Of Questions In Korean

The questions like “Are you happy?”, “Do you like this?”, “Is this your bag?”, “Are you the author of this book?” are yes/no questions. All of these questions can easily be answered with a yes or no. You can say, “I am happy,” “I like this,” “This is my bag,” “I am the author of this book,” etc.

Yes And No Questions In Korean Words

Yes And No Questions In Korean

For the first category, it is essential to have some vocabulary in Korean which can assist you in making Korean questions. Considering the English sentence structure, you might feel “Ugh! do I have to learn another sentence order now? I haven’t even gotten over the one which I learned yesterday.”

Well, guess what? You don’t have to. Korean simple questions (questions without question words) follow the same word order. YES! The exact same word order. Now, you might be wondering, if Korean has the same word order, then how would I know if someone is asking a question or telling me something?

But, while asking questions, you should give the impression to the listener that you want to know something. It should imply that you are trying to get some information. If your tone is monotone, then the person that you are asking a question might not be able to guess that. Putting emphasis and looking with inquisitive eyes can give the Korean speaker the idea that you are trying to know something.

Here is a table for you to learn some of these questions.

English TranslationsKorean SentencesSound
Are you Korean?한국 사람이에요? (Formal)
hangug salam-ieyo?
Are you tired?피곤 하세요? (Formal)
Are you busy?바쁘세요? (Informal)
Is this a cat?이거 고양이야? (Informal)
igeo goyang-iya?
Do you know him?그를 아니? (Informal)
geuleul ani?
Do you like this?이거 좋아해?(Informal)
ileon sig-eulo jag-eob-eul suhaeng?
Can you speak Korean?한국어를 할 수 있습니까? (Formal)
hangug-eoleul hal su issseubnikka?
Do you like him?그를 좋아합니까? (Formal)
geuleul joh-ahabnikka?
Are cats cute?고양이는 귀엽나요? (Formal)
goyang-ineun gwiyeobnayo?

To answer these questions, you should know that adding yes to any answer and Just change the end of the sentence slightly.

In Korean, some possessive pronouns are used. If a person is asking a simple question with a possessive pronoun for “you” in it, you simply replace it with the possessive pronoun for “me” as a response. Possessive pronoun for me is 나의 (naui) and your is 당신의 (dangsin-ui). Here is a table of some common questions in Korean using possessive pronouns.

English TranslationsQuestions In Korean SoundEnglish Translations For Answers In Korean SentencesAnswers In Korean Sound
Is this your book?이거 니책이야?
igeo nichaeg-iya? (Informal)
Yes, this is my book.어, 이거 내책이야.
nae igeo nae-chaeg-iya. (Informal)
Is this your cat?이것은 당신의 고양이입니까?
igeos-eun dangsin-ui goyang-iibnikka? (Formal)
Yes. This is my cat.예. 이것은 나의 고양이입니다.
ye igeos-eun naui goyang-i ibnida. (Formal)
Are these your children?이 아이들이 당신의 아이들입니까?
i aideul-i dangsin-ui aideul-ibnikka? (Formal)

Yes. These are my children.
예. 이 아이들이 나의 아이들입니다.
ye i aideul-i naui aideul-ibnida. (Formal)
Is this your school?여기가 당신의 학교입니까?
yeogiga dangsin-ui haggyoibnikka? (Formal)
Yes, this is my school.예. 여기가 나의 학교입니다.
ye yeogiga naui haggyoibnida. (Formal)
Is your husband nice?당신의 남편은 좋은가요?
dangsin-ui nampyeon-i joh-eungayo? (Formal)
Yes, my husband is nice.예. 나의 남편은 좋습니다.
ye naui nampyeon- joh-seunnida. (Formal)
Yes And No Questions In Korean

Question Words In Korean

There are different question words in the Korean language. But mainly, there are 5 common question words that form the basis of all the other question words. These are the words that are used the most to ask questions. Korean speakers commonly use these words either alone or in conjugation with the other words to form questions.

Five basic Korean question words are the 5 W’s (What, when, where, who, and why), which are 뭐 (mwo), 언제 (eonje), 어디 (eodi), 누구 (nugu), 왜 (wae). Another basic question word in Korean is how 어떻게 (eotteoke). Along with these, there are some more Korean question words that are used to make questions.

Look at this table to learn basic question words with their examples.

Question Words In EnglishQuestion Words In KoreanSoundQuestions In EnglishQuestions In KoreanSound
What무엇 (mueot)What is your name?당신의 이름은 무엇입니까?
dangsin-ui ileum-eun mueos-ibnikka? (Formal)
Where어디 (eodi)Where are you going?어디 가세요?
eodi gaseyo? (Formal)
How many몇 (myeot)How many children/kids do you have?자식들이 명 있나요?
jasigdeul-i myeoch myeong issnayo? (Formal)
How어떻게 (eotteoke)How did this happen?어떻게 이런일이 일어 났습니까?
eotteohge ileon-il-i il-eo nassseubnikka? (Formal)
Why왜 (wae)Why are you so weird? 그렇게 이상해?
wae geuleohge isanghae? (Informal)
What (kind of)무슨 (museun)What’s the matter?무슨 일이야?
museun il-iya? (Informal)
What kind of어떤 (eotteon)What kind of solution do you want?어떤 해결 방법을 원하세요?
eotteon haegyeol bangbeob-eul wonhaseyo? (Formal)
How much얼마 (eolma)How much is it (the cost of something)?얼마예요?
eolmayeyo? (Formal)
Who누구 (nugu)Who is your boyfriend?당신의 남자 친구는 누구입니까?
dangsin-ui namja chinguneun nugu-ibnikka? (Formal)
When언제 (eonje)When did you come?언제 왔니?
neo eonje wassni? (Informal)
How many/much/long얼마나 (eolmana)How long do I have to wait?얼마나 기다려야 하나요?
eolmana gidalyeoya hanayo? (Formal)
Which어느 (eoneu)Which country are you from?어느 나라 사람이에요?
eoneu nala salam-ieyo? (Formal)

Answering The Questions In Korean

There are different ways to address these questions. The answers can be in the form of words, questions again, phrases, or sentences which is the same for the questions.

Examples Sentences In Korean

Here are some of the sample sentences to form replies for the question words in the Korean language.

Questions In EnglishQuestions In KoreanRomanized HangulSound
Whom do you teach Korean?누구에게 한국어를 가르칩니까? (Formal)nuguege hangug-eoleul galeuchibnikka?
Why are you talking fast? 빨리 말합니까? (Formal)wae ppalli malhabnikka?
How can I write my name in Korean?내 이름을 한글로 쓰려면 어떻게 해야 하나요? (Formal)nae ileum-eul hangeullo sseulyeomyeon eotteohge haeya hanayo?
Why are you learning Korean?한국어를 배우나요? (Formal)wae hangug-eoleul baeunayo?
I am learning Korean for my job.나는 내 직업을 위해 한국어를 배우고 있습니다. (Formal)naneun nae jig-eob-eul wihae hangug-eoleul baeugo issseubnida.
Where is your friend?당신의 친구는 어디에 있습니까? (Formal)dangsin-ui chinguneun eodie issseubnikka?
What is your favorite subject?니가 가장 좋아하는 과목이 야? (Informal)niga gajang joh-ahaneun gwamog-i mwoya?
My favorite subject is Mathematics.가장 좋아하는 과목은 수학입니다. (Formal)gajang joh-ahaneun gwamog-eun suhag-ibnida.
I’m sorry, I don’t know any verb.죄송합니다. 저는 동사를 모릅니다. (Formal)joesonghabnida. jeoneun dongsaleul moleubnida.
Do you like these comments?이 댓글이 마음에 드시나요? (Formal)i daesgeul-i ma-eum-e deusinayo?
No, I did not like those comments.아니요, 그 댓글이 마음에 들지 않았습니다. (Formal)aniyo, geu daesgeul-i ma-eum-e deulji anh-assseubnida.
What do you like to play?하고 놀고 싶어? (Informal)mwohago nolgo sip-eo?
I like to play tennis.나는 테니스 치는 것을 좋아한다. (Formal)naneun teniseu chineun geos-eul joh-ahanda.
What is the meaning of this word?이 단어의 의미는 무엇입니까? (Formal)i dan-eoui uimineun mueos-ibnikka?
Who is your teacher?선생님이 누구세요? (Formal)seonsaengnim-i nuguseyo?
Where did you hear that?어디서 들었어? (Informal)eodiseo deul-eoss-eo?
Who is that person?그 사람은 누구입니까? (Formal)geu salam-eun nugu-ibnikka?
How to note something?어떻게 메모하나요? (Informal)eotteohge memohanayo?
What is this site about이 사이트는 무엇에 관한 것입니까? (Formal)i saiteuneun mueos-e gwanhan geos-ibnikka?
Who has that object?누가 그 물건을 가지고 있습니까? (Formal)nuga geu mulgeon-eul gajigo issseubnikka?
How to translate this word into Korean?이 단어를 한국어로 어떻게 번역합니까? (Formal)i dan-eoleul hangug-eolo eotteohge beon-yeoghabnikka?
Where do you live inside Korea?한국에서 어디 사세요? (Formal)hangug-eseo eodi saseyo?
Yes And No Questions In Korean Fun Corner

Korean Fun Corner

How fun it is to learn the sentences using songs from K-pop. Most people (especially young people) are learning Korean because they are inspired by K-pop or K-dramas. In our blogs, we bring you a section that will have the Korean words and grammar rules using examples from K-pop and K-dramas, which will make learning fun and easy.

Here is a table for you with the questions in Korean songs having question words.

English TranslationsQuestions In Korean From SongsSong NameBand/ Solo Artist
What even is in your heart?야 네 맘은 도대체?
mwoya ni mam-eun dodaeche? (Informal)
Why So LonelyWonder Girls
What do I mean to you?야 내가 얼마나 널?
mwoya naega eolmana neol? (Informal)
Why So LonelyWonder Girls
Why are you leaving the pretty me behind? 예쁜 날 두고 가시나?
wae yeppeun nal dugo gasina? (Informal)
What are you talking about?그 말하는 넌 수저길래?
geu malhaneun neon mwon sujeogillae? (Informal)
No? What do you mean no?아니긴? 가 아냐 난 눈 멀었어?
anigin? mwoga anya nan nun meol-eoss-eo? (Informal)
Fake LoveBTS
What is love?사랑은 가 사랑?
salang-eun mwoga salang? (Informal)
Fake LoveBTS
What makes your happy?가 널 행복하게 하는지?
mwoga neol haengboghage haneunji? (Informal)
Boy with LuvBTS
What is your name?너의 이름은 지?
neoui ileum-eun mwonji? (Informal)
The truth untoldBTS
How long do I have to wait?얼마나 기다려야?
eolmana gidalyeoya? (Informal)
Spring DayBTS
How much longing must fall like snow?그리움들이 얼마나 눈처럼 내려야
geuliumdeul-i eolmana nuncheoleom naelyeoya
Spring DayBTS
How many more nights do I have to stay up? 밤을 더 새워야?
tto myeoch bam-eul deo saewoya?
Spring DayBTS
Why am I the only one to love? 혼자 사랑하고?
wae honja salanghago?
I need youBTS
Why do I keep needing you even though I know I’ll get hurt 다칠 걸 알면서 자꾸 네가 필요해?
wae dachil geol almyeonseo jakku nega pil-yohae?
I need youBTS
Why can’t I do what I want to? Why? 내 맘대로 할 수 있는? ?
wae nae mamdaelo hal su issneun? wae? (Informal)
That heavy breath, how can I measure it?그 무거운 숨을, 내가 어떻게, 헤아릴 수가 있을까요?
geu mugeoun sum-eul naega eotteohge healil suga iss-eulkkayo? (Informal)
BreatheLee Hi
Why don’t I get tired of you?질리지도 않아 넌 ?
jillijido anh-a neon wae? (Informal)
Now tell me why the love has changed이젠 내게 말해줘 사랑들 달라지는지
ijen naege malhaejwo wae salangdeul dallajin-eunji (Informal)

Language Tip For Learning Korean

Try making friends with native Korean speakers so that by having conversations with them, you can get to learn many new words and sentence compositions. This will increase your vocabulary, and you will not forget the words easily. You guys can have lessons together and enjoy learning.

You can teach your Korean friends how to speak English and help them with the English translation of many words and phrases in the Korean vocabulary list. Such friends can be a great resource for you. You both can learn a bit with each other, and it will keep you motivated.

Start Learning Korean With Ling

start Korean with Ling 한국어는 Ling 으로 시작하세요

In this blog, you learned how to form a Korean question. In the same way, now you must also know how to answer a Korean question. Feel free to play around with words and make new sentences and questions to practice.

Having Korean as a new language can be difficult. Studying Korean without any lessons is perhaps impossible and definitely difficult. If you liked this blog, then feel free to check out other blogs of Ling App. You can sign up to get more information. We also have blogs about delicious Korean food and funny phrases in Korean for casual conversations.

What are you waiting for? Start speaking in Korean by downloading the Ling app on the Play Store or App Store now!

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