120 French Adverbs: An Easy Guide For You!

July 30, 2021

French dialects are not particularly difficult, but they still contain a few secrets that we will reveal together. This article will look at the placement of adverbs in the French language, their formation, and most importantly, we will give you an extensive list of the most useful French adverbs to know.

An adverb is a word that modifies verbs, an adjective, or another adverb. Often expresses how the subject performs an action. In French, many adverbs are formed by adding an ending to the feminine or masculine form of a cognate French adjective. Other adverbs are entirely different and need to be memorized.

Adverbs in French usually occupy the same position in a sentence as in English.

The "-ly" ending usually recognizes many English adverbs. The equivalent French ending is ''ment''. However, unlike the obligatory agreement of French adjectives, adverbs in French do not agree with anything because they change adverbs, adjectives, or verbs, but not pronouns or nouns.

 

French Adverbs Characteristics

  1. May modify prepositions, adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs
  2. Are constant or invariable
  3. Are classified according to the sort of modification
  4. Follow particular placing rules

Follow these two rules to form an adverb:

  • A singular masculine adjective ending in a vowel adds "ment," as shown in the below table.
AdjectiveAdverb
Poli (polite)Poliment (politely)
Facile (easy)Facilement (easily)
Rapide (rapid)Rapidement (rapidly)
  • If the singular masculine ends in a consonant, add an adjective to the singular feminine, as shown in the below table. Two exceptions include bref (short or brief), which is brève in the feminine adjective, and brièvement (shortly or briefly) as an adverb, and gentil (nice), which means gentille in its feminine adjective, and gentiment (nicely) as an adverb.
Masculine form of the adjectiveFeminine form of the adjectiveAdverb
Doux (gentle)DouceDoucement (gently)
Franc (frank)FrancheFranchement (frankly)
Attentive (attentive)AttentiveAttentivement (attentively)
Seul (only)SeuleSeulement (only)

There are some exceptions to the rules when forming French adverbs, These are:

  • For multiple adjectives with the ending "e" silent, add é before adding "ment" to it, as given in the below table.
AdjectiveAdverb
Intense (intense)Intensément (intensely)
Profonde (profound)Profondément (profoundly)
Précis (precise)Précisément (precisely)
  • Adjectives ending in -ent and -ant have adverbs ending in -emment and -amment, respectively. An exclusion is lent (slow), which in its adverbial form becomes lentement (slowly). See examples in the following table.
AdjectiveAdverb
Courant (common)Couramment (fluently)
Récent (recent)Récemment (recently)
Constant (constant)Constamment (constantly)
  • Some French adverbs have different forms from adjectives and must be learned.
AdjectiveAdverb
Bon (good)Bien (well)
Mauvais (bad)Mal (badly)
MeilleurMieux (better)
Petit (little, small)Peu (little)

Common French Adverbs

Common French Adverbs

French Adverbs That Start With A, B, C, D, E, F

absolumentabsolutely
actuellementcurrently
ailleurselsewhere
alorsso
ainsithus; so
aprèsafter
assezquite, fairly
aujourd'huitoday
aussias; as well
aussitôtimmediately
autantas much
autrefoisin the old days
autrementdifferently
autouraround
avantbefore
avant-hieron the day before yesterday
avecwith
beaucoupa lot
baslow
bienwell
bientôtsoon
brusquementabruptly
cependantnonetheless
certesadmittedly
certainementcertainly
cihere
combienhow much/many
commeas
commenthow
complètementcompletely
d'abordfirst
davantagemore
deboutstanding
dehorsoutside
déjàalready
delàbeyond
demaintomorrow
depuissince
dernièrementlately
désormaisfrom now on, henceforth
dessuson top of
devantin front of
égalementas well/equally
encoreagain/still
enfinfinally, eventually
ensembletogether
ensuitenext, then
énormémentenormously
environabout
facilementeasily
franchementfrankly

French Adverbs Starts With G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N

gentimentkindly
guèrehardly
hauthigh
heureusementfortunately
hieryesterday
icihere
immédiatementimmediately
jamaisnever
there
là-basover there
là-dedansin here, in there
là-dessuson here; on there
largementgreatly, well
légèrementlightly; slightly
lentementslowly
loinfar
longtempsfor a long time
lorswhen
lors deduring
maintenantnow
malpoorly, badly
mêmeeven
moinsless
naturellementnaturally
nenot
nonno; not
French Adverbs

French Adverbs Starts With O, P, Q, R, S, T, V

ouiyes
parfoissometimes
partouteverywhere
pasnot
parfaitementperfectly
peufew, little
peut-êtreperhaps
plutôtrather
plusmore, ___-er
pointhardly any; almost no
pourquoiwhy
pourtantyet
précédemmentpreviously
précisémentprecisely
premièrementfirstly
prèsnear
presquenearly
profondémentprofoundly
puisthen
quelquesome
quelque partsomewhere
rapidementrapidly
rarementrarely
seulementonly
sérieusementseriously
simplementsimply
sias/so
soudainsuddenly
souventoften
surtoutespecially
tantso much
tantôtsometimes
tardlate
tellementso (much)
tôtearly
toujoursalways
toutall
trèsvery
troptoo much
vitequickly
vraimentreally
French Adverbs

 

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So, if you enjoy this lesson, you will need to learn French pronouns and French adjectives. However, we have also ensured the best value for Ling users by offering more than 50 languages in a single application. You can even try the Ling language learning app for free and see if it's right for you. So, download and try it today. Also, if you have any questions, visit our Frequently Asked Questions page.

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