60+ Perfect Vocabulary For Family In Chinese To Learn Now!

For Chinese people, family is everything. Although many traditional customs have been abandoned by modern Chinese families, the value placed on family life is as high as ever. Therefore, we want to share a vocabulary for family in Chinese with you so that you can apply it in the conversation!

Having a solid nuclear family is highly valued in Chinese culture. Therefore, each member’s responsibilities have always been well-defined within the Chinese family.

Elders are respected in Chinese society because of their knowledge and insight. If a younger person challenges an older person’s opinion, they are seen as disrespectful. Parents or other adults in the household are seen as providers.

They were expected to start a family as soon as possible, marry young, and work hard to support themselves and their family. Children were never allowed to make their own choices; instead, those choices were decided for them.

As you may notice, a high level of closeness between family members in Chinese culture can probably somehow affect each member’s identity. So first, let’s learn the meaning of the Chinese words 家庭 (Jiātíng), which means family or home, and then we’ll go on to the vocabulary related to family members in Chinese.

家庭 (Jiātíng) – Family Or Home

[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]Jiātíng[/Speechword]

Vocabulary For Family In Chinese

Having a term with two meanings that are somehow connected stands to reason, and it reveals a great deal about traditional Chinese thought and practice. Many people’s personalities and safety nets originate from their families. Confucianism provides a framework for understanding the Chinese family.

According to Confucianism, the family is the fundamental unit of society since it contains all the most solid connections for individuals. And it leads to the common practice of a big family, this means many people living together in the same house.

Three Generation Households

In a typical Chinese house, there is usually living as a big family. So you can expect Chinese family members from grandparents, parents, and children to live under the same roof. The father or grandfather is the head of the household and traditionally has the responsibility of financially caring for his family.

As a result of this role, he will have complete control over the family and the final word in all decisions. However, after their father passed away, the children separated and built their separate households.

Vocabulary For Family In Chinese

Vocabulary For Family In Chinese

Learning some vocabulary for family members in Chinese is best to help you picture the average Chinese family size. By familiarizing yourself with the several terms Chinese people refer to their family members, you may begin to get an image. Alright, so let’s get going!

Chinese WordPinyinEnglish DefinitionPronunciation
外公wàigōngGrandfather (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]外公[/Speechword]
爷爷yéyeGrandfather (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]爷爷[/Speechword]
奶奶nǎinaiGrandmother (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]奶奶[/Speechword]
外婆wàipóGrandmother (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]外婆[/Speechword]
父亲fùqīnFather[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]父亲[/Speechword]
爸爸bàbaDad[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]爸爸[/Speechword]
母亲mǔqīnMother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]母亲[/Speechword]
妈妈māmaMom[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]妈妈[/Speechword]
儿子érziSon[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]儿子[/Speechword]
儿子nǚ’érDaughter[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]儿子[/Speechword]
兄弟xiōngdìBrother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]兄弟[/Speechword]
哥哥gēgeOlder brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]哥哥[/Speechword]
弟弟dìdiYounger brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]弟弟[/Speechword]
姐妹jiěmèiSister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姐妹[/Speechword]
姐姐jiějieOlder sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姐姐[/Speechword]
妹妹mèimeiYounger sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]妹妹[/Speechword]
姑母gūmǔAunt/father’s sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姑母[/Speechword]
姨母yímǔAunt/mother’s sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姨母[/Speechword]
伯父bófùUncle/father’s older brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]伯父[/Speechword]
叔父shūfùUncle/father’s younger brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]叔父[/Speechword]
舅父jiùfùUncle/mother’s brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]舅父[/Speechword]
堂兄tángxiōngOlder female cousin (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]堂兄[/Speechword]
堂弟tángdìYounger female cousin (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]堂弟[/Speechword]
堂姐tángjiěOlder female cousin (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]堂姐[/Speechword]
堂妹tángmèiYounger female cousin (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]堂妹[/Speechword]
表兄biǎoxiōngOlder male cousin (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]表兄[/Speechword]
表弟biǎodìYounger male cousin (on father’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]表弟[/Speechword]
表姐biǎojiěOlder male cousin (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]表姐[/Speechword]
表妹biǎomèiYounger male cousin (on mother’s side)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]表妹[/Speechword]

Vocabulary For An In-Law In Chinese

Traditionally, Chinese wives move into their husband’s homes and become part of their large family, which often includes her in-laws and their husband’s parents. Let’s study up on in-law vocabulary.

Chinese WordPinyinEnglish DefinitionPronunciation
公公gōnggongFather-in-law (of woman)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]公公[/Speechword]
岳父yuèfùFather-in-law (of man)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]岳父[/Speechword]
婆婆pópoMother-in-law (of woman)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]婆婆[/Speechword]
岳母yuèmǔMother-in-law(of man)[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]岳母[/Speechword]
女婿nǚxuSon-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]女婿[/Speechword]
媳妇xífuDaughter-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]媳妇[/Speechword]
姐夫jiěfuOlder sister’s husband/brother-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姐夫[/Speechword]
妹夫mèifuYounger sister’s husband/brother-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]妹夫[/Speechword]
嫂子shǎoziOlder brother’s wife/sister-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]嫂子[/Speechword]
弟媳dìxíYounger brother’s wife/sister-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]弟媳[/Speechword]
伯母bómǔFather’s older brother’s wife/aunt-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]伯母[/Speechword]
婶母shěnmǔFather’s younger brother’s wife/aunt-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]婶母[/Speechword]
舅母jiùmǔMother’s brother’s wife/aunt-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]舅母[/Speechword]
姑父gūfuFather’s sister’s husband/uncle-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姑父[/Speechword]
姨父yífuMother’s sister’s husband/uncle-in-law[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姨父[/Speechword]
大伯子dàbǎiziHusband’s older brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]大伯子[/Speechword]
小叔子xiǎoshūziHusband’s younger brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]小叔子[/Speechword]
内兄nèixiōngWife’s older brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]内兄[/Speechword]
内弟nèidìWife’s younger brother[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]内弟[/Speechword]
姑子gūziHusband’s sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姑子[/Speechword]
姨子yíziWife’s sister[Speechword voice=”Chinese Female” isinline]姨子[/Speechword]

In Summary

After learning the above terminology, you can have the strange impression that Chinese individuals compose Chinese-specific terms for their paternal and maternal lines. Create your own family tree and add words that describe your family members as you go. This will enable you to remember and use Chinese family-related words more quickly and effectively.

Learn Chinese With Ling Now!

Do you want the most excellent app to help you study Chinese whenever and wherever you want? Then, let us provide you with the best option possible!

Learn Chinese with Ling

Learning Chinese with Ling, the ideal language learning app is easier than ever before. We give you access to an extensive library of valuable words you can study on the go using your mobile device. In addition, there is a wide range of practical terms and native pronunciations to learn. More than that, our engaging resources like mini-games, puzzles, and a fantastic chatbot can support you in your efforts to learn new words quickly.

Are you ready to start now? So download the Ling App from Google Play Store and Apple App Store now, and prepare to be fluent in Chinese soon!

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The reCAPTCHA verification period has expired. Please reload the page.

What makes learning with Ling special

Interactive exercises

Improve your pronunciation by starting a conversation with our app’s interactive chatbot

Engaging activities

Practice your skills with mini-games and track your progress with fun quizzes

Mix of languages

Choose from over 60 languages, both big and small, and listen to audio from native speakers

Proven results

Backed by linguistic research, our learning methods can help you achieve fluency in record time