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100+ Super Collection Of Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese

August 29, 2022

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Do you, as a Chinese learner, have a thorough understanding of the origins of the Chinese character for China "中国" (Zhōngguó)? If that's not the case, we'll take you back in time to find out what China was once called

中国 (Zhōngguó) literally means the Central Kingdom. It means that China is considered to be the center of civilization. However, when we go back, we see that dynastic names were used to identify imperial China.

Over each historical era, China became known as Great Ming (大明, Dàmíng), Great Qing (大清, Dà qīng), Han (漢, hàn), and Tang (唐, táng) after the ruling dynasties. Later, the international country naming system required a standardized name that would not be subject to ongoing revision. This led to Zhōngguó being chosen as the primary country name.

Historically, China also had names for other countries and nationalities, which, too, changed over time. Below we'll teach you what the modern Chinese names for countries and nationalities around the world are today.

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese

The rich history of a beautiful country like China will likely spark your interest, but before you book your flight, let's take some time to brush up on our Chinese language skills and learn more about country names and nationalities in Chinese. So that you can tell a Chinese person your country name and introduce your international companions.

国家 (guójiā) means country, nation, and kingdom. Therefore, 国 (guó) is often used to indicate a country. You simply put this Chinese word after the name of the country. Let's see some examples from common country names.

  • Character 美 + character 国 = 美国 (měi guó) - The United States
  • Character 英 + character 国 = 英国 (yīng guó) - The United Kingdom (England)

How To Ask Or Respond To Questions About Countries And Nationalities In Chinese

People from foreign countries are more likely to be asked their nationality in Chinese rather than English. Read on for some sample questions and how to politely answer in Chinese if you want to impress them with your local language knowledge.

Example 1

Q: 你的家乡在哪? (Nǐ de jiāxiāng zài nǎ?) - Where is your hometown?

A: 我的家乡是英国。 (Wǒ de jiāxiāng shì yīng guó) - My hometown is in the UK.

Example 2

Q: 你是哪国人? (Nǐ shì nǎ guórén?) - Where are you from?

A: 我來自英國 (Wǒ láizì yīngguó) - I'm from Britain.

Example 3

Q: 你是英国人吗?(Nǐ shì yīng guó rén ma?) - Are you British?

A: 是的,我是英国人 (Shì de, wǒ shì yīng guó rén) Yes, I'm British.

B. 我不是英国人。 (Wǒ bùshì yīng guó rén.) No, I'm not British.

The answers to the sample questions above show how simple it is to build the Chinese vocabulary for various nationalities. Simply add the word 人 (rén), which means a person at the end of the term.

  • 美国 + 人 = 美国人 (měi guó rén) - American
  • 英国 + 人 = 英国人 (Yīng guó rén) - British

Let's check out the Chinese language's list of country names and nationalities. There are a lot of Chinese characters to learn, so relax and take your time.

非洲 (Fēi Zhōu) - Africa

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - Africa

Here is how to say African nations in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
肯尼亚 kěn ní yàKenya 
 
阿尔及利亚
 Ā ěr jí lì yà Algeria
 安哥拉 Ān gē lā Angola
 贝宁 Bèi níngBenin 
 博茨瓦纳 Bó cí wǎ nàBotswana 
布基纳法索  Bù jī nà fǎ suǒBurkina Faso 
 布隆迪 Bù lóng díBurundi
佛得角 Fó dé jiǎo Cape Verde 
喀麦隆Kā mài lóng Cameroon  
中非Zhōng fēiCentral African Republic (CAR)
乍得Zhà déChad
科摩罗Kē mó luóComoros
刚果(金)Gāng guǒ (jīn)Congo-Kinshasa
刚果(布)Gāng guǒ (bù)Congo-Brazzaville
科特迪瓦Kē tè dí wǎCôte d’Ivoire
吉布提Jí bù tíDjibouti
埃及Āi jíEgypt
赤道几内亚Chì dào jǐ nèi yàEquatorial Guinea
厄立特里亚È lì tè lǐ yàEritrea
斯威士兰Sī wēi shì lánEswatini (Swaziland)
埃塞俄比亚Āi sài é bǐ yàEthiopia
加蓬Jiā péngGabon
冈比亚Gāng bǐ yàGambia
加纳Jiā nàGhana
几内亚Jǐ nèi yàGuinea
几内亚比绍Jǐ nèi yà bǐ shàoGuinea-Bissau
利比里亚Lì bǐ lǐ yàLiberia
利比亚Lì bǐ yàLibya
马达加斯加Mǎ dá jiā sī jiāMadagascar
马拉维Mǎ lā wéiMalawi
马里Mǎ lǐMali
毛里求斯Máo lǐ qiú sīMauritius
摩洛哥Mó luò gēMorocco
莫桑比克Mò sāng bǐ kèMozambique
纳米比亚Nà mǐ bǐ yàNamibia
尼日尔Ní rì ěrNiger
尼日利亚Ní rì lì yàNigeria
卢旺达Lú wàng dáRwanda
塞内加尔Sài nèi jiā ěrSenegal
塞拉利昂Sài lā lì ángSierra Leone
索马里Suǒ mǎ lǐSomalia
南非Nán fēiSouth Africa
苏丹Sū dānSudan
坦桑尼亚Tǎn sāng ní yàTanzania
突尼斯Tū ní sīTunisia
乌干达Wū gān dáUganda
赞比亚Zàn bǐ yàZambia
津巴布韦Jīn bā bù wéiZimbabwe

亚洲 (Yà Zhōu) - Asia

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - Asia

Here is how to say Asian nations in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
 中国 Zhōng guóChina
 日本Rì běn  Japan
 韩国Hán guó  South Korea
 朝鲜 CháoxiǎnNorth Korea 
 泰国Tài guó Thailand 
印度尼西亚  Yìn dù ní xī yàIndonesia 
 乌 兹 别 克 Wū zī bié kèUzbekistan 
 阿富汗 Ā fù hàn Afghanistan
巴林Bā línBahrain
孟加拉国Mèng jiā lā guóBangaladesh
不丹Bù dānBhutan
文莱Wén láiBrunei
柬埔寨Jiǎn pǔ zhàiCambodia
印度Yìn dùIran
伊朗Yī lǎngIraq
伊拉克Yī lā kèIsrael
约旦Yuē dànJordan
科威特Kē wēi tèKuwait
吉尔吉斯斯坦Jí ěr jí sī sī tǎnKyrgyzstan
老挝Lǎo wōLaos
黎巴嫩Lí bā nènLebanon
马来西亚Mǎ lái xī yàMalaysia
马尔代夫Mǎ ěr dài fūMaldives
蒙古Měng gǔMongolia
缅甸Miǎn diànMyanmar
尼泊尔Ní bó ěrNepal
阿曼Ā mànOman
巴基斯坦Bā jī sī tǎnPakistan
巴勒斯坦 Bā lè sī tǎnPalestine 
菲律宾Fēi lǜ bīnPhilippines
卡塔尔Kǎ tǎ ěrQatar
沙特阿拉伯Shā tè ā lā bóSaudi Arabia
新加坡Xīn jiā pōSingapore
斯里兰卡Sī lǐ lán kǎSri Lanka
叙利亚Xù lì yàSyria
台湾Tái wānTaiwan
塔吉克斯坦Tǎ jí kè sī tǎnTajikistan
东帝汶Dōng dì wènTimor-Leste
土库曼斯坦Tǔ kù màn sī tǎnTurkmenistan
阿联酋Ā lián qiúUnited Arab Emirates
乌兹别克斯坦Wū zī bié kè sī tǎnUzbekistan
越南Yuè nánVietnam
也门Yě ménYemen

欧洲 (Ōu Zhōu) - Europe

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - Europe

Here is how to say European nations in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
英国  Yīng guó- The United Kingdom
- England
苏格兰Sū gé lánScotland
威尔士Wēi ěr shìWales
北爱尔兰Běi ài ěr lánNorthern Ireland
法国  Fǎ guóFrance 
 阿尔巴尼亚 Ā ěr bā ní yà Albania
 意大利yì dà lì  Italy
罗马尼亚  luó mǎ ní yà Romania
 拉 脱 维 亚Lā tuō wéi yà  Latvia
俄罗斯 é luó sī  Russia
 西班牙 Xī bān yáSpain 
克 罗 地 亚Kè luō dì yàCroatia
安道尔Ān dào ěrAndorra
亚美尼亚Yà měi ní yàArmenia
奥地利Ào dì lì  Austria
阿塞拜疆Ā sài bài jiāngAzerbaijan
白俄罗斯Bái é luó sīBelarus
比利时Bǐ lì shíBelgium
波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那Bō sī ní yà hé hēi sài gē wéi nàBosnia and Herzegovina
保加利亚Bǎo jiā lì yàBulgaria
塞浦路斯Sài pǔ lù sīCyprus
捷克Jié kèCzechia
丹麦Dān màiDenmark
爱沙尼亚Ài shā ní yàEstonia
芬兰Fēn lánFinland
格鲁吉亚Gé lǔ jí yàGeorgia
德国Dé guóGermany
希腊Xī làGreece
匈牙利Xiōng yá lìHungary
冰岛Bīng dǎoIceland
爱尔兰Ài ěr lánIreland
哈萨克斯坦Hā sà kè sī tǎnKazakhstan
科索沃Kē suǒ wòKosova
列支敦士登Liè zhī dūn shì dēngLiechtenstein
立陶宛Lì táo wǎnLithuania
卢森堡Lú sēn bǎoLuxembourg
马耳他Mǎ ěr tāMalta
摩尔多瓦Mó ěr duō wǎMoldova
摩纳哥Mó nà gēMonaco
黑山Hēi shānMontenegro
荷兰Hé lánNetherlands
北马其顿Běi mǎ qí dùnNorth Macedonia
挪威Nuó wēiNorway
波兰Bō lánPoland
葡萄牙Pú táo yáPorfugal
圣马力诺Shèng mǎ lì nuòSan Marino
塞尔维亚Sài ěr wéi yàSerbia
斯洛伐克Sī luò fá kèSlovakia
斯洛文尼亚Sī luò wén ní yàSlovenia
瑞典Ruì diǎnSweden
瑞士Ruì shìSwitzerland
土耳其Tǔ ěr qíTurkey
乌克兰Wū kè lánUkraine
梵蒂冈Fàn dì gāngVatican City

北美洲 (Běi Měi Zhōu) - North America

Here is how to say North American nations in Chinese.

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - North America
Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
 美国 Měi guóThe United States 
加拿大  Jiā ná dàCanada 
墨西哥Mò xī gēMexico
格陵兰岛Gé líng lán dǎoGreenland

中美洲 (Zhōng Měi Zhōu) - Central America

Here is how to say Central American nations in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
伯利兹Bó lì zīBelize
哥斯达黎加Gē sī dá lí jiāCosta Rica
萨尔瓦多Sà ěr wǎ duōEl Salvador
危地马拉Wēi dì mǎ lāGuatemala
洪都拉斯Hóng dū lā sīHonduras
尼加拉瓜Ní jiā lā guāNicaragua
巴拿马Bā ná mǎPanama

加勒比海 (Jiā Lè Bǐ Hǎi) - Caribbean (sea)

Here is how to say Caribbean nations in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
 安提瓜和巴布达 Ān tí guā hé bā bù dáAntigua Barbuda 
巴哈马Bā hā mǎBahamas
巴巴多斯Bā bā duō sīBarbados
古巴Gǔ bāCuba
多米尼克Duō mǐ ní kèDominica
 多米尼加Duō mǐ ní jiā Dominican Republic 
 格林纳达 Gé lín nà dáGrenada 
海地  Hǎi dìHaiti 
牙买加Yá mǎi jiāJamaica
圣基茨和尼维斯Shèng jī cí hé ní wéi sīSaint Kitts and Nevis
圣卢西亚Shèng lú xī yàSaint Lucia
圣文森特和格林纳丁斯Shèng wén sēn tè hé gé lín nà dīng sīSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
特立尼达和多巴哥Tè lì ní dá hé duō bā gēTrinidad and Tobago

南美洲 (Nán Měi Zhōu) - South America

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - South America

Here is how to say South American countries in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
 阿根廷 Ā gēn tíng Argentina
玻利维亚Bō lì wéi yàBolivia
巴西Bā xīBrazil
智利Zhì lìChile
哥伦比亚  Gē lún bǐ yàColombia 
 厄瓜多尔 È guā duō ěrEcuador 
圭也那 Guī yě nà Guyana 
 巴拉圭Bā lā guī Paraguay 
秘鲁 Bì lǔ Peru 
 苏里南Sū lǐ nán Suriname 
乌拉圭  Wū lā guīUruguay 
委内瑞拉 Wěi nèi ruì lā Venezuela 

大洋洲 (Dà Yáng Zhōu) - Oceania

Country Names And Nationalities In Chinese - Oceania

Here's how to say Oceanic countries in Chinese.

Chinese WordPronunciationEnglish Definition
澳大利亚  Ào dà lì yà Australia
斐济 Fěi jì Fiji 
基里巴斯Jī lǐ bā sīKiribati
马绍尔群岛Mǎ shào ěr qúndǎoMarshall Islands
密克罗西亚Mì kè luó xī yàMicronesia
瑙鲁Nǎo lǔNauru
新西兰Xīn xī lánNew Zealand
 帕劳Pà láo Palau 
巴布亚新几内亚 Bā bù yà xīn jǐ nèi yà Papua New Guinea 
 萨摩亚Sà mó yà Samoa 
所罗门群岛  Suǒ luó mén qúndǎoSolomon Islands 
 汤加 Tāng jiāTonga
 图瓦卢 Tú wǎ lúTuvalu 
 瓦努阿图 Wǎ nǔ ā túVanuatu 

In Summary

If you can memorize a list of country names in Chinese, you can remember a list of nationalities in Chinese. Simply add the word 人 (rén) to the end of the country's name, and you'll have the right words without trying to learn more new vocabulary. Is it a time saver to hear that? You can now confidently introduce yourself to native Chinese speakers and chat meaningful conversations. On top of that, you can connect your Chinese friends with fellow foreigners.

Learn Chinese With The Ling App

Learn Chinese with The Ling App

Studying the Chinese language alongside understanding Chinese culture is a great way to keep your interest and enthusiasm for learning the language fresh. And there's much more to know about this ancient land. However, if you are interested in learning more about China, brushing up on your Chinese language abilities is a smart move. Obtaining a solid grasp of Chinese will open up several doors for you. And we have the greatest option for you if you're seeking a language learning application to assist you in reaching that goal!

If you're serious about learning Chinese, the Ling App is the only tool you need. To help you achieve your goals, we have compiled a vast library of useful phrases and words written in Chinese characters. And since you may study from your mobile device whenever and wherever you choose, setting your timetable is as simple as downloading our app. In addition, we include Chinese audio so you can follow along and hear how the native speakers pronounce each character.

Most Chinese learners chose Ling to help them succeed, so why not join them? Download the Ling App from the Google PlayStore and Apple AppStore now, and prepare to be fluent in Chinese soon!

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