Do you know Nepal is an agricultural country? Vegetables in Nepal are one the most important foods. This article explores the names of vegetables in Nepali and Nepal’s food culture.
Nepal is an agricultural country with mountainous, hilly, and Terai geography. Generally, the mountainous region is not very fruitful for growing vegetables. However, the fertile Terai and hills are excellent at producing vegetables.
Nepal has a great variety of vegetables due to its exceptional geographical diversity. In addition, vegetables are the primary ingredients in culinary and cultural traditions in Nepal. Vegetables are one of the most important side dishes in Nepalese cuisine.
So, if you are exploring Nepal and want to eat Nepali vegetables, buy them by speaking Nepali in the market. Learn Nepali with Ling App and change your life for the better. Ling has reading, writing, speaking, listening, and grammar practice. It’s everything you could possibly want from a language learning app.
Nepali Vegetables And Food Culture
Nepali dishes have combined the two great culinary traditions of India and Tibet. Rice, wheat, corn, lentils, and fresh or fermented vegetables, are the most common foods in Nepal.
In addition, lentil soups, steaming rice, and vegetable dishes make up a typical Nepali meal. Also, vegetable soup and chutney served with flatbread are part of a typical Nepalese lunch. In addition, a traditional Nepali meal is then followed by dessert and tea.
Potatoes, tomatoes, cauliflower, and brinjal are also among the most favored vegetables among Nepalese. Other green leafy vegetables include mustard, spinach, radishes, and squash.
In Nepal, fruits, leaves, roots, shoots, and dried and fermented vegetables, are essential in the meal. Moreover, there are many worthy Nepali vegetable markets in the region. Nepal’s most prominent vegetable market is located in Khatmandu valley and is called Kalimati Fruit and Vegetable Market.
Names Of Vegetables In Nepali
Many individuals will benefit from this effective translation of vegetable names. It can help students, teachers, Nepali food bloggers, and Nepali YouTube recipe channels.
So, read the table below to understand the exact Nepali words for common Nepali vegetables.
|English words||Pronunciation||Nepali words|
|Artichoke||Vajraangee / Haathee Chak||वज्रांगी / हाथी चक|
|Fava beans, Broad Beans, Horse Gram||Bakula||बकुल्ला|
|Bitter Gourd / Balsam Pear / Bitter Melon / Charantis||Karela||करेला|
|Black Eyed Beans, Green Bean||Bodi||बोडी|
|Black Pepper||Kaalo March||कालो मर्च|
|Bottle Gourd or Calabash||Lauka||लौका|
|Brinjal or Eggplant or Aubergine||Bhaanta, Baigan||भाण्टा, बैगन|
|Cabbage||Banda Gobi or Banda / Pattagobhi||बन्दा गोबि / पत्तागोभी|
|Capsicum, Bell Pepper, Sweet Pepper||Bhede Khursani, Shimala Mirch||भेंडे खुर्सानी / शिमला मिर्च|
|Cauliflower||Phool gobi, Kauli||फुलगोबि, काउली|
|Chilli, Green Pepper||Khursani, Hariyo Khursani||खुर्सानी|
|Coriander, Cilantro, Chinese Parsley||Dhaniya||धनिया|
|Curry leaves||Kari Patta||करी पात|
|Cumin seeds||Jeera Dana||जीरा दाना|
|Dill||Soup, Souf||सुप, सौफ|
|Fiddlehead fern||Niuro / Leundo||निउरो / लीउँणो|
|Okara, Lady Finger||Ram Toriya, Bhindi||भिण्डी|
Other Vegetable Names In Nepali
You will observe a farmer collecting vegetables and fruits during the vegetable season, heading to the market to sell them. In the vegetable market of Nepal, you will see vendors displaying vegetables and fruits.
Greens like spinach, mustard, fresh coriander, and garden cress are present in lovely fashion in the market. Potatoes and onions are among the dried vegetables neatly arranged in trays. There are also many other vegetables present.
A Nepali vegetable market has importance because of the immense utility of vegetables by Nepali people. So, if you are in Nepal and want to have Nepali vegetables buy them from the market.
The table below lists the Nepali translations of vegetable names and their pronunciation.
|English names||Pronunciation||Nepali names|
|Sweet Potato, Yam||Sakhar Khanda||शखर खण्ड|
|Taro young stalks||Gaabha or Gaava||गाभा|
|Bay Leaf||Tej Patta||तेज पत्ता|
|Tomato||Golbheda, Tamatar||गोलभेडा, टमाटर|
|Turmeric||Haldi / Besar||हल्दी / बेसार|
|Angled Luffa Gourd or Ridged luffa or Angled gourd or Chinese okra||Patee Ghiraula / Toriyal, Toriya||पाटे घीरौला / तोरीयल / तोरीया|
|Spiny Bitter Gourd or Momordica Cochinchinensis or Gac||Chattel||चट्टेल|
|Smooth Luffa Gourd or Sponge Gourd||Ghiraula||घीरौला|
|Garbanzo Beans or Gram or Chickpeas||Chana||चना|
|Long Pepper||Dhokrey Khursani||धोक्रे खुर्शानी|
|Kohlrabi||Gaanthye Mula||गान्ठे मुला|
|Bird’s Eye Chili or Bird Pepper||Jire Khursani||जिरे खुर्शानी|
|Cherry Pepper||Jyanmara Khursani||ज्यानमारा खुर्शानी|
|Garden Peas||Kerau, Matar||केराउ / मटर|
|Ash Gourd / Wax||Gourd / Chinese Melon – Kubhindo||कुभिन्डो|
|Nepalese HogPlug||Lapsi / Laushi||लप्शी / लौशी|
|Cassava or Yam or Tapioca||Tarul||तरुल|
|Vegetable’s SmartWeed or Polygonum||Thotne||ठोट्ने|
|Cluster Pepper||Jhine Khursani||झिने खुर्सानी|
|Cone Pepper||Chuche Khursani||चुच्चे खुर्सानी|
|Pear tomato||Tumbe Golbheda||तुम्बे गोलभेडा|
|Cherry Tomato||Sano Golbheda||सानो गोलभेडा|
|Garden Beet||Tike Paalungo||टिके पालुंगो|
Green Leafy Vegetables – हरियो साग–पात हरु – Hariyo Saag-Paat Haru
You want to eat more greens, but all you can think of is spinach? Kale, mustard greens, cabbage, and coriander leaves are also green leafy vegetables. You can enjoy them as they come in a variety of forms.
Furthermore, greens in the diet can help avoid anemia and maintain excellent health. Calcium, Beta carotene, and Vitamin C are abundant in green leafy vegetables. Kale, spinach, moringa, and cabbage have high vitamin content.
The following list of Hariyo Saag in Nepali-English will help you learn more about Nepalese vegetables.
|English names||Pronunciation||Nepali names|
|Common Mint||Baabari, Pudina||बाबरी को साग|
|Lamb’s Quarter||Bethe ko Saag||बेथे को साग|
|Beet root||Bengali Palungo ko Saag||गाली पालुंगो|
|Garden Sorrel, Bladder Dock||Bhote Paalungo||भोटे पालुंगो|
|Indian Gourd, Kantola Shoots||Chatel ko Munta ko Saag||चटेल को मुन्टा को साग|
|Shallot Greens||Chhayapi ko Saag||छायापी को साग|
|Garden Cress||Chamsoor ko Saag||चम्सूर को साग|
|Fresh Coriander or Cilantro||Dhania ko Paat or Saag or Hariyo||धनियाँको साग|
|Chinese Leek||Dundu ko Saag||दुन्डू को साग|
|Turnip Greens||Gante Moola ko Saag or Dalle Moola ko Saag||गानते मुलाको साग, डल्ले मुलाको साग|
|Spinach variety||Gobre Paalungo ko Saag||गोब्रे पालुंगो को साग|
|Green Onion||Gande ko Saag||गन्दे को साग|
|Chayote Greens||Iskush ko Munta ko Saag||इस्कुश को मुन्टा को साग|
|Taro Leaves||Karkalo ko Paat or Karkalo-Gaava-Pidhaalu||कर्कलो को पात, कर्कलो को साग, कर्कलो-गाभा-पिँडालु)|
|Black Mustard||Kal Tori ko Saag||कालतोरी को साग|
|Cauliflower Greens||Kaauli ko Saag||काउली को साग|
|Water Bindweed, Swamp Cabbage||Karmaiya Saag||कर्मैया को साग|
|Pea Vine Shoots||Keraau ko Muntaa ko Saag||केराउ को मुन्टा को साग|
|Kale||Kel ko Saag||क़ेल को साग|
|Amaranth||Laal Saag||लाल साग|
|Vegetable Mallow, Poppy Mallow||Laaphe Saag||लाफे को साग|
|Green Garlic||Lasun ko Saag||लसुन को साग|
|Redroot Pigwood||Lunde ko Saag or different variety Pahadi Lunde, Kande Lunde||लुन्ड़े को साग|
|Fenugreek leaves||Methi ko Paat or Saag||मेथी को साग|
|Radish Greens||Moolaa (Mulaa) ko Saag||मूला को साग|
|Radish Shoots and Leaves||Moolaa ko Duku re Saag||मूला को दुकु र साग|
|Edible Fern Shoots||Neuro||न्यूरो को साग|
|Buck or wheat Greens||Phaapar ko Saag||फापर को साग|
|Tossa Jute||Patuwaa ko Saag||पटुवा को साग|
|Pumpkin Vine shoots||Pharsi ko Muntaa||फर्सी को मुन्टा|
|Indian Spinach, Malabar Night Shade||Pooi or Poi ko Saag||पोई को साग|
|Common Spinach||Paalungo ko Saag||पालुंगो को साग|
|Leaf Mustard||Raayo ko Saag||रायो को साग|
|Leaf Mustard Shoots||Raayo ko Duku re Saag||रायो को दुकु र साग|
|Fresh Dill Greens||Saunf or Sunp ko Saag||सुप को साग|
|Kohlrabi Greens||Salgam ko Saag||सलगम को साग|
|Nettle Greens||Sishnu, Sisnu ko Saag or Lekali Sisnu, Thulo Sisnu, Bhangre Sisnu||सिस्नु को साग|
|Water Cress||Sim Rayo||सिम रायो|
|Quail Grass||Sarwari Saag||सर्वारी साग|
|Curly Leaf Lettuce||Salad ko Saag or Paat||लेट्तुस – सलाद को साग|
|Indian Rape||Tori ko Saag||तोरी को साग|
|Garden Beet||Tike Paalungo||टिके पालुंगो|
Why Are Nepali Vegetables Special?
Nepali vegetables are abundant in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Vegetables also rank first in terms of offering health benefits. Certain vegetables may benefit some people more than others, depending on their diets, health, and nutritional needs. You must include Vegetables in your daily meal.
In addition, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber, and other nutrients found in vegetables are beneficial to the human body. Studies suggest that people who eat fresh green vegetables have the lowest risk of diseases.
Many international organizations that promote a healthy diet encourage people to fill half of their plates with vegetables every day.
Broccoli, spinach, tomatoes, and garlic are examples of vegetables with additional health advantages. Also, potassium, found in vegetables, may help maintain healthy blood pressure. In addition, vegetable fiber helps to keep your stomach healthy and your mood stable.
Many other benefits show the importance of Nepali vegetables. As Nepal is an agricultural country, you have the facility of having fresh vegetables. Then, why not utilize the chance to enjoy Nepali vegetables?
Names Of Popular Vegetable Dishes In Nepali
1. “Arikanchan” – अरिकांचन (Arikān̄cana)
Arikanchan is a traditional Nepalese cuisine from the Mathil and Tharu cultures. Taro leaves black lentil paste, ginger, garlic, and some other spices are present in the dish.
Lentils wrapped in taro leaves and spices are steamed and cut into slices before being deep-fried in oil. When taro leaves are in season, you can have them in the meal as a unique tendering staple.
Moreover, you can also use the leaves in curries. Many other vegetable dishes are present in Nepal, but among all, Arikancha is Nepali’s favorite.
2. “Masyaura” – मस्यौरा (Masyaurā)
Masyaura is a typical Nepalese cuisine that consists of sun-dried vegetable balls. The most common ingredient in the dish is black lentils. Black lentils are blended with taro stems, black beans, colocasia leaves, yam, cauliflower, spinach, or potatoes.
You can shape the balls after drying them in the sun for three days before keeping them in airtight containers. Then, you can use masyaura after removing it from the jar and cooking it in oil.
You can also add leaves to soupy curries as desired. Interestingly, the word maas, which means black lentils, is thought to have inspired the dish’s name.
3. “Kwati” – क्वाती (Kvātī)
Kwati is a typical Nepalese stew made with several beans. Other ingredients include white peas, chickpeas, soya beans, mung beans, kidney beans, and black-eyed peas.
Turmeric, ginger, salt, and ajwain lovage seeds are also present in the dish.
4. “Gundruk” – गुन्द्रुक (Gundruk)
Gundruk is an old Nepalese cuisine created by fermenting and drying a variety of leafy vegetables. Ingredients of the dish include Rayo sag, mustard leaves, radish leaves, and cauliflower.
Another purpose of adding spices is to provide the dishes dark brown color. It is a versatile cuisine item that you can serve as an appetizer, a side dish, or a soup.
Gundruk is especially essential in rural sections of the country, where people primarily consume maize and tubers. These products are necessary because they are a rich source of minerals.
5. “Dal Bhat” – दाल भाट (Dāla Bhāṭa)
Dal Bhat is a combination of rice (bhat) and lentil soup (dal) eaten with various side dishes. It is a favorite Nepalese cuisine. The dal is yellow or black, depending on the lentils used.
The side dishes are a vegetable curry called tarkari, spicy chutneys, and a crisp flatbread called papadamu. Some other side dishes are South Asian achaar pickles and stir-fried greens. Slices of tomatoes, cucumbers, and onions are also the most typical side dishes.
Dal Bhat is a traditional vegetarian dish; however, you can make it with meat or fish.
6. “Pulao” – पुलाओ (Pulao)
Pulao is a popular vegetable meal in Nepal, and it is made of rice, as in many other Asian countries. It is a popular meal in Nepal; travelers and residents enjoy it.
Rice is an important staple food in many Nepalese recipes. Vegetable pulao, in particular, is a fried rice dish with vegetables that you will find all over Nepal. Turmeric and cumin give mildly seasoning to the rice dish.
Moreover, you can serve this Nepali vegetable dish with everything from yogurt to papadams. The delicate aromas of the fragrant rice make the meal a popular choice for social gatherings around the country.
Explore More About Nepal And Its Language With Ling App!
Vegetable names have given your Nepali vocabulary a boost. It is not, however, the time to stop studying! You must know grammar, essential words, date, time, greetings, slang, and other topics. You do not even need to hunt for a website or a course to do so. All of the materials are accessible on the Ling App.
Ling is a language learning app with information in more than 60 languages. With a simple design, multiple blog posts, and language suggestions all available for free, Ling has concocted a winning formula. You can study any official language at Ling, whether Hindi, Nepali, or Punjabi.
You can learn more about the culture associated with the language. So, get the app, download it, and start learning Nepali right away! Read about “Nepali transportation vocabulary” and “colors in Nepali” in these posts to explore the Nepali language further.