5 Types Of Malayalam Pronouns – Amazing Grammar Guide

November 12, 2021

Are you interested in learning the Malayalam language? To understand the language, learn Malayalam pronouns, and get a strong grip on Malayalam grammar.

Malayalam is a Dravidian language that is native to the Indian state of Kerala. Also, it is one of the Dravidian languages termed agglutinative language. It is necessary to understand Malayalam grammar and pronouns if you want to learn the Malayalam language. In this inclusive Malayalam lesson by Ling App, we will cover pronouns in Malayalam.   

 

Malayalam Pronouns And Literature

In the lesson on Malayalam pronouns, some of the words are similar to Sanskrit words. Like Malayalam, other Dravidian languages also have a touch of Tamil and Sanskrit in their literature. Moreover, Malayalam literature has a polite way of writing.

For example, the words, sentences, and other common forms are not difficult to understand. Generally speaking, people offer great respect to the legends, which explain the formal and informal form of Malayalam literature well.  

 

Understanding Malayalam Pronouns And Types Of Pronouns

In a sentence, a pronoun refers to the word that can replace a noun. For example, Jack eats food because he is hungry. In this sentence, He is a pronoun. There are many types of pronouns like the possessive pronoun, singular pronoun, objective pronoun, etc. Some of the important types of pronouns are below.

1. Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are pronouns used to refer to people and animals. “It, they, I, you, he, she, and they” are some of the pronouns that we use to refer to Personal pronouns. Moreover, some examples of Personal pronouns using many words in word order sentences are below.

EnglishPronunciationMalayalam
They cooked chicken.avar cikkan pākaṁ ceytuഅവർ ചിക്കൻ പാകം ചെയ്തു
I love to play.enikk kaḷikkān iṣṭamāṇഎനിക്ക് കളിക്കാൻ ഇഷ്ടമാണ്
He is going.avan pēākukayāṇaഅവൻ പോകുകയാണ്

First Person, Second Person, Third Person

The first, second, and third person is a way of explaining the point of view. The first person is a speaker who talks about himself. The first person is I, we, etc. The person addressed is the Subject of the second-person point of view. It is the "you" who is known as the second person. 

The person who we discuss is the Subject of the third-person point of view. He, him, his, she, themselves, they, their, and themselves are all third-person pronouns.

Case suffix, pronouns are two words or vowels that follow and affix to prior words. For example, “I, me, and my” are first-person and suffixes pronouns, while "they" are third-person plural suffix pronouns. 

Cases Of Personal Pronoun

The case of the pronoun determines which pronoun to use. There are three main causes of personal pronouns. One is the Nominative case, and the other cases are the objective and possessive case. 

Nominative Case 

The Subjective case or Nominative Case refers to the pronoun used as Subject. When the pronoun is the subject, the nominative case (also known as the subjective case) is employed, which includes I, us, you, he, she, it, and them.

Possessive Case

The possessive case refers to the pronoun used to indicate ownership. An example of a possessive case is, the kids are yours and mine. It is a sentence of a possessive case.

Objective Case 

The object pronouns case, which includes me, us, you, him, her, it, and them, is used when the pronoun serves as the object. Accusative cases and Dative cases are the types of objective cases. 

2. Possessive Pronouns

It is a pronoun that is related to the ownership or relationship. Following are the possessive pronouns. Some other Pronouns are below.

EnglishPronunciationMalayalam
Mineenṟētഎന്റേത്
Yourstāṅkaḷuṭeതാങ്കളുടെ
Hisaddēhattinṟeഅദ്ദേഹത്തിന്റെ
Hersavaḷuṭeഅവളുടെ
Theirsavaruṭeഅവരുടെ
Oursnam'muṭētനമ്മുടേത്

3. Subjective Pronoun

The subjective pronoun refers to the subject. The person who is going to do the act is a Subjective pronoun. In any form of a tense, even two words spoken in future tense explain the meaning of other words in an example of subjective pronoun. For example, she will have a meal because she is hungry. In this sentence, She is a Subjective pronoun.  

EnglishPronunciationMalayalam
HeAvanഅവൻ
Sheavaḷ  അവൾ
ItAtഅത്
Youniṅṅaḷനിങ്ങൾ
IAi
TheyAvarഅവർ
Weñaṅṅaḷഞങ്ങൾ

4. Objective Pronouns

An object pronoun is a personal pronoun commonly used as a grammatical object, such as a verb's direct or indirect object. Some of the objective pronouns are below.

EnglishPronunciationMalayalam
MeEnneഎന്നെ
Youniṅṅaḷനിങ്ങൾ
Himavaneഅവനെ
ItAtഅത്
TheyAvarഅവർ

5. Singular And Plural Pronouns

Singular pronouns are used in place of singular nouns, while plural pronouns take the place of plural nouns. Some singular and plural pronouns are below. 

EnglishPronunciationMalayalam
Someoneāreṅkiluṁആരെങ്കിലും
Anyoneārkkuṁആർക്കും
SomethingEntēāഎന്തോ
Ourselvesnam'mettanneനമ്മെത്തന്നെ

 

Learn The Malayalam Language With Ling App

As you know, language learning is a bit of time taking process. To make your time utilize the right way, Simya Solution's Ling App is here to help. As Ling App is a language learning platform, it provides Malayalam language lessons free of cost.

Malayalam Pronouns

So, if you want to know the verbs, noun phrases, and other complicated possessive forms of Malayalam, you can learn the Malayalam language with the Ling app. For instance, learn and speak Malayalam like a native by reading "Malayalam words and phrases" and "Basic greetings in Malayalam" blog posts.

Start learning Malayalam for free now

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