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Learn 20+ Useful Korean Prepositions Easily

December 11, 2021

Are you interested in learning all of the Korean prepositions? Do you know some prepositions but cannot make sentences with more? Do your sentences always feel incomplete because you have not used the proper prepositions? Well, if that's the case, then worry no more. In this blog, we will walk you through all the essential Korean prepositions you need to know and use while making sentences, so let the learning begin. 시작 (sijag)!!!

 

Korean Language

Korean is the official language of South Korea and North Korea. It is a language of Asian heritage and is quite different from languages of Latin origin, for instance, English. Many people want to learn Korean because of K-pop and K-dramas. K-pop engages youth from all over the world in creative ways.

Different brands upload vlogs regularly, and a lot of effort is put into the direction and composition of the vlogs and songs to make them creative and appealing to people. The Korean language sounds different, but it becomes easier to study the language once the basics are learned.

 

Korean Grammar

Grammar in Korean is relatively different from English in its sentence structure and the words in a sentence. There are different rules for other words, but the basic sentence structure in Korean follows the SOV (Subject-object-verb) order.

 

Korean Prepositions

Prepositions refer to the words/ phrases that connect different nouns within a sentence. For instance, in the sentence "The cat is on the table," the cat and the table are nouns and the word "on" provides a connection between both and is a preposition. Preposition tells about the position of a noun if it's under, over, above, or beneath, etc.

Instead of using the word prepositions in Korean, "postposition" is used. This is because these specific words are used after the words to change them. The word "pre" means "before," and the word "post" refers to "after" in English. As the words are placed in front of the other words, they are called Postpositions in Korean. Prepositions are called 조사 (josa) in Korean.

Like English prepositions, Korean prepositions link nouns, pronouns, and other phrases. Korean phrases are slightly different from English phrases. The preposition for three words (세 단어) cannot be found in English. The same is the case with the postposition for two words (두 단어).

Example

The sentence "cat is on the table" is "고양이가 테이블 위에 있다." In this sentence, 고양이가 refers to the cat, 테이블 means table, 위에 is the word for the preposition "on" in Korean and 있다 refers to the state of being. Since the word describing the cat is placed after the table therefore it is called a postposition.

"위에 보다 많은" (wi e bo da manh eun) means "more than /above." Two phrases can be taken out of this 보다 많은 (bo da manh eun) and 보다 위에 (bo da wie), which more or less means the same thing. These are used to indicate that a certain thing is better than the other. It could be both in terms of quantity or quality.

Object Of Preposition

There are different words as well as phrases which each preposition introduces. Those are called the objects of prepositions. Postpositions are written after the object of prepositions (or postpositions in this case). It is not a rigid word order and can be changed when needed but generally, it is the most commonly used word order.

Example

Taking the same example as mentioned above, "table" will be the object of a preposition. In the phrase "테이블 위에" the postposition is used after the object of a preposition.

"에 대한/에 관한 - e dae han e gwan han" are the prepositions for "about." The sentence 생활에 관한 학문적 자료 means "Academic data on life." The postposition 에 관한 (on/ about) is placed after the object of prepositions, i.e., 생활 (life).

 

Some Korean Prepositions

Check the table below to get a complete list of all the Korean prepositions.

Korean PrepositionsRomanized HangulEnglish Translations
에 대한e daehanFor
eAt
저편에jeopyeon-eOn The Other Side
으로euloAt
으로euloBy
동안dong-anDuring/ For
아래에alaeeUnder
앞에ap-eBefore
너머neomeoBeyond
뒤떨어져dwitteol-eojyeo(Lagging) Behind
보다 아래에boda alaeeBelow
eTo
에도 불구하고edo bulguhagoDespite
아래로alaeloUnder
로써losseoAs
전에jeon-eBefore
하지만hajimanHowever
가운데gaundeMiddle
yagApproximately
옆에yeop-eNext
사이에saieBetween
보다 많은boda manh-eunMore
밑에mit-eUnder
를 위해leul wihaeFor
건너서geonneoseoAcross
로써losseoAs
그러나geuleonaBut
뒤에dwieBehind
에서eseoAt
anNot
제외하고je-oehagoExcept
에 의해e uihaeBy
사이에saieBetween
부터buteoFrom
에 관한e gwanhanTo About
주위에juwieAround
가로질러galojilleoAcross
반대하여bandaehayeoAgainst
처럼cheoleomLike
뒤에dwieBehind
보다 위에boda wieAbove
후에hueLater
까지kkajiTill
eTo
향하여hyanghayeoTowards
아래에alaeeUnder
이후ihuAfter
외부에oebueOutside
uiOf
와 다른wa daleunDifferent From
위쪽으로wijjog-euloUpwards
(위)에(wi)e(Above
이래ilaeSince
을 빙 돌아eul bing dol-aRound
겉에geot-eOutside
보다bodaSee
내부에naebueInside
이내에inaeeWithin
gagEach
을 돌아eul dol-aRound
에서 멀리eseo meolliFar From
맞은편에maj-eunpyeon-eOpposite
바깥쪽에bakkatjjog-eOn The Outside
안에an-eIn
위에wieAbove
더하기deohagiPer
통해tonghaeThrough
와 함께wa hamkkeWith
loAs
를 통해leul tonghaeThrough The
이 없으면i eobs-eumyeonWithout
멀리meolliFar
와 거리가 먼wa geoliga meonFar From
안에an-eIn
내부에naebueInside
다음에da-eum-eNext Time
바깥쪽에bakkatjjog-eOn The Outside
의 밖에ui bakk-eOutside
을 제외하고eul je-oehagoExcept
경우하여gyeong-uhayeoBy Case
또한 -ttohan -In Addition -
때문에ttaemun-eBecause
아주 가까이에서aju gakkaieseoVery Close
때문에ttaemun-eBecause
대신daesinInstead
에 가까운e gakkaunClose To
거의geouiAlmost
hanOne
바로옆에baloyeop-eRight Next To
에 앞서e apseoPrior To
없이eobs-iWithout
에 따라e ttalaBased On
와 달리wa dalliUnlike
까지kkajiTill
위로wiloConsolation
이것igeosThis
그것geugeosThat
이것들igeosdeulThese
그것들geugeosdeulThose
의 앞쪽에/ 앞에ui apjjog-e(ap-e)In Front Of
에도 불구하고edo bulguhagoDespite
대신(대표)하여daesin(daepyo)hayeoOn Behalf Of
위에wieAbove
지시 전치사jisi jeonchisaDirective Preposition
게다가gedagaBesides
일 뿐 아니라il ppun anilaNot Only
먼저meonjeoFirst
까지kkajiTill
마찬가지로machangajiloLikewise
에 대하여e daehayeoAbout
dangPer
다음da-eumNext
uiOf
에서 가까이eseo gakkaiClose to
왼쪽oenjjogLeft
오른쪽oleunjjogRight
대조적으로daejojeog-euloIn Contrast

 

K-Pop Corner

The easiest way to learn Korean is by watching Korean dramas and music videos by K-pop. There are different words that can be learned from those songs to form sentences. Here is a table for you with prepositions used in songs so that you can learn while having fun:

Korean SentencesEnglish TranslationsArtistSong NamePreposition Used
왼쪽 가슴이 너무 아파
oenjjog gaseum-i neomu apa
My left chest hurts so muchK.Will왼쪽 가슴 (Left Heart)왼쪽 (Left)
바람처럼 이 먼지처럼
balamcheoleom i meonjicheoleom
Like the wind, like this dustLee Hi내 사랑 (My Love)처럼 (like)
위에만 바라보다
wieman balaboda
Look up onlyPark Ji Hoon위에만 ( 바라보다 (Look up only)위에 (up)
오른쪽 주머니 속에 있었네 너의 온기가
oleunjjog jumeoni sog-e iss-eossne neoui ongiga
It was in my right pocket, your warmthJ.Shark오른쪽 주머니 (Right Pocket)오른쪽 (Right)
천일동안 난 우리의 사랑이 영원할 거라 믿어왔었던거죠
cheon-ildong-an nan uliui salang-i yeong-wonhal geola mid-eowass-eossdeongeojyo
For a thousand days, I believed our love would last foreverLee Seung Hwan천일동안 (For a thousand days)동안 (For/ During)

위 아래 위 위 아래 위 아래 위 위 아래
wi alae wi wi alae wi alae wi wi alae
up down up up down up down up down up top downEXID위 아래 (Up and Down)위 아래 (Up and Down)
나 어디론가 멀리멀리
na eodilonga meollimeolli
I'm somewhere far awayG.Soul멀리멀리 (Far far away)멀리 (far)

너 없이 나 멀리멀리
neo eobs-i na meollimeolli
Without you far awayG.Soul멀리멀리 (Far far away)멀리 (far)

나 혼자 여기 멀리
na honja yeogi meolli

I'm alone here. Far...
G.Soul멀리멀리 (Far far away)멀리 (far)

하지만 너를 사랑하고 있어
hajiman neoleul salanghago iss-eo
But I love youSG Wannabe하지만 (But)하지만 (But)

 

Wrapping Up

Korean Prepositions

I hope by now you must be able to make Korean sentences using prepositions in Korean. You can use these prepositions in your everyday conversation. If you want to speak Korean like a native, then make sure to check out blogs on Ling App by Simya Solutions. We also have a blog for How To Ask Questions In Korean and Directions In Korean.

Ling App has countless ways of learning Korean and other languages. You can take any course and get access to outstanding lessons. Every lesson is carefully designed and compiled by professional native speakers to provide the most accurate information.

Happy Learning!

 

 

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