In most of the country, the new year represents new beginnings and new hope. Most New Year celebrations include family gatherings, exchange gifts, and of course, greeting and wishing good fortune and good luck to people around you.
In this blog, we will learn some Korean New Year greetings that you can use to greet your Korean friends. We will also learn some New Year's traditions in Korean culture, traditional food, and different places in South Korea where you can spend your New Year. You will also learn some New Year-related Korean words and phrases as well as different New Year's resolutions in the Korean language.
Common, let's discover how Koreans celebrate New Year.
Before anything else, we should learn that Koreans celebrate two new years that are based on the Lunar Calendar and Solar Calendar. The first one is 신정 (Sinjeong) which is the Korean Solar New Year and the 설날 (Seollal), which is the Korean Lunar New Year.
The Korean Solar New Year is celebrated on January 1st. Koreans do not celebrate 신정 (Sinjeong) as grand as 설날 (Seollal) or the Lunar New Year's Day. However, families and close friends still gather on the New Year's eve of 신정 (Sinjeong) to welcome the new year.
During 신정 (Sinjeong), Koreans usually attend the traditional Bell Ceremony (보신각타종행사) in Bosingak (보신각) located in Seoul. This bell has a rich history because it was in the center of the castle during the Joseon dynasty (조선시대). But, in this modern time, they do not use the original anymore; instead, they use a replica to preserve the original one.
Did you know that during the Korean Lunar New Year, every Korean ages a year older? This is just one of the interesting things about Korean culture. In South Korea, history books have records of Koreans celebrating 설날 (Seollal) as early as 488 during the Silla Kingdom. 설날 (Seollal) is held during late January (or early February), based on the moon's monthly cycles. The holiday usually lasts for three days: the day before, which is the preparation, the actual day, and the day after.
During 설날 (Seollal), the whole family gathers to celebrate the new year. There are lots of people going home to their families so expect heavy traffic situations during this time. It is one of the grandest celebrations in Korean culture, and the colorful traditions will really amaze you.
During 설날 (Seollal), Koreans pay respect to their ancestor through ancestral rituals called 차례 (Charye). They set out food in front of the pictures, names, or tablets of the deceased. By bowing deeply to these tablets, shows how Koreans pay respect to their ancestors.
The most important part of Korean New Year is the 세배 (Sebae), where younger family members wish their elders good fortune and stay healthy for the coming year. In 세배 (Sebae), Koreans kneel on the ground and bow deeply, touching their hands to the ground. Remember, in Korea, and younger people must bow deeply as a sign of respect and wish them a happy new year.
After the younger people give their respect, elders will provide words of wisdom and wishes. For example, elders usually say, "I hope you maintain good health this year" or 'I hope you get married this year." Then, they will give 세뱃돈 (sebaetdon) or money to the youngers, which is often given through an envelope.
After the rituals, families will eat 떡국 (Tteokguk), which adds one year to their age.
On Seollal, everyone ages by one year, and the procedure wasn't complete until you ate a bowl of tteokguk. Teeokguk (rice cake soup) filling soup. It is cooked with disc-shaped rice cakes in a broth.
만두국 (Manduguk) is also a delicious soup, but it is made up of homemade mandu.
전(Jeon) is a Korean pancake. There are different kinds of 전( Jeon) that are served during New Year's Day, like kimchi jeon, buchujeon (garlic chive), and saengseon jeon (fish).
The Korean glass noodles or 잡채 (Japchae) are present on most special occasions. The flavorful taste of 잡채 (Japchae) makes it perfect as a light and healthy appetizer.
One of the most popular Korean recipes is galbi-jjim, or braised beef short ribs. It's a dish cooked with beef short ribs that are frequently served on special occasions. It's a traditional Korean cuisine for special occasions like Chuseok, New Year's Day (Seollal), or family birthdays, but you may cook it for any occasion or as a weekend supper.
수정과SuJeongGwa or Korean Cinnamon Punch is a popular traditional drink consumed in South Korea's festive and big holidays such as New Year and Thanksgiving. It's thought to aid digestion, which is why it's frequently provided after eating Korean BBQ at a restaurant.
Sikhye or rice punch is also a traditional sweet Korean made that is served during the festive holidays. It is made of fermented malt and rice, and it is often served as a dessert in restaurants.
South Korea is already a beautiful place, even on ordinary days. But, it can turn more beautiful and grand during the biggest holidays and celebrations in Korea. As Koreans also celebrate the Christmas season, Korea, especially the big cities like Seoul and Busan, is covered with sparkly lights to make you feel the holiday spirit. So, if you want to spend New Year in Korea, here are things that you can consider.
Celebrations are not complete without heartwarming greetings. After learning about the Korean New Year and the traditions behind it, let us now learn some Korean New Year greetings that you can say to your friends and family.
The formal form of the Korean language is used for elders and for people who are in a higher social hierarchy; thank you. It is used in formal situations, and you should always remember that Koreans strictly follow their politeness level. You should study this and keep this in mind to avoid offending someone.
The first among the Korean New Year greetings that we will learn is 새해 복 많이 받으십시오 (Saehae Bok Mani Badeusipsio). This greeting is made of 새해 (saehae) which means "new year," 복 (bok) means "luck," 많이 (mani), means many, and 십시오 (sipsio), which is the extra formal version of the word 받다 (batda) which means "to receive."
This form of Korean greetings can be used in cards and spoken greetings. If you notice the words used in this Korean new year greetings, you can imply that wishing someone good luck is important for Koreans. A new year symbolizes a new beginning and a fresh start. It encourages a person to do better than the previous year.
The standard Korean is used in most situations. This form of Korean language is not too formal and not informal either. You'll notice that Koreans add the word 요 (yo) in the end to make it sound polite.
The first standard Korean New Year greetings that we will learn is 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (Saehae Bok Mani Badeuseyo). It is the same as the previous one, but it uses the honorific form of the word 받다 (batda), which is 받으세요 (Badeuseyo) to sound polite.
Another Korean New Year greetings that you should learn is 행복한 새해 되세요 (Haengbokan Saehae Doeseyo) which means "Have a happy New Year!". Wishing someone happiness is a nice thing to do. We all want to be happy in our lives. Because of our struggles, some people hope the next year will be different from the previous year. It is an opportunity for them to reimagine their lives.
The informal form of the Korean language is only used for people that are close to you, like your friends, boyfriends, or girlfriends. But sometimes, people in a relationship, especially those who just started, prefer it to be polite with each other. Informal Koreans should not be used in formal situations, especially when you're talking to elders.
The last Korean greetings that we will learn is 새해 복 많이 받아 (Saehae Bok Mani Bada). It is the same as the first two greetingS. The only difference is it doesn't contain honorifics to make it polite. It just uses the word 받다 (batda), making it informal.
After learning the Korean New Year greetings, there are also holiday greetings that you can use. You can add it after the Korean New Year greetings that you have learned above to make it sound more sincere. Remember that the 신정 (Sinjeong) or Korean Solar New Year is just a week later than Christmas, so you can still feel the holiday season in Korea. So, here are other Korean New Year greetings that you can consider.
English Translation: Enjoy the holidays!
English Translation: Happy holidays!
English Translation: See you next year!
English Translation: Have a great winter vacation!
|체육관에 더 많이 가기로 했어요||cheyukgwane deo mani gagiro haesseoyo||I plan to go to the gym more often.|
|살을 빼기로 했어요||sareul ppaegiro haesseoyo||I plan to lose weight.|
|나는 규칙적으로 운동 할 거예요||naneun gyuchikjeogeuro undong hal geoyeyo||I will exercise regularly.|
|나는 담배를 끊을 거예요||naneun dambaereul kkeuneul geoyeyo||I will quit smoking|
|나는 술을 줄일 거예요||naneun sureul juril geoyeyo||I will drink less alcohol|
|나는 식습관을 바꿀 거예요||naneun sikseupgwaneul bakkul geoyeyo||I will change my eating habits.|
|나는 새로운 취미를 가질 거예요||naneun saeroun chwimireul gajil geoyeyo||I will take up a new hobby.|
|나는 책을 자주 읽을 거예요||naneun chaegeul jaju ilgeul geoyeyo||I will read more often.|
|나는 새로운 곳을 여행 할 거예요||naneun saeroun goseul yeohaeng hal geoyeyo||I will travel to new places.|
|나는 돈을 저금 할 거예요||naneun doneul jeogeum hal geoyeyo||I will save money.|
|나는 텔레비전 보는 것을 줄일 거예요||naneun tellebijeon boneun geoseul juril geoyeyo||I will watch less TV.|
|나는 더 부지런 해 질거예요||naneun deo bujireon hae jilgeoyeyo||I will be more diligent.|
|나는 자원 봉사를 할 거예요||naneun jawon bongsareul hal geoyeyo||I will volunteer.|
|나는 새로운 직업을 가질 거예요||naneun saeroun jigeobeul gajil geoyeyo||I will get a new job.|
|나는 남자 친구를 사귈 거예요||naneun namja chingureul sagwil geoyeyo||I will get a boyfriend|
|나는 여자 친구를 사귈 거예요||naneun yeoja chingureul sagwil geoyeyo||I will get a girlfriend|
|나는 가족과 함께 더 많은 시간을 보낼 거예요||naneun gajokgwa hamkke deo maneun siganeul bonael geoyeyo||I will spend more time with my family.|
|새해 첫날||saehae cheonnal||New Years Day|
|섣달 그믐||seotdal geumeum||New Years Eve|
|구정 음식||gujeong eumsik||New Year's meal|
|연말 연시||yeonmal yeonsi||New Year's Holiday|
|카운트 다운||kaunteu daun||countdown|
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