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5+ Easy Ways To Tell Date And Time In Korean

February 4, 2022

Would you be able to tell someone the exact date and time in Korean? In this blog, we will walk you through the easiest and most interesting ways how you can express these pertinent pieces of information like a real native speaker. After all, it is impossible not to find an opportunity to talk about this topic, right? If that sits well with you, then let's start learning.

Traditional Korean Calendar

Before we get into the details about the date and time in Korean, we would like to enlighten you slightly about the traditional Korean calendar. The word for the Korean calendar is 단군 (dangun).

The Korean people have a traditional calendar, a Lunisolar calendar, and thus is based on the movements of the sun and moon. Since Korean people have lived with Chinese people in the past, the language is widely spoken in various regions across the country. For this reason, there is no surprise why the two cultures are so unique yet so the same. One such similarity is also manifested in the calendars.

It is essential to know about the traditional calendar because many cultural festivals today are celebrated in Korea based on this calendar. The influence of this seems to be wavering off, but the older generation still takes these things quite seriously.

Each month in the Korean culture is associated with an animal. It is generally believed in South Korea that if a person is born on a particular day, they possess the qualities of the animal of their month.

Let's learn the months in the Korean Calendar:

MonthMonthHangulRomanization
First MonthTiger Month호랑이달holang-idal
Second MonthRabbit Month토끼달tokkidal
Third MonthDragon Month용달yongdal
Forth MonthSnake Month뱀달baemdal
Fifth MonthHorse Month말달maldal
Sixth MonthSheep Month양달yangdal
Seventh MonthMonkey Month원숭이달wonsung-idal
Eighth MonthRooster Month닭달dalgdal
Ninth MonthDog Month개달gaedal
Tenth MonthPig Month돼지달dwaejidal
Eleventh MonthRat Month쥐달jwidal
Twelvth MonthOx Month소달sodal

Telling Date In Korean

Days Of The Week

The word for day in Korean is 일 (il). Therefore, the seven days of the week in the Korean language are as follows:

KoreanRomanizationEnglish
월요일wol-yoilMonday
화요일hwayoilTuesday
수요일suyoilWednesday
목요일mog-yoilThursday
금요일geum-yoilFriday
토요일toyoilSaturday
일요일il-yoilSunday
주말jumalWeekend

Counter Words For The Days

The measure word or counter of the day in Korean is the same as the word for the day 일 (il). However, there is no such formula to say all the months in Korean. Some are random like 이틀 (iteur) for two days and 일순 (il-sun) for ten days. However, a general formula to understand this is "Sino-Korean Numbers+ 일."

Let's see how to tell about the period of days of the week:

EnglishKorean CountingRomanization
One day언젠가eonjenga
Two days이 + 틀i + teul
Three days삼 + 일sam + il
Four days나 + 흘na + heul
Five days오 + 일o + il
Six days육 + 일yug + il
Seven days칠 + 일chil + il
Eight days팔 + 일pal + il
Nine days구 + 일gu + il
Ten days일순ilsun
Eleven days십일 + 일sib-il + il
Twelve days십이 + 일sib-i + il

Months In The Korean Language

Just like the gregorian calendar, there are twelve months in Korean. However, the writing and learning of the months are super easy because of a unique formula. The Korean people tend to use a sino-Korean number with the word for month 월 (wol) to indicate its month.

For example, the first month is January, and therefore, it is called 1월 (1-wol) or 일월 (il-wol). Here is a list of all the months in the Korean language:

MonthsKorean WordsRomanized HangulEnglish Translations
1월일월il-wolJanuary
2월이월iwolFebruary
3월삼월sam-wolMarch
4월사월sawolApril
5월오월owolMay
6월유월yuwolJune
7월칠월chil-wolJuly
8월팔월pal-wolAugust
9월구월guwolSeptember
10월시월siwolOctober
11월십일월sib-il-wolNovember
12월십이월sib-iwolDecember

Special Pronunciation

Have you ever heard Koreans say a word that might sound wrong because the same word seems to have a different pronunciation? Let us tell you a secret. The native speakers do not pronounce each month in the same manner as the native speaker writes them.

This could be an example of how the written Korean text is different from the usual speech of Koreans. Here is a table for you to understand how each month is pronounced in Korean:

MonthsPronunciations
January(이뤌)
February(이월)
March(사뭘)
April(사월)
May(오월)
June(유월)
July(치뤌)
August(파뤌)
September(구월)
October(시월)
November(시비뤌)

Korean Words For Counting Months

In the Korean language, there are different measure words for each item. Unlike the English language, in which only "a" and "an" are used to give an idea about the number of the items, the Korean language has a specific particle for each word.

The counter or measure word for the month in Korean is 개 (gae). You can use this formula to talk about the number of months "Sino-Korean Numbers+개 (gae)+월". Let's see how to write each month in Korean with its counter word:

PeriodKorean CountingRomanized Hangul
One month일 + 개 + 월il + gae + wol
Two months이 + 개 + 월i + gae + wol
Three months삼 + 개 + 월sam + gae + wol
Four months사 + 개 + 월sa + gae + wol
Five months오 + 개 + 월o + gae + wol
Six months유 + 개 + 월yu + gae + wol
Seven months칠 + 개 + 월chil + gae + wol
Eight months팔 + 개 + 월pal + gae + wol
Nine months구 + 개 + 월gu + gae + wol
Ten months시 + 개 + 월si + gae + wol
Eleven months십일 + 개 + 월sib-il + gae + wol
Twelve months십이 + 개 + 월sib-i + gae + wol

Years In Korean

The word for the year in Korean is 년도 (nyeondo), and its plural is 연령 (yeonlyeong).

Here is some useful vocabulary about the term year in Korean:

EnglishHangulRomanization
Last year작년jagnyeon
This year올해olhae
Next year내년naenyeon
Yearly매년maenyeon
Annually매년maenyeon
That year그 해geu hae
This year올해olhae
New Year새해saehae
Every year매년maenyeon

Telling Time In Korean

To tell the time in Korean, you need to know some essential words. For example, the word for an hour is 시 (si), a minute is 잠시 (jamsi) and a second is 초 (cho).

Counting Hours

Since there are 24 hours a day, let's learn how to count each:

EnglishHangulRomanized Hangul
One hour한 시간han sigan
Two hours두 시간du sigan
Three hours세 시간se sigan
Four hours4 시간4sigan
Five hours다섯 시간daseos sigan
Six hours여섯 시간yeoseos sigan
Seven hours7 시간7sigan
Eight hours여덟 시간yeodeolb sigan
Nine hours9 시간9 sigan
Ten hours10 시간10 sigan
Eleven hours11 시간11 sigan
Twelve hours12 시간12 sigan
Thirteen hours13 시간13 sigan
Fourteen hours14 시간14 sigan
Fifteen hours15 시간15 sigan
Sixteen hours16 시간16 sigan
Seventeen hours17 시간17 sigan
Eighteen hours18 시간18 sigan
Nineteen hours19 시간19 sigan
Twenty hours20 시간20 sigan
Twenty-One hours21 시간21 sigan
Twenty-two hours22 시간22 sigan
Twenty-threehours23 시간23 sigan
Twenty-four hours24 시간24 sigan

To count the minutes and seconds, you can use a number with the Korean words, and you'll get your answer.

We have an entire blog on Telling time in Korean which you can check out to get in-depth information.

Useful Vocabulary

Since we are on the topic of date and time in Korean, we should give you a list of the most common and useful Korean words of South Korea. Let's dig in!

Korean WordsRomanized HangulEnglish Translations
과거gwageoPast
열개의yeolgaeuiDecade
더딘deodinTardy
자오선jaoseonMeridian
알람 시계allam sigyeAlarm Clock
계절gyejeolSeason
모래시계molaesigyeHourglass
기후gihuAfterward
물시계mulsigyeWater Clock
손 전에son jeon-eBefore Hand
메트로놈meteulonomChronometer
정시jeongsiOn-Time
시간대sigandaeTime Zone
연대기yeondaegiChronology
belBell
지연jiyeonDelay
취침 시간chwichim siganBedtime
밀리초millichoMillisecond
어스름eoseuleumTwilight
지금jigeumNow
연간yeonganAnnual
때늦은ttaeneuj-eunBelated
siO'clock
저녁jeonyeogEvening
해시계haesigyeSundial
그리니치 표준시geulinichi pyojunsiGreenwich Mean Time
윤년yunnyeonLeap Year
현재의hyeonjaeuiPresent
시계 얼굴sigye eolgulClock Face
태음월taeeum-wolLunar Month
야간yaganNighttime
이다idaAm
후에hueAfter
매일maeilEveryday
정오jeong-oNoon
오후 중반의ohu jungban-uiMidafternoon
주머니 시계jumeoni sigyePocket Watch
내일naeilTomorrow
윤초yunchoLeap Second
진자 시계jinja sigyePendulum Clock
디지털 시계dijiteol sigyeDigital Clock
두번째 손dubeonjjae sonSecond Hand
시간 외에sigan oeeOvertime
시계sigyeClock
어제eojeYesterday
오늘oneulToday
일광ilgwangDaylight
언제든지eonjedeunjiAnytime
정오jeong-oHigh Noon
작년jagnyeonYesteryear
국제 날짜 표시줄gugje naljja pyosijulInternational Date Line
달력 연도dallyeog yeondoCalendar Year
마이크로초maikeulochoMicrosecond
밀레니엄millenieomMillennium
일정iljeongSchedule
아침 나절achim najeolMidmorning
요일yoilDays Of The Week
자정jajeongMidnight
bamNight
오후ohuAfternoon
손목시계sonmogsigyeWristwatch
보다bodaWatch
bunMinute
시간표siganpyoTimetable
분침bunchimMinute Hand
일광ilgwangDaylight
이주일iju-ilFortnight
일찍iljjigEarly
전에jeon-eBefore
오늘 밤oneul bamTonight
세기segiCentury

Examples Using Korean Numbers

Korean ExamplesRomanized HangulEnglish Translation
당신의 생일은 언제입니까?dangsin-ui saeng-il-eun eonjeibnikka?When is your birthday?
내 생일은---nae saeng-il-eun---My birthday is on---
오늘 며칠이야?oneul myeochil-iya?What is the date today?
오늘은 ---oneul-eun ---Today is ---
한국어로 된 날짜 형식을 도와줄 수 있습니까?hangug-eolo doen naljja hyeongsig-eul dowajul su issseubnikka?Can you help me out with the date format in Korean?
한국어의 날짜 형식은 배우기 쉽습니다.hangug-eoui naljja hyeongsig-eun baeugi swibseubnida.The date format in the Korean language is easy to learn.
한국어에 달을 뜻하는 특별한 단어가 있나요?hangug-eoe dal-eul tteushaneun teugbyeolhan dan-eoga issnayo?Is there is a special word for months in Korean?
한국 달력으로 무엇을 하고 계십니까?hangug dallyeog-eulo mueos-eul hago gyesibnikka?What are you doing with a Korean calendar?
나는 날짜를 계산하고 있습니까?naneun naljjaleul gyesanhago issseubnikka?I am counting days?
요일 계산을 도와드릴까요?yoil gyesan-eul dowadeulilkkayo?Should I help you to count the days of the week?
공부하는 데 얼마나 시간이 필요합니까?gongbuhaneun de eolmana sigan-i pil-yohabnikka?How much time do you need to study?
공부하는데 1시간이 필요해요.gongbuhaneunde 1sigan-i pil-yohaeyo.I need an hour to study.
1월은 한국어로 뭐라고 할까요?1wol-eun hangug-eolo mwolago halkkayo?How should I say January in Korean?
1월은 한국어로 일월입니다.1wol-eun hangug-eolo il-wol-ibnida.January is 일월 in Korean.
어떤 달을 가장 좋아합니까?eotteon dal-eul gajang joh-ahabnikka?Which month do you like the most?
저는 12월을 가장 좋아합니다.jeoneun 12wol-eul gajang joh-ahabnida.I like December the most.
언제 일본에 갔습니까?eonje ilbon-e gassseubnikka?When did you go to japan?
나는 작년에 일본에 갔다.naneun jagnyeon-e ilbon-e gassda.I went to Japan last year.
14일은 무슨 뜻인가요?14il-eun museun tteus-ingayo?What does 14 일 mean?
14일은 14일을 의미합니다.14il-eun 14il-eul uimihabnida.14 일 means 14 days.
오늘 내 한국어에 대해 어떻게 생각해?oneul nae hangug-eoe daehae eotteohge saeng-gaghae?What do you think about my Korean today?
날짜를 쉽게 쓸 수 있을 것 같아요.naljjaleul swibge sseul su iss-eul geos gat-ayo.I think you can write dates easily.
날짜 형식을 아는 것이 중요합니까?naljja hyeongsig-eul aneun geos-i jung-yohabnikka?Is it important to know the date format?
한국에서 공부하거나 살기 위해서는 날짜 형식을 아는 것이 중요합니다.hangug-eseo gongbuhageona salgi wihaeseoneun naljja hyeongsig-eul aneun geos-i jung-yohabnida.It is important to know the date format if you want to study or live in Korea.
한국 날짜는 배우기 쉽습니까?hangug naljjaneun baeugi swibseubnikka?Are Korean dates easy to learn?
네, 한국 날짜는 배우기 쉽습니다.ne, hangug naljjaneun baeugi swibseubnida.Yes, Korean dates are easy to learn.
나는 날짜를 셀 수 있고 한국어를 읽을 수 있습니다.naneun naljjaleul sel su issgo hangug-eoleul ilg-eul su issseubnida.I can count days and read Korean.
한국에서 태어난 달은?hangug-eseo taeeonan dal-eun?Which Korean month were you born in?
태어난 달이 중요하다고 생각합니까?taeeonan dal-i jung-yohadago saeng-gaghabnikka?Do you think the month you were born matters?
이벤트 날짜를 어떻게 검색할 수 있습니까?ibenteu naljjaleul eotteohge geomsaeghal su issseubnikka?How can I search for any event's date?
달력에서 날짜를 검색하는 방법은 무엇입니까?dallyeog-eseo naljjaleul geomsaeghaneun bangbeob-eun mueos-ibnikka?How to search for a date in the calendar?

Important Dates in Korean

April 14 (14 일) is considered a black day in Korea. Did you ever think that you might get a day off (unofficially) to celebrate (more like cry-on) being single? Well, Korea never ceases to amaze anyone. In South Korea, a day off is celebrated by the single as a black day. People tend to eat their favorite Korean food but black noodles (jajangmyeon) are culturally more appropriate for this occasion.

This is like a treat that everyone gives themselves since they could not receive any present or surprise on Valentine's Day (February 14) and White Day (14ths March). Therefore, the white day is celebrated to reciprocate all the love received on Valentine's day in Korea.

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Date and Time in Korean

For more vocabulary in the Korean language, we suggest you check out Ling App by Simya Solutions. Ling App is a great place to start your journey of learning Korean. You can keep checking our latest posts which can help you enhance your knowledge about the Korean language. We also have a previous lesson about Cultural Festivals in Korea. Some other blogs which you should check out are the Things to know before going to Korea and your ultimate guide to the TOPIK test.

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