Essential Guide To 60+ Vegetables In French

Vegetables in French

It doesn’t matter if you’re interested in French cooking, cuisine, or recipes. It also doesn’t matter whether you’re a vegan (végétalien), vegetarian (végétarien), or omnivore (omnivore). Knowing French vocabulary will help you around the kitchen, the supermarket, or at French restaurants. Let’s get learning vegetables in French in this complete guide today!

Common Vegetables In French

Let’s begin with the French word for a vegetable which is un légume. However, in the French language, it’s more common to use the plural form, which would be des légumes. It’s important to note that the French language has gender rules for objects, including common vegetables.

  • le – masculine singular. Translates to the.
  • la – feminine singular. Translates to the.
  • les – plural for feminine and masculine. Translates to them.
  • un – masculine singular. Translates to a/an.
  • une – feminine singular. Translates to a/an.

For the French vegetables we’ll be listing below, both the singular and plural the plural form of each vegetable will be included. Also, the words for vegetables in French have been categorized to better help you, the reader, locate the French word you’re looking for.

Root Vegetables In French

The types of vegetables under this category include the buried treasures you might find just outside your home. Take a look at the translations below.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The beetrootLa betterave[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La betterave[/Speechword]Les betteraves[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les betteraves[/Speechword]
The black cuminLe cumin noir[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le cumin noir[/Speechword]
The carrotLa carotte[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La carotte[/Speechword]Les carottes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les carottes[/Speechword]
The celeryLe céleri[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le céleri[/Speechword]
The maca rootLa racine de maca[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La racine de maca[/Speechword]
The parsley rootLa racine de persil[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La racine de persil[/Speechword]
The parsnipLe panais[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le panais[/Speechword]Les panais[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les panais[/Speechword]
The radishLe radis[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le radis[/Speechword]Les radis[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les radis[/Speechword]
The rutabagaLe rutabaga[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le rutabaga[/Speechword]
The salsify rootLa racine de salsifis[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La racine de salsifis[/Speechword]
The swedeLe Suédois[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le Suédois[/Speechword]
The turnipLe navet[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le navet[/Speechword]Les navets[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les navets[/Speechword]
The yuccaLe yucca[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le yucca[/Speechword]

Tuber Vegetables In French

Tubers in French

This section will cover all those that grow underground, like potatoes.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The potatoLa pomme de terre[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La pomme de terre[/Speechword]Les pommes de terre[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les pommes de terre[/Speechword]
The sweet potatoLa patate douce[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La patate douce[/Speechword]Les patates douces[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les patates douces[/Speechword]
The cassavaLe manioc[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le manioc[/Speechword]
The Jerusalem artichokeLe topinambour[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le topinambour[/Speechword]Les topinambours[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les topinambours[/Speechword]
The yamL’igname[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’igname[/Speechword]Les ignames[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les ignames[/Speechword]
The taroLe taro[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le taro[/Speechword]
The ubeL’ube[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’ube[/Speechword]
The ullucoL’ulluco[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’ulluco[/Speechword]

Cruciferous “Green” Leafy Vegetables In French

Green leafy vegetables in French

Cruciferous veggies are those that are popular in the field of medicine due to their amazing benefits, including preventing serious conditions like cancer. Let’s get to know more about them in the table below.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The broccoliLe brocoli[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le brocoli[/Speechword]
The broccoliniLes brocolis[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les brocolis[/Speechword]Les brocolis[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les brocolis[/Speechword]
The cauliflowerLe chou-fleur[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le chou-fleur[/Speechword]
The romanescoLe romanesco[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le romanesco[/Speechword]
The artichokeL’artichaut[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’artichaut[/Speechword]Les artichauts[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les artichauts[/Speechword]
The choi sumLa somme choisie[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La somme choisie[/Speechword]
The agatiL’agati[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’agati[/Speechword]
The Asian pigeonwingLe pigeonnier asiatique[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le pigeonnier asiatique[/Speechword]
The lotusLe lotus[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le lotus[/Speechword]
The zucchiniLa courgette[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La courgette[/Speechword]Les courgettes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les courgettes[/Speechword]
The squash blossomLa fleur de courge[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La fleur de courge[/Speechword]La courgette fleurit[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La courgette fleurit[/Speechword]
The banana heart / blossomLe coeur de banane[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le coeur de banane[/Speechword]Les coeurs de banane[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les coeurs de banane[/Speechword]
The caperLa câpre[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La câpre[/Speechword]Les câpres[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les câpres[/Speechword]
The daylilyL’hémérocalle[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’hémérocalle[/Speechword]Les hémérocalles[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les hémérocalles[/Speechword]
The jade vineLa vigne de jade[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La vigne de jade[/Speechword]Les vignes de jade[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les vignes de jade[/Speechword]
The lorocoLe loroco[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le loroco[/Speechword]
The moringaLe moringa[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le moringa[/Speechword]Les moringas[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les moringas[/Speechword]

Fruit Or Vegetables In French

Tomato in French

These are items that often cause confusion and debate among people. Can you provide your thoughts on what you believe they are?

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The plantainLe plantain[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le plantain[/Speechword]Les plantains[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les plantains[/Speechword]
The pumpkinLa citrouille[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La citrouille[/Speechword]Les citrouilles[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les citrouilles[/Speechword]
The squashLa courge[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La courge[/Speechword]Les courges[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les courges[/Speechword]
The cucumberLe concombre[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le concombre[/Speechword]Les concombres[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les concombres[/Speechword]
The bell pepperLe poivron[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le poivron[/Speechword]Les poivrons[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les poivrons[/Speechword]
The tomatoLa tomate[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La tomate[/Speechword]Les tomates[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les tomates[/Speechword]
The tomatilloLa tomatille[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La tomatille[/Speechword]
The chiliLe piment[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le piment[/Speechword]Les piments[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les piments[/Speechword]
The okraLe gombo[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le gombo[/Speechword]
The chayote, chokoLa chayote[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La chayote[/Speechword]
The tindoraLa tindora[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La tindora[/Speechword]
The bitter melonLe melon amer[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le melon amer[/Speechword]Les melons amers[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les melons amers[/Speechword]
The fuzzy melonLe melon flou[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le melon flou[/Speechword]Les melons flous[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les melons flous[/Speechword]
The eggplantL’aubergine[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’aubergine[/Speechword]Les aubergines[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les aubergines[/Speechword]
The laukiLe lauki[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le lauki[/Speechword]

Fungi And Mushrooms In French

Mushrooms in French

Fungi and mushrooms are great for cooking because they have a unique flavor and texture that can enhance the taste of many dishes. They are also a good source of nutrients, such as B vitamins, and have been shown to have potential health benefits when consumed as part of a balanced diet.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The mushroomLe champignon[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le champignon[/Speechword]Les champignons[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les champignons[/Speechword]
The fungusLe champignon[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le champignon[/Speechword]Les champignons[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les champignons[/Speechword]
The champignonLe champignon[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le champignon[/Speechword]Les champignons[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les champignons[/Speechword]
The portobelloLe portobello[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le portobello[/Speechword]Les portobellos[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les portobellos[/Speechword]
The porciniLes cèpes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les cèpes[/Speechword]Les cèpes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les cèpes[/Speechword]
The girolleLa girolle[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La girolle[/Speechword]Les girolles[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les girolles[/Speechword]
The shiitakeLe shiitake[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le shiitake[/Speechword]
The milkcapLe bonnet de lait[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le bonnet de lait[/Speechword]Les laits[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les laits[/Speechword]
The morelLa morille[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La morille[/Speechword]Les morilles[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les morilles[/Speechword]
The changeable pholiotaLa pholiote changeante[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La pholiote changeante[/Speechword]Les pholiotes changeantes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les pholiotes changeantes[/Speechword]
The oyster mushroomLe pleurote[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le pleurote[/Speechword]Les pleurotes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les pleurotes[/Speechword]
The black trumpetLa trompette noire[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La trompette noire[/Speechword]Les trompettes noires[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les trompettes noires[/Speechword]
The enokiL’énoki[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’énoki[/Speechword]
The truffleLa truffe[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La truffe[/Speechword]Les truffes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les truffes[/Speechword]

Bulb Vegetables In French

Bulb herbs in French

Bulbs, such as onions and garlic, are good for cooking because they add flavor and depth to a wide range of dishes. They can be used raw or cooked, and can be diced, sliced, or minced to suit the needs of the recipe. In addition to their culinary uses, bulbs are also a good source of nutrients and have been shown to have potential health benefits when consumed as part of a balanced diet.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The garlicL’ail[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’ail[/Speechword]
The elephant garlicL’ail des éléphants[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’ail des éléphants[/Speechword]
The fennelLe fenouil[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le fenouil[/Speechword]
The common onionL’oignon commun[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’oignon commun[/Speechword]Les oignons communs[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les oignons communs[/Speechword]
The scallionL’échalote[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’échalote[/Speechword]Les oignons verts[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les oignons verts[/Speechword]
The pearl onionL’oignon perlé[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’oignon perlé[/Speechword]Les oignons perlés[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les oignons perlés[/Speechword]
The leekLe poireau[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le poireau[/Speechword]Les poireaux[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les poireaux[/Speechword]
The wild garlicL’ail sauvage[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’ail sauvage[/Speechword]
The ball-headed onionL’oignon à tête sphérique[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’oignon à tête sphérique[/Speechword]Les oignons à tête sphérique[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les oignons à tête sphérique[/Speechword]
The giant onionL’oignon géant[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’oignon géant[/Speechword]Les oignons géants[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les oignons géants[/Speechword]
The shallotL’échalote[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]L’échalote[/Speechword]Les échalotes[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les échalotes[/Speechword]
The chiveLa ciboulette[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La ciboulette[/Speechword]La ciboulette[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La ciboulette[/Speechword]
The kurratLe kurrat[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Le kurrat[/Speechword]Les Kurrats[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les Kurrats[/Speechword]
The water chestnutLa châtaigne d’eau[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]La châtaigne d’eau[/Speechword]Les châtaignes d’eau[Speechword voice=”French Male” isinline]Les châtaignes d’eau[/Speechword]

Traditional French Cuisine With Vegetables

Vegetables have always been a major ingredient of importance in French cooking. You can especially see this if you’re into French cooking shows (and you should watch those to help you learn French vegetable vocabulary.)

For example, some of the most famous French dishes are:

Coq Au Vin

This traditional dish is essentially braised chicken and mushrooms cooked in a red wine sauce. It’s sometimes flavored with garlic and provides a warm, hearty meal.


Ratatouille is known as a summer vegetable stew and is cooked with zucchini, bell peppers, eggplant, tomatoes, garlic, and fresh herbs. It’s very colorful and flavorful.

Boeuf Bourguignon

This is a French beef stew where the beef is braised in red wine. The stew is flavored with carrots, onions, and garlic and garnished with pearl onions, mushrooms, and yummy bacon. It’s usually served with mashed potatoes, grain, or pasta.

Quiche Lorraine

What’s the difference between a quiche and a quiche lorraine? They’re both French tarts; however, in addition to custard, cheese, meat, seafood, or vegetables, the quiche Lorraine includes lardons or bacon.

Escargots De Bourgogne

Snails! You may be squirming right now, but escargot is actually delicious. The snails are cooked in delicious butter and sometimes wine sauce. Garlic and fresh herbs may also be used to create one of the quintessentially French dishes.

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