Essential Guide To 60+ Vegetables In French

Vegetables in French

It doesn’t matter if you’re interested in French cooking, cuisine, or recipes. It also doesn’t matter whether you’re a vegan (végétalien), vegetarian (végétarien), or omnivore (omnivore). Knowing French vocabulary will help you around the kitchen, the supermarket, or at French restaurants. Let’s get learning vegetables in French in this complete guide today!

Common Vegetables In French

Let’s begin with the French word for a vegetable which is un légume. However, in the French language, it’s more common to use the plural form, which would be des légumes. It’s important to note that the French language has gender rules for objects, including common vegetables.

  • le – masculine singular. Translates to the.
  • la – feminine singular. Translates to the.
  • les – plural for feminine and masculine. Translates to them.
  • un – masculine singular. Translates to a/an.
  • une – feminine singular. Translates to a/an.

For the French vegetables we’ll be listing below, both the singular and plural the plural form of each vegetable will be included. Also, the words for vegetables in French have been categorized to better help you, the reader, locate the French word you’re looking for.

Root Vegetables In French

The types of vegetables under this category include the buried treasures you might find just outside your home. Take a look at the translations below.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The beetrootLa betteraveLes betteraves
The black cuminLe cumin noir
The carrotLa carotteLes carottes
The celeryLe céleri
The maca rootLa racine de maca
The parsley rootLa racine de persil
The parsnipLe panaisLes panais
The radishLe radisLes radis
The rutabagaLe rutabaga
The salsify rootLa racine de salsifis
The swedeLe Suédois
The turnipLe navetLes navets
The yuccaLe yucca

Tuber Vegetables In French

Tubers in French

This section will cover all those that grow underground, like potatoes.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The potatoLa pomme de terreLes pommes de terre
The sweet potatoLa patate douceLes patates douces
The cassavaLe manioc
The Jerusalem artichokeLe topinambourLes topinambours
The yamL’ignameLes ignames
The taroLe taro
The ubeL’ube
The ullucoL’ulluco

Cruciferous “Green” Leafy Vegetables In French

Green leafy vegetables in French

Cruciferous veggies are those that are popular in the field of medicine due to their amazing benefits, including preventing serious conditions like cancer. Let’s get to know more about them in the table below.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The broccoliLe brocoli
The broccoliniLes brocolisLes brocolis
The cauliflowerLe chou-fleur
The romanescoLe romanesco
The artichokeL’artichautLes artichauts
The choi sumLa somme choisie
The agatiL’agati
The Asian pigeonwingLe pigeonnier asiatique
The lotusLe lotus
The zucchiniLa courgetteLes courgettes
The squash blossomLa fleur de courgeLa courgette fleurit
The banana heart / blossomLe coeur de bananeLes coeurs de banane
The caperLa câpreLes câpres
The daylilyL’hémérocalleLes hémérocalles
The jade vineLa vigne de jadeLes vignes de jade
The lorocoLe loroco
The moringaLe moringaLes moringas

Fruit Or Vegetables In French

Tomato in French

These are items that often cause confusion and debate among people. Can you provide your thoughts on what you believe they are?

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The plantainLe plantainLes plantains
The pumpkinLa citrouilleLes citrouilles
The squashLa courgeLes courges
The cucumberLe concombreLes concombres
The bell pepperLe poivronLes poivrons
The tomatoLa tomateLes tomates
The tomatilloLa tomatille
The chiliLe pimentLes piments
The okraLe gombo
The chayote, chokoLa chayote
The tindoraLa tindora
The bitter melonLe melon amerLes melons amers
The fuzzy melonLe melon flouLes melons flous
The eggplantL’aubergineLes aubergines
The laukiLe lauki

Fungi And Mushrooms In French

Mushrooms in French

Fungi and mushrooms are great for cooking because they have a unique flavor and texture that can enhance the taste of many dishes. They are also a good source of nutrients, such as B vitamins, and have been shown to have potential health benefits when consumed as part of a balanced diet.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The mushroomLe champignonLes champignons
The fungusLe champignonLes champignons
The champignonLe champignonLes champignons
The portobelloLe portobelloLes portobellos
The porciniLes cèpesLes cèpes
The girolleLa girolleLes girolles
The shiitakeLe shiitake
The milkcapLe bonnet de laitLes laits
The morelLa morilleLes morilles
The changeable pholiotaLa pholiote changeanteLes pholiotes changeantes
The oyster mushroomLe pleuroteLes pleurotes
The black trumpetLa trompette noireLes trompettes noires
The enokiL’énoki
The truffleLa truffeLes truffes

Bulb Vegetables In French

Bulb herbs in French

Bulbs, such as onions and garlic, are good for cooking because they add flavor and depth to a wide range of dishes. They can be used raw or cooked, and can be diced, sliced, or minced to suit the needs of the recipe. In addition to their culinary uses, bulbs are also a good source of nutrients and have been shown to have potential health benefits when consumed as part of a balanced diet.

EnglishFrench TranslationPronunciationPlural FormPronunciation
The garlicL’ail
The elephant garlicL’ail des éléphants
The fennelLe fenouil
The common onionL’oignon communLes oignons communs
The scallionL’échaloteLes oignons verts
The pearl onionL’oignon perléLes oignons perlés
The leekLe poireauLes poireaux
The wild garlicL’ail sauvage
The ball-headed onionL’oignon à tête sphériqueLes oignons à tête sphérique
The giant onionL’oignon géantLes oignons géants
The shallotL’échaloteLes échalotes
The chiveLa cibouletteLa ciboulette
The kurratLe kurratLes Kurrats
The water chestnutLa châtaigne d’eauLes châtaignes d’eau

Traditional French Cuisine With Vegetables

Vegetables have always been a major ingredient of importance in French cooking. You can especially see this if you’re into French cooking shows (and you should watch those to help you learn French vegetable vocabulary.)

For example, some of the most famous French dishes are:

Coq Au Vin

This traditional dish is essentially braised chicken and mushrooms cooked in a red wine sauce. It’s sometimes flavored with garlic and provides a warm, hearty meal.


Ratatouille is known as a summer vegetable stew and is cooked with zucchini, bell peppers, eggplant, tomatoes, garlic, and fresh herbs. It’s very colorful and flavorful.

Boeuf Bourguignon

This is a French beef stew where the beef is braised in red wine. The stew is flavored with carrots, onions, and garlic and garnished with pearl onions, mushrooms, and yummy bacon. It’s usually served with mashed potatoes, grain, or pasta.

Quiche Lorraine

What’s the difference between a quiche and a quiche lorraine? They’re both French tarts; however, in addition to custard, cheese, meat, seafood, or vegetables, the quiche Lorraine includes lardons or bacon.

Escargots De Bourgogne

Snails! You may be squirming right now, but escargot is actually delicious. The snails are cooked in delicious butter and sometimes wine sauce. Garlic and fresh herbs may also be used to create one of the quintessentially French dishes.

Let Ling Plant The Seeds Of Knowledge Today!

Learn French with Ling app

Do you want to become fluent in French in just 10-15 minutes a day?

Then it’s time to check out the Ling app! It’s a fantastic resource for learning colors in French, how to ask how are you in French, and so much more.

Ling App provides high-quality lessons and features that will keep you coming back for more such as a chatbot that will make your pronunciation perfect, writing practice right on your phone, listening quizzes, vocabulary fun, conversation, grammar, and more! Help your mind grow stronger. Download Ling today on the PlayStore and the AppStore to start learning French!

Leave a Reply