4 Types Of Adverbs In Tagalog: A Painless Guide

Adverbs In Tagalog

Wondering how exactly to use the adverbs in Tagalog grammar or why there are different types of “pang-abay“? While this particular grammar point can be a bit overwhelming for English speakers, this post will walk you through the nitty-gritty details and give you comprehensive examples of how adverbs work in real Filipino sentences. So, if you are up for that, then let’s get right into the action.

It is not new for language learners to feel stuck when learning a different language. Others may find the alphabet or the pronunciation hard, but we can all agree that the most challenging part of learning is the grammar rules. You see, almost every language uses distinct patterns and has different rules to follow. Just take the case of the Tagalog adjectives (or pang-uri) and verbs (pandiwa) to see exactly how many forms it takes in a sentence!

If you are serious about learning the complexities of this Asian language, we highly recommend that you start by mastering an adverb. Adverbs are an important part of speech that aims to modify different parts of a language, such as verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Let’s review a few examples from the list below:

  • Sadyang marami ang gustong mangibang bansa. (Indeed, many wants to go to another country.)
  • Ang kendi na ito ay masyadong maasim para sa akin. (This candy is too sour for me.)
  • Dahan-dahan siyang lumakad papalayo (He slowly walked away.)
  • Nag-aaway na raw ang magkasintahan. (It is said that the partners are already arguing).
  • Nagkita sila ni Mark kanina. (She met Mark a while ago).

As you probably noticed, the adverbs worked just like in English and were used in the sentences to describe further an action. Also, using it enables you to make sure that the listener understands you and prevents communication breakdown.

Common Types Of Adverbs In Tagalog

The adverbs in Tagalog have different types, which are the same as English gramma: adverbs of time, place, manner, frequency. Allow us to discuss each further and give you a few examples of how it works.

tagalog adverbs adverbs in tagalog women talking

Pang-abay Na Pamanahon

This type of adverb describes the time when the action or something happened or will happen. the most common words that you can use for this one includes the following:

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Translation
everydayaraw-arawMark and I talk every day.Araw-araw kaming magkausap ni Mark.
agonakaraanWe saw each other last time.Nagkita kami nung nakaraan.
immediatelykaagadHe left the house immediately.Kaagad siyang umalis ng bahay.
last nightkagabiHe drunk last night. Siya ay uminom kagabi. 
latelykani-kanina lamangI saw him a while ago.Nakita ko siya kani-kanina lamang.
latermamayaI will buy you one later. Bibilhan kita niyang mamaya.
next weeksusunod na linggoLet’s talk next weekMag-usap tayo sa susunod na lingo.
nowngayonI am going now. Aalis na ako ngayon. 
recentlykamakailan lamangI talked to him recently.Kausap ko siya kamakailan lamang.
right nowsa ngayonHe is happy right now.Masaya na siya sa ngayon.
stillpa rinHe still does not know what is happening.Hindi pa rin niya alam ang nangyayari.
tomorrowbukasHe will return to the province tomorrow morning.Uuwi na siya sa probinsya bukas ng umaga.
day after tomorrowsamakalawaWe will see each other the day after tomorrow.Magkikita kami samakalawa. 
yesterdaykahaponHe played basketball yesterday. Nagbasketbol siya kahapon.

Pang-abay Na Pamaraan

This type of adverb deals with how an action was done. It answers the question, what manner was used, will be used, or is being used by the sentence’s subject. Below are the best examples:

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Translation
ReallytunayAna is really beautiful!Tunay na maganda si Ana!
completely/ fullylubosMy deepest gratitude to youLubos ang aking pasasalamat sa iyo!
somewhatmedyoI kinda don’t understand it yet.Medyo hindi ko pa ito naiintindihan.
fast / quicklymabilisHer sibling ran fast!Mabilis na tumakbo ang kapatid niya.
wellmabutiI am feeling well.Mabuti ang aking kalagayan. 
hardmahirapWhat he is asking is hard to do.Medyo mahirap ang pinapagawa niya.
slowlydahan-dahanThe tears slowly rolled from her eyes.Dahan-dahanng tumulo ang luha mula sa mga mata ninya.
carefullymabutiHe understood the teacher’s instructions well.Inintindi niya mabuti ang panuto ng guro. 
hardlyparang hindiShe is hardly affected.Parang hindi siya naapektuhan.
barelybahagyaIt’s barely raining here in Manila.Bahagyang maulan dito sa Manila.

Pang-abay Na Panlunan

This type of adverb deals with the location or “pook” where something is happening or has happened. The most common usage of this in conversational Tagalog are the words sa, kina, or kay. Read on below to master this grammar point.

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Translation
hereditoHere is where he left his things.Dito niya iniwan ang kanyang gamit. 
theredoonLet’s talk there!Doon tayo magkwentuhan!
over theresa dako roonThe nearest store is over there. Sa dako roon ang pinakamalapit na tindhana. 
everywheresa lahat ng dakoYou will see a Filipino everywhere in the world. Makakita ka ng Pilipino sa lahat ng dako ng mundo.
anywherekahit saanWe can eat anywhere.Kahit saan pwede tayo kumain.
nowherewala kahit saanNowhere can this product be found.Hinahanap ko pero wala kahit saan nitong produkto na ito.
hometahananI will have my dinner at home. Sa tahanan na ako mag-hahapunan.
awaymalayoHis destination is far away from here.Malayo ang pupuntahan niya. 
outpalabasI’m leaving the house and coming to you.Palabas na ako ng bahay at papunta na saiyo.

Pang-abay Na Pang-agam

Have you ever been unsure of something and want to convey this effectively in Tagalog? This type of adverb deals with words that can be added to show how “unsure” you are about something. Read the list to find out how it is used in many cases.

EnglishTagalogEnglish ExampleTagalog Translation
probablymarahilI will probably read today.Marahil ay magbabasa ako ngayon.
maybe / mightsiguroI might visit him today.Siguro bibisitahin ko siya.
it seemstilaIt seems that I can’t find the right page.Tila hindi ko mahanap ang tamang pahina.
perhapsbakaPerhaps he is currently doing the laundy now.Baka nag-lalaba siya ngayon.
somewhatparangThe price on the menu is somewhat expensive.Parang ang mahal ng presyo ng nasa menu.
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Now that you understand how an adverb works in Tagalog, now is the best time for us to ask you a question…

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2 Responses

    1. Great question, Stephen!

      In the Filipino language, the word “paano” translates to “how” or “in what way.” In terms of usage, this word is somewhat similar to its English counterpart as you can use it to introduce a direct or indirect question. For example:

      English: How did you do it?
      Tagalog: Paano mo to nagawa?

      In this sense, you’re correct in saying that it’s a question word. Now if you’ll respond to the example translations above, the response must include an adverb. For example:

      English: I speed up the rotation.
      Tagalog: Binilisan ko ang pagikot.

      Hope this answers your question!

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