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Countries And Nationalities In Spanish: #1 Guide

The first thing we tell someone we meet for the first time is our name, followed by our country and nationality. Learning a new language is synonymous with connection, and I believe that knowing how to name each country has the same effect.

If you are interested in involving yourself more in different cultures, learning about the countries and nationalities in Spanish can benefit you greatly.

You can feel closer to the people of the countries you visit and even engage in great conversations with the locals. After all, exchanging information about your nationalities can be a great icebreaker!

Also, a fascinating fact about people from Spanish-speaking countries is that you can rarely tell where they are from just by looking at them. You’ll have to listen to their accent to get an idea, or even ask to be sure.

So, in this article, we will cover the Spanish translation of the countries categorized by continent and their respective nationalities.

Get to the end for some essential phrases and examples of conversations you might have with Spanish-speaking people during your future travels.

Let’s begin!

 

Basic Information You Should Know

countries and nationalities in spanish

Before getting into the main vocabulary of this article, you should learn some basic rules while talking about nationalities in Spanish.

Capitalized Words

Unlike English, in Spanish it is not necessary to capitalize nationalities when writing.

Singular And Plural

In Spanish, you must use the correct singular or plural form depending on the subject you are talking about.

For example, if you are on tour in Spain and the people you are with are all from Ecuador, you can say: ‘Todos son Ecuatorianos’ (All of them are Ecuadorean).

That term is the masculine plural form to refer to the Ecuadorean nationality.

Gender

An important thing to remember when using nationalities in Spanish sentences is what gender you should use. 

You use the masculine form if the majority of people are male. When referring to a woman or a group of women, you use the feminine form. 

Let’s see some examples:

Examples:

Japanese

  • Japonés (Male) 
  • Japonesa (Female)

Korean

  • Coreano (Male)
  • Coreana (Female)

Dutch

  • Holandés (Male)
  • Holandesa (Female)

How To Say The Words ‘Countries’ And ‘Nationalities’ In Spanish?

First things first. How do you say the words ‘countries’ and ‘nationalities’ in Spanish? Easy!

Country: País (Singular form)

Countries: Países (Plural form)

The word ‘país’ comes from the latin ‘pagus’, which means town or land. 

Let’s see some basic phrases involving this word. It will be the one that you will often hear in casual conversations.

  • Sentence examples:
    • ¿De qué país eres? (Where do you come from?/Literal translation: From which country are you from?)
    • ¿A cuáles países has viajado? (To which countries have you traveled?)

The following term will sound easier as it’s pretty similar to English.

Nationality: Nacionalidad (Singular form)

Nationalities: Nacionalidades (Plural form)

The term ‘nacionalidad’ comes from the noun ‘nation’ (Nation) which in turn comes from the Latin “natio,” meaning ‘birth.’

  • Sentence examples:
    • ¿Cuál es tu nacionalidad? (What is your nationality?)
    • Tengo varias nacionalidades. (I have many nationalities.)

 

List Of Countries And Nationalities In Spanish

So, what are the countries and nationalities and Spanish? Let’s start with America!

America

countries and nationalities in spanish america continent
Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
ArgentinaArgentinianArgentinaargentino
BoliviaBolivianBoliviaboliviano
BrazilBrazilianBrasilbrasileño
BelizeBelizeanBelicebeliceño
ChileChileanChilechileno
ColombiaColombianColombiacolombiano
CanadaCanadianCanadácanadiense
Costa RicaCosta RicanCosta Ricatico/costarricense
CubaCubanCubacubano/cubana
Dominican RepublicDominicanRepública Dominicanadominicano
EcuadorEcuadoreanEcuadorecuatoriano
GuatemalaGuatemalanGuatemalaguatemalteco
HondurasHonduranHondurashondureño/hondureña
MexicoMexicanMéxicomexicano/mexicana
NicaraguaNicaraguanNicaraguannicaragüense
PanamaPanamanianPanamápanameño/panameña
Puerto RicoPuerto RicanPuerto Ricopuertorriqueño
SalvadorSalvadoranSalvadoransalvadoreño
ParaguayParaguayanParaguayparaguayo
PeruPeruvianPerúperuano
United StatesAmericanEstados Unidosestadounidense
VenezuelaVenezuelanVenezuelavenezolano

Interested in learning about the languages spoken in some of these countries? Learn what goes beyond the Spanish language in the article about the spoken languages in Latin America!

Europe 

Europe countries names in spanish países

A-F

Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
AlbaniaAlbanianAlbaniaalbanés
AustriaAustrianAustriaaustriaco
BelgiumBelgianBélgicabelga
BelarusBelarusianBielorrusiabielorruso
BulgariaBulgarianBulgariabúlgaro
Czech RepublicCzechsRepública Checacheco
CroatiaCroatianCroaciacroato
DenmarkDanishDinamarcadanés
EstoniaEstonianEstoniaestonio
EnglandBritishInglaterrainglés
FinlandFinnishFinlandiafinlandés
FranceFrenchFranciafrancés

G-N

GreeceGreekGreciagriego
GermanyGermanAlemaniaalemán
HolandHollanders/DutchHolandaholandés
HungaryHungarianHungríahúngaro
ItalyItalianItaliaitaliano
IslandIslanderIslandiaislandés
IrelandIrishIrlandairlandés
LatviaLatvianLetonialetón
LithuaniaLithuanianLituanialituano
MacedoniaMacedonianMacedoniamacedónio
MaltaMalteseMaltamaltés
MontenegroMontenegrinsMontenegromontenegrino
MoldovaMoldovanMoldaviamoldoviano
NorwayNorwegianNorueganoruego

P-U

PolandPolishPoloniapolaco
PortugalPortuguesePotugalportugués
RomaniaRomanianRumaniarumano
RussiaRussianRusiaruso
SerbiaSerbianSerbiaserbio
SwedenSwedishSueciasueco
SwitzerlandSuizaSwisssuizo
ScotlandScottishEscosiaescosés
SlovakiaSlovaksEslovaquiaeslovaco
SloveniaSlovenianEsloveniaesloveno
SpainSpanishEspañaespañol
United KingdomBritishReino Unidobritánico
UkraineUkrainianUcraniaucranio

Africa

países de africa African continent countries

A-L

Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
AngolaAngolanAngolaangolano
AlgeriaAlgeriansArgeliaargelino
BotswanaMotswanaBotsuanabotsuano
Burkina FasoBurkinabéBurkina Fasoburkinés
BurundiBurundianBurundiburundés
Cape VerdeCabo VerdeansCabo Verdecaboverdiano
CameroonCameroonsCamerúncamerunés
ChadChadianChadchadiano
Central African RepublicCentral AfricanRepública centroafricanacentroafricano
ComorosComorianComorascomorense
EgyptEgyptiansEgiptoegipcio
EritreaTigrayEritreaeritreo
EthiopiaEthiopiansEtiopíaetíope
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial GuineanGuinea Ecuatorialecuatoguineano
GabonGaboneseGabóngabonés
GambiaGambiansGambiagambiano
GhanaGhanaiansGhanaghanés
GuineaGuineanGuineaguineano
KenyaKenyanKeniakeniata
LiberiaLiberianLiberialiberiano
LibyaLibyanLibialibio

M-Z

Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
MadagascarMadagascanMadagascarmalgache
MalawiMalawianMalauimalauí
MaliMalianMalimaliense
MoroccoMoroccanMarruecosmarroquí
MauritiusMauritiansMauriciomauriciano
MauritaniaMauritanianMauritaniamauritano
MozambiqueMozambicanMozambiquemozambiqueño
NamibiaNamibiansNamibianamibio
NigerNigerienNigernigeriano
Republic of CongoCongoleseRepública del Congocongoleño
RwandaRwandanRuandaruandés
SenegalSenegaleseSenegalsenegalés
SeychellesSeychellesSeychellesseychelense
Sierra LeoneSierra LeoneanSierra Leonasierraleonés
SomaliaSomaliSomaliasomalí
SwazilandEmaswatiSuazilandiasuazi
South AfricaSouth AfricanSudáfricasudafricano
SudanSudaneseSudánsudanés
TanzaniaTanzanianTanzaniatanzano
TogoTogoleseTogotogolés
TunisiaTunisianTúneztunecino
UgandaUgandanUgandaugandés
ZambiaZambianZambizambiano
ZimbabweZimbabweanZimbabuezimbabuense

Asia

Nationalities and countries in asia Spanish

A-I

Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
AfghanistanAfghanAfganistánafgano
ArmeniaArmeniansArmeniaarmenio
AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniAzerbaiyánazerbaiyano
BangladeshBangladeshisBangladésbangladesí
BaréinBaharnaBaréinbareiní
BruneiBruneianBrunéibruneano
CambodiaCambodianCamboyacamboyano
ChinaChineseChinachino
East TimorTimoreseTimor Orientaltimorense
GeorgiaGeorgianGeorgiageorgiano
IndiaIndianIndiaindio
IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesiaindonesio
IraqIraqisIrakiraquí
IranIranianIrániraní
IsraelIsraeliIsraelisraelí

J-P

JapanJapónJapónjaponés
JordanJordanJordaniajordano
KazakhstanKazakhsKazajistánkazajo
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzKirguistánkirguís
MalaysiaMalaysianMalasiamalayo
MaldivesMaldiviansMaldivasmaldivo
MongoliaMongolianMongoliamongól
North KoreaNorth Korean/KoreanCorea del Nortenorcoreano
OmanOmaniOmánomanés
PhilippinesFilipinosFilipinasfilipino/Filipina
PalestinaPalestinianPalestinapalestino
PakistanPakistanisPakistánpakistaní
RussiaRussianRusiaruso

S- Y

SingaporeSingaporeanSingapursingapurense
South KoreaSouth Korean/KoreanCorea del Sursurcoreano/coreano
SyriaSyriansSiriasirio
ThailandThaiTailandiatailandés
TaiwanTaiwaneseTaiwántaiwanés
TurkeyTurkishTurquíaturco
UzbekistanUzbeksUzbekistánuzbeco
VietnamVietnameseVietnamvietnamita
YemenYemeniYemenyemení

Australia/Oceania

Australia oceania spanish countries and nationalities
Country (English)Nationality (English)Country (Spanish)Nationality (Spanish)
AustraliaAustralianAustralianaustraliano
Papua New GuineaPapuansPapúa Nueva Guineapapú neoguineanos/papuanos
New ZealandNew ZealandersNueva ZelandaNeozelandés
FijiFijiansFijiFiyiano/Fiyiana

 

Sentences And Exercises To Practice!

  • ¿De dónde eres? (Where are you from?)
  • Soy de El Salvador. (I am from El Salvador.)
  • Mi Profesor de Español es costarricense. (My Spanish teacher is Costa Rican.)
  • Mi made es de brasil. (My mother is from Brazil.)
  • Mi made es brasilera. (My mother is Brazilian.)
  • Vengo de Países Bajos. (I come from the Netherlands.)
  • Soy neerlandés. (I’m Dutch)
  • Fui de vacaciones a Nigeria y probé comida Nigeriana. (I went on vacation to Nigeria and tried Nigerian food.)
  • Mis amigas son danesas. (My friends are Danish.)
  • Los colombianos son muy amables. (Colombians are very friendly.)
  • Conocí una persona de palestina. (I met a Palestinian person.)
  • Soy Argentina, de Sudamérica. (I am Argentinian. I’m from South America.)

 

Ready To Have Conversations With The Locals?

After learning all these countries and nationalities in Spanish (and what a massive list it was), you can start practicing next time you travel abroad and meet people.

You can use this vocabulary with locals in Spanish-speaking countries and people from other nationalities.

Perhaps you want to exchange information on how to say different countries and nationalities in diverse languages, or show off a few of your Spanish skills. Either way, you are beginning your journey to master this beautiful language.

So, do you remember how to say your country and nationality in Spanish? If not, you can save this article to come back later!

But that’s not where it ends. Your next step to increasing your Spanish skills lay in the resources you use to learn.

And we have the best option for you.

 

Learn Spanish With Ling!

If the Spanish language is your favorite, or you have an immense interest in learning it, it is possible to do so by practicing for just a few minutes per day. 

Ling App is a user-friendly language app that helps you learn new languages, in this case, Spanish, in a super fun and effective way. 

While learning with Ling, you can always come back to read our blogs related to the Spanish language, travel, and Hispanic cultures, such as typical Spanish professionsnames of Spanish dishes, and basic phrases for every day.

Learn Spanish Ling App

We believe that the language learning journey should be joyful and enjoyable. And for that, you need quality, engaging, and fun resources to make it easier than ever for you to grasp every part of the new language. 

Ling App will be your best friend along this journey. 

You are just a click away from achieving fluency in the second most spoken language worldwide! Get the app at App Store and Play Store, and happy learning!

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