Nepali Pronouns With Examples – An Easy 2021 Guide

July 29, 2021

Like English, Nepali pronouns are words that replace a noun in a conversation. With the help of pronouns, we can shorten the sentence to the much-needed brevity. Pronouns can refer to people, objects, places, unknown objects, etc. Examples in English include I, we, they, it, that, who, etc. Pronouns are called सर्वनाम (sarwanam) in Nepali, where nam refers to "noun."

 

Personal Pronouns

Nepali uses different pronouns depending on the required formality and the level of respect for the speaker. This system is likewise known as the honorifics.

First Person

  • We = हामी (hāmī)
  • I = म (ma)

Second Person

  • You (High Respect) = तपाईँ (tapaim)
  • You (Medium Respect) = तिमी (timi)
  • You (Low Respect) = तँ (tam)

Third Person

  • He/ She (High Respect) = उहाँ (uham)
  • He/ She (Neutral Respect) = ऊ (u) [cannot be made plural]
  • He/ She (Medium Respect) = उनी (uni)

To form plurals of second and third-person pronouns, combine हरू (haru) with the end of the pronoun. First-person pronouns cannot be plural. For example:
तिमी (timi) + हरू (haru) = तिमीहरू (timiharu)

Note: Do not say m, as it is nasal, not hieroglyph; name the word instead.

 

Interrogative Pronouns

Pronouns are used to refer to the subject that is unknown as part of a question.

  • Who = ko (को)
  • Which = kun (कुन)
  • What = ke (के)

 

Demonstrative Pronouns

Pronouns that help identify an object by their proximity to the speaker.

  • Those = ti (ती)
  • These = yi (यी)
  • This/It = yo (यो)
  • That/It = tyo (त्यो)

 

Reflexive Pronouns

A pronoun that refers to itself.

  • Oneself = aphaim (आफैँ) / aphu (आफू)

 

Possessive Pronouns

While English has possessive pronouns like your, my, etc., the Nepali language has no pronoun sense. Nepali does not have actual possessive pronouns because pronouns are inflected with a case marker to indicate possession instead. Since this changes the form of the pronoun, we'll look at that later. Below I will list some common ones for reference only and should not be considered true pronouns in the Nepali sense.

Note that the case marker used to change the pronoun also affects gender and number. Those listed below are singular, masculine/neutral. Possessive pronouns act like adjectives.

First Person

  • Our = hamro (हाम्रो)
  • My = mero (मेरो)

Second Person

  • Your (High Respect) = tapaim-ko (तपाईँको)
  • Your (Medium Respect) = timro (तिम्रो)
  • Your (Low Respect) = tero (तेरो)

Third Person

  • Her/ His (High Respect) = uham-ko (उहाँको)
  • Her/ His (Medium Respect) = unko (उनको)
  • Her/ His (Neutral Respect) = usko (उसको)

 

List Of Nepali Pronouns (सर्वनाम)

List Of Nepali Pronouns

Learning Nepali pronouns is very important because their structure is used in everyday communication. The more you master, the closer you are to mastering Nepali. So here is the list of Nepali pronouns to remember while learning Nepali.

A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun. For example, he, she, they, a person, who. Pronouns can do all the actions or things that nouns can do. Also, we use it where the noun repeats itself.

E.g., Sarah is my little sister. Sarah is four years old, and Sarah loves to play with her dolls.

Sarah is my little sister. She is four years old, and she loves to play with her dolls.

Here, "Sarah" is a noun, and "she" is a pronoun that replaced the noun in second and third sentences.

English PronounsNepali PronounsDevanagari Font
Pronounssarvanamसर्वनाम
Im
youtimeeतिमी
heu
shetiniतिनी
wehāmīहामी
theytineeharuतिनीहरू
   
mem
youtimīतिमी
himu
herunakoउनको
ushaamiiहामी
themtineeharuतिनीहरू
   
mymeroमेरो
yourtimroतिम्रो
hisuskoउस्को
hertinakoतिनको
hertinakoतिनको
ourhaamroहाम्रो
theirtineeharukoतिनीहरूको
   
minemeroमेरो
yourstimroतिम्रो
hisuskoउस्को
hersunakoउनको
ourshaamroहाम्रो
theirstineeharukoतिनीहरूको
Nepali Pronouns

 

List Of Important Pronouns In Nepali Sentences

Below is a list of personal pronouns, relative pronouns, indefinite pronouns, and reflexive or reciprocal pronouns in Nepali given in a table. Memorizing this Nepali pronouns table will help you add beneficial and essential words to your Nepali vocabulary.

English PronounsNepali PronounsDevanagari Font
I speakm bolchhuम बोल्छु
you speaktimī bolchhauतिमी बोल्छौ
he speaksu bolchउ बोल्छ
she speakstini bolchhinतिनी बोल्छिन्
we speakhāmī bolchhauहामी बोल्छौ
they speaktineeharu bolchhnतिनीहरू बोल्छन्
   
give memalai deuमलाई देउ
 timeelai dinchhuतिमीलाई दिन्छु
give himuslai deuउस्लाई देउ
give hertinlai deuतिनलाई देउ
give ushaameelai deuहामीलाई देउ
give themtinihroolaai deuतिनीहरूलाई देउ
   
my bookmero pustakमेरो पुस्तक
your booktimro pustakतिम्रो पुस्तक
his bookusko pustakउस्को पुस्तक
her booktinako pustakतिनको पुस्तक
our bookhaamro pustakहाम्रो पुस्तक
their booktineeharuko pustakतिनीहरूको पुस्तक
Use of Nepali Pronouns in Sentences

 

Other Examples Of Using Nepali Pronouns

 English Nepali Pronouns Devanagari Font
I love youma ̔itamila'i maya garchu.म ितमीलाई माया गर्छु।
She is beautifulUni rami chin.ऊनी रामी छिन्।
They are dancing̔Itaniharu nacirahēkō cha.ितनीहरू नाचिरहेको छ।
We are happyHami khusi chau.हामी खुसी छौ।
I love youma ̔itamila'i maya garchu.म ितमीलाई माया गर्छु।
She is beautifulUni rami chin.ऊनी रामी छिन्।
They are dancing̔Itaniharu nacirahēkō cha.ितनीहरू नाचिरहेको छ।
We are happyHami khusi chau.हामी खुसी छौ।
His email is …usakō imēlaउसको ईमेल
My phone number is …mērō ṭēilaphōna nambaraमेरो टेिलफोन नम्बर
Our dream is to visit Spainhamrō sapana spēna ghumna janē hō.हाम्रो सपना स्पेन घुम्न जाने हो।
Their country is beautifulUniharukō ḍhēśa ramrō cha.उनीहरूको ढेश राम्रो छ।
Is this pen yours?kē yō ̔itamō kalama hō?के यो ितमो कलम हो?
The book is mineYō mērō ̔ikataba hō.यो मेरो िकताब हो।
The shoes are hersJutta yamha cha.जुत्ता यँहा छ।
Victory is oursJita hamō hō.जित हामो हो।
Sentences with  Nepali Pronouns

 

Proficiency In The Nepali Language

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