Last updated on November 16th, 2022 at 09:57 am
Explore the latest news and statistics about Nepal religion and other religions, including demographics, limitations, etc.
Nepal Religion encompasses a wide variety of groups and beliefs. Nepal is a secular country. The Provisional Constitution defines Nepal’s secularism as “religious and cultural freedom while protecting religion and the culture passed down since ancient times, that is, “the national government is obliged to protect and promote Hinduism” while maintaining “religion throughout the country” and “cultural” freedom as fundamental rights.
Nepal has a rich history and a special place in Hinduism and Buddhism (Tibetan Buddhism) traditions. Although Nepal is a multi-lingual country, the official language of Nepal is Nepali, and Hinduism is the main Nepal’s religion. Nepal is the place of birth of the Buddha and the only Hindu kingdom in the world. Nepal is an important place for many Buddhists and Hindus. So, these two are the major religions of Nepal. In this Ling app blog post, we will learn about the Nepal religion and other religious groups in Nepal.
Hindu Religion – The Main Nepal Religion
Hinduism is the main religion most dominant religion in Nepal. This Nepal religion had a significant influence on Nepalese society. Hinduism was brought from the Indus Valley north of the Kathmandu Valley around 2000 BC. Devotees often perform many rituals. It may happen once in a lifetime of a person or every year in the form of colorful festivals or religious ceremonies. It can also occur on a daily basis. For example, a typical Hindu ritual is “Puja,” which means to worship. It brings sacrifices and prayers to deities and gods. Some people believe that showing specific gestures to the gods can remove obstacles and misfortunes.
Many Hindu temples are built throughout Nepal to honor various gods and deities. They provide places of comfort, prayers, and rituals for their followers. Some have particular purposes. For example, the Pashupatinath Temple is the most important temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
One of the most prominent influences of Hinduism in Nepalese society is the “varna” (caste) system, which is the normative ideal of how a society should be structured.
Buddhism In Nepal – Another Main Nepali Religion
The professor and one of the Buddhist monks, Siddhārtha Gautama, was born in the 5th century BCE in the Nepalese city of Lumbini. Gautama will continue establishing a new Nepal religion called Buddhism and be known simply as “Buddha.” The hometown of his Lumbini has now become one of the holiest religious places of pilgrimage and is home to 25 Buddhist monasteries. The Mayadevi Temple is the holiest, dating back 2,200 years, and has been built where the Buddha was born on the exact spot.
Although only about 9% of the population is Buddhist, Buddhism is actively practiced in mountainous regions. Ethnic Sherpas living in the Himalayas mainly practice Buddhists, and many employ Buddhist monks can be seen in the region.
There are three main traditions or variants of Buddhism followed in Nepal: Vajrayana Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Theravada Buddhism.
Geographical Distribution Of Major Nepal Religion
According to the estimation of the US government, the total population at 30.3 million (2020 mid-year estimate). Nepal is not a Hindu state, but according to the most recent estimate (2011 census), Hindus make up 81.3% of the total population. On the other hand, Buddhists make up 9%, Muslims (the majority are Sunni) 4.4%, and Christianity (a large Evangelical Protestants majority and a Roman Catholic minority) 1.4%.
Other religious minorities, which make up less than 5% of the population, include Kirant (an indigenous religion with Hindu influence), animists, Bon adherents (a Tibetan religious tradition), Sikhs, Baha’is, and Jains.
According to some Muslim leaders, Muslims (Islam) make up at least 5.5% of the total population, mainly concentrated in the south. According to some Christian groups, Christians make up 3-5% of the population. According to scholars, many individuals adhere to a syncretic faith that includes elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and traditional folk practices.
Freedom Of Religion In Nepal – A Multi-religious Country
In 2015, a new Interim Constitution was adopted, guaranteeing equal rights for all religions in Nepal. The Nepalese constitution also guarantees religious freedom. Forced religious education and forced conversion from Hinduism to other various religions are prohibited by law, mainly when money is used as a direct or indirect incentive for conversion. Still, anyone can convert from one religion to another by exercising their will.
The Nepali constitution states the country as a secular state. It defines secularism as “the protection of secular culture and religion and cultural and religious freedom.” The new constitution specifies that every person has the right to practice, profess and protect their religion.
In addition, it also prohibits the conversion of “another person from one religion to another or any act or conduct that may endanger the religion of another” and provides that violations are punishable by law. According to the latest news, a new criminal code reduces the penalties for “converting [religion] … another person’s religion.”
New religious practices are also welcome here as they further enhance Nepal’s religious diversity.
Learn More About Nepal Religion, Culture, And The Nepali Language
Nepal’s most famous is probably the location of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. Of course, many other factors make Nepal a unique and exciting destination. Food, people, and scenery come together to create a fascinating culture and lifestyle. The Nepali language also makes this country so fascinating.
So join the Ling app of Simya Solution, start learning Nepali with local people, and explore more information about Nepal and Nepali. For example, search, read, and share blog posts about Nepali question words, Nepali alphabet, and spelling on your social media, and start learning the Nepali lessons right away!
What’s more, if you are one of the foreign nationals learning a second language, you can visit the FAQ page on the Ling App blog to better understand the resource.