Do you know how to make a grammatically correct structure in Malayalam? Learn Malayalam verbs, nouns, and adjectives to build a proper sentence in the Malayalam language.
Malayalam is one of the Dravidian languages and the mother language of "Kerala," an Indian state. Although Malayalam is a Dravidian language, it is also heavily influenced by Sanskrit, and Sanskrit words have crept into the language along with its grammatical rules.
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It is essential to know the grammatical terms of the Malayalam language if you want to write or speak in Malayalam. Knowledge of Malayalam verbs, nouns, and adjectives plays a huge role in developing an understanding of the language.
As we know, any word that shows any action is known as a verb. There are different forms of verbs in English grammar. However, if we talk about the Malayalam language, the Malayalam verb inflection happens in three forms (tenses, mood, and Aspect).
In Malayalam tense, phrases are of three basic types (present, past, and future.) The past tense is indicated by adding "-I" to the root of the verb or derived stem. You can also represent the past tense by adding -u followed by one or more consonants or consonant sequences.
Malayalam lacks perfect morphology and functional structure. You can see how inflectional suffixes change the type of tenses. The past tense suffix is determined by a mixture of morphological and phonological terms.
The "-unnu" suffix is added to the verb root to express the present tense. "-uM" sometimes denotes the future tense. "-uu" added to the verb root or derived stem as a suffix. The following table will show you the verb conjugation with some simple examples.
|English phrases||Pronunciation||Malayalam phrases|
|I travel to Japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyunnu||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുന്നു|
|I travelled to Japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceytu||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്തു|
|I am travelling to Japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyukayāṇ||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുകയാണ്|
|I have traveled to Japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceytiṭṭuṇṭ||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്തിട്ടുണ്ട്|
|I was traveling to Japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyukayāyirunnu||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യുകയായിരുന്നു|
|I will be traveling to japan||ñān jappānilēkk yātra ceyyuṁ||ഞാൻ ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് യാത്ര ചെയ്യും|
|I will have to travel to Japan||enikk jappānilēkk pēākēṇṭi varuṁ||എനിക്ക് ജപ്പാനിലേക്ക് പോകേണ്ടി വരും|
In conditional clauses, a verb form is molded by adding –al as a suffix to the stem of past tenses. It is also by joining –email at the end of the verb. It happens to all three forms of verbs. The extension -atte is attached to the root word to hope for something to happen or for any wish.
Furthermore, responsibility is expressed by –anam, and to the basic verb, the negative -aa is attached at the end of the verb. Other types of different moods include –arut, infinitive+patilla, etc. The verb is linked to all of the forms.
There are two types of Malayalam verbs according to Aspect:
With the Malayalam verb, we have three other aspects in perfect. The verb will get considerably more complicated in the analysis of this section as a result of this.
This table will clearly show Malayalam verbs according to present, past, and future Aspect.
|English phrases||Pronunciation||Malayalam phrases|
|He writes||avan eḻutunnu||അവൻ എഴുതുന്നു|
|He is writing||avan eḻutunnu||അവൻ എഴുതുന്നു|
|He has written||avan eḻutiyirikkunnu||അവൻ എഴുതിയിരിക്കുന്നു|
|He has been writing||avan eḻutikkeāṇṭirikkunnu||അവൻ എഴുതിക്കൊണ്ടിരിക്കുന്നു|
|He wrote||avan eḻuti||അവന് എഴുതി|
|He was writing||avan eḻutukayāyirunnu||അവൻ എഴുതുകയായിരുന്നു|
|He had written||avan eḻutiyirunnu||അവൻ എഴുതിയിരുന്നു|
|He had been writing||avan eḻutukayāyirunnu||അവൻ എഴുതുകയായിരുന്നു|
|He will write||avan eḻutuṁ||അവൻ എഴുതും|
|He will be writing||avan eḻutuṁ||അവൻ എഴുതും|
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