Irish Prepositions: 15+ Best Essential Terms To Learn

Would you like to learn about the Irish prepositions? Irish prepositions make a crucial part of Irish grammar. Suppose you want to talk about the position of anything; you need to have some helping words. This blog will walk you through all the prepositions in the Irish language, which you must know to form sentences.

Irish Prepositions

Irish prepositions play a vital role in Irish grammar since they tell you about the location of each noun. Modern Irish prepositions are different from the old Irish preposition. Certain features faced initial mutations.

There are two main types of prepositions: simple and derived. We tend to use the dative case in the former while we use the genitive case in the latter.

There are countless Irish prepositions that you should know about. Here is the list of most common Irish prepositions for you to memorize.

Irish PrepositionsEnglish Translations
Os CionnAbove
Le HaghaidhFor
I DtreoTowards
In AiceNear
Go DtíUntil
Tar ÉisAfter
In AghaidhAgainst
I MeascAmong
Le LinnDuring
San ÁireamhIncluding
Ar FudThroughout
Taobh ThiarBehind
Suas GoUp To
Ó ShinSince
Maidir LeConcerning

Prepositional Pronouns In The Irish Language

The pronouns in Irish are often changed based on the prepositions. After conjugating with the prepositions, the pronouns become prepositional pronouns. For example, a prepositional pronoun is “aige“, which means “at him.”

Major Differences

The pronouns in Irish are different from English and many other languages. For instance, there is a single word “you” for both singular and plural forms of the second person in English. Also, even the inanimate objects have grammatical gender in Irish.

Different Dialects

Furthermore, you should know that using the “inn” prepositional pronouns is more appropriate if you talk in the Munster dialect. You would use the Irish preposition muid in other dialects.

“Have” Vs “On”

Irish and English are quite different from each other in many ways. For instance, there might be many words used to describe any feelings, emotions, or physical features in English. Still, you can use “have” for all that. However, in Irish, you need to use “ar” (on).

For example, the phrase “ar mhuin an chapaill áirithe seo” means “on the back of the horse.”

Conjugations In Irish Grammar

Irish grammar example

Conjugations for Irish prepositions imply the relative position of each (nonverbal and verbal) noun. Let’s look at certain phrases as examples.

Prepositions + PronounsEnglish TranslationsConjugationsEnglish Translations
Faoi + MéUnder + MeÚmAbout or Under Me
Faoi + TuUnder + YouFútAbout or Under You
Faoi + SéUnder + HimFaoiAbout or Under Him
Faoi + SíUnder + HerFúithiAbout or Under Her
Faoi + SinnUnder + UsFúinnAbout or Under Us
Faoi + SibhUnder + Ya’llFúibhAbout or Under You, Plural
Faoi + SiadUnder + ThemFuthúAbout or Under Them
Ag + MéAt + MeAgamAt Me
Ag + TuAt + YouAgatAt You
Ag + SéAt + HimAigeAt Him
Ag + SíAt + HerAiciAt Her
Ag + SinnAt + UsAgainnAt Us
Ag + SibhAt + Ya’llAgaibhAt You, Plural
Ag + SiadAt + ThemAcuAt Them
Le + MéWith + MeLiomWith Me
Le + SéWith + YouLeisWith Him
Le + SíWith + ThemLéi.With Her
Le + SiadWith + HerLeoWith Them
Le + SinnWith + UsLinnWith Us
Le + TúWith + YouLeatWith You
Le + SibhWith + ThemLibhWith You (All)
Ar + MéOn + MeOrm.On Me
Ar + TuOn + YouOrt.On You
Ar + SinnOn + UsOrainn.On Us
Ar + SíOn + HerUirthi.On Her
Ar + SéOn + HimAir.On Him
Ar + SiadOn + ThemOrthu.On Them
Ar + SibhOn + Ya’llOraibh.On Ya’ll
Do + MéTo + MeDomTo Me.
Do + TuTo + YouDuitTo You
Do + SéTo + HimDiTo Her
Do + SíTo + HerTo Him
Do + SinnTo + UsDúinnTo Us
Do + SibhTo + Ya’llDaoibhTo Ya’ll
Do + SiadTo + ThemDóibhTo Them
De + MéFrom + MeDíomTo Me.
De + TuFrom + YouDíotTo You
De + SéFrom + HimDeTo Him
De + SíFrom + HerDiTo Her
De + SinnFrom + UsDínnTo Us
De + SibhFrom + Ya’llDíbhTo Ya’ll
De + SiadFrom + ThemDíobhTo Them
As + MéFrom + MeAsamFrom Me.
As + TuFrom + YouAsatFrom You
As + SéFrom + HimAsFrom Him
As + SíFrom + HerAistiFrom Her
As + SinnFrom + UsAsainnFrom Us
As + SibhFrom + Ya’llAsaibhFrom Ya’ll
As + SiadFrom + ThemAstuFrom Them
Chuig + MéToward + MeChugamToward Me.
Chuig + TuToward + YouChugatToward You
Chuig + SéToward + HimChuigeToward Him
Chuig + SíToward + HerChuiciToward Her
Chuig + SinnToward + UsChugainnToward Us
Chuig + SibhToward + Ya’llChugaibhToward Ya’ll
Chuig + SiadToward + ThemChucuToward Them
Fara + MéAlong With + MeFaramAlong With or Beside Me.
Fara + TuAlong With + YouFaratAlong With or Beside You
Fara + SéAlong With + HimFaraisAlong With or Beside Him
Fara + SíAlong With + HerFaraeAlong With or Beside Her
Fara + SinnAlong With + UsFarainnAlong With or Beside Us
Fara + SibhAlong With +, Ya’llFaraibhAlong With or Beside Ya’ll
Fara + SiadAlong With + ThemFaruAlong With or Beside Them
I/In + MéIn + MeIonamIn Me.
I/In + TuIn + YouIonatIn You
I/In + SéIn + ThemAnnIn Him
I/In + SíIn + HerIntiIn Her
I/In + SinnIn + UsIonainnIn Us
I/In + SibhIn + YouIonaibhIn Ya’ll
I/In + SiadIn + ThemIontuIn Them
Idir + SinnBetween + UsEadrainnBetween Us
Idir + SibhBetween + YouEadraibhBetween Ya’ll
Idir + SiadBetween + ThemEatharthuBetween Them
Ó/Ua + MéFrom + MeUaimFrom Me
Ó/Ua + TuFrom + YouUaitFrom You
Ó/Ua + SéFrom + ThemUaidhFrom Them
Ó/Ua + SíFrom + HerUaithiFrom Her
Ó/Ua + SinnFrom + UsUainnFrom Us
Ó/Ua + SibhFrom + YouUaibhFrom You
Ó/Ua + SiadFrom + ThemUathuFrom Them
Trí + MéThrough + MeTríomThrough Me
Trí + TuThrough + YouTríotThrough You
Trí + SéThrough + ThemTrídThrough Them
Trí + SíThrough + HerTríthiThrough Her
Trí + SinnThrough + UsTrínnThrough Us
Trí + SibhThrough + YouTríbhThrough You
Trí + SiadThrough + ThemTríothuThrough Them
Um + MéAbout or At + MeUmamAbout or At Me
Um + TuAbout or At + YouUmatAbout or You
Um + SéAbout or At + HimUimeAbout or At Him
Um + SíAbout or At + HerUimpiAbout or At Her
Um + SinnAbout or At + UsUmainnAbout or At Us
Um + SibhAbout or At + YouUmaibhAbout or At You
Um + SiadAbout or At + ThemUmpuAbout or At Them
Roimh + MéBefore + MeRomhamBefore Me
Roimh + TuBefore + YouRomhatBefore You
Roimh + SéBefore + ThemRoimheBefore Them
Roimh + SíBefore + HerRoimpiBefore Her
Roimh + SinnBefore + UsRomhainnBefore Us
Roimh + SibhBefore + YouRomhaibhBefore You
Roimh + SiadBefore + ThemRompuBefore Them
Thar + MéAbove/ or Beyond + MeTharamAbove or Beyond Me
Thar + TuAbove or Beyond + YouTharatAbove or Beyond You
Thar + SéAbove or Beyond + HimThairisAbove or Beyond Him
Thar + SíAbove or Beyond + HerThairstiAbove or Beyond Her
Thar + SinnAbove or Beyond + UsTharainnAbove or Beyond Us
Thar + SibhAbove or Beyond + YouTharaibhAbove or Beyond You
Thar + SiadAbove or Beyond + ThemTharstuAbove or Beyond Them

Example Sentences

Irish SentencesEnglish Translations
Tá foirmeacha pearsanta na n-ainmfhocal sa leabhar seo.There are personal forms of nouns in this book.
Ba mhaith liom suí ar an gcapall áirithe seo.I want to sit on this particular horse.
Ba mhaith liom cónaí sa teach mór.I want to live in this mansion.
Cuir an leabhar ar an mbord le do thoil.Please put the book on the table.
Is féidir leat suí ar mo lap.You can sit on my lap.
Is féidir leat marcaíocht ar an rothar seo.You can ride on this bike.
Tá mé i mo theach.I am at my home.
An bhfuil tú san oifig?Are you in the office?
an bhfuil an cat istigh?is the cat inside?
An bhfuil tú thuas an sliabh?Are you above the mountain?
Ní mór duit dul suas ar an taobh deas.You need to go up on the right side.

Wrapping Up

Now you know about several ways to use different Irish prepositions. Celtic languages are not easy to learn, but the Ling app makes it a piece of cake for you. You start learning Irish using little words with Irish vowels and consonants and then move on to learning a small sentence in Irish. Each blog post has a worthy lesson for you to learn a lot from. You can have access to both the videos and written blog posts. Feel free to check out Irish Cooking Utensils Vocabulary and Easy Irish Business Vocabulary.

Happy Learning!

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