Vegetables In Chinese: 35+ Easy Vocabulary You Must Learn

Vegetables In Chinese - Ling

If you’re not a fan of vegetable dishes, then you haven’t tried Chinese dishes yet! But before you do, make sure to learn some vegetables in Chinese, so that you can decide what to eat from a menu full of Chinese names.

We all want to eat healthier by cutting down on carbs and sugar from time to time, and I think the best choice would be vegetable stir-fries from Chinese cuisine. If you haven’t eaten stir-fries with Chinese vegetables, you should head to a Chinese restaurant nearby! Also, if you’re a vegan or vegetarian, you can find various tasty dishes according to your special diet.

In this blog post, you’ll learn all about vegetables in Chinese and which of them are native to China. Let’s dive into it!

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How Do You Say “Vegetable” In Chinese?

Before you learn the Chinese vocabulary for different vegetables used in Chinese cuisine, let’s learn how to say the word vegetable in the Chinese language first. Vegetable is “蔬菜 (shū cài)” in Chinese, and also, if you were wondering, vegetarian is “素食 (sù shí).”


What Vegetables Are Native To China?

China has a rich agricultural history, and many vegetables that are commonly used in Chinese cuisine today have been grown in the country and used in traditional Chinese dishes for thousands of years. Some vegetables that are native to China include:

1. Bok Choy: Bok choy, also known as Chinese cabbage, is a leafy green vegetable that is commonly used in Chinese cuisine. It has been cultivated in China for over 1,500 years.

2. Chinese Broccoli: Also known as gai lan, Chinese broccoli has long, dark green leaves and thick stems. It is often used in stir-fry dishes and has been cultivated in China for over 2,000 years.

3. Chinese Eggplant: Chinese eggplant is a long, slender variety of eggplant that is commonly used in stir-fry dishes and stews. It has also been cultivated in China for over 1,500 years.

4. Chinese Cabbage: Chinese cabbage, also known as napa cabbage, is a leafy green vegetable similar to Western cabbage but with a milder flavor. Like Bok choy and Chinese Eggplant, Chinese people have cultivated it for over 1,500 years.

5. Bean Sprouts: Bean sprouts are a common ingredient in Chinese cuisine and are used in stir-fried dishes, salads, and soups. They are made by sprouting mung beans and have been popular in China for around 2,000 years.

6. Chinese Spinach: Chinese spinach, also known as amaranth, is a leafy green vegetable that is rich in vitamins and minerals. It has also been cultivated in China for over 2,000 years, and is commonly used in stir-fried dishes and soups.

Other vegetables native to China include snow peas, water chestnuts, lotus root, and Chinese yam.

Vocabulary For Chinese Vegetables

Chinese cuisine contains a lot of veggies as main ingredients.

Here are some vocabulary words for common Chinese vegetables:

Chinese cabbage白菜Báicài
Chinese celery芹菜Qíncài
Green beans豆角Dòujiǎo
Chili pepper辣椒Làjiāo
Green bell pepper青椒Qīng jiāo
Sweet potatoes红薯Hóngshǔ
Bitter melon苦瓜Kǔ guā
Onion洋葱Yáng cōng
Green onionYáng
Corn玉米Yù mǐ
Soy bean大豆Dà dòu
Cabbage卷心菜Juàn xīn cài
Chinese long beans豆角Dòu jiǎo
Bean sprouts豆芽Dòu yá
Mung bean sprouts绿豆芽Lǜ dòu yá
Broccoli西兰花Xī lán hua
Mushrooms蘑菇Mó gu
Bamboo shootsSǔn
Bitter melon苦瓜Kǔ guā
Lotus root莲藕Lián ǒu
Taro芋头Yù tou
Water chestnut菱角Líng jiǎo
White radish白萝卜Bái luó bo
Garlic chive韭菜Jiǔ cài
Winter melon冬瓜Dōng guā
Peanut花生Huā shēng
Peas豌豆Wān dòu
Brussels sprout小洋白菜Xiǎo yáng bái cài

These are just a few examples of the extensive vegetable vocabulary in Chinese. After learning these words, you can talk about food and other cooking topics in Chinese more comprehensively.

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Furthermore, don’t miss out on weekly blog posts on Ling’s Chinese blog to learn more about Chinese culture and language! You may be interested in these articles about Chinese grammar and idioms.

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Until next time!

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